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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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_#_Industries: generally small family businesses that produce cement,
textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the
Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in the
settlements and industrial centers


_#_Agriculture: olives, citrus and other fruits, vegetables, beef,
and dairy products


_#_Economic aid: none


_#_Currency: new Israeli shekel (plural - shekels) and Jordanian dinar
(plural - dinars); 1 new Israeli shekel (NIS) = 100 new agorot and
1 Jordanian dinar (JD) = 1,000 fils


_#_Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels (NIS) per US$1 - 2.35 (May
1991), 2.0161 (1990), 1.9164 (1989), 1.5989 (1988), 1.5946 (1987), 1.4878
(1986), 1.1788 (1985); Jordanian dinars (JD) per US$1 - 0.6670 (January
1991), 0.6636 (1990), 0.5704 (1989), 0.3709 (1988), 0.3387 (1987), 0.3499
(1986), 0.3940 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: previously 1 April-31 March; FY91 will be
1 April-31 December and starting 1 January 1992 the fiscal year will
conform to the calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: small indigenous road network, Israelis developing
east-west axial highways


_#_Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 2,439 m; 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: open-wire telephone system currently being
upgraded; stations - no AM, no FM, no TV


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: NA


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 257,740; NA fit for military
service


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Western Sahara
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 266,000 km2; land area: 266,000 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Colorado


_#_Land boundaries: 2,046 km total; Algeria 42 km, Mauritania
1,561 km, Morocco 443 km


_#_Coastline: 1,110 km


_#_Maritime claims: contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue


_#_Disputes: claimed and administered by Morocco, but sovereignty is
unresolved and guerrilla fighting continues in the area


_#_Climate: hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore currents
produce fog and heavy dew


_#_Terrain: mostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or
sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast


_#_Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore


_#_Land use: arable land NEGL%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and
pastures 19%; forest and woodland 0%; other 81%


_#_Environment: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur
during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time,
often severely restricting visibility; sparse water and arable land


_*_People
_#_Population: 196,737 (July 1991), growth rate 2.6% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 48 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 23 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 177 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 39 years male, 41 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 7.3 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Saharan(s), Moroccan(s); adjective - Saharan,
Moroccan


_#_Ethnic divisions: Arab and Berber


_#_Religion: Muslim


_#_Language: Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic


_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)


_#_Labor force: 12,000; 50% animal husbandry and subsistence farming


_#_Organized labor: NA


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none


_#_Type: legal status of territory and question of sovereignty
unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front (Popular
Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which
in February 1976 formally proclaimed a government in exile of the
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR); territory partitioned between
Morocco and Mauritania in April 1976, with Morocco acquiring northern
two-thirds; Mauritania, under pressure from Polisario guerrillas,
abandoned all claims to its portion in August 1979; Morocco moved to
occupy that sector shortly thereafter and has since asserted
administrative control; the Polisario's government in exile was seated as
an OAU member in 1984; guerrilla activities continue sporadically.


_#_Capital: none


_#_Administrative divisions: none (under de facto control of Morocco)


_#_Leaders: none


_#_Member of: none


_#_Diplomatic representation: none


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Western Sahara, a territory poor in natural resources
and having little rainfall, has a per capita GDP of just a few hundred
dollars. Fishing and phosphate mining are the principal industries and
sources of income. Most of the food for the urban population must be
imported. All trade and other economic activities are controlled by the
Moroccan Government.


