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_#_Capital: Damascus


_#_Administrative divisions: 14 provinces (muhafazat,
singular - muhafazah); Al Hasakah, Al Ladhiqiyah, Al
Qunaytirah, Ar Raqqah, As Suwayda, Dara, Dayr az Zawr,
Dimashq, Halab, Hamah, Hims, Idlib, Rif Dimashq,
Tartus


_#_Independence: 17 April 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under
French administration); formerly United Arab Republic


_#_Constitution: 13 March 1973


_#_Legal system: based on Islamic law and civil law system; special
religious courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: National Day, 17 April (1946)


_#_Executive branch: president, three vice presidents, prime minister,
three deputy prime ministers, Council of Ministers (cabinet)


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral People's Council (Majlis al-Chaab)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Constitutional Court, High Judicial
Council, Court of Cassation, State Security Courts


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Hafiz al-ASAD (since 22 February
1971); Vice Presidents Abd al-Halim KHADDAM, Rifat al-ASAD, and
Muhammad Zuhayr MASHARIQA (since 11 March 1984);

Head of Government - Prime Minister Mahmud ZUBI (since 1 November
1987);
Deputy Prime Minister Lt. Gen. Mustafa TALAS (since 11 March 1984);
Deputy Prime Minister Salim YASIN (since NA December 1981);
Deputy Prime Minister Mahmud QADDUR (since NA May 1985)


_#_Political parties and leaders: ruling party is the Arab Socialist
Resurrectionist (Bath) Party;
the Progressive National Front is dominated by Bathists but includes
independents and members of the Syrian Arab Socialist Party (ASP),
Arab Socialist Union (ASU),
Syrian Communist Party (SCP),
Arab Socialist Unionist Movement, and
Democratic Socialist Union Party


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 10-11 February 1985 (next to be held February
1992);
results - President Hafiz al-ASAD was reelected without opposition;

People's Council - last held 22-23 May 1990 (next to be
held May 1994);
results - Bath 53.6%, ASU 3.2%, SCP 3.2%, Arab Socialist Unionist
Movement 2.8%, ASP 2%, Democratic Socialist Union Party 1.6%,
independents 33.6%;
seats - (250 total) Bath 134, ASU 8, SCP 8,
Arab Socialist Unionist Movement 7, ASP 5, Democratic Socialist Union
Party 4, independents 84;
the People's Council was expanded to 250 seats total prior to the
May 1990 election


_#_Communists: mostly sympathizers, numbering about 5,000


_#_Other political or pressure groups: non-Bath parties have little
effective political influence; Communist party ineffective; greatest
threat to Asad regime lies in factionalism in the military; conservative
religious leaders; Muslim Brotherhood


_#_Member of: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-24,
G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Walid MOUALEM;
Chancery at 2215 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202)
232-6313;

US - Ambassador Edward P. DJEREJIAN; Embassy at Abu Rumaneh,
Al Mansur Street No.2, Damascus (mailing address is P. O. Box 29,
Damascus); telephone [963] (11) 333052 or 332557, 330416, 332814, 332315,
714108, 337178, 333232, 334352


_#_Flag: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black
with two small green five-pointed stars in a horizontal line centered
in the white band; similar to the flag of Yemen which has a plain white
band and of Iraq which has three green stars (plus an Arabic
inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white
band; also similar to the flag of Egypt which has a symbolic eagle
centered in the white band


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Syria's rigidly structured Bathist economy turned
out slightly more goods in 1990 than in 1983, when the population was 20%
smaller. Economic difficulties are attributable, in part, to severe
drought in several recent years, costly but unsuccessful attempts
to match Israel's military strength, a falloff in Arab aid, and
insufficient foreign exchange earnings to buy needed inputs for industry
and agriculture. Socialist policy, embodied in a thicket of bureaucratic
regulations, in many instances has driven away or pushed underground the
mercantile and entrepreneurial spirit for which Syrian businessmen have
long been famous. Two bright spots: a sizable number of villagers have
benefited from land redistribution, electrification, and other rural
development programs; and a recent find of light crude oil has enabled
Syria to cut oil imports. A long-term concern is the additional drain of
upstream Euphrates water by Turkey when its vast dam and irrigation
projects are completed toward the end of the 1990s. Output in 1990
rebounded from the very bad year of 1989, as agricultural production
and oil revenues increased substantially.


