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1,380 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: copper, processing of animal products, building
materials, food and beverage, mining (particularly coal)


_#_Agriculture: accounts for about 20% of GDP and provides livelihood
for about 50% of the population; livestock raising predominates (sheep,
goats, horses); crops - wheat, barley, potatoes, forage


_#_Economic aid: about $300 million in trade credits and $34 million
in grant aid from USSR and other CEMA countries, plus $7.4 million
from UNDP (1990)


_#_Currency: tughrik (plural - tughriks); 1 tughrik (Tug) = 100 mongos


_#_Exchange rates: tughriks (Tug) per US$1 - 7.1 (1991), 5.63 (1990),
3.00 (1989)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 1,750 km 1.524-meter broad gauge (1988)


_#_Highways: 46,700 km total; 1,000 km hard surface; 45,700 km other
surfaces (1988)


_#_Inland waterways: 397 km of principal routes (1988)


_#_Civil air: 25 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 81 total, 31 usable; 11 with permanent-surface
runways; fewer than 5 with runways over 3,659 m; fewer than 20 with
runways 2,440-3,659 m; 12 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: stations - 12 AM, 1 FM, 1 TV (with 18 provincial
relays); relay of Soviet TV; 120,000 TVs; 186,000 radios;
at least 1 earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Mongolian People's Army (includes Border Guards),
Air Force


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 535,376; 349,548 fit for
military service; 25,275 reach military age (18) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Montserrat
(dependent territory of the UK)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 100 km2; land area: 100 km2


_#_Comparative area: about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 40 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm


_#_Climate: tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation


_#_Terrain: volcanic islands, mostly mountainous, with small coastal
lowland


_#_Natural resources: negligible


_#_Land use: arable land 20%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
10%; forest and woodland 40%; other 30%


_#_Environment: subject to severe hurricanes from June to November


_#_Note: located 400 km southeast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea


_*_People
_#_Population: 12,504 (July 1991), growth rate 1.0% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 16 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 10 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 4 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 80 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Montserratian(s); adjective - Montserratian


_#_Ethnic divisions: mostly black with a few Europeans


_#_Religion: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal,
Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations


_#_Language: English


_#_Literacy: 97% (male 97%, female 97%) age 15 and over having ever
attended school (1970)


_#_Labor force: 5,100; community, social, and personal services 40.5%,
construction 13.5%, trade, restaurants, and hotels 12.3%, manufacturing
10.5%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 8.8%, other 14.4% (1983 est.)


_#_Organized labor: 30% of labor force, three trade unions with 1,500
members (1984 est.)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: dependent territory of the UK


_#_Capital: Plymouth


_#_Administrative divisions: 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges,
Saint Peter


_#_Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)


_#_Constitution: 1 January 1960


_#_Legal system: English common law and statute law


_#_National holiday: Celebration of the Birthday of the Queen (second
Saturday of June)


_#_Executive branch: monarch, governor, Executive Council (cabinet),
chief minister


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor David TAYLOR (since NA 1990);

Head of Government - Chief Minister John A. OSBORNE (since NA
1978)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
People's Liberation Movement (PLM), John OSBORNE;
Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), Howell BRAMBLE;
United National Front (UNF), Dr. George IRISH;
National Development Party (NDP), Bertrand OSBORNE


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

Legislative Council - last held on 25 August 1987 (next to be
held NA 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (11 total, 7 elected) PLM 4, NDP 2, PDP 1


_#_Communists: probably none


_#_Member of: CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC (associate), ICFTU, OECS, WCL


_#_Diplomatic representation: none (dependent territory of the UK)


_#_Flag: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant
and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the
flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp
with her arm around a black cross


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy is small and open with economic activity
centered on tourism and construction. Tourism is the most important
sector and accounted for 20% of GDP in 1986. Agriculture accounted for
about 4% of GDP and industry 10%. The economy is heavily dependent on
imports, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices. Exports
consist mainly of electronic parts sold to the US.


_#_GDP: $54.2 million, per capita $4,500; real growth rate 12% (1988
est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (1988)


_#_Unemployment rate: 3.0% (1987)


_#_Budget: revenues $12.1 million; expenditures $14.3 million,
including capital expenditures of $3.2 million (1988)


_#_Exports: $2.3 million (f.o.b., 1988 est.);

commodities - electronic parts, plastic bags, apparel, hot peppers,
live plants, cattle;

partners - NA


_#_Imports: $30 million (c.i.f., 1988 est.);

commodities - machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs,
manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials;

partners - NA


_#_External debt: $2.05 million (1987)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 8.1% (1986); accounts for
10% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 5,270 kW capacity; 12.2 million kWh produced,
980 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: tourism; light manufacturing - rum, textiles, electronic
appliances