_#_GDP: $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital
expenditures of $NA


_#_Exports: $8 million (f.o.b., 1982 est.);

commodities - phosphates 62%;

partners - Morocco claims and administers Western Sahara, so
trade partners are included in overall Moroccan accounts


_#_Imports: $30 million (c.i.f., 1982 est.);

commodities - fuel for fishing fleet, foodstuffs;

partners - Morocco claims and administers Western Sahara, so
trade partners are included in overall Moroccan accounts


_#_External debt: $NA


_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%


_#_Electricity: 60,000 kW capacity; 79 million kWh produced,
425 kWh per capita (1989)


_#_Industries: phosphate, fishing, handicrafts


_#_Agriculture: limited largely to subsistence agriculture; some
barley is grown in nondrought years; fruit and vegetables are grown in
the few oases; food imports are essential; camels, sheep, and goats are
kept by the nomadic natives; cash economy exists largely for the garrison
forces


_#_Economic aid: NA


_#_Currency: Moroccan dirham (plural - dirhams);
1 Moroccan dirham (DH) = 100 centimes


_#_Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams (DH) per US$1 - 8.071 (January
1991), 8.242 (1990), 8.488 (1989), 8.209 (1988), 8.359 (1987), 9.104
(1986), 10.062 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: NA


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 6,100 km total; 1,350 km surfaced, 4,750 km improved and
unimproved earth roads and tracks


_#_Ports: El Aaiun, Ad Dakhla


_#_Airports: 16 total, 14 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
6 with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: sparse and limited system; tied into Morocco's
system by radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and 2 Atlantic Ocean
INTELSAT earth stations linked to Rabat, Morocco; 2,000 telephones;
stations - 2 AM, no FM, 2 TV


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: NA


_#_Manpower availability: NA


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_Western Samoa
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 2,860 km2; land area: 2,850 km2


_#_Comparative area: slightly smaller than Rhode Island


_#_Land boundaries: none


_#_Coastline: 403 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Climate: tropical; rainy season (October to March), dry season
(May to October)


_#_Terrain: narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged
mountains in interior


_#_Natural resources: hardwood forests, fish


_#_Land use: arable land 19%; permanent crops 24%; meadows and
pastures NEGL%; forest and woodland 47%; other 10%


_#_Environment: subject to occasional typhoons; active volcanism


_#_Note: located 4,300 km southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific
Ocean about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand


_*_People
_#_Population: 190,346 (July 1991), growth rate 2.3% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 34 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 6 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 4 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 47 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 64 years male, 69 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Western Samoan(s); adjective - Western Samoan


_#_Ethnic divisions: Samoan; Euronesians (persons of European and
Polynesian blood) about 7%, Europeans 0.4%


_#_Religion: Christian 99.7% (about half of population associated with
the London Missionary Society; includes Congregational, Roman Catholic,
Methodist, Latter Day Saints, Seventh-Day Adventist)


_#_Language: Samoan (Polynesian), English


_#_Literacy: 97% (male 97%, female 97%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1971)


_#_Labor force: 38,000; 22,000 employed in agriculture (1987 est.)


_#_Organized labor: Public Service Association (PSA)


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Independent State of Western Samoa


_#_Type: constitutional monarchy under native chief


_#_Capital: Apia


_#_Administrative divisions: 11 districts; Aana, Aiga-i-le-Tai,
Atua, Faasaleleaga, Gagaemauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupaitea,
Tuamasaga, Vaa-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano


_#_Independence: 1 January 1962 (from UN trusteeship administered
by New Zealand)


_#_Constitution: 1 January 1962


_#_Legal system: based on English common law and local customs;
judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of
the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: National Day, 1 June


_#_Executive branch: monarch, Executive Council, prime minister,
Cabinet


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fono)


_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - Susuga Malietoa TANUMAFILI II (Co-Chief of State
from 1 January 1962 until becoming sole Chief of State on 5 April 1963);

Head of Government - Prime Minister TOFILAU Eti Alesana (since
7 April 1988)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP), TOFILAU Eti, chairman;
Samoan National Development Party (SNDP), VA'AI Kolone,
chairman


_#_Suffrage: universal adult at age NA, but only matai (head of
family) are able to run for the Legislative Assembly


_#_Elections:

Legislative Assembly - last held NA February 1991
(next to be held by February 1994);
results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (47 total) HRPP 30, SNDP 14, independent 3


_#_Member of: ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD,
IFC, IMF, IOC, ITU, LORCS, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO


_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Fili (Felix) Tuaopepe
WENDT; Chancery (temporary) at the Western Samoan Mission to the UN,
820 2nd Avenue, New York, NY 10017 (212) 599-6196;

US - the ambassador to New Zealand, Della Newman, is accredited to
Western Samoa (mailing address is P.O. Box 3430, Apia); telephone (685)
21-631


_#_Flag: red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant
bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross
constellation


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Agriculture employs more than half of the labor force,
contributes 50% to GDP, and furnishes 90% of exports. The bulk
of export earnings comes from the sale of coconut oil and copra. The
economy depends on emigrant remittances and foreign aid to support a
level of imports about five times export earnings. Tourism has become the
most important growth industry, and construction of the first
international hotel is under way.


_#_GDP: $115 million, per capita $620; real growth rate - 4.5%
(1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 17% (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%; shortage of skilled labor


_#_Budget: revenues $70 million; expenditures $73 million,
including capital expenditures of $41 million (1990)


_#_Exports: $9.4 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - coconut oil and cream 54%, taro 12%, copra 9%,
cocoa 3%;

partners - NZ 28%, EC 23%, American Samoa 23%, Australia 11%,
US 6% (1990)


_#_Imports: $87 million (c.i.f., 1990 est.);

commodities - intermediate goods 58%, food 17%, capital goods 12%;

partners - New Zealand 31%, Australia 20%, Japan 15%, Fiji 15%,
US 5%, EC 4% (1987)


_#_External debt: $83 million (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate - 4.3% (1990 est.); accounts for
14% of GDP


_#_Electricity: 29,000 kW capacity; 45 million kWh produced,
240 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: timber, tourism, food processing, fishing


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 50% of GDP; coconuts, fruit (including
bananas, taro, yams)


_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $18
million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-88), $291 million; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $4 million


_#_Currency: tala (plural - tala); 1 tala (WS$) = 100 sene


_#_Exchange rates: tala (WS$) per US$1 - 2.3170 (January 1991), 2.3095
(1990), 2.2686 (1989), 2.0790 (1988), 2.1204 (1987), 2.2351 (1986),
2.2437 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: calendar year


_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 2,042 km total; 375 km sealed; remainder mostly gravel,
crushed stone, or earth


_#_Ports: Apia


_#_Merchant marine: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 24,930
GRT/34,135 DWT; includes 2 container, 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo


_#_Civil air: 3 major transport aircraft


_#_Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
none with runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: 7,500 telephones; 70,000 radios;
stations - 1 AM, no FM, no TV; 1 Pacific Ocean INTELSAT station


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Department of Police and Prisons


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 49,119; NA fit for military
service


_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
[email protected]_World
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 510,072,000 km2; 361,132,000 km2 (70.8%) is water and
148,940,000 km2 (29.2%) is land


_#_Comparative area: land area about 16 times the size of the US


_#_Land boundaries: 442,000 km


_#_Coastline: 359,000 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: generally 24 nm, but varies from 4 nm to 25 nm;

Continental shelf: generally 200 nm, but some are 200 meters
in depth;

Exclusive fishing zone: most are 200 nm, but varies from
3 nm to 200 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm; only the Maldives varies from
35-310 nm;

Territorial sea: generally 12 nm, but varies from 3 nm to 50 nm;

note - 32 nations and miscellaneous areas are landlocked
and include Afghanistan, Andorra, Austria, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana,
Burkina, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Czechoslovakia,
Hungary, Iraq-Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone, Laos, Lesotho, Liechtenstein,
Luxembourg, Malawi, Mali, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Paraguay, Rwanda,
San Marino, Swaziland, Switzerland, Uganda, Vatican City, West Bank,
Zambia, Zimbabwe


