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Chung-hsing-hsin-ts'un; note - Taiwan uses the Wade-Giles system
for romanization


_#_Constitution: 25 December 1947, presently undergoing revision


_#_Legal system: based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ
jurisdiction, with reservations


_#_National holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the Revolution),
10 October (1911)


_#_Executive branch: president, vice president, premier of the
Executive Yuan, vice premier of the Executive Yuan, Executive Yuan


_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Yuan


_#_Judicial branch: Judicial Yuan


_#_Leaders:

Chief of State - President LI Teng-hui (since 13 January 1988);
Vice President LI Yuan-zu (since 20 May 1990);

Head of Government - Premier (President of the Executive Yuan)
HAO Po-ts'un (since 2 May 1990); Vice Premier (Vice President of the
Executive Yuan) SHIH Ch'i-yang (since NA July 1988)


_#_Political parties and leaders:
Kuomintang (Nationalist Party), LI Teng-hui, chairman;
Democratic Socialist Party and Young China
Party controlled by Kuomintang;
Democratic Progressive Party (DPP);
Labor Party;
27 other minor parties


_#_Suffrage: universal at age 20


_#_Elections:

President - last held 21 March 1990 (next to be held March 1996);
results - President LI Teng-hui was reelected by the National Assembly;

Vice President - last held 21 March 1990
(next to be held March 1996);
results - LI Yuan-zu was elected by the National Assembly;

Legislative Yuan - last held 2 December 1989 (next to be held
December 1992);
results - KMT 65%, DPP 33%, independents 2%;
seats - (304 total, 102 elected) KMT 78, DPP 21, independents 3;

National Assembly: - originally elected in November 1947 (last
supplementary election in December 1986; Assembly will be completely
reelected in December 1991)


_#_Member of: expelled from UN General Assembly and Security
Council on 25 October 1971 and withdrew on same date from other
charter-designated subsidiary organs; expelled from IMF/World Bank group
April/May 1980; seeking to join GATT; attempting to retain membership in
INTELSAT; suspended from IAEA in 1972, but still allows IAEA controls
over extensive atomic development; AsDB, ICC, ICFTU, IOC


_#_Diplomatic representation: none; unofficial commercial and cultural
relations with the people of the US are maintained through a private
instrumentality, the Coordination Council for North American Affairs
(CCNAA) with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington and
10 other US cities with all addresses and telephone numbers NA;

US - unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people of
Taiwan are maintained through a private institution, the American
Institute in Taiwan (AIT), which has offices in Taipei at #7 Lane 134,
telephone [886] (2) 709-2000, and in Kao-hsiung at #2 Chung Cheng 3d
Road, telephone [886] (7) 224-0154 through 0157, and the American Trade
Center at Room 3207 International Trade Building, Taipei World Trade
Center, 333 Keelung Road Section 1, Taipei 10548, telephone [886] (2)
720-1550


_#_Flag: red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner
bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays


_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with considerable
government guidance of investment and foreign trade and partial
government ownership of some large banks and industrial firms. Real
growth in GNP has averaged about 9% a year during the past three decades.
Export growth has been even faster and has provided the impetus for
industrialization. Agriculture contributes about 4% to GNP, down from 35%
in 1952. Taiwan currently ranks as number 13 among major trading
countries. Traditional labor-intensive industries are steadily being
replaced with more capital- and technology-intensive industries.


_#_GNP: $150.8 billion, per capita $7,380; real growth rate
5.2% (1990)


_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.4% (1990)


_#_Unemployment rate: 1.7% (1990)


_#_Budget: revenues $30.3 billion; expenditures $30.1 billion,
including capital expenditures of $NA (FY91 est.)


_#_Exports: $67.2 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities - textiles 15.6%, electrical machinery 18.2%, general
machinery and equipment 14.8%, basic metals and metal products 7.8%,
foodstuffs 1.7%, plywood and wood products 1.6% (1989);

partners - US 36.2%, Japan 13.7% (1989)


_#_Imports: $54.7 billion (c.i.f., 1990);

commodities - machinery and equipment 15.3%, crude oil 5%, chemical
and chemical products 11.1%, basic metals 13.0%, foodstuffs 2.2% (1989);

partners - Japan 31%, US 23%, FRG 5% (1989)


_#_External debt: $1.1 billion (December 1990 est.)