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 4% of GDP; small-scale farming; food
crops - tomatoes, onions, peppers; not self-sufficient in food, especially
livestock products


_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-88), $75 million


_#_Currency: East Caribbean dollar (plural - dollars);
1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents


_#_Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed
rate since 1976)


_#_Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 280 km total; about 200 km paved, 80 km gravel and earth


_#_Ports: Plymouth


_#_Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 1,036 m


_#_Telecommunications: 3,000 telephones; stations - 8 AM, 4 FM, 1 TV


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Police Force

_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK
_%_
[email protected]_Morocco
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 446,550 km2; land area: 446,300 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than California


_#_Land boundaries: 2,002 km total; Algeria 1,559 km, Western
Sahara 443 km


_#_Coastline: 1,835 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty is
unresolved; armed conflict in Western Sahara; Spain controls five
places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast
of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which Morocco
contests, and the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon
de Velez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas


_#_Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior


_#_Terrain: mostly mountains with rich coastal plains


_#_Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead,
zinc, fish, salt


_#_Land use: arable land 18%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
28%; forest and woodland 12%; other 41%; includes irrigated 1%


_#_Environment: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject
to earthquakes; desertification


_#_Note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar


_*_People
_#_Population: 26,181,889 (July 1991), growth rate 2.1% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 30 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 76 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 63 years male, 66 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 3.8 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Moroccan(s); adjective - Moroccan


_#_Ethnic divisions: Arab-Berber 99.1%, non-Moroccan 0.7%, Jewish
0.2%


_#_Religion: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%


_#_Language: Arabic (official); several Berber dialects; French is
language of business, government, diplomacy, and postprimary education


_#_Literacy: 50% (male 61%, female 38%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 7,400,000; agriculture 50%, services 26%, industry
15%, other 9% (1985)


_#_Organized labor: about 5% of the labor force, mainly in the Union
of Moroccan Workers (UMT) and the Democratic Confederation of Labor (CDT)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Kingdom of Morocco


_#_Type: constitutional monarchy


_#_Capital: Rabat


_#_Administrative divisions: 37 provinces (aqalim,
singular - iqlim) and 5 municipalities* (wilayat,
singular - wilayah); Agadir, Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Ben
Slimane, Boulemane, Casablanca*, Chaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des
Srarhna, Er Rachidia, Essaouira, Fes, Fes*, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane,
Kenitra, Khemisset, Khenifra, Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache, Marrakech,
Marrakech*, Meknes, Meknes*, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat-Sale*,
Safi, Settat, Sidi Kacem, Tanger, Tan-Tan, Taounate, Taroudannt, Tata,
Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit


_#_Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)


_#_Constitution: 10 March 1972


_#_Legal system: based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law
system; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of
Supreme Court


_#_National holiday: National Day (anniversary of King Hassan II's
accession to the throne), 3 March (1961)


_#_Executive branch: monarch, prime minister, Council of Ministers
(cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives (Majlis
Nawab)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - King HASSAN II (since 3 March 1961);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Dr. Azzedine LARAKI (since
30 September 1986)


_#_Political parties and leaders: Morocco has 15 political parties;
the major ones are
Istiqlal Party, M'Hamed BOUCETTA;
Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP), Abderrahim BOUABID;
Popular Movement (MP), Secretariat General;
National Assembly of Independents (RNI), Ahmed OSMAN;
National Democratic Party (PND), Mohamed Arsalane EL-JADIDI;
Party for Progress and Socialism (PPS), Ali YATA;
Constitutional Union (UC), Maati BOUABID


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 21


_#_Elections:

Chamber of Representatives - last held on 14 September 1984 (were
scheduled for September 1990, but postponed until NA 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (306 total, 206 elected) CU 83, RNI 61, MP 47, Istiqlal 41,
USFP 36, PND 24, other 14


_#_Communists: about 2,000


_#_Member of: ABEDA, ACCT (associate), AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CCC,
EBRD, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC,
IIB, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS,
OAS (observer), NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Mohamed BELKHAYAT;
Chancery at 1601 21st Street NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202)
462-7979; there is a Moroccan Consulate General in New York;

US - Ambassador E. Michael USSERY; Embassy at 2 Avenue de Marrakech,
Rabat (mailing address is P. O. Box 120, Rabat, or APO New York 09284);
telephone [212] (7) 76-22-65; there are US Consulates General in
Casablanca


_#_Flag: red with a green pentacle (five-pointed, linear star) known
as Solomon's seal in the center of the flag; green is the traditional
color of Islam


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy recovered moderately in 1990 because
of the resolution of a trade dispute with India over phosphoric
acid sales, a rebound in textile sales to the EC, and lower prices for
food imports. In addition, a dramatic increase in worker remittances,
increased Arab donor aid, and generous debt rescheduling agreements
helped ease foreign payments pressures. On the down side, higher oil
import costs fueled inflation. Servicing the $21 billion foreign debt,
high unemployment, and Morocco's vulnerability to external forces
remain severe problems for the 1990s.


