Copyright
United States. Central Intelligence Agency.

The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

. (page 63 of 89)
Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 63 of 89)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


_#_Currency: East Caribbean dollar (plural - dollars);
1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents


_#_Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70
(fixed rate since 1976)


_#_Fiscal Year: 1 April-31 March


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 760 km total; 500 km paved; 260 km otherwise improved


_#_Ports: Castries


_#_Civil air: 2 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
1 with runways 1,220-2,439


_#_Telecommunications: fully automatic telephone system;
9,500 telephones; direct radio relay link with Martinique and
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; interisland troposcatter link to
Barbados; stations - 4 AM, 1 FM, 1 TV (cable)


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Saint Lucia Police Force, Coast Guard


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 38,050; NA fit for military
service


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(territorial collectivity of France)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 242 km2; land area: 242 km2; includes eight small
islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than 1.5 times the size of
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 120 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: focus of maritime boundary dispute between Canada and
France


_#_Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn
are windy


_#_Terrain: mostly barren rock


_#_Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports


_#_Land use: arable land 13%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and
pastures 0%; forest and woodland 4%; other 83%


_#_Environment: vegetation scanty


_#_Note: located 25 km south of Newfoundland, Canada, in the
North Atlantic Ocean


_*_People
_#_Population: 6,356 (July 1991), growth rate 0.4% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 17 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 6 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 79 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women);
adjective - French


_#_Ethnic divisions: originally Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)


_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 98%


_#_Language: French


_#_Literacy: 99% (male 99%, female 99%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1982)


_#_Labor force: 2,850 (1988)


_#_Organized labor: Workers' Force trade union


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and
Miquelon


_#_Type: territorial collectivity of France


_#_Capital: Saint-Pierre


_#_Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)


_#_Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France);
note - has been under French control since 1763


_#_Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)


_#_Legal system: French law


_#_National holiday: National Day, 14 July (Taking of the Bastille)


_#_Executive branch: commissioner of the Republic


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral General Council


_#_Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals (Tribunal Superieur
d'Appel)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May
1981);

Head of Government - Commissioner of the Republic Jean-Pierre
MARQUIE (since February 1989); President of the General Council Marc
PLANTEGENEST (since NA)


_#_Political parties and leaders: Socialist Party (PS);
Union for French Democracy (UDF/CDS), Gerard GRIGNON


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

General Council - last held September-October 1988 (next to be
held September 1994);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (19 total) Socialist and other left-wing parties 13, UDF and
right-wing parties 6;

French President - last held 8 May 1988 (next to be held May 1995);
results - (second ballot) Jacques CHIRAC 56%, Francois MITTERRAND 44%;

French Senate - last held 24 September 1989 (next
to be held September 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (1 total) PS 1;

French National Assembly - last held 5 and 12 June 1988
(next to be held June 1993);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (1 total) UDF/CDS 1


_#_Member of: FZ, WFTU


_#_Diplomatic representation: as a territorial collectivity of France,
local interests are represented in the US by France


_#_Flag: the flag of France is used


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their
livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the
coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because
the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre has dropped steadily over
the years. In March 1989, an agreement between France and Canada set fish
quotas for Saint Pierre's trawlers fishing in Canadian and
Canadian-claimed waters for three years. The agreement settles a
longstanding dispute that had virtually brought fish exports to a halt.
The islands are heavily subsidized by France. Imports come primarily from
Canada and France.


_#_GDP: $50 million, per capita $7,900; real growth rate NA%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%


_#_Unemployment rate: 8.3% (1988)


_#_Budget: revenues $18.3 million; expenditures $18.3 million,
including capital expenditures of $5.5 million (1989)


_#_Exports: $24.1 million (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities - fish and fish products, fox and mink pelts;

partners - US 58%, France 17%, UK 11%, Canada, Portugal


_#_Imports: $61.6 million (c.i.f., 1988);

commodities - meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery,
building materials;

partners - Canada, France, US, Netherlands, UK


_#_External debt: $NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 10,000 kW capacity; 25 million kWh produced,
3,970 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets;
tourism


_#_Agriculture: vegetables, cattle, sheep and pigs for local
consumption; fish catch, 20,500 metric tons (1989)