_#_Industrial production: growth rate 4.7% (1990 est.)


_#_Electricity: 17,000,000 kW capacity; 68,000 million kWh produced,
3,310 kWh per capita (1990)


_#_Industries: electronics, textiles, chemicals, clothing,
food processing, plywood, sugar milling, cement, shipbuilding, petroleum


_#_Agriculture: accounts for 4% of GNP and 16% of labor force
(includes part-time farmers); heavily subsidized sector; major
crops - vegetables, rice, fruit, tea; livestock - hogs, poultry, beef,
milk, cattle; not self-sufficient in wheat, soybeans, corn; fish catch
increasing, 1.4 million metric tons (1988)


_#_Economic aid: US, including Ex-Im (FY46-82), $4.6 billion; Western
(non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-88), $445
million


_#_Currency: New Taiwan dollar (plural - dollars);
1 New Taiwan dollar (NT$) = 100 cents


_#_Exchange rates: New Taiwan dollars per US$1 - 27.2 (January 1991),
27.243 (November 1990), 26.407 (1989), 28.589 (1988), 31.845 (1987),
37.838 (1986), 39.849 (1985)


_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June


_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: about 4,600 km total track with 1,075 km common
carrier lines and 3,525 km industrial lines; common carrier lines
consist of the 1.067-meter gauge 708 km West Line and the 367 km East
Line; a 98.25 km South Link Line connection is under construction; common
carrier lines owned by the government and operated by the Railway
Administration under Ministry of Communications; industrial lines owned
and operated by government enterprises


_#_Highways: 20,041 km total; 17,095 km bituminous or concrete,
2,371 km crushed stone or gravel, 575 km graded earth


_#_Pipelines: 615 km refined products, 97 km natural gas


_#_Ports: Kao-hsiung, Chi-lung (Keelung), Hua-lien, Su-ao, T'ai-tung


_#_Merchant marine: 226 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,557,167
GRT/9,153,646 DWT; includes 1 short-sea passenger, 52 cargo, 17
refrigerated cargo, 75 container, 15 petroleum, oils, and lubricants
(POL) tanker, 3 combination ore/oil, 1 specialized tanker, 62 bulk


_#_Airports: 38 total, 37 usable; 33 with permanent-surface runways;
3 with runways over 3,659 m; 16 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 8 with
runways 1,220-2,439 m


_#_Telecommunications: best developed system in Asia outside of Japan;
7,800,000 telephones; extensive microwave transmission links on east and
west coasts; stations - 91 AM, 23 FM, 15 TV (13 relays); 8,620,000
radios; 6,386,000 TVs (5,680,000 color, 706,000 monochrome);
earth stations - 1 Pacific Ocean INTELSAT and 1 Indian Ocean
INTELSAT; submarine cable links to Japan (Okinawa), the Philippines,
Guam, Singapore, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Australia, Middle East, and
Western Europe


_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Army, Navy (including Marines), Air Force, Taiwan
Garrison Command, Ministry of National Defense


_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 5,874,345; 4,577,294 fit for
military service; about 187,807 currently reach military age (19)
annually


_#_Defense expenditures: $9.10 billion, 4.5% of GDP (FY91)
_%_



Appendix A: The United Nations System

The UN is composed of six principal organs and numerous subordinate
agencies and bodies as follows:

1) Secretariat

2) General Assembly:
UNCHS United Nations Center for Human Settlements (Habitat)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNEP United Nations Environment Program
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund
UNHCR United Nations Office of High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund
UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
Refugees in the Near East
UNSF United Nations Special Fund
UNU United Nations University
WFC World Food Council
WFP World Food Program

3) Security Council:
UNAVEM United Nations Angola Verification Mission
UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
UNFICYP United Nations Force in Cyprus
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNIIMOG United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group
UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and
Pakistan
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization

4) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC):
Specialized agencies
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
IDA International Development Association
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC International Finance Corporation
ILO International Labor Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO International Maritime Organization
ITU International Telecommunication Union
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural
Organization
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UPU Universal Postal Union
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
Related organizations
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
Regional commissions
ECA Economic Commission for Africa
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESCWA Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
Functional commissions
Commission on Human Rights
Commission on Narcotic Drugs
Commission for Social Development
Commission on the Status of Women
Population Commission
Statistical Commission

5) Trusteeship Council

6) International Court of Justice (ICJ)


=========================================================================


Appendix B: Abbreviations for International Organizations and Groups

ABEDA Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
ACC Arab Cooperation Council
ACCT Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation
ACP African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries
AfDB African Development Bank
AFESD Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
AG Andean Group
AL Arab League
ALADI Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integracion; see Latin
American Integration Association (LAIA)
AMF Arab Monetary Fund
AMU Arab Maghreb Union
ANZUS Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
AsDB Asian Development Bank
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BAD Banque Africaine de Developpement;
see African Development Bank (AfDB)
BADEA Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en Afrique;
see Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
BCIE Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico; see Central
American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE)
BDEAC Banque de Developpment des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale; see
Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC)
Benelux Benelux Economic Union
BID Banco Interamericano de Desarvollo; see Inter-American
Development Bank (IADB)
BIS Bank for International Settlements
BOAD Banque Ouest-Africaine de Developpement; see West African
Development Bank (WADB)

C Commonwealth
CACM Central American Common Market
CAEU Council of Arab Economic Unity
CARICOM Caribbean Community and Common Market
CCC Customs Cooperation Council
CDB Caribbean Development Bank
CE Council of Europe
CEAO Communaute Economique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest; see West
African Economic Community (CEAO)
CEEAC Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale; see
Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC)
CEMA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance; also known as CMEA or
Comecon; abolished 1 January 1991
CEPGL Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs; see Economic
Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)
CERN Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire; see European
Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
CG Contadora Group
CMEA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA); also known as
Comecon; abolished 1 January 1991
COCOM Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
Comecon Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA); also known as
CMEA; abolished 1 January 1991
CP Colombo Plan
CSCE Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

DC developed country

EADB East African Development Bank
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC European Community
ECA Economic Commission for Africa
ECAFE Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East; see Economic and
Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
ECLA Economic Commission for Latin America; see Economic Commission
for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
ECOSOC Economic and Social Council
ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States
ECWA Economic Commission for Western Asia; see Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EIB European Investment Bank
Entente Council of the Entente
ESA European Space Agency
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESCWA Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FLS Front Line States
FZ Franc Zone

G-2 Group of 2
G-3 Group of 3
G-5 Group of 5
G-6 Group of 6 (not to be confused with the Big Six)
G-7 Group of 7
G-8 Group of 8
G-9 Group of 9
G-10 Group of 10
G-11 Group of 11
G-19 Group of 19
G-24 Group of 24
G-30 Group of 30
G-33 Group of 33
G-77 Group of 77
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GCC Gulf Cooperation Council

Habitat see United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS)

IADB Inter-American Development Bank
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IBEC International Bank for Economic Cooperation
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICEM Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration; see
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICJ International Court of Justice
ICM Intergovernmental Committee for Migration; see
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
IDA International Development Association
IDB Islamic Development Bank
IEA International Energy Agency
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC International Finance Corporation
IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development
IIB International Investment Bank
ILO International Labor Organization
IMCO Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization; see
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO International Maritime Organization
INMARSAT International Maritime Satellite Organization
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization
IOC International Olympic Committee
IOM International Organization for Migration
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ITU International Telecommunication Union

LAES Latin American Economic System
LAIA Latin American Integration Association
LAS League of Arab States; see Arab League (AL)
LDC less developed country
LLDC least developed country
LORCS League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

NAM Nonaligned Movement
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NC Nordic Council
NEA Nuclear Energy Agency
NIB Nordic Investment Bank
NIC newly industrializing country; see newly industrializing
economy (NIE)
NIE newly industrializing economy

OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAS Organization of American States
OAU Organization of African Unity
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference
OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America
and the Caribbean
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration

RG Rio Group

SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SACU Southern African Customs Union
SADCC Southern African Development Coordination Conference
SELA Sistema Economