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(545 repeaters) FM, 47 (870 repeaters) TV; satellite stations operating
in INTELSAT 1 Atlantic Ocean earth station and 1 Indian Ocean earth
station and EUTELSAT systems


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Flying Division, Gendarmerie


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 1,957,414; 1,646,179 fit for
military service; 48,038 reach military age (19) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $1.4 billion, 1% of GDP (1990)
_%_
[email protected]_The Bahamas
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 13,940 km2; land area: 10,070 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than Connecticut


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 3,542 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm


_#_Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream


_#_Terrain: long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills


_#_Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber


_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and
pastures NEGL%; forest and woodland 32%; other 67%


_#_Environment: subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms
that cause extensive flood damage


_#_Note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island
chain


_*_People
_#_Population: 252,110 (July 1991), growth rate 1.4% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 19 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 18 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 76 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Bahamian(s); adjective - Bahamian


_#_Ethnic divisions: black 85%, white 15%


_#_Religion: Baptist 32%, Anglican 20%, Roman Catholic 19%,
Methodist 6%, Church of God 6%, other Protestant 12%, none or unknown
3%, other 2% (1980)


_#_Language: English; some Creole among Haitian immigrants


_#_Literacy: 90% (male 90%, female 89%) age 15 and over but
definition of literacy not available (1963 est.)


_#_Labor force: 132,600; government 30%, hotels and restaurants 25%,
business services 10%, agriculture 5% (1986)


_#_Organized labor: 25% of labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: The Commonwealth of The Bahamas


_#_Type: commonwealth


_#_Capital: Nassau


_#_Administrative divisions: 21 districts; Abaco, Acklins Island,
Andros Island, Berry Islands, Biminis, Cat Island, Cay Lobos, Crooked
Island, Eleuthera, Exuma, Grand Bahama, Harbour Island, Inagua, Long Cay,
Long Island, Mayaguana, New Providence, Ragged Island, Rum Cay, San
Salvador, Spanish Wells


_#_Independence: 10 July 1973 (from UK)


_#_Constitution: 10 July 1973


_#_Legal system: based on English common law


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 10 July (1973)


_#_Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime
minister, deputy prime minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house
or Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Acting Governor General Sir Henry TAYLOR (since 26 June
1988);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Sir Lynden Oscar PINDLING (since
16 January 1967)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Progressive Liberal Party (PLP), Sir Lynden O. PINDLING;
Free National Movement (FNM), Hubert Alexander INGRAHAM


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

House of Assembly - last held 19 June 1987 (next to be held
by June 1992);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (49 total) PLP 32, FNM 17


_#_Communists: none known


_#_Other political or pressure groups: Vanguard Nationalist and
Socialist Party (VNSP), a small leftist party headed by Lionel CAREY;
Trade Union Congress (TUC), headed by Arlington MILLER


_#_Member of: ACP, C, CCC, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB,
IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU,
LORCS, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO,
WMO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Margaret E. McDONALD;
Chancery at Suite 865, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20037;
telephone (202) 944-3390; there are Bahamian Consulates General in Miami
and New York;

US - Ambassador Chic HECHT; Embassy at Mosmar Building,
Queen Street, Nassau (mailing address is P. O. Box N-8197, Nassau);
telephone (809) 322-1181 or 328-2206


_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and
aquamarine with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The Bahamas is a stable, middle-income developing nation
whose economy is based primarily on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism
alone provides about 50% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs about
50,000 people or 40% of the local work force. The economy has slackened
in recent years, as the annual increase in the number of tourists slowed.
Nonetheless, the per capita GDP of $9,800 is one of the highest in the
region.


_#_GDP: $2.4 billion, per capita $9,800; real growth rate 2.0%
(1989 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.1% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment: 11.7% (1989)


_#_Budget: revenues $1.03 billion; expenditures $1.1 billion,
including capital expenditures of $275 million (1990)


_#_Exports: $300 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - pharmaceuticals, cement, rum, crawfish;

partners - US 41%, Norway 30%, Denmark 4%


_#_Imports: $1.23 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - foodstuffs, manufactured goods, mineral fuels;

partners - US 35%, Nigeria 21%, Japan 13%, Angola 11%


_#_External debt: $1.2 billion (December 1990)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%; accounts for 15% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 368,000 kW capacity; 857 million kWh produced,
3,480 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: tourism, banking, cement, oil refining and
transshipment, salt production, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral
weld, steel pipe


_#_Agriculture: accounts for less than 5% of GDP; dominated by
small-scale producers; principal products - citrus fruit, vegetables,
poultry; large net importer of food


_#_Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY85-88), $1.0
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $345 million


_#_Currency: Bahamian dollar (plural - dollars); 1 Bahamian dollar
(B$) = 100 cents