_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-88), $493 million


_#_Currency: French franc (plural - francs); 1 French franc (F) =
100 centimes


_#_Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.1307 (January 1991),
5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261
(1986), 8.9852 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 120 km total; 60 km paved (1985)


_#_Ports: Saint Pierre


_#_Civil air: no major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways,
none with runways over 2,439 m; 1 with runway 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: 3,601 telephones; stations - 1 AM, 3 FM, no TV;
radiotelecommunication with most countries in the world; 1
earth station in French domestic system


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of France
_%_
[email protected]_Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 340 km2; land area: 340 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Washington,
DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 84 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical; little seasonal temperature variation;
rainy season (May to November)


_#_Terrain: volcanic, mountainous; Soufriere volcano on the island
of Saint Vincent


_#_Natural resources: negligible


_#_Land use: arable land 38%; permanent crops 12%; meadows and
pastures 6%; forest and woodland 41%; other 3%; includes irrigated
3%


_#_Environment: subject to hurricanes; Soufriere volcano is a
constant
threat


_#_Note: some islands of the Grenadines group are administered by
Grenada


_*_People
_#_Population: 114,221 (July 1991), growth rate 1.4% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 27 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 7 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 31 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 72 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 2.8 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s);
adjectives - Saint Vincentian or Vincentian


_#_Ethnic divisions: mainly of black African descent; remainder mixed,
with some white, East Indian, Carib Indian


_#_Religion: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Seventh-Day
Adventist


_#_Language: English, some French patois


_#_Literacy: 96% (male 96%, female 96%) age 15 and over having ever
attended school (1970)


_#_Labor force: 67,000 (1984 est.)


_#_Organized labor: 10% of labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: constitutional monarchy


_#_Capital: Kingstown


_#_Administrative divisions: 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines,
Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick


_#_Independence: 27 October 1979 (from UK)


_#_Constitution: 27 October 1979


_#_Legal system: based on English common law


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1979)


_#_Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime
minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly


_#_Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor General David JACK (since 29 Septermber 1989);

Head of Government - Prime Minister James F. MITCHELL (since 30 July
1984)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
New Democratic Party (NDP), James (Son) MITCHELL;
Saint Vincent Labor Party (SVLP), Vincent BEACH;
United People's Movement (UPM), Adrian SAUNDERS;
Movement for National Unity (MNU), Ralph GONSALVES;
National Reform Party (NRP), Joel MIGUEL


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

House of Assembly - last held 16 May 1989
(next to be held July 1994);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (21 total; 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators)
NDP 15


_#_Member of: ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO,
ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, OAS, OECS,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO


_#_Diplomatic representation: none


_#_Flag: three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double
width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a
V pattern


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Agriculture, dominated by banana production, is the most
important sector of the economy. The services sector, based mostly on
a growing tourist industry, is also important. The economy continues to
have a high unemployment rate of 30% because of an overdependence on the
weather-plagued banana crop as a major export earner. Government progress
toward diversifying into new industries has been relatively unsuccessful.


_#_GDP: $146 million, per capita $1,315; real growth rate 5.9%
(1989 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (1989)


_#_Unemployment rate: 30% (1989 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $62 million; expenditures $67 million,
including capital expenditures of $21 million (FY90 est.)


_#_Exports: $74.6 million (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - bananas 45%, eddoes and dasheen (taro), sweet
potatoes, spices, light manufactures;

partners - UK 43%, CARICOM 37%, US 15%


_#_Imports: $127.5 million (c.i.f., 1989);

commodities - foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and
fertilizers, minerals and fuels;

partners - US 42%, CARICOM 19%, UK 15%


_#_External debt: $42.2 million (FY89)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 0% (1989); accounts for 14%
of GDP


_#_Electricity: 16,600 kW capacity; 64 million kWh produced,
570 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: food processing (sugar, flour), cement, furniture,
clothing, starch, sheet metal, beverage


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 15% of GDP and 60% of labor force;
provides bulk of exports; products - bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes,
spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, hogs, goats; small fish catch
used locally


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-87), $11
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $76 million


_#_Currency: East Caribbean dollar (plural - dollars);
1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents


_#_Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed
rate since 1976)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year (as of January 1991); previously
1 July-30 June


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: about 1,000 km total; 300 km paved; 400 km improved;
300 km unimproved


