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_#_External debt: $2.5 billion (April 1990 est.)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 6% (FY90 est.); accounts
for 7% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 280,000 kW capacity; 540 million kWh produced,
30 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarette,
textiles, carpets, cement, brick; tourism

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 60% of GDP and 90% of work force; farm
products - rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops, milk, buffalo meat;
not self-sufficient in food, particularly in drought years

_#_Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic and
international drug markets

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $304
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1980-88), $2.0 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $30 million;
Communist countries (1970-89), $286 million

_#_Currency: Nepalese rupee (plural - rupees);
1 Nepalese rupee (NR) = 100 paisa

_#_Exchange rates: Nepalese rupees (NRs) per US$1 - 30.805 (January
1991), 29.370 (1990), 27.189 (1989), 23.289 (1988), 21.819 (1987), 21.230
(1986), 18.246 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: 16 July-15 July

_#_Railroads: 52 km (1990), all 0.762-meter narrow gauge; all in
Terai close to Indian border; 10 km from Raxaul to Birganj is
government owned

_#_Highways: 7,080 km total (1990); 2,898 km paved, 1,660 km gravel
or crushed stone; also 2,522 km of seasonally motorable tracks

_#_Civil air: 5 major and 11 minor transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 37 total, 37 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 8 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: poor telephone and telegraph service; fair
radio communication and broadcast service; international radio
communication service is poor; 50,000 telephones (1990); stations - 88
AM, no FM, 1 TV; 1 Indian Ocean INTELSAT earth station

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Nepalese Army, Royal Nepalese Army Air Service,
Nepalese Police Force

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 4,669,421; 2,420,398 fit for
military service; 233,404 reach military age (17) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $38 million, 2% of GDP (FY91)
[email protected]_Netherlands
_#_Total area: 37,290 km2; land area: 33,940 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

_#_Land boundaries: 1,027 km total; Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

_#_Coastline: 451 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: not specific;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

_#_Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some
hills in southeast

_#_Natural resources: natural gas, crude oil, fertile soil

_#_Land use: arable land 25%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
34%; forest and woodland 9%; other 31%; includes irrigated 15%

_#_Environment: 27% of the land area is below sea level and protected
from the North Sea by dikes

_#_Note: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine,
Maas or Meuse, Schelde)

_#_Population: 15,022,393 (July 1991), growth rate 0.6% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 13 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 81 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women);
adjective - Dutch

_#_Ethnic divisions: Dutch 96%, Moroccans, Turks, and other 4% (1988)

_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 36%, Protestant 27%, other 6%,
unaffiliated 31% (1988)

_#_Language: Dutch

_#_Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1979 est.)

_#_Labor force: 5,300,000; services 50.1%, manufacturing and
construction 28.2%, government 15.9%, agriculture 5.8% (1986)

_#_Organized labor: 29% of labor force

_#_Long-form name: Kingdom of the Netherlands

_#_Type: constitutional monarchy

_#_Capital: Amsterdam, but government resides at The Hague

_#_Administrative divisions: 12 provinces (provincien,
singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland,
Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht,
Zeeland, Zuid-Holland

_#_Dependent areas: Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

_#_Independence: 1579 (from Spain)

_#_Constitution: 17 February 1983

_#_Legal system: civil law system incorporating French penal theory;
judicial review in the Supreme Court of legislation of lower order rather
than Acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
with reservations

_#_National holiday: Queen's Day, 30 April (1938)

_#_Executive branch: monarch, prime minister, vice prime minister,
Cabinet, Cabinet of Ministers

_#_Legislative branch: bicameral legislature (Staten Generaal)
consists of an upper chamber or First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) and a lower
chamber or Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer)

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (De Hoge Raad)


Chief of State - Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard (since 30 April
1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER, Prince of Orange, son of Queen
Beatrix (born 27 April 1967);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Ruud (Rudolph) F. M. LUBBERS
(since 4 November 1982); Vice Prime Minister Wim KOK (since 2 November

_#_Political parties and leaders:
Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), Willem van VELZEN;
Labor (PvdA), Wim KOK;
Liberal (VVD), Joris VOORHOEVE;
Democrats '66 (D'66), Hans van MIERIO;
Communist (CPN), Henk HOEKSTRA;
a host of minor parties

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


First Chamber - last held on 9 June l987 (next to be held 9 June
1991); results - elected by the country's 12 provincial councils;
seats - (75 total) percent of seats by party NA;

Second Chamber - last held on 6 September 1989 (next to be held by
September 1993);
results - CDA 35.3%, PvdA 31.9%, VVD 14.6%, D'66 7.9%, other 10.3%;
seats - (150 total) CDA 54, PvdA 49, VVD 22, D'66 12, other 13