_#_GDP: $25.4 billion, per capita $990; real growth rate 2.5% (1990
est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.6% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 16% (1990 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $6.6 billion; expenditures $7.3 billion, including
capital expenditures of $1.8 billion (1990 est.)


_#_Exports: $4.0 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - food and beverages 30%, semiprocessed goods 23%,
consumer goods 21%, phosphates 17%;

partners - EC 58%, India 7%, Japan 5%, USSR 3%, US 2%


_#_Imports: $5.9 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - capital goods 24%, semiprocessed goods 22%, raw
materials 16%, fuel and lubricants 16%, food and beverages 13%,
consumer goods 9%;

partners - EC 53%, US 11%, Canada 4%, Iraq 3%, USSR 3%, Japan 2%


_#_External debt: $21 billion (1990)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 4% (1989 est.); accounts
for an estimated 20% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 2,262,000 kW capacity; 8,140 million kWh produced,
320 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing,
leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism


_#_Agriculture: 50% of employment and 30% of export value; not
self-sufficient in food; cereal farming and livestock raising
predominate; barley, wheat, citrus fruit, wine, vegetables, olives;
fishing catch of 491,000 metric tons in 1987


_#_Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis; trafficking on
the increase for both domestic and international drug markets; shipments
of cannabis mostly directed to Western Europe; occasional transit point
for cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe.


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $1.3
billion; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $7.0 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $4.8 billion;
Communist countries (1970-89), $2.5 billion


_#_Currency: Moroccan dirham (plural - dirhams);
1 Moroccan dirham (DH) = 100 centimes


_#_Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams (DH) per US$1 - 8.071 (January
1991), 8.242 (1990), 8.488 (1989), 8.209 (1988), 8.359 (1987), 9.104
(1986), 10.062 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 1,893 km 1.435-meter standard gauge (246 km double
track, 974 km electrified)


_#_Highways: 59,198 km total; 27,740 km bituminous treated, 31,458 km
gravel, crushed stone, improved earth, and unimproved earth


_#_Pipelines: 362 km crude oil; 491 km (abandoned) refined products;
241 km natural gas


_#_Ports: Agadir, Casablanca, El Jorf Lasfar, Kenitra, Mohammedia,
Nador, Safi, Tangier; also Spanish-controlled Ceuta and Melilla


_#_Merchant marine: 51 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 315,169
GRT/487,490 DWT; includes 10 cargo, 2 container, 12 refrigerated cargo,
6 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 3 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker,
11 chemical tanker, 4 bulk, 3 short-sea passenger


_#_Civil air: 23 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 75 total, 67 usable; 26 with permanent-surface runways;
2 with runways over 3,659 m; 13 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 27 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: good system composed of wire lines, cables, and
radio relay links; principal centers are Casablanca and Rabat, secondary
centers are Fes, Marrakech, Oujda, Tangier, and Tetouan; 280,000
telephones; stations - 14 AM, 6 FM, 47 TV; 5 submarine cables; satellite
earth stations - 2 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT and 1 ARABSAT; radio relay to
Gibraltar, Spain, and Western Sahara; coaxial cable to Algeria; microwave
network linking Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Moroccan Army, Royal Moroccan Navy, Royal Moroccan
Air Force, Royal Gendarmerie, Auxiliary Forces


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 6,437,152; 4,092,027 fit for
military service; 299,535 reach military age (18) annually; limited
conscription


_#_Defense expenditures: $1.4 billion, 5.2% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Mozambique
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 801,590 km2; land area: 784,090 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of California


_#_Land boundaries: 4,571 km total; Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa
491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe
1,231 km


_#_Coastline: 2,470 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical to subtropical


_#_Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus
in northwest, mountains in west


_#_Natural resources: coal, titanium


_#_Land use: arable land 4%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and
pastures 56%; forest and woodland 20%; other 20%; includes irrigated
NEGL%


_#_Environment: severe drought and floods occur in south;
desertification


_*_People
_#_Population: 15,113,282 (July 1991), growth rate 4.6% (1991);
note - 900,000 Mozambican refugees in Malawi (1990 est.)


