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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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25%; forest and woodland 0%; other 75%

_#_Environment: subject to typhoons (especially May to July)

_#_Note: located 1,575 km east of Australia in the South Pacific

_#_Population: 2,576 (July 1991), growth rate NEGL% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: NA migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Norfolk Islander(s);
adjective - Norfolk Islander(s)

_#_Ethnic divisions: descendants of the Bounty mutiny; more recently,
Australian and New Zealand settlers

_#_Religion: Anglican 39%, Roman Catholic 11.7%, Uniting Church in
Australia 16.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4.4%, none 9.2%, unknown 16.9%,
other 2.4% (1986)

_#_Language: English (official) and Norfolk - a mixture of 18th century
English and ancient Tahitian

_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

_#_Labor force: NA

_#_Organized labor: NA

_#_Long-form name: Territory of Norfolk Island

_#_Type: territory of Australia

_#_Capital: Kingston (administrative center), Burnt Pine (commercial

_#_Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

_#_Independence: none (territory of Australia)

_#_Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1957

_#_Legal system: wide legislative and executive responsibility under
the Norfolk Island Act of 1979; Supreme Court

_#_National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day Anniversary, 8 June

_#_Executive branch: British monarch, governor general of Australia,
administrator, Executive Council (cabinet)

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Administrator H. B. MACDONALD (since NA 1989), who is
appointed by the Governor General of Australia;

Head of Government - Assembly President and Chief Minister John
Terence BROWN (since NA)

_#_Political parties and leaders: NA

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


Legislative Assembly - last held 1989 (held every three years);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (9 total) percent of seats by party NA

_#_Member of: none

_#_Diplomatic representation: none (territory of Australia)

_#_Flag: three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green
with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly
wider white band

_#_Overview: The primary economic activity is tourism, which has
brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific
Islands. The number of visitors has increased steadily over the years and
reached 29,000 in FY89. Revenues from tourism have given the
island a favorable balance of trade and helped the agricultural sector to
become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.

_#_GDP: $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

_#_Unemployment rate: NA%

_#_Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $4.2 million, including
capital expenditures of $400,000 (FY89)

_#_Exports: $1.7 million (f.o.b., FY86);

commodities - postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine
and Kentia Palm, small quantities of avocados;

partners - Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

_#_Imports: $15.6 million (c.i.f., FY86);

commodities - NA;

partners - Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

_#_External debt: NA

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 7,000 kW capacity; 8 million kWh produced,
3,160 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: tourism

_#_Agriculture: Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals,
vegetables, fruit, cattle, poultry

_#_Economic aid: none

_#_Currency: Australian dollar (plural - dollars);
1 Australian dollar ($A) = 100 cents

_#_Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.2834 (January
1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989), 1.2752 (1988), 1.4267 (1987), 1.4905
(1986), 1.4269 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

_#_Highways: 80 km of roads, including 53 km of sealed roads;
remainder are earth formed or coral surfaced

_#_Ports: none; loading jetties at Kingston and Cascade

_#_Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 1,220-2,439 m
(Australian owned)

_#_Telecommunications: 1,500 radio receivers (1982); radio link
service with Sydney; 987 telephones (1983); stations - 1 AM, no FM, no TV

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of Australia
[email protected]_Northern Mariana Islands
(commonwealth associated with the US)
_#_Total area: 477 km2; land area: 477 km2; includes Saipan, Rota, and

_#_Comparative area: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of
Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 1,482 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth);

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm

_#_Climate: tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds,
little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to July, rainy
season July to October

_#_Terrain: southern islands are limestone with level terraces and
fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic; highest elevation is
471 meters (Mt. Tagpochu on Saipan)

_#_Natural resources: arable land, fish

_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops NA%; meadows and pastures
19%; forest and woodland NA%; other NA%

_#_Environment: Mt. Pagan is an active volcano (last erupted in
October 1988); subject to typhoons during the rainy season

_#_Note: strategic location 5,635 km west-southwest of Honolulu in the
North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and
the Philippines

_#_Population: 23,494 (July 1991), growth rate 3.4% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 43 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 3 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 70 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 5.8 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: undetermined

_#_Ethnic divisions: Chamorro majority; Carolinians and other
Micronesians; Spanish, German, Japanese admixtures

_#_Religion: Christian with a Roman Catholic majority, although
traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found

_#_Language: English, but Chamorro and Carolinian are also spoken in
the home and taught in school

_#_Literacy: 96% (male 97%, female 96%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1980)

_#_Labor force: 12,788 local; 18,799 foreign workers (1990 est.)