_#_Communists: about 6,000

_#_Other political or pressure groups: large multinational firms;
Federation of Netherlands Trade Union Movement (comprising Socialist and
Catholic trade unions) and a Protestant trade union; Federation of
Catholic and Protestant Employers Associations; the nondenominational
Federation of Netherlands Enterprises; and IKV - Interchurch Peace Council

_#_Member of: AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Benelux, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN,

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Johan Hendrick MEESMAN;
Chancery at 4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202)
244-5300; there are Dutch Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los
Angeles, New York, and San Francisco;

US - Ambassador C. Howard WILKINS, Jr.; Embassy at Lange Voorhout
102, The Hague (mailing address APO New York 09159);
telephone [31] (70) 362-4911; there is a US Consulate General in

_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue;
similar to the flag of Luxembourg which uses a lighter blue and is longer

_#_Overview: This highly developed and affluent economy is based on
private enterprise. The government makes its presence felt, however,
through many regulations, permit requirements, and welfare programs
affecting most aspects of economic activity. The trade and financial
services sector contributes over 50% of GDP. Industrial activity
provides about 25% of GDP and is led by the food-processing,
oil-refining, and metalworking industries. The highly mechanized
agricultural sector employs only 5% of the labor force, but provides
large surpluses for export and the domestic food-processing industry.
An unemployment rate of 6.8% and a sizable budget deficit are
currently the most serious economic problems.

_#_GDP: $218.0 billion, per capita $14,600; real growth rate 3.1%

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.2% (1990 est.)

_#_Unemployment rate: 6.8% (1990 est.)

_#_Budget: revenues $68 billion; expenditures $76 billion, including
capital expenditures of $7 billion (1990)

_#_Exports: $107.8 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - agricultural products, processed foods and tobacco,
natural gas, chemicals, metal products, textiles, clothing;

partners - EC 74.9% (FRG 28.3%, Belgium-Luxembourg
14.2%, France 10.7%, UK 10.2%), US 4.7% (1988)

_#_Imports: $104.2 billion (c.i.f., 1989);

commodities - raw materials and semifinished products, consumer
goods, transportation equipment, crude oil, food products;

partners - EC 63.8% (FRG 26.5%, Belgium-Luxembourg 23.1%,
UK 8.1%), US 7.9% (1988)

_#_External debt: none

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 4.8% (1990 est.); accounts
for 25% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 22,216,000 kW capacity; 63,570 million kWh
produced, 4,300 kWh per capita (1989)

_#_Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products,
electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, fishing,
construction, microelectronics

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 4% of GDP; animal production
predominates; crops - grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables;
shortages of grain, fats, and oils

_#_Economic aid: donor - ODA and OOF commitments (1970-89), $19.4

_#_Currency: Netherlands guilder, gulden, or florin (plural - guilders,
gulden, or florins); 1 Netherlands guilder, gulden, or florin (f.) =
100 cents

_#_Exchange rates: Netherlands guilders, gulden, or florins (f.) per
US$1 - 1.7018 (January 1991), 1.8209 (1990), 2.1207 (1989), 1.9766 (1988),
2.0257 (1987), 2.4500 (1986), 3.3214 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Railroads: 3,037 km track (includes 1,871 km electrified and
1,800 km double track); 2,871 km 1.435-meter standard gauge operated by
Netherlands Railways (NS); 166 km privately owned

_#_Highways: 108,360 km total; 92,525 km paved (including 2,185 km
of limited access, divided highways); 15,835 km gravel, crushed stone

_#_Inland waterways: 6,340 km, of which 35% is usable by craft of
1,000 metric ton capacity or larger

_#_Pipelines: 418 km crude oil; 965 km refined products; 10,230 km
natural gas

_#_Ports: maritime - Amsterdam, Delfzijl, Den Helder, Dordrecht,
Eemshaven, Ijmuiden, Rotterdam, Scheveningen, Terneuzen, Vlissingen;
inland - 29 ports

_#_Merchant marine: 344 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,722,838
GRT/3,822,230 DWT; includes 2 short-sea passenger, 187 cargo, 32
refrigerated cargo, 23 container, 12 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 3 livestock
carrier, 12 multifunction large-load carrier, 17 petroleum, oils, and
lubricants (POL) tanker, 29 chemical tanker, 10 liquefied gas, 2
specialized tanker, 3 combination ore/oil, 9 bulk, 3 combination bulk;
note - many Dutch-owned ships are also registered in the captive
Netherlands Antilles register

_#_Civil air: 98 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 28 total, 28 usable; 18 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 12 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: highly developed, well maintained, and
integrated; extensive system of multiconductor cables, supplemented by
radio relay links; 9,418,000 telephones; stations - 6 AM, 20 (33
repeaters) FM, 22 (8 repeaters) TV; 5 submarine cables; communication
satellite earth stations operating in INTELSAT (1 Indian Ocean and
2 Atlantic Ocean) and EUTELSAT systems