_#_Ports: Kingstown


_#_Merchant marine: 242 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,855,061
GRT/2,919,872 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 2 passenger-cargo, 132 cargo,
11 container, 15 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 9 refrigerated cargo,
13 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 4 chemical tanker,
4 liquefied gas, 44 bulk, 6 combination bulk, 1 vehicle carrier;
note - China owns 3 ships; a flag of convenience registry


_#_Civil air: no major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 6 total, 6 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 2,439 m; 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: islandwide fully automatic telephone system;
6,500 telephones; VHF/UHF interisland links to Barbados and the
Grenadines; new SHF links to Grenada and Saint Lucia;
stations - 2 AM, no FM, 1 TV (cable)


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force,
Coast Guard


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 28,339; NA fit for military
service


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_San Marino
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 60 km2; land area: 60 km2


_#_Comparative area: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC


_#_Land boundary: 39 km with Italy


_#_Coastline: none - landlocked


_#_Maritime claims: none - landlocked


_#_Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers


_#_Terrain: rugged mountains


_#_Natural resources: building stones


_#_Land use: arable land 17%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and
pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 83%


_#_Environment: dominated by the Appenines


_#_Note: landlocked; world's smallest republic; enclave of Italy


_*_People
_#_Population: 23,264 (July 1991), growth rate 0.6% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 8 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 5 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 8 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 79 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 1.3 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Sanmarinese (sing. and pl.);
adjective - Sanmarinese


_#_Ethnic divisions: Sanmarinese, Italian


_#_Religion: Roman Catholic


_#_Language: Italian


_#_Literacy: 96% (male 96%, female 95%) age 14 and over can
read and write (1976)


_#_Labor force: about 4,300


_#_Organized labor: Democratic Federation of Sanmarinese Workers
(affiliated with ICFTU) has about 1,800 members; Communist-dominated
General Federation of Labor, 1,400 members


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of San Marino


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: San Marino


_#_Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (castelli,
singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano,
Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle


_#_Independence: 301 AD (by tradition)


_#_Constitution: 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of
the functions of a constitution


_#_Legal system: based on civil law system with Italian law
influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic,
3 September


_#_Executive branch: two captains regent, Congress of State (cabinet);
real executive power is wielded by the secretary of state for foreign
affairs and the secretary of state for internal affairs


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Great and General Council (Consiglio
Grande e Generale)


_#_Judicial branch: Council of Twelve (Consiglio dei XII)


_#_Leaders:

Co-Chiefs of State - Captain Regent Aldamiro BARTOLINI and
Captain Regent Ottaviano ROSSI (since 1 April 1990);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Gabriele GATTI (since July
1986)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Christian Democratic Party (DCS), Gabriele GATTI;
San Marino Democratic Progressive Party (PPDS) formerly San Marino
Communist Party (PCS), Gilberto GHIOTTI;
San Marino Socialist Party (PSS), Remy GIACOMINI;
Democratic Movement (MD), Emilio Della BALDA;
San Marino Social Democratic Party (PSDS), Augusto CASALI;
San Marino Republican Party (PRS), Cristoforo BUSCARINI


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

Grand and General Council - last held 29 May 1988
(next to be held by May 1993);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (60 total) DCS 27, PCS 18, PSU 8, PSS 7


_#_Communists: about 300 members


_#_Other political parties or pressure groups: political parties
influenced by policies of their counterparts in Italy


_#_Member of: CE, CSCE, ICAO, ICFTU, ILO, IMF (observer), IOC, IOM
(observer), ITU, LORCS, NAM (guest), UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU,
WHO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: San Marino maintains honorary
Consulates General in Washington and New York, and an honorary Consulate
in Detroit;

US - no mission in San Marino, but the Consul General in Florence
(Italy) is accredited to San Marino; Consulate General at
Lungarno Amerigo Vespucci, 38, 50123 Firenze, Italy (mailing address is
APO New York 09019-0007); telephone [39] (55) 239-8276 through 8279 and
217-605


_#_Flag: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue
with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat
of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a
wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS
(Liberty)


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: More than 2 million tourists visit each year,
contributing about 60% to GDP. The sale of postage stamps to foreign
collectors is another important income producer. The manufacturing sector
employs nearly 40% of the labor force and agriculture less than 4%. The
per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to
northern Italy.