_#_Organized labor: NA

_#_Long-form name: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

_#_Type: commonwealth associated with the US and administered by the
Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the

_#_Capital: Saipan

_#_Administrative divisions: none

_#_Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

_#_Constitution: Covenant Agreement effective 3 November 1986

_#_Legal system: NA

_#_National holiday: Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)

_#_Executive branch: governor, lieutenant governor

_#_Legislative branch: bicameral Legislature consists of an upper
house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


Chief of State - President George BUSH (since 20 January 1989);
Vice President Dan QUAYLE (since 20 January 1989);

Head of Government - Governor Lorenzo I. DeLeon GUERRERO
(since NA 1990);
Lieutenant Governor Benjamin T. MANGLONA (since NA 1990)

_#_Political parties and leaders: Republican Party, Alonzo IGISOMAR;
Democratic Party, Felicidad OGUMORO

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18; indigenous inhabitants are US
citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections


Governor - last held on NA November 1989 (next to be held
November 1993);
results - Lorenzo I. DeLeon GUERRERO, Republican Party, was elected

Senate - last held on NA November 1989 (next to be held November
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (9 total) number of seats by party NA;

House of Representatives - last held on NA November 1989 (next to
be held November 1991);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (15 total) number of seats by party NA;

US House of Representatives - last held NA November 1989 (next to
be held NA);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (1 total) party of nonvoting delegate NA

_#_Member of: ESCAP (associate), SPC

_#_Diplomatic representation: none

_#_Flag: blue with a white five-pointed star superimposed on the gray
silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used in
building) in the center

_#_Overview: The economy benefits substantially from financial
assistance from the US. An agreement for the years 1986 to 1992 entitles
the islands to $228 million for capital development, government
operations, and special programs. Another major source of income is the
tourist industry, which employs about 10% of the work force. The
agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms
producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Industry is small
scale in nature - mostly handicrafts and fish processing.

_#_GNP: $165 million, per capita $9,170; real growth rate NA% (1982)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

_#_Unemployment rate: NA%

_#_Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $70.6 million, including capital
expenditures of $NA (1987)

_#_Exports: $153.9 million (1989);

commodities - manufactured goods, garments;

partners - NA

_#_Imports: $313.7 million, a 43% increase over previous year (1989);

commodities - NA;

partners - NA

_#_External debt: none

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 25,000 kW capacity; 35 million kWh produced,
1,540 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: tourism, construction, light industry, handicrafts

_#_Agriculture: coffee, coconuts, fruits, tobacco, cattle

_#_Economic aid: none

_#_Currency: US currency is used

_#_Exchange rates: US currency is used

_#_Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September

_#_Highways: 300 km total (53 km primary, 55 km secondary, 192 km

_#_Ports: Saipan, Rota, Tinian

_#_Airports: 6 total, 4 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: stations - 2 AM, no FM, 1 TV; 2 Pacific Ocean
INTELSAT earth stations

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the US
[email protected]_Norway
_#_Total area: 324,220 km2; land area: 307,860 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than New Mexico

_#_Land boundaries: 2,544 km total; Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km,
USSR 196 km

_#_Coastline: 21,925 km (3,419 km mainland; 2,413 km large islands;
16,093 km long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations)

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 10 nm;

Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 4 nm

_#_Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with USSR; territorial claim in
Antarctica (Queen Maud Land); Denmark has challenged Norway's maritime
claims beween Greenland and Jan Mayen

_#_Climate: temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current;
colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

_#_Terrain: glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains
broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply
indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

_#_Natural resources: crude oil, copper, natural gas, pyrites,
nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower

_#_Land use: arable land 3%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
NEGL%; forest and woodland 27%; other 70%; includes irrigated NEGL%

_#_Environment: air and water pollution; acid rain

_#_Note: strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in
North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world;
Norway and Turkey only NATO members having a land boundary with the USSR

_#_Population: 4,273,442 (July 1991), growth rate 0.5% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 14 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 11 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 2 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 81 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Norwegian(s); adjective - Norwegian

_#_Ethnic divisions: Germanic (Nordic, Alpine, Baltic) and
racial-cultural minority of 20,000 Lapps

_#_Religion: Evangelical Lutheran (state church) 87.8%, other
Protestant and Roman Catholic 3.8%, none 3.2%, unknown 5.2% (1980)

_#_Language: Norwegian (official); small Lapp- and Finnish-speaking

_#_Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1976 est.)