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy (including
Naval Air Service and Marine Corp), Royal Netherlands Air Force, Royal

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 4,141,910; 3,658,056 fit for
military service; 105,829 reach military age (20) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $6.8 billion, 2.7% of GDP (1990)
[email protected]_Netherlands Antilles
(part of the Dutch realm)
_#_Total area: 960 km2; land area: 960 km2; includes Bonaire,
Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the
island of Saint Martin)

_#_Comparative area: slightly less than 5.5 times the size of
Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 364 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: tropical; modified by northeast trade winds

_#_Terrain: generally hilly, volcanic interiors

_#_Natural resources: phosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)

_#_Land use: arable land 8%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 92%

_#_Environment: Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane
belt, so rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are
subject to hurricanes from July to October

_#_Note: consists of two island groups - Curacao and Bonaire
are located off the coast of Venezuela, and Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint
Eustatius lie 800 km to the north

_#_Population: 183,872 (July 1991), growth rate 0.2% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 18 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 10 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 8 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 79 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 2.0 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Netherlands Antillean(s); adjective - Netherlands

_#_Ethnic divisions: mixed African 85%; remainder Carib Indian,
European, Latin, and Oriental

_#_Religion: predominantly Roman Catholic; Protestant, Jewish,
Seventh-Day Adventist

_#_Language: Dutch (official); Papiamento, a
Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect predominates; English widely
spoken; Spanish

_#_Literacy: 94% (male 94%, female 93%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1981)

_#_Labor force: 89,000; government 65%, industry and commerce 28%

_#_Organized labor: 60-70% of labor force

_#_Long-form name: none

_#_Type: part of the Dutch realm - full autonomy in internal affairs
granted in 1954

_#_Capital: Willemstad

_#_Administrative divisions: none (part of the Dutch realm)

_#_Independence: none (part of the Dutch realm)

_#_Constitution: 29 December 1954, Statute of the Realm of the
Netherlands, as amended

_#_Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system, with some English
common law influence

_#_National holiday: Queen's Day, 30 April (1938)

_#_Executive branch: Dutch monarch, governor, prime minister, vice
prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

_#_Legislative branch: legislature (Staten)

_#_Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice


Chief of State - Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard (since 30 April
1980), represented by Governor General Jaime SALEH (since October 1989);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Maria LIBERIA-PETERS (since 17
May 1988, previously served from September 1984 to November 1985)

_#_Political parties and leaders: political parties are indigenous
to each island:

Curacao - National People's Party (PNP), Maria
New Antilles Movement (MAN), Domenico Felip MARTINA;
Workers' Liberation Front (FOL), Wilson (Papa) GODETT;
Socialist Independent (SI), George HUECK and Nelson MONTE;
Democratic Party of Curacao (DP), Augustin DIAZ;
Nos Patria, Chin BEHILIA;

Bonaire - Patriotic Union of Bonaire (UPB), C. V. Winklaar;
Democratic Party of Bonaire (PDB), John Evert (Jopie) ABRAHAM;
New Force, Rudy ELLIS;

Sint Maarten - Democratic Party of Sint Maarten (DP-St.M),
Claude WATHEY;
Patriotic Movement of Sint Maarten (SPM), Romeo PAPLOPHLET;

Sint Eustatius - Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius (DP-St.E),
K. Van PUTTEN; Windward Islands People's Movement (WIPM), Eric HENRIQUEZ;

Saba - Windward Islands People's Movement (WIPM Saba), Will
JOHNSTON; Saba Democratic Labor Movement, Vernon HASSELL; Saba Unity
Party, Carmen SIMMONDS

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


Staten - last held on 16 March 1990 (next to be held March 1994);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (22 total) PNP 7, FOL-SI-Curacao 3, UPB 3, MAN 2,
Democratic Party of Sint Maarten 2, Democratic Party of Curacao 1,
SPM-Sint Maarten 1, WIPM 1, Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius 1,
Nos Patria-Curacao 1; note - the government of Prime
Minister Maria LIBERIA-PETERS is a coalition of several parties

_#_Communists: small leftist groups

_#_Member of: CARICOM (observer), ECLAC (associate), ICFTU, INTERPOL,
IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU, WCL, WMO, WTO (associate)

_#_Diplomatic representation: as an autonomous part of the
Netherlands, Netherlands Antillean interests in the US are represented by
the Netherlands;

US - Consul General Sharon P. WILKINSON; Consulate General at
Sint Anna Boulevard 19, Willemstad, Curacao (mailing address P. O.
Box 158, Willemstad, Curacao); telephone [599] (9) 613066

_#_Flag: white with a horizontal blue stripe in the center
superimposed on a vertical red band also centered; five white
five-pointed stars are arranged in an oval pattern in the center of the
blue band; the five stars represent the five main islands of Bonaire,
Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten

_#_Overview: Tourism, petroleum refining, and offshore finance are the
mainstays of the economy. The islands enjoy a high per capita income and
a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the
region. Unlike many Latin American countries, the Netherlands Antilles
has avoided large international debt. Almost all consumer and capital
goods are imported, with the US being the major supplier.

