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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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10017; telephone (212) 697-4211;

US - Ambassador Keith L. WAUCHOPE in Gabon is accredited to Sao
Tome and Principe on a nonresident basis and makes periodic visits to the

_#_Flag: three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double
width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side
in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on
the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

_#_Overview: The economy has remained dependent on cocoa since the
country gained independence nearly 15 years ago. Since then, however,
cocoa production has gradually deteriorated because of drought and
mismanagement, so that by 1987 output had fallen to less than 50% of
its former levels. As a result, a shortage of cocoa for export has
created a serious balance-of-payments problem. Production of less
important crops, such as coffee, copra, and palm kernels, has
also declined. The value of imports generally exceeds that of
exports by a ratio of 4 to 1. The emphasis on cocoa production at
the expense of other food crops has meant that Sao Tome has to import
90% of food needs. It also has to import all fuels and most manufactured
goods. Over the years, Sao Tome has been unable to service its external
debt, which amounts to roughly 80% of export earnings. Considerable
potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the
government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The
government also implemented a Five-Year Plan covering 1986-90 to
restructure the economy and reschedule external debt service payments in
cooperation with the International Development Association and Western

_#_GDP: $46.0 million, per capita $380; real growth rate 1.5% (1989)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 36% (1989 est.)

_#_Unemployment rate: NA%

_#_Budget: revenues $10.2 million; expenditures $36.8 million,
including capital expenditures of $22.5 million (1989)

_#_Exports: $5.9 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - cocoa 85%, copra, coffee, palm oil;

partners - FRG, GDR, Netherlands, China

_#_Imports: $26.8 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - machinery and electrical equipment 54%, food
products 23%, other 23%;

partners - Portugal, GDR, Angola, China

_#_External debt: $110 million (1990 est.)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 7.1% (1986)

_#_Electricity: 5,000 kW capacity; 12 million kWh produced,
100 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: light construction, shirts, soap, beer, fisheries,
shrimp processing

_#_Agriculture: dominant sector of economy, primary source of exports;
cash crops - cocoa (85%), coconuts, palm kernels, coffee; food
products - bananas, papaya, beans, poultry, fish; not self-sufficient in
food grain and meat

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $8
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-87), $59 million

_#_Currency: dobra (plural - dobras); 1 dobra (Db) = 100 centimos

_#_Exchange rates: dobras (Db) per US$1 - 122.48 (December 1988),
72.827 (1987), 36.993 (1986), 41.195 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Highways: 300 km (two-thirds are paved); roads on Principe are
mostly unpaved and in need of repair

_#_Ports: Sao Tome, Santo Antonio

_#_Civil air: 8 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways
1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: minimal system; 2,200 telephones; stations - 1
AM, 2 FM, no TV; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, National Police

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 28,984; 15,287 fit for military

_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, 1.6% of GDP (1980)
[email protected]_Saudi Arabia
_#_Total area: 2,149,690 km2; land area: 2,149,690 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly less than one-fourth the size of US

_#_Land boundaries: 4,410 km total; Iraq 488 km, Iraq-Saudi Arabia
Neutral Zone 198 km, Jordan 742 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar
40 km, UAE 586 km, Yemen 1,458 km

_#_Coastline: 2,510 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 18 nm;

Continental shelf: not specific;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: no defined boundaries with Yemen and UAE;
shares Neutral Zone with Iraq - in December 1981, Iraq and Saudi Arabia
signed a boundary agreement that divides the zone between them, but the
agreement must be ratified before it becomes effective; Kuwaiti
ownership of Qaruh and Umm al Maradim Islands is disputed by
Saudi Arabia

_#_Climate: harsh, dry desert with great extremes of temperature

_#_Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert

_#_Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and
pastures 39%; forest and woodland 1%; other 59%; includes irrigated

_#_Environment: no perennial rivers or permanent water bodies;
developing extensive coastal seawater desalination facilities;

_#_Note: extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide
great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf
and Suez Canal

_#_Population: 17,869,558 (July 1991), growth rate 4.2% (1991);
note - the population figure is based on growth since the last official
Saudi census of 1974 that reported a total of 7 million persons and
included foreign workers; estimates from other sources may be 15-30%

_#_Birth rate: 37 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 12 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 69 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 68 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 6.7 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Saudi(s); adjective - Saudi or Saudi Arabian

_#_Ethnic divisions: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

_#_Religion: Muslim 100%

_#_Language: Arabic

_#_Literacy: 62% (male 73%, female 48%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)