_#_Disputes: major international land boundary
disputes - Argentina-Uruguay, Bangladesh-India, Brazil-Paraguay,
Brazil-Uruguay, Cambodia-Vietnam, Chad-Libya, China-India, China-USSR,
Ecuador-Peru, Egypt-Sudan, El Salvador-Honduras, Ethiopia-Somalia,
French Guiana-Suriname, Guyana-Suriname, Guyana-Venezuela,
Israel-Jordan, Israel-Syria, North Korea-South Korea, Oman-UAE,
Oman-Yemen, Qatar-UAE, Saudi Arabia-Yemen


_#_Climate: two large areas of polar climates separated by two rather
narrow temperate zones from a wide equatorial band of tropical to
subtropical climates


_#_Terrain: highest elevation is Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters and
lowest depression is the Dead Sea at 392 meters below sea level; greatest
ocean depth is the Marianas Trench at 10,924 meters


_#_Natural resources: the oceans represent the last major frontier for
the discovery and development of natural resources


_#_Land use: arable land 10%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
24%; forest and woodland 31%; other 34%; includes irrigated 1.6%


_#_Environment: large areas subject to severe weather (tropical
cyclones), natural disasters (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, volcanic
eruptions), overpopulation, industrial disasters, pollution (air, water,
acid rain, toxic substances), loss of vegetation (overgrazing,
deforestation, desertification), loss of wildlife resources, soil
degradation, soil depletion, erosion


_*_People
_#_Population: 5,419,643,132 (July 1991), growth rate 1.7% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 26 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 9 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 66 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 61 years male, 65 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 3.3 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Literacy: 74% (male 81%, female 67%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force: 2.2 billion (1991)


_#_Organized labor: NA


_*_Government
_#_Administrative divisions: 170 sovereign nations plus 72 dependent,
other, and miscellaneous areas


_#_Legal system: varies among each of the entities; 162 are parties
to the United Nations International Court of Justice (ICJ) or World Court


_#_Diplomatic representation: there are 159 members of the UN


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: In 1990 the world economy grew at an estimated 1.0%,
considerably lower than the estimated 3.0% for 1989 and the 3.4% for
1988. The technologically advanced areas - North America, Japan, and
Western Europe - together account for 67% of the gross world product (GWP)
of $20.9 trillion; these developed areas grew in the aggregate at 2.3%
in 1990. In contrast, output in the USSR and Eastern Europe fell an
average of 5.2%; these countries account for 15% of GWP. Experience
in the developing countries continued mixed, with the newly
industrializing economies generally maintaining their rapid growth,
and many others struggling with debt, rampant inflation, and inadequate
investment. This third group contributed 18% of GWP and grew on
average 2.3% in 1990; output in this group is probably understated
because of lack of data and the method of calculation used. The year 1990
witnessed continued political and economic upheavals in the USSR and
Eastern Europe, which are in between systems, lacking both the rough
discipline of the command economy and the institutions of the market
economy. As for prospects in the 1990s, the addition of nearly 100
million people a year to an already overcrowded globe will exacerbate the
problems of pollution, desertification, underemployment, epidemics,
and famine.


_#_GWP (gross world product): $20.9 trillion, per capita $3,930;
real growth rate 1.0% (1990 est.)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): developed countries 5%;
developing countries 100%, with wide variations (1990 est.)


_#_Unemployment rate: NA%


_#_Exports: $3.33 trillion (f.o.b., 1990 est.);

commodities - the whole range of industrial and agricultural
goods and services;

partners - in value, 74% of exports from industrial countries


_#_Imports: $3.45 trillion (c.i.f., 1990 est.);

commodities - the whole range of industrial and agricultural
goods and services;

partners - in value, about 75% of imports by the industrial
countries


_#_External debt: $1.0 trillion for less developed countries
(1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 3% (1990 est.)