_#_GDP: $1.0 billion, per capita $5,500; real growth rate 3% (1988

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.9% (1989)

_#_Unemployment rate: 20% (1988)

_#_Budget: revenues $454 million; expenditures $525 million, including
capital expenditures of $42 million (1989 est.)

_#_Exports: $959 million (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities - petroleum products 98%;

partners - US 55%, UK 7%, Jamaica 5%

_#_Imports: $935 million (c.i.f., 1988);

commodities - crude petroleum 64%, food, manufactures;

partners - Venezuela 52%, Nigeria 15%, US 12%

_#_External debt: $701.2 million (December 1987)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 125,000 kW capacity; 365 million kWh produced,
1,990 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: tourism (Curacao and Sint Maarten), petroleum
refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and
Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)

_#_Agriculture: hampered by poor soils and scarcity of water; chief
products - aloes, sorghum, peanuts, fresh vegetables, tropical fruit; not
self-sufficient in food

_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-88), $428 million

_#_Currency: Netherlands Antillean guilder, gulden, or florin
(plural - guilders, gulden, or florins);
1 Netherlands Antillean guilder, gulden, or florin (NAf.) = 100 cents

_#_Exchange rates: Netherlands Antillean guilders, gulden, or florins
(NAf.) per US$1 - 1.79 (fixed rate since 1989; 1.80 fixed rate 1971-88)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Highways: 950 km total; 300 km paved, 650 km gravel and earth

_#_Ports: Willemstad, Philipsburg, Kralendijk

_#_Merchant marine: 54 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 431,958
GRT/441,056 DWT; includes 4 passenger, 19 cargo, 8 refrigerated cargo,
6 container, 6 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 7 multifunction large-load
carrier, 1 chemical tanker, 1 liquefied gas, 2 bulk; note - all but a few
are foreign owned, mostly in the Netherlands

_#_Civil air: 5 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 7 total, 7 usable; 7 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: generally adequate facilities; extensive
interisland radio relay links; stations - 9 AM, 4 FM, 1 TV; 2 submarine
cables; 2 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth stations

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Netherlands Navy, Marine Corps, Royal
Netherlands Air Force, National Guard, Police Force

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49 49,249; 27,803 fit for military
service; 1,634 reach military age (20) annually

_#_Note: defense is responsibility of the Netherlands
[email protected]_New Caledonia
(overseas territory of France)
_#_Total area: 19,060 km2; land area: 18,760 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than New Jersey

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 2,254 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

_#_Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains

_#_Natural resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver,
gold, lead, copper

_#_Land use: arable land NEGL%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and
pastures 14%; forest and woodland 51%; other 35%

_#_Environment: typhoons most frequent from November to March

_#_Note: located 1,750 km east of Australia in the South Pacific

_#_Population: 171,559 (July 1991), growth rate 1.9% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 23 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 76 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 2.8 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - New Caledonian(s); adjective - New Caledonian

_#_Ethnic divisions: Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%,
Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3.0%

_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

_#_Language: French; 28 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

_#_Literacy: 91% (male 91%, female 90%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1976)

_#_Labor force: 50,469; foreign workers for plantations and mines from
Wallis and Futuna, Vanuatu, and French Polynesia (1980 est.)

_#_Organized labor: NA

_#_Long-form name: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies

_#_Type: overseas territory of France since 1956

_#_Capital: Noumea

_#_Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France);
there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the
US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord,
and Sud

_#_Independence: none (overseas territory of France); note - a
referendum on independence will be held in 1998, with a review of the
issue in 1992

_#_Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

_#_Legal system: the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy
to the islands; formerly under French law

_#_National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

_#_Executive branch: high commissioner, Consultative Committee

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Territorial Assembly

_#_Judicial branch: Court of Appeal


Chief of State - President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May

Head of Government High Commissioner and President of the Council
of Government Bernard GRASSET (since 15 July 1988)

_#_Political parties:
white-dominated Rassemblement pour la Caledonie dans la Republique
(RPCR), conservative, Jacques LAFLEUR - affiliated to France's
Rassemblement pour la Republique (RPR);
Melanesian proindependence Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front
Melanesian moderate Kanak Socialist Liberation (LKS), Nidoish
National Front (FN), extreme right, Guy GEORGE;
Caledonie Demain (CD), right-wing, Bernard MARANT;
Union Oceanienne (UO), conservative, Michel HEMA;
Front Uni de Liberation Kanak (FULK), proindependence, Yann

_#_Suffrage: universal adult at age 18


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