_#_Exchange rates: Bahamian dollar (B$) per US$1 - 1.00 (fixed rate)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 2,400 km total; 1,350 km paved, 1,050 km gravel


_#_Ports: Freeport, Nassau


_#_Merchant marine: 636 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 14,266,066
GRT/23,585,465 DWT; includes 42 passenger, 16 short-sea passenger, 190
cargo, 41 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 23 container, 5 car carrier,
1 railroad carrier, 141 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 8
liquefied gas, 15 combination ore/oil, 33 chemical tanker, 1 specialized
tanker, 112 bulk, 8 combination bulk; note - a flag of convenience
registry


_#_Civil air: 9 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 59 total, 57 usable; 31 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 25 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: highly developed; 99,000 telephones in totally
automatic system; tropospheric scatter and submarine cable links to
Florida; stations - 3 AM, 2 FM, 1 TV; 3 coaxial submarine cables; 1
Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Royal Bahamas Defense Force (a coast guard element only),
Royal Bahamas Police Force


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 68,020; NA fit for military
service


_#_Defense expenditures: $65 million, 2.7% of GDP (1990)
_%_
[email protected]_Bahrain
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 620 km2; land area: 620 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 161 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Continental shelf: not specific;

Territorial sea: 3 nm


_#_Disputes: territorial dispute with Qatar over the Hawar Islands


_#_Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers


_#_Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central
escarpment


_#_Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas,
fish


_#_Land use: arable land 2%; permanent crops 2%; meadows and pastures
6%; forest and woodland 0%; other 90%, includes irrigated NEGL%


_#_Environment: subsurface water sources being rapidly depleted
(requires development of desalination facilities); dust storms;
desertification


_#_Note: close to primary Middle Eastern crude oil sources;
strategic location in Persian Gulf through which much of Western
world's crude oil must transit to reach open ocean


_*_People
_#_Population: 536,974 (July 1991), growth rate 3.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 27 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 3 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 7 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 71 years male, 76 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.0 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Bahraini(s); adjective - Bahraini


_#_Ethnic divisions: Bahraini 63%, Asian 13%, other Arab 10%,
Iranian 8%, other 6%


_#_Religion: Muslim (Shia 70%, Sunni 30%)


_#_Language: Arabic (official); English also widely spoken; Farsi,
Urdu


_#_Literacy: 77% (male 82%, female 69%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 140,000; 42% of labor force is Bahraini; industry
and commerce 85%, agriculture 5%, services 5%, government 3% (1982)


_#_Organized labor: General Committee for Bahrain Workers exists in
only eight major designated companies


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: State of Bahrain


_#_Type: traditional monarchy


_#_Capital: Manama


_#_Administrative divisions: 12 municipalities (baladiyat,
singular - baladiyah); Al Hadd, Al Manamah,
Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta,
Al Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq,
Ar Rifa wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs,
Madinat Hamad, Madinat Isa, Mintaqat Juzur Hawar,
Sitrah


_#_Independence: 15 August 1971 (from UK)


_#_Constitution: 26 May 1973, effective 6 December 1973


_#_Legal system: based on Islamic law and English common law


_#_National holiday: National Day, 16 December


_#_Executive branch: amir, crown prince and heir apparent, prime
minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly was dissolved
26 August 1975 and legislative powers were assumed by the Cabinet


_#_Judicial branch: High Civil Appeals Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Amir Isa bin Salman Al KHALIFA (since
2 November 1961); Heir Apparent Hamad bin Isa Al KHALIFA (son of Amir;
born 28 January 1950);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman Al KHALIFA,
(since 19 January 1970)


_#_Political parties and pressure groups: political parties
prohibited; several small, clandestine leftist and Shia fundamentalist
groups are active


_#_Suffrage: none


_#_Elections: none


_#_Communists: negligible


_#_Member of: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD,
ICAO, IDB, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent),
ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO,
WMO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Ghazi Muhammad AL-QUSAYBI;
Chancery at 3502 International Drive NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone
(202) 342-0741 or 342-0742; there is a Bahraini Consulate General in
New York;

US - Ambassador Dr. Charles W. HOSTLER; Embassy at Building
No. 979, Road No. 3119, Block/Area 331, Manama ZINJ (mailing address is
P. O. 26431, Manama, or FPO New York 09526-6210); telephone [973]
273-300 or 275-126


_#_Flag: red with a white serrated band (eight white points) on the
hoist side


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Petroleum production and processing account for
about 85% of export receipts, 60% of government revenues, and 20% of GDP.
Economic conditions have fluctuated with the changing fortunes of oil
since 1985, including the Gulf crisis of 1990-91. The liberation of
Kuwait in early 1991 has improved short- to medium-term prospects and
has raised investors' confidence. Bahrain with its highly developed
communication and transport facilities is home to numerous
multinational firms with business in the Gulf.