_#_Labor force: 4,200,000; about 60% are foreign workers; government
34%, industry and oil 28%, services 22%, and agriculture 16%

_#_Organized labor: trade unions are illegal

_#_Long-form name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

_#_Type: monarchy

_#_Capital: Riyadh

_#_Administrative divisions: 14 emirates (imarat,
singular - imarah); Al Bahah, Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah,
Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Al Qasim, Al Qurayyat, Ar Riyad, Ash
Sharqiyah, Asir, Hail, Jizan, Makkah, Najran,

_#_Independence: 23 September 1932 (unification)

_#_Constitution: none; governed according to Sharia (Islamic law)

_#_Legal system: based on Islamic law, several secular codes have been
introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees; has not
accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

_#_National holiday: Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932)

_#_Executive branch: monarch and prime minister, crown prince and
deputy prime minister, Council of Ministers

_#_Legislative branch: none

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Council of Justice


Chief of State and Head of Government - King and Prime Minister
FAHD bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 13 June 1982);
Crown Prince and Deputy Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al
Saud (half-brother to the King, appointed heir to the throne 13 June

_#_Suffrage: none

_#_Elections: none

_#_Communists: negligible

_#_Member of: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-19,

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador BANDAR Bin Sultan; Chancery
at 601 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20037; telephone (202)
342-3800; there are Saudi Arabian Consulates General in Houston, Los
Angeles, and New York;

US - Ambassador Charles W. FREEMAN, Jr.; Embassy at Collector Road
M, Diplomatic Quarter, Riyadh (mailing address is P. O. Box 9041, Riyadh
11143, or APO New York 09038); telephone [966] (1) 488-3800; there are US
Consulates General in Dhahran and Jiddah (Jeddah)

_#_Flag: green with large white Arabic script (that may be translated
as There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God) above a
white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); green is the
traditional color of Islam

_#_Overview: The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 70% of
budget revenues, 33% of GDP, and almost all export earnings. Saudi Arabia
has the largest reserves of petroleum in the world, ranks as the largest
exporter of petroleum, plays a leading role in OPEC, and invests
substantial amounts abroad.

_#_GDP: $79 billion, per capita $4,800; real growth rate 0.5%
(1989 est.)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0% (1990 est.)

_#_Unemployment rate: 0% (1989 est.)

_#_Budget: revenues $31.5 billion; expenditures $38.2 billion,
including capital expenditures of $6.9 billion (1990)

_#_Exports: $28.3 billion (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - petroleum and petroleum products 85%;

partners - US 22%, Japan 20%, Singapore 7%, France 5%

_#_Imports: $19.2 billion (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - manufactured goods, transportation equipment,
construction materials, processed food products;

partners - UK 17%, US 15%, Japan 12%, FRG 6%

_#_External debt: $18.9 billion (December 1989 est.)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 1.1% (1989 est.); accounts for
37% of GDP, including petroleum

_#_Electricity: 25,205,000 kW capacity; 50,500 million kWh produced,
2,950 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic
petrochemicals, cement, small steel-rolling mill, construction,
fertilizer, plastic

_#_Agriculture: accounts for about 10% of GDP, 16% of labor force;
fastest growing economic sector; subsidized by government;
products - wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus fruit, mutton,
chickens, eggs, milk; approaching self-sufficiency in food

_#_Economic aid: donor - pledged $64.7 billion in bilateral aid

_#_Currency: Saudi riyal (plural - riyals); 1 Saudi riyal (SR) = 100

_#_Exchange rates: Saudi riyals (SR) per US$1 - 3.7450 (fixed rate
since late 1986), 3.7033 (1986), 3.6221 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_#_Railroads: 886 km 1.435-meter standard gauge

_#_Highways: 74,000 km total; 35,000 km bituminous, 39,000 km gravel
and improved earth

_#_Pipelines: 6,400 km crude oil; 150 km refined products; 2,200 km
natural gas, includes 1,600 km of natural gas liquids

_#_Ports: Jiddah, Ad Dammam, Ras Tanura, Jizan, Al Jubayl,
Yanbu al Bahr, Yanbu al Sinaiyah

_#_Merchant marine: 84 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,492,174
GRT/2,436,635 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 6 short-sea passenger,
14 cargo, 12 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 3 container, 6 refrigerated cargo, 5
livestock carrier, 26 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 8
chemical tanker, 1 liquefied gas, 1 specialized tanker, 1 bulk