_#_Birth rate: 46 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 17 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 17 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 134 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 46 years male, 49 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 6.4 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Mozambican(s); adjective - Mozambican


_#_Ethnic divisions: majority from indigenous tribal groups; Europeans
about 10,000, Euro-Africans 35,000, Indians 15,000


_#_Religion: indigenous beliefs 60%, Christian 30%, Muslim 10%


_#_Language: Portuguese (official); many indigenous dialects


_#_Literacy: 33% (male 45%, female 21%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: NA, but 90% engaged in agriculture


_#_Organized labor: 225,000 workers belong to a single union,
the Mozambique Workers' Organization (OTM)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of Mozambique


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Maputo


_#_Administrative divisions: 10 provinces (provincias,
singular - provincia); Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo,
Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia


_#_Independence: 25 June 1975 (from Portugal)


_#_Constitution: 30 November 1990


_#_Legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system and customary
law


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 25 June (1975)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly of the Republic
(Assembleia da Republica)


_#_Judicial branch: People's Courts at all levels


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Joaquim Alberto CHISSANO (since 6
November 1986);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Mario da Graca MACHUNGO
(since 17 July 1986)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) - formerly a Marxist
organization with close ties to the USSR - was the only legal party before
30 November 1990 when the new Constitution went into effect establishing
a multiparty system; note - the government has announced that multiparty
elections will be held in 1991; parties such as
the Liberal Democratic Party of Mozambique (PALMO),
the Mozambique National Union (UNAMO),
and the Mozambique National Movement (MONAMO) have already emerged


_#_Suffrage: universal adult at age 18


_#_Elections: electoral law - to be ratified in 1991 - will provide
for periodic, direct presidential and Assembly elections


_#_Communists: about 200,000 FRELIMO members; note - FRELIMO no
longer considers itself a Communist party


_#_Member of: ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, FAO, FLS, G-77,
IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU,
LORCS, NAM, OAU, SADCC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Hipolito PATRICIO; Chancery
at Suite 570, 1990 M Street NW, Washington DC 20036; telephone (202)
293-7146;

US - Ambassador Townsend B. FRIEDMAN, Jr.; Embassy at Avenida
Kenneth Kuanda, 193 Maputo (mailing address is P. O. Box 783, Maputo);
telephone [258] (1) 49-27-97, 49-01-67, 49-03-50


_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and
yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black
band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed
star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open
white book


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: One of Africa's poorest countries, with a per capita GDP
of little more than $100, Mozambique has failed to exploit the economic
potential of its sizable agricultural, hydropower, and transportation
resources. Indeed, national output, consumption, and investment declined
throughout the first half of the 1980s because of internal disorders,
lack of government administrative control, and a growing foreign debt.
A sharp increase in foreign aid, attracted by an economic reform policy,
has resulted in successive years of economic growth since 1985.
Agricultural output, nevertheless, is at about only 75% of its 1981
level, and grain has to be imported. Industry operates at only 20-40% of
capacity. The economy depends heavily on foreign assistance to keep
afloat.


_#_GDP: $1.6 billion, per capita $110; real growth rate 5.0%
(1989 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 22.9% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 50% (1989 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $186 million; expenditures $239 million,
including capital expenditures of $208 million (1988 est.)


_#_Exports: $90 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - shrimp 48%, cashews 21%, sugar 10%, copra 3%,
citrus 3%;

partners - US, Western Europe, GDR, Japan


_#_Imports: $764 million (c.i.f., 1989 est.), including aid;

commodities - food, clothing, farm equipment, petroleum;

partners - US, Western Europe, USSR


_#_External debt: $5.1 billion (1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 5% (1989 est.)


_#_Electricity: 2,265,000 kW capacity; 1,740 million kWh produced,
120 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints),
petroleum products, textiles, nonmetallic mineral products (cement,
glass, asbestos), tobacco


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 90% of the labor force, 50% of GDP,
and about 90% of exports; cash crops - cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane,
tea, shrimp; other crops - cassava, corn, rice, tropical fruits; not
self-sufficient in food


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $350
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $3.8 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $37 million;
Communist countries (1970-89), $890 million


_#_Currency: metical (plural - meticais); 1 metical (Mt) = 100 centavos


_#_Exchange rates: meticais (Mt) per US$1 - 1,700 (November 1990),
800.00 (1989), 528.60 (1988), 289.44 (1987), 40.43 (1986), 43.18 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 3,288 km total; 3,140 km 1.067-meter gauge; 148 km
0.762-meter narrow gauge; Malawi-Nacala, Malawi-Beira, and
Zimbabwe-Maputo lines are subject to closure because of insurgency


_#_Highways: 26,498 km total; 4,593 km paved; 829 km gravel, crushed



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 50 of 89)