_#_GDP: $3.9 billion, per capita $7,500; real growth rate 2.5%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (1989)


_#_Unemployment: 8-10% (1989)


_#_Budget: revenues $1.2 billion; expenditures $1.32 billion,
including capital expenditures of $NA (1989)


_#_Exports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b., 1989 est.);

commodities - petroleum 80%, aluminum 7%, other 13%;

partners - UAE, Japan, US, India


_#_Imports: $3.0 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - nonoil 59%, crude oil 41%;

partners - Saudi Arabia, Japan, US, UK


_#_External debt: $1.1 billion (December 1989 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 3.8% (1988); accounts for
44% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 1,652,000 kW capacity; 6,000 million kWh produced,
12,080 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting,
offshore banking, ship repairing


_#_Agriculture: including fishing, accounts for less than 2% of GDP;
not self-sufficient in food production; heavily subsidized sector
produces fruit, vegetables, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, and fish;
fish catch 9,000 metric tons in 1987


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-79), $24
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $35 million; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $9.8 billion


_#_Currency: Bahraini dinar (plural - dinars); 1 Bahraini dinar
(BD) = 1,000 fils


_#_Exchange rates: Bahraini dinars (BD) per US$1 - 0.3760 (fixed rate)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 200 km bituminous surfaced, including 25 km
bridge-causeway to Saudi Arabia opened in November 1986; NA km
natural surface tracks


_#_Ports: Mina Salman, Manama, Sitrah


_#_Merchant marine: 4 cargo and 2 container (1,000 GRT or over)
totaling 114,733 GRT/155,065 DWT


_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 56 km; refined products, 16 km; natural gas,
32 km


_#_Civil air: 24 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; 2
with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: excellent international telecommunications;
adequate domestic services; 98,000 telephones; stations - 2 AM, 1 FM,
2 TV; satellite earth stations - 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT, 1 Indian Ocean
INTELSAT, 1 ARABSAT; tropospheric scatter and microwave to Qatar, UAE,
Saudi Arabia; submarine cable to Qatar and UAE


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defense, Police Force


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 187,606; 104,285 fit for
military service


_#_Defense expenditures: $194 million, 6% of GDP (1990)
_%_
[email protected]_Baker Island
(territory of the US)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 1.4 km2; land area: 1.4 km2


_#_Comparative area: about 2.3 times the size of The Mall in
Washington, DC


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 4.8 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth);

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun


_#_Terrain: low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow
fringing reef


_#_Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until 1891)


_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%


_#_Environment: treeless, sparse and scattered vegetation consisting
of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; lacks fresh water;
primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds,
shorebirds, and marine wildlife


_#_Note: remote location 2,575 km southwest of Honolulu in the North
Pacific Ocean, just north of the Equator, about halfway between Hawaii
and Australia


_*_People
_#_Population: uninhabited


_#_Note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and
naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World
War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use
permit only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; a
cemetery and cemetery ruins located near the middle of the west coast


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: unincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish
and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the
National Wildlife Refuge system


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: no economic activity


_*_Communications
_#_Ports: none; offshore anchorage only, one boat landing area along
the middle of the west coast


_#_Airports: 1 abandoned World War II runway of 1,665 m


_#_Note: there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by
the US Coast Guard
_%_
[email protected]_Bangladesh
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 144,000 km2; land area: 133,910 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Wisconsin


_#_Land boundaries: 4,246 km total; Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km


_#_Coastline: 580 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 18 nm;

Continental shelf: up to outer limits of continental margin;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: a portion of the boundary with India is in dispute;
water sharing problems with upstream riparian India over the Ganges


_#_Climate: tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid
summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)


_#_Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast


_#_Natural resources: natural gas, uranium, arable land, timber


_#_Land use: arable land 67%; permanent crops 2%; meadows and
pastures 4%; forest and woodland 16%; other 11%; includes irrigated
14%


_#_Environment: vulnerable to droughts; much of country routinely
flooded during summer monsoon season; overpopulation; deforestation


_#_Note: almost completely surrounded by India


_*_People
_#_Population: 116,601,424 (July 1991), growth rate 2.3% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 36 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 13 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 118 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 54 years male, 52 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.7 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Bangladeshi(s); adjective - Bangladesh


_#_Ethnic divisions: Bengali 98%, Biharis 250,000, and tribals less
than 1 million


_#_Religion: Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, Buddhist, Christian, and other
less than 1%


_#_Language: Bangla (official), English widely used


_#_Literacy: 35% (male 47%, female 22%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 35,100,000; agriculture 74%, services 15%, industry
and commerce 11% (FY86); extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, UAE,
and Oman (1991)


_#_Organized labor: 3% of labor force belongs to 2,614 registered
unions (1986 est.)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: People's Republic of Bangladesh