_#_GDP: $20.0 billion, per capita $1,600; real growth rate 12%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 50% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $4.8 billion; expenditures $5.5 billion, including
capital expenditures of $2.1 billion (1990 est.)


_#_Exports: $2.3 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - petroleum 40%, textiles 30%, farm products 13%,
phosphates (1989);

partners - USSR and Eastern Europe 42%, EC 31%, Arab countries 17%,
US/Canada 2% (1989)


_#_Imports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - foodstuffs and beverages 21%, metal and metal
products 16%, machinery 14%, textiles, petroleum (1989);

partners - EC 42%, USSR and Eastern Europe 13%, other Europe 13%,
US/Canada 8%, Arab countries 6% (1989)


_#_External debt: $5.2 billion in hard currency (1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 17% (1990 est.); accounts
for 19% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 2,867,000 kW capacity; 6,000 million kWh produced,
500 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco,
phosphate rock mining, petroleum


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 27% of GDP and one-third of labor force;
all major crops (wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas) grown
mainly on rainfed land causing wide swings in production; animal
products - beef, lamb, eggs, poultry, milk; not self-sufficient in grain
or livestock products


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-81), $538
million; Western (non-US) ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-88),
$1.2 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $12.3 billion; Communist
countries (1970-89), $3.3 billion


_#_Currency: Syrian pound (plural - pounds);
1 Syrian pound (5S) = 100 piasters


_#_Exchange rates: Syrian pounds (5S) per US$1 - 11.2250 (fixed rate
since 1987), 3.9250 (fixed rate 1976-87)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 2,241 km total; 1,930 km standard gauge, 311 km
1.050-meter narrow gauge; note - the Tartus-Latakia line is nearly
complete


_#_Highways: 27,000 km total; 21,000 km paved, 3,000 km gravel or
crushed stone, 3,000 km improved earth


_#_Inland waterways: 672 km; of little economic importance


_#_Pipelines: 1,304 km crude oil; 515 km refined products


_#_Ports: Tartus, Latakia, Baniyas


_#_Merchant marine: 22 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 61,951
GRT/86,552 DWT; includes 18 cargo, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 vehicle
carrier, 1 bulk


_#_Civil air: 35 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 99 total, 96 usable; 24 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 21 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
4 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: fair system currently undergoing significant
improvement; 512,600 telephones; stations - 9 AM, 1 FM, 40 TV; satellite
earth stations - 1 Indian Ocean INTELSAT earth station, with 1
Intersputnik station under construction; 1 submarine cable; coaxial
cable and radio relay to Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, and Lebanon (inactive)


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Syrian Arab Army, Syrian Arab Navy, Syrian Arab Air
Force, Syrian Arab Air Defense Forces, Police and Security Force


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 2,825,214; 1,584,887 fit for
military service; 149,105 reach military age (19) annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $1.6 billion, 10.9% of GDP (1988 est.)
_%_
[email protected]_Tanzania
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 945,090 km2; land area: 886,040 km2; includes the
islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than twice the size of California


_#_Land boundaries: 3,402 km total; Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km,
Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia
338 km


_#_Coastline: 1,424 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: boundary dispute with Malawi in Lake Nyasa;
Tanzania-Zaire-Zambia tripoint in Lake Tanganyika may no longer be
indefinite since it is reported that the indefinite section of the
Zaire-Zambia boundary has been settled


_#_Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands


_#_Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north,
south


_#_Natural resources: hydropower potential, tin, phosphates,
iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel


_#_Land use: arable land 5%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
40%; forest and woodland 47%; other 7%; includes irrigated NEGL%


_#_Environment: lack of water and tsetse fly limit agriculture; recent
droughts affected marginal agriculture; Kilimanjaro is highest point in
Africa


_*_People
_#_Population: 26,869,175 (July 1991), growth rate 3.4% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 50 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 15 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 1 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 105 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 50 years male, 55 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 7.0 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Tanzanian(s); adjective - Tanzanian


_#_Ethnic divisions: mainland - native African consisting of well over
100 tribes 99%; Asian, European, and Arab 1%


_#_Religion:

mainland - Christian 33%, Muslim 33%, indigenous beliefs 33%;

Zanzibar - almost all Muslim


_#_Language: Swahili and English (official); English primary language
of commerce, administration, and higher education; Swahili widely
understood and generally used for communication between ethnic groups;
first language of most people is one of the local languages; primary
education is generally in Swahili


_#_Literacy: 46% (male 62%, female 31%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1978)


_#_Labor force: 732,200 wage earners; 90% agriculture, 10% industry
and commerce (1986 est.)


_#_Organized labor: 15% of labor force


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: United Republic of Tanzania


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Dar es Salaam; some government offices have been
transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital in
the 1990s


_#_Administrative divisions: 25 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam,
Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro,
Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma,
Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar
North, Zanzibar Urban/West, Ziwa Magharibi


_#_Independence: Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from
UN trusteeship under British administration); Zanzibar became independent
19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964
to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United
Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964


_#_Constitution: 15 March 1984 (Zanzibar has its own Constitution but
remains subject to provisions of the union Constitution)


_#_Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of
legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted
compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Union Day, 26 April (1964)


_#_Executive branch: president, first vice president and prime
minister of the union, second vice president and president of Zanzibar,
Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Bunge)


_#_Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, High Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President Ali Hassan MWINYI (since 5 November
1985); First Vice President John MALECELA (since 9 November 1990);
Second Vice President Salmin AMOUR (since 9 November 1990);

Head of Government - Prime Minister John MALECELA (since 9
November 1990)


_#_Political parties and leaders: only party - Chama Cha MAPINDUZI
(CCM or Revolutionary Party), Ali Hassan MWINYI, party chairman


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18


_#_Elections:

President - last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held
October 1995);
results - Ali Hassan MWINYI was elected without opposition;

National Assembly - last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held
October 1995);
results - CCM is the only party;
seats - (241 total, 168 elected) CCM 168


_#_Communists: no Communist party; a few Communist sympathizers


_#_Member of: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, FLS, G-6, G-77,
GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, SADCC, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador-designate Charles Musama
NYIRABU; Chancery at 2139 R Street NW, Washington DC 20008;
telephone (202) 939-6125;

US - Ambassador Edmund DE JARNETTE; Embassy at 36 Laibon Road (off
Bagamoyo Road), Dar es Salaam (mailing address is P. O. Box 9123,
Dar es Salaam); telephone [255] (51) 37501 through 37504


_#_Flag: divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the
lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the
lower triangle is blue


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world.
The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for about
47% of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force.
Industry accounts for 8% of GDP and is mainly limited to processing
agricultural products and light consumer goods. The economic
recovery program announced in mid-1986 has generated notable increases in
agricultural production and financial support for the program by
bilateral donors. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have
increased the availability of imports and provided funds to rehabilitate
Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure.