_#_Labor force: 2,167,000 (September 1990); services 34.7%, commerce
18%, mining and manufacturing 16.6%, banking and financial services 7.5%,
transportation and communications 7.2%, construction 7.2%,
agriculture, forestry, and fishing 6.4% (1989)

_#_Organized labor: 66% of labor force (1985)

_#_Long-form name: Kingdom of Norway

_#_Type: constitutional monarchy

_#_Capital: Oslo

_#_Administrative divisions: 19 provinces (fylker, singular - fylke);
Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More
og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold,
Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms,
Vest-Agder, Vestfold

_#_Independence: 26 October 1905 (from Sweden)

_#_Constitution: 17 May 1814, modified in 1884

_#_Dependent areas: Bouvet Island, Jan Mayen, Svalbard

_#_Legal system: mixture of customary law, civil law system, and
common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to
legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with

_#_National holiday: Constitution Day, 17 May (1814)

_#_Executive branch: monarch, prime minister, State Council (cabinet)

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (Stortinget)
with an Upper Chamber (Lagting) and a Lower Chamber (Odelsting)

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Hoiesterett)


Chief of State - King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir
Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS (born 20 July 1973);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Gro Harlem BRUNDTLAND
(since 3 November 1990)

_#_Political parties and leaders:
Labor, Gro Harlem BRUNDTLAND;
Conservative, Kaci Kullmann FIVE;
Center Party, Anne Enger LAHNSTEIN;
Christian People's, Kjell Magne BONDEVIK;
Socialist Left, Eric SOLHEIM;
Norwegian Communist, Kare Andre NILSEN;
Progress, Carl I. HAGEN; Liberal, Arne FJORTOFT;
Finnmark List, leader NA

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


Storting - last held on 11 September 1989 (next to be held
6 September 1993);
results - Labor 34.3%, Conservative 22.2%, Progress 13.0%, Socialist Left
10.1%, Christian People's 8.5%, Center Party 6.6%, Finnmark List 0.3%,
other 5%;
seats - (165 total) Labor 63, Conservative 37, Progress 22, Socialist
Left 17, Christian People's 14, Center Party 11, Finnmark List 1

_#_Communists: 15,500 est.; 5,500 Norwegian Communist Party (NKP);
10,000 Workers Communist Party Marxist-Leninist (AKP-ML, pro-Chinese)

_#_Member of: AfDB, AsDB, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD,

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Kjeld VIBE; Chancery at
2720 34th Street NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 333-6000;
there are Norwegian Consulates General in Houston, Los Angeles,
Minneapolis, New York, and San Francisco, and Consulates in Miami and New

US - Ambassador Loret Miller RUPPE; Embassy at Drammensveien 18,
0244 Oslo 2 (mailing address is APO New York 09085); telephone [47]
(2) 44-85-50

_#_Flag: red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the
edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist
side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

_#_Overview: Norway is a prosperous capitalist nation with the
resources to finance extensive welfare measures. Since 1975 exploitation
of large crude oil and natural gas reserves has helped maintain high
growth; for the past five years growth has averaged 4.1%, the
fourth-highest among OECD countries. Growth slackened in 1987-88
partially because of the sharp drop in world oil prices, but picked
up again in 1989. The Brundtland government plans to push hard on
environmental issues, as well as cutting unemployment, improving
child care, upgrading major industries, and negotiating an
EC - European Free Trade Association (EFTA) agreement on an Economic
European Area.

_#_GDP: $74.2 billion, per capita $17,400; real growth rate 3.1%

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.1% (1990)

_#_Unemployment rate: 5.2% (1990, excluding people in
job-training programs)

_#_Budget: revenues $47.9 billion; expenditures $48.7 billion,
including capital expenditures of $NA (1990)

_#_Exports: $33.8 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - petroleum and petroleum products 25%, natural gas
11%, fish 7%, aluminum 6%, ships 3.5%, pulp and paper;

partners - EC 64.9%, Nordic countries 19.5%, developing countries
6.9%, US 6.2%, Japan 1.7% (1990)

_#_Imports: $26.8 billion (c.i.f., 1990);

commodities - machinery, fuels and lubricants, transportation
equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, clothing, ships;

partners - EC 46.3%, Nordic countries 25.7%, developing countries
14.3%, US 8.1%, Japan 4.7% (1990)

_#_External debt: $15 billion (December 1990)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 3.6% (1990)

_#_Electricity: 26,735,000 kW capacity; 121,685 million kWh produced,
28,950 kWh per capita (1989)

_#_Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp
and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 2.8% of GNP and 6.4% of labor force;
among world's top 10 fishing nations; livestock output exceeds value
of crops; over half of food needs imported; fish catch of 1.76 million
metric tons in 1989

_#_Economic aid: donor - ODA and OOF commitments (1970-89), $4.4

_#_Currency: Norwegian krone (plural - kroner);
1 Norwegian krone (NKr) = 100 ore

_#_Exchange rates: Norwegian kroner (NKr) per US$1 - 5.9060 (January
1991), 6.2597 (1990), 6.9045 (1989), 6.5170 (1988), 6.7375 (1987), 7.3947
(1986), 8.5972 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Railroads: 4,223 km 1.435-meter standard gauge; Norwegian State
Railways (NSB) operates 4,219 km (2,450 km electrified and 96 km double
track); 4 km other

_#_Highways: 79,540 km total; 18,600 km concrete, bituminous, stone
block; 19,980 km bituminous treated; 40,960 km gravel, crushed stone, and

_#_Inland waterways: 1,577 km along west coast; 1.5-2.4 m draft
vessels maximum

_#_Pipelines: refined products, 53 km

_#_Ports: Oslo, Bergen, Fredrikstad, Kristiansand, Stavanger,

_#_Merchant marine: 867 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 23,270,845
GRT/41,199,182 DWT; includes 11 passenger, 23 short-sea passenger,
121 cargo, 3 passenger-cargo, 24 refrigerated cargo, 14 container, 50
roll-on/roll-off cargo, 18 vehicle carrier, 1 railcar carrier, 186
petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 98 chemical tanker, 69
liquefied gas, 1 specialized tanker, 35 combination ore/oil, 204 bulk, 9
combination bulk; note - the government has created a captive register,
the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS), as a subset of the
Norwegian register; ships on the NIS enjoy many benefits of flags of
convenience and do not have to be crewed by Norwegians; the majority of
ships (777) under the Norwegian flag are now registered with the NIS

_#_Civil air: 76 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 104 total, 103 usable; 64 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 12 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
16 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: high-quality domestic and international
telephone, telegraph, and telex services; 3,102,000 telephones;
stations - 8 AM, 46 (1,400 relays) FM, 55 (2,100 relays) TV; 4 coaxial
submarine cables; communications satellite earth stations operating in
the EUTELSAT, INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean), MARISAT, and domestic systems

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Norwegian Army, Royal Norwegian Navy, Royal Norwegian Air
Force, Home Guard

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 1,124,201; 942,158 fit for
military service; 31,813 reach military age (20) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $3.3 billion, 3.3% of GDP (1990)
[email protected]_Oman
_#_Total area: 212,460 km2; land area: 212,460 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Kansas

_#_Land boundaries: 1,374 km total; Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km,
Yemen 288 km

_#_Coastline: 2,092 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: to be defined;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: Administrative Line with Yemen; no defined boundary with
most of UAE, Administrative Line in far north

_#_Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior;
strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

_#_Terrain: vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and

_#_Natural resources: crude oil, copper, asbestos, some marble,
limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

_#_Land use: arable land NEGL%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and
pastures 5%; forest and woodland 0%; other 95%; includes
irrigated NEGL%

_#_Environment: summer winds often raise large sandstorms and
duststorms in interior; sparse natural freshwater resources

_#_Note: strategic location with small foothold on Musandam
Peninsula controlling Strait of Hormuz (17% of world's oil production
transits this point going from Persian Gulf to Arabian Sea)

_#_Population: 1,534,011 (July 1991), growth rate 3.5% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 41 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 40 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 68 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 6.7 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Omani(s); adjective - Omani

_#_Ethnic divisions: mostly Arab, with small Balochi,
Zanzibari, and South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi) groups

_#_Religion: Ibadhi Muslim 75%; remainder Sunni Muslim, Shia
Muslim, some Hindu

_#_Language: Arabic (official); English, Balochi, Urdu, Indian

_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

_#_Labor force: 430,000; agriculture (est.) 60%; 58% are non-Omani

_#_Organized labor: trade unions are illegal

_#_Long-form name: Sultanate of Oman

_#_Type: absolute monarchy; independent, with residual UK influence

_#_Capital: Muscat

_#_Administrative divisions: there are no first-order administrative
divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 7 planning
regions (manatiq takhtitiyah, singular - mintaqah
takhtitiyah) that include 1 governorate* (muhafazah)
and 50 districts (wilayat, singular - wilayah);

al-Batinah - Awabi, Barka, Khabura, Liwa, Musanaa, Nakhl, Rustaq,
Saham, Shinas, Sohar, Suwaiq, Wadi al-Maawil;

al-Dakhiliah - Adam, al-Hamra, Bahla, Bidbid, Haima, Izki, Manah,
Nizwa, Sumail;

al-Dhahirah - al-Buraimi, Dhank, Ibri, Mhadha, Yanqul;

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