_#_GDP: $393 million, per capita $17,000; real growth rate 2%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6% (1990)


_#_Unemployment rate: 6.5% (1985)


_#_Budget: revenues $99.2 million; expenditures $NA, including
capital expenditures of $NA (1983)


_#_Exports: trade data are included with the statistics for Italy;
commodity trade consists primarily of exchanging building stone, lime,
wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, and ceramics for a wide
variety of consumer manufactures


_#_Imports: see _#_Exports


_#_External debt: $NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: supplied by Italy


_#_Industries: wine, olive oil, cement, leather, textile, tourist


_#_Agriculture: employs less than 4% of labor force; products - wheat,
grapes, corn, olives, meat, cheese, hides; small numbers of cattle, pigs,
horses; depends on Italy for food imports


_#_Economic aid: NA


_#_Currency: Italian lira (plural - lire);
1 Italian lira (Lit) = 100 centesimi; also mints its own coins


_#_Exchange rates: Italian lire (Lit) per US$1 - 1,134.4 (January
1991), 1,198.1 (1990), 1,372.1 (1989), 1,301.6 (1988), 1,296.1 (1987),
1,490.8 (1986), 1,909.4 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 104 km


_#_Telecommunications: automatic telephone system; 11,700 telephones;
stations - no AM, 20 FM, no TV; radio relay and cable links into Italian
networks; no communication satellite facilities


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: public security or police force of less than 50 people


_#_Manpower availability: all fit men ages 16-60 constitute a militia
that can serve as an army


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Sao Tome and Principe
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 960 km2; land area: 960 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than 5.5 times the size of
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 209 km


_#_Maritime claims: (measured from claimed archipelagic baselines);

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)


_#_Terrain: volcanic, mountainous


_#_Natural resources: fish


_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops 20%; meadows and
pastures 1%; forest and woodland 75%; other 3%


_#_Environment: deforestation; soil erosion


_#_Note: located south of Nigeria and west of Gabon near the Equator
in the North Atlantic Ocean


_*_People
_#_Population: 128,499 (July 1991), growth rate 3.0% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 38 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 60 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 64 years male, 68 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 5.3 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Sao Tomean(s); adjective - Sao Tomean


_#_Ethnic divisions: mestico, angolares (descendents of Angolan
slaves), forros (descendents of freed slaves), servicais (contract
laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of
servicais born on the islands), and Europeans (primarily Portuguese)


_#_Religion: Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-Day
Adventist


_#_Language: Portuguese (official)


_#_Literacy: 57% (male 73%, female 42%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1981)


_#_Labor force: 21,096 (1981); most of population engaged in
subsistence agriculture and fishing; labor shortages on plantations and
of skilled workers; 56% of population of working age (1983)


_#_Organized labor: NA


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Sao Tome


_#_Administrative divisions: 2 districts (concelhos,
singular - concelho); Principe, Sao Tome


_#_Independence: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal)


_#_Constitution: 5 November 1975, approved 15 December 1982


_#_Legal system: based on Portuguese law system and customary law; has
not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1975)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Council of Ministers
(cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral People's National Assembly
(Assembleia Popular Nacional)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Miguel TROVOADA (since 4 April 1991);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Daniel Lima Dos Santos DAIO
(since 21 January 1991)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Party for Democratic Convergence-Reflection Group (PCD-GR),
Prime Minister Daniel Lima Dos Santos DAIO, secretary general;
Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe (MLSTP),
Carlos da GRACIA;
Christian Democratic Front (FDC), Alphonse Dos SANTOS;
Democratic Opposition Coalition (CODO), leader NA; other small parties


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 3 March 1991 (next to be held March
1996);
results - Miguel TROVOADA was elected without opposition in Sao Tome's
first multiparty presidential election;

National People's Assembly - last held 20 January 1991 (next to be
held January 1996);
results - PCD-GR 54.4%, MLSTP 30.5%, CODO 5.2%, FDC 1.5%, other 8.3%;
seats - (55 total) PCD-GR 33, MLSTP 21, CODO 1; note - this was the first
National Assembly multiparty election in Sao Tome


_#_Member of: ACP, AfDB, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD,
ILO, IMF, INTERPOL, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Joaquim Rafael BRANCO;
Chancery (temporary) at 801 Second Avenue, Suite 1504, New York, NY



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 63 of 89)