_#_GDP: $5.92 billion, per capita $240; real growth rate 4.3%
(FY89 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 31.2 (1989)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $495 million; expenditures $631 million,
including capital expenditures of $118 million (FY90)


_#_Exports: $380 million (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities - coffee, cotton, sisal, tea, cashew nuts, meat,
tobacco, diamonds, coconut products, pyrethrum, cloves (Zanzibar);

partners - FRG, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Kenya, Hong Kong, US


_#_Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1989);

commodities - manufactured goods, machinery and transportation
equipment, cotton piece goods, crude oil, foodstuffs;

partners - FRG, UK, US, Japan, Italy, Denmark


_#_External debt: $5.8 billion (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 4.2% (1988); accounts for
8% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 401,000 kW capacity; 895 million kWh produced,
35 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: primarily agricultural processing (sugar, beer,
cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond mine, oil refinery, shoes, cement,
textiles, wood products, fertilizer


_#_Agriculture: accounts for over 40% of GDP; topography and climatic
conditions limit cultivated crops to only 5% of land area; cash
crops - coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from
chrysanthemums), cashews, tobacco, cloves (Zanzibar); food crops - corn,
wheat, cassava, bananas, fruits, and vegetables; small numbers of cattle,
sheep, and goats; not self-sufficient in food grain production


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $400
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $9.2 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $44 million;
Communist countries (1970-89), $614 million


_#_Currency: Tanzanian shilling (plural - shillings);
1 Tanzanian shilling (TSh) = 100 cents


_#_Exchange rates: Tanzanian shillings (TSh) per US$1 - 196.60
(January 1991), 195.06 (1990), 143.377 (1989), 99.292 (1988), 64.260
(1987), 32.698 (1986), 17.472 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 3,555 km total; 960 km 1.067-meter gauge; 2,595 km
1.000-meter gauge, 6.4 km double track, 962 km Tazara Railroad
1.067-meter gauge; 115 km 1.000-meter gauge planned by end of decade


_#_Highways: total 81,900 km, 3,600 km paved; 5,600 km gravel or
crushed stone; remainder improved and unimproved earth


_#_Pipelines: 982 km crude oil


_#_Inland waterways: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa


_#_Ports: Dar es Salaam, Mtwara, Tanga, and Zanzibar are ocean ports;
Mwanza on Lake Victoria and Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika are inland ports


_#_Merchant marine: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 20,784
GRT/25,860 DWT; includes 2 passenger-cargo, 3 cargo, 1 roll-on/roll-off
cargo, 1 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker


_#_Civil air: 6 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 105 total, 93 usable; 12 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
44 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: fair system of open wire, radio relay, and
troposcatter; 103,800 telephones; stations - 12 AM, 4 FM, 2 TV; 1
Indian Ocean INTELSAT earth station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Tanzanian People's Defense Force (TPDF; including Army,
Navy, and Air Force); paramilitary Police Field Force Unit; Militia


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 5,545,022; 3,200,744 fit for
military service


_#_Defense expenditures: $111 million, 3.9% of GDP (1988)
_%_
[email protected]_Thailand
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 514,000 km2; land area: 511,770 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming


_#_Land boundaries: 4,863 km total; Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km,
Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km


_#_Coastline: 3,219 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: boundary dispute with Laos; unresolved maritime
boundary with Vietnam


_#_Climate: tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon
(mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to
mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid


_#_Terrain: central plain; eastern plateau (Khorat); mountains
elsewhere


_#_Natural resources: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum,
timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite


_#_Land use: arable land 34%; permanent crops 4%; meadows and pastures
1%; forest and woodland 30%; other 31%; includes irrigated 7%


_#_Environment: air and water pollution; land subsidence in Bangkok
area


_#_Note: controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and
Singapore


_*_People
_#_Population: 56,814,069 (July 1991), growth rate 1.4% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 20 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 37 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 66 years male, 71 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Thai (sing. and pl.); adjective - Thai


_#_Ethnic divisions: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%


_#_Religion: Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%,
Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.5% (1991)


_#_Language: Thai; English is the secondary language of the elite;
ethnic and regional dialects


_#_Literacy: 93% (male 96%, female 90%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 30,870,000; agriculture 62%, industry 13%,
commerce 11%, services (including government) 14% (1989 est.)