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Dhaka


_#_Administrative divisions: 64 districts (zillagulo,
singular - zilla); Bagerhat, Bandarban, Barguna, Barisal,
Bhola, Bogra, Brahmanbaria, Chandpur, Chapai Nawabganj,
Chattagram, Chuadanga, Comilla, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka,
Dinajpur, Faridpur, Feni, Gaibandha, Gazipur, Gopalganj,
Habiganj, Jaipurhat, Jamalpur, Jessore, Jhalakati, Jhenaidah,
Khagrachari, Khulna, Kishorganj, Kurigram, Kushtia, Laksmipur,
Lalmonirhat, Madaripur, Magura, Manikganj, Meherpur,
Moulavibazar, Munshiganj, Mymensingh, Naogaon, Narail,
Narayanganj, Narsingdi, Nator, Netrakona, Nilphamari,
Noakhali, Pabna, Panchagar, Parbattya Chattagram,
Patuakhali, Pirojpur, Rajbari, Rajshahi, Rangpur,
Satkhira, Shariyatpur, Sherpur, Sirajganj, Sunamganj, Sylhet,
Tangail, Thakurgaon


_#_Independence: 16 December 1971 (from Pakistan; formerly East
Pakistan)


_#_Constitution: 4 November 1972, effective 16 December 1972,
suspended following coup of 24 March 1982, restored 10 November 1986,
amended NA March 1991


_#_Legal system: based on English common law


_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 26 March (1971)


_#_Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Parliament (Jatiya Sangsad)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Abdur Rahman BISWAS (since
8 October 1991)

Head of Government - Prime Minister Khaleda ZIAUR Rahman
(since 20 March 1991)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Khaleda ZIAUR Rahman;
Awami League, Sheikh Hasina WAZED;
Jatiyo Party, Hussain Mohammad ERSHAD;
Jamaat-E-Islami, Ali KHAN;
Bangladesh Communist Party (pro-Soviet), Saifuddin Ahmed MANIK;
National Awami Party (Muzaffar);
Workers Party, leader NA;
Jatiyo Samajtantik Dal (National Socialist Party - SIRAJ), M. A. JALIL;
Ganotantri Party, leader NA;
Islami Oikya Jote, leader NA;
National Democratic Party, leader NA;
Muslim League, Khan A. SABUR;
Democratic League, Khondakar MUSHTAQUE Ahmed;
United People's Party, Kazi ZAFAR Ahmed


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 8 October 1991 (next to be held by October
1996);
results - Abdur Rahman BISWAS received 52.1% of parliamentary vote

National Parliament - last held 27 February 1991 (next to be held
February 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (330 total, 300 elected and 30 seats reserved for women)
BNP 168, AL 93, JP 35, JI 20, CBP 5, National Awami Party (Muzaffar) 1,
Workers Party 1, SIRAJ 1, Ganotantri Party 1, Islami Oikya Jote 1,
NDP 1, independents 3


_#_Communists: 5,000 members (1987 est.)


_#_Member of: AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC,
ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OIC, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIIMOG,
UPU, WHO, WFTU, WIPO, WCL, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador A. H. S. Ataul KARIM;
Chancery at 2201 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington DC 20007; telephone
(202) 342-8372 through 8376; there is a Bangladesh Consulate General in
New York;

US - Ambassador William B. MILAM; Embassy at Diplomatic
Enclave, Madani Avenue, Baridhara, Dhaka (mailing address
is G. P. O. Box 323, Dhaka 1212); telephone [880] (2) 884700-22


_#_Flag: green with a large red disk slightly to the hoist side of
center; green is the traditional color of Islam


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Bangladesh is one of the poorest nations in the world.
The economy is based on the output of a narrow range of
agricultural products, such as jute, which is the main cash crop and
major source of export earnings. Bangladesh is hampered by a relative
lack of natural resources, population growth of more than 2% a year,
large-scale unemployment, and a limited infrastructure; furthermore,
it is highly vulnerable to natural disasters. Despite these constraints,
real GDP growth averaged about 3.5% annually during 1985-89. A strong
agricultural performance in FY90 pushed the growth rate up to 5.5%.
Alleviation of poverty remains the cornerstone of the government's
development strategy.


_#_GDP: $20.4 billion, per capita $180; real growth rate 4.0%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10% (FY90 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: 30% (FY90 est.)


_#_Budget: revenues $2.2 billion; expenditures $3.9 billion, including
capital expenditures of $1.6 billion (FY90)


_#_Exports: $1.5 billion (FY90 est.);

commodities - jute, tea, leather, shrimp, textiles;

partners - US 25%, Western Europe 22%, Middle East 9%, Japan 8%,
Eastern Europe 7%


_#_Imports: $3.6 billion (FY90 est.);



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 7 of 89)