_#_Electricity: 2,864,000,000 kW capacity; 11,450,000 million kWh
produced, 2,150 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: chemicals, energy, machinery, electronics, metals,
mining, textiles, food processing


_#_Agriculture: cereals (wheat, maize, rice), sugar, livestock
products, tropical crops, fruit, vegetables, fish


_#_Economic aid: NA


_*_Communications
_#_Ports: Mina al Ahmadi (Kuwait), Chiba, Houston, Kawasaki, Kobe,
Marseille, New Orleans, New York, Rotterdam, Yokohama


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: ground, maritime, and air forces at all levels of
technology


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 1,412,502,000; NA fit for
military service


_#_Defense expenditures: $1.1 trillion, 5.3% of GWP (1990 est.)
_%_
[email protected]_Yemen
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 527,970 km2; land area: 527,970 km2; includes Perim,
Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and
the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)


_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming


_#_Land boundaries: 1,746 km total; Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km


_#_Coastline: 1,906 km


_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: North - 18 nm; South - 24 nm;

Continental shelf: North - 200 meters (depth); South - edge of
continental margin or 200 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: North - no claim; South 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm


_#_Disputes: undefined section of boundary with Saudi Arabia;
Administrative Line with Oman


_#_Climate: desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in
western mountains; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east


_#_Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and
rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into
the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula


_#_Natural resources: crude oil, fish, rock salt, marble; small
deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west


_#_Land use: arable land 6%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and
pastures 30%; forest and woodland 7%; other 57%; includes irrigated
NEGL%


_#_Environment: subject to sand and dust storms in summer; scarcity of
natural freshwater resources; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification


_#_Note: controls Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and
the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes


_*_People
_#_Population: 10,062,633 (July 1991), growth rate 3.2% (1991)


_#_Birth rate: 51 births/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Death rate: 16 deaths/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Net migration rate: - 3 migrants/1,000 population (1991)


_#_Infant mortality rate: 121 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)


_#_Life expectancy at birth: 49 years male, 51 years female (1991)


_#_Total fertility rate: 7.4 children born/woman (1991)


_#_Nationality: noun - Yemeni(s); adjective - Yemeni


_#_Ethnic divisions:
North - Arab 90%, Afro-Arab (mixed) 10%;
South - almost all Arabs; a few Indians, Somalis, and Europeans


_#_Religion:
North - Muslim 100% (Sunni and Shia);
South - Sunni Muslim, some Christian and Hindu


_#_Language: Arabic


_#_Literacy: 38% (male 53%, female 26%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1990 est.)


_#_Labor force:
North - NA number of workers with agriculture and herding 70%, and
expatriate laborers 30% (est.);
South - 477,000 with agriculture 45.2%, services 21.2%, construction
13.4%, industry 10.6%, commerce and other 9.6% (1983)


_#_Organized labor:
North - NA;
South - 348,200 and the General Confederation of Workers of the
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen had 35,000 members


_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Republic of Yemen


_#_Type: republic


_#_Capital: Sanaa


_#_Administrative divisions: 17 governorates (muhafazat,
singular - muhafazah); Abyan, Adan, Al Bayda,
Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al Mahrah, Al Mahwit, Dhamar,
Hadramawt, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahij, Marib, Sadah, Sana,
Shabwah, Taizz


_#_Independence: Republic of Yemen was established on 22 May 1990
with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North
Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
[Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]; previously North Yemen had become
independent on NA November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and South
Yemen had become independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK); the
union is to be solidified during a 30-month transition period, which
coincides with the remainder of the five-year terms of both legislatures


_#_Constitution: 16 April 1991


_#_Legal system: based on Islamic law, Turkish law, English common
law, and local customary law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


_#_National holiday: Proclamation of the Republic, 22 May (1990)


_#_Executive branch: five-member Presidential Council (president,
vice president, two members from northern Yemen and one member from
southern Yemen), prime minister


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives;
note - northern Yemen's Consultative Assembly (Majlis Chura) and
southern Yemen's Supreme People's Council (Majlis al-Shab al-Ala)
will combine to form the basis for the new unicameral House of
Representatives


_#_Judicial branch: North - State Security Court; South - Federal
High Court


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government President Ali Abdallah



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