_#_Organized labor: 309,000 union members (1989)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Kingdom of Thailand; under martial law since
military takeover 23 February 1991


_#_Type: constitutional monarchy; under martial law since
military coup of 23 February 1991


_#_Capital: Bangkok


_#_Administrative divisions: 73 provinces (changwat, singular and
plural); Ang Thong, Buriram, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum,
Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin,
Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep Mahanakhon,
Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Nakhon
Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan,
Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Khai, Nonthaburi, Pathum
Thani, Pattani, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi,
Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin
Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, Sakon
Nakhon, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Sara Buri, Satun,
Sing Buri, Sisaket, Songkhla, Sukhothai, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Surin,
Tak, Trang, Trat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit,
Yala, Yasothon


_#_Independence: 1238 (traditional founding date); never colonized


_#_Constitution: 22 December 1978; interim constitution promulgated
by National Peace-Keeping Council on 1 March 1991


_#_Legal system: based on civil law system, with influences of
common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; martial
law in effect since 23 February 1991 military coup


_#_National holiday: Birthday of His Majesty the King, 5 December
(1927)


_#_Executive branch: monarch, interim prime minister, three
interim deputy prime ministers, interim Council of Ministers (cabinet),
Privy Council; following the military coup of 23 February 1991
a National Peace-Keeping Council was set up


_#_Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly (Rathasatha)
consists of an upper house or Senate (Vuthisatha) and a lower house or
House of Representatives (Saphaphoothan-Rajsadhorn); following the
military coup of 23 February 1991 the National Assembly was dissolved
and a new interim National Legislative Assembly has been formed until
elections are held in April 1992


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Sarndika)


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - King PHUMIPHON ADUNLAYADET (since 9 June 1946);
Heir Apparent Crown Prince WACHIRALONGKON (born 28 July 1952);

Head of Government - Interim Prime Minister ANAN Panyarachun
(since 4 March 1991);
Interim Deputy Prime Minister SANO Unakun (since 6 March 1991);
Interim Deputy Prime Minister Police Gen. PHAO Sarasin (since 6 March
1991);
Interim Deputy Prime Minister MICHAI Ruchupan (since 6 March 1991);

National Peace-Keeping Council (ruling junta) - Chairman
Gen. SUNTHON Khongsomphong;
Vice Chairman Gen. SUCHINDA Khraprayun;
Vice Chairman Adm. PRAPHAT Kritsanachan;
Vice Chairman Air Chief Mar. KASET Rotchananin;
Vice Chairman Police Gen. SAWAT Amonwiwat


_#_Political parties and leaders: under martial law political
parties are prohibited from meeting; leaders of several parties have
resigned and other parties are fragmenting; it is unclear which of
the following parties functioning at the time of the military
coup will still be in existence by the time new elections are
held;

Thai Nation Party (TNP);
Solidarity Party;
Thai Citizens Party (TCP);
People's Party (Ratsadon);
Thai People's Party;
Social Action Party (SAP);
Democrat Party (DP);
Mass Party;
Force of Truth Party (Phalang Dharma);
People's Party (Prachachon);
New Aspiration Party;
United Democracy Party;
Liberal Party;
Social Democratic Force


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 21


_#_Elections:

House of Representatives - last held 24 July 1988 (next to be
held by April 1992 for a new National Legislative Assembly according
to the National Peace-Keeping Council);
results - TNP 27%, SAP 15%, DP 13%, TCP 9%, other 36%;
seats - (357 total) TNP 96, Solidarity 62, SAP 53, DP 48, TCP 31,
People's Party (Ratsadon) 21, Thai People's Party (Prachachon) 17,
Force of Truth Party (Phalang Dharma) 15, United Democracy Party 5,
Mass Party 5, Liberal 3, Social Democratic Force 1; note - the
House of Representatives was dissolved 23 February 1991; the



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 71 of 89)