_#_Civil air: 182 major transport aircraft available

_#_Airports: 207 total, 188 usable; 69 with permanent-surface runways;
13 with runways over 3,659 m; 38 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 103 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: good system with extensive microwave and
coaxial cable systems; 1,624,000 telephones; stations - 21 AM, 16 FM,
97 TV; radio relay to Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Yemen, and
Sudan; coaxial cable to Kuwait; submarine cable to Djibouti and Egypt;
earth stations - 3 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT, 2 Indian Ocean INTELSAT,

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defense Force, National
Guard, Coast Guard, Frontier Force, Special Security Force, Public
Security Force

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 6,663,217; 3,724,610 fit for
military service; 165,167 reach military age (17) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $13.9 billion, 16.9% of GDP (1990 est.)
[email protected]_Senegal
_#_Total area: 196,190 km2; land area: 192,000 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than South Dakota

_#_Land boundaries: 2,640 km total; The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km,
Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

_#_Coastline: 531 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm;

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: short section of the boundary with The Gambia is
indefinite; the International Court of Justice (ICJ) rendered its
decision on the Guinea-Bissau/Senegal maritime boundary in favor
of Senegal - that decision has been rejected by Guinea-Bissau;
boundary with Mauritania

_#_Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (December to April) has
strong southeast winds; dry season (May to November) dominated by hot,
dry harmattan wind

_#_Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in

_#_Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore

_#_Land use: arable land 27%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and
pastures 30%; forest and woodland 31%; other 12%; includes irrigated

_#_Environment: lowlands seasonally flooded; deforestation;
overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

_#_Note: The Gambia is almost an enclave

_#_Population: 7,952,657 (July 1991), growth rate 3.1% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 44 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 13 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 86 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 54 years male, 56 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 6.2 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Senegalese (sing. and pl.);
adjective - Senegalese

_#_Ethnic divisions: Wolof 36%, Fulani 17%, Serer 17%, Toucouleur
9%, Diola 9%, Mandingo 9%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 2%

_#_Religion: Muslim 92%, indigenous beliefs 6%, Christian 2%
(mostly Roman Catholic)

_#_Language: French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Diola, Mandingo

_#_Literacy: 38% (male 52%, female 25%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)

_#_Labor force: 2,509,000; 77% subsistence agricultural workers;
175,000 wage earners - private sector 40%, government and parapublic 60%;
52% of population of working age (1985)

_#_Organized labor: majority of wage-labor force represented by
unions; however, dues-paying membership very limited; major confederation
is National Confederation of Senegalese Labor (CNTS), an affiliate of
governing party

_#_Long-form name: Republic of Senegal

_#_Type: republic under multiparty democratic rule

_#_Capital: Dakar

_#_Administrative divisions: 10 regions (regions,
singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga,
Saint-Louis, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor

_#_Independence: 4 April 1960 (from France); The Gambia and Senegal
signed an agreement on 12 December 1981 (effective 1 February 1982) that
called for the creation of a loose confederation to be known as
Senegambia, but the agreement was dissolved on 30 September 1989

_#_Constitution: 3 March 1963, last revised in 1984

_#_Legal system: based on French civil law system; judicial review of
legislative acts in Supreme Court, which also audits the government's
accounting office; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 4 April (1960)

_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Council of Ministers

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)


Chief of State - President Abdou DIOUF (since 1 January 1981);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Habib THIAM (since 7 April

_#_Political parties and leaders:
Socialist Party (PS), President Abdou DIOUF;
Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS), Abdoulaye WADE;
13 other small uninfluential parties

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 21


President - last held 28 February 1988 (next to be held February
results - Abdou DIOUF (PS) 73%, Abdoulaye WADE (PDS) 26%, other 1%;

National Assembly - last held 28 February 1988 (next to be
held February 1993);
results - PS 71%, PDS 25%, other 4%;
seats - (120 total) PS 103, PDS 17

_#_Communists: small number of Communists and sympathizers

_#_Other political or pressure groups: students, teachers, labor,
Muslim Brotherhoods

_#_Member of: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77,

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Ibra Deguene KA; Chancery at
2112 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 234-0540
or 0541;

US - Ambassador George E. MOOSE; Embassy on Avenue Jean XXIII at the
corner of Avenue Kleber, Dakar (mailing address is B. P. 49, Dakar);
telephone [221] 23-42-96 or 23-34-24

_#_Flag: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and
red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band;
uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

_#_Overview: The agricultural sector accounts for about 20% of GDP and
provides employment for about 75% of the labor force. About 40% of the
total cultivated land is used to grow peanuts, an important export crop.
The principal economic resource is fishing, which brought in about $200
million or about 25% of total foreign exchange earnings in 1987. Mining
is dominated by the extraction of phosphate, but production has faltered
because of reduced worldwide demand for fertilizers in recent years. Over
the past 10 years tourism has become increasingly important to the

_#_GDP: $4.6 billion, per capita $615; real growth rate 0.6% (1989)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.4% (1989 est.)

_#_Unemployment rate: 3.5% (1987)

_#_Budget: revenues $921 million; expenditures $1,024 million;
including capital expenditures of $14 million (FY89 est.)

_#_Exports: $801 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - manufactures 30%, fish products 27%, peanuts 11%,
petroleum products 11%, phosphates 10%;

partners - US, France, other EC, Ivory Coast, India

_#_Imports: $1.0 billion (c.i.f., 1989 est.);

commodities - semimanufactures 30%, food 27%, durable consumer
goods 17%, petroleum 12%, capital goods 14%;

partners - US, France, other EC, Nigeria, Algeria, China, Japan

_#_External debt: $4.1 billion (1989)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 4.7% (1989); accounts for
17% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 210,000 kW capacity; 760 million kWh produced,
100 kWh per capita (1989)

_#_Industries: fishing, agricultural processing, phosphate mining,
petroleum refining, building materials

_#_Agriculture: including fishing, accounts for 20% of GDP and more
than 75% of labor force; major products - peanuts (cash crop), millet,
corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; estimated
two-thirds self-sufficient in food; fish catch of 299,000 metric tons
in 1987

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $551
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $4.8 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $589 million;
Communist countries (1970-89), $295 million

_#_Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc
(plural - francs); 1 CFA franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes

_#_Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF)
per US$1 - 256.54 (January 1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85
(1988), 300.54 (1987), 346.30 (1986), 449.26 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

_#_Railroads: 1,034 km 1.000-meter gauge; all single track except
70 km double track Dakar to Thies

_#_Highways: 14,000 km total; 3,770 km paved, 10,230 km laterite or
improved earth

_#_Inland waterways: 900 km total; 785 km on the Senegal, 115 km
on the Saloum

_#_Ports: Dakar, Kaolack

_#_Merchant marine: 3 ships (1,000 GRT and over) totaling 9,263
GRT/15,167 DWT; includes 2 cargo, 1 bulk

_#_Civil air: 2 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 25 total, 20 usable; 10 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
15 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: above-average urban system, using radio relay
and cable; 40,200 telephones; stations - 8 AM, no FM, 1 TV; 3 submarine
cables; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary Gendarmerie;
Surete Nationale

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 1,749,540; 913,806 fit for
military service; 91,607 reach military age (18) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $100 million, 2% of GDP (1989 est.)
[email protected]_Seychelles
_#_Total area: 455 km2; land area: 455 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of
Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 491 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: claims Tromelin Island

_#_Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast
monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon
(March to May)

_#_Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky,
hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs

_#_Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees

_#_Land use: arable land 4%; permanent crops 18%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 18%; other 60%

_#_Environment: lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are
rare; short droughts possible; no fresh water, catchments collect rain;
40 granitic and about 50 coralline islands

_#_Note: located north-northeast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean

_#_Population: 68,932 (July 1991), growth rate 0.9% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 23 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 8 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 15 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 75 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun - Seychellois (sing. and pl.);
adjective - Seychelles

_#_Ethnic divisions: Seychellois (mixture of Asians, Africans,

_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, Anglican 8%, other 2%

_#_Language: English and French (official); Creole

_#_Literacy: 58% (male 56%, female 60%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1971)

_#_Labor force: 27,700; industry and commerce 31%, services 21%,
government 20%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 12%, other 16% (1985);
57% of population of working age (1983)

_#_Organized labor: three major trade unions

_#_Long-form name: Republic of Seychelles

_#_Type: republic

_#_Capital: Victoria

_#_Administrative divisions: 23 administrative districts;
Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Louis, Anse Royale,
Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade,
Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe Island), Grand' Anse (on Praslin Island),
La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance,
Pointe La Rue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis, Takamaka

_#_Independence: 29 June 1976 (from UK)

_#_Constitution: 5 June 1979

_#_Legal system: based on English common law, French civil law, and
customary law

_#_National holiday: Liberation Day (anniversary of coup), 5 June

_#_Executive branch: president, Council of Ministers

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral People's Assembly (Assemblee
du Peuple)

_#_Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, Supreme Court


Chief of State and Head of Government - President France Albert
RENE (since 5 June 1977)

_#_Political parties and leaders: only party - Seychelles People's

Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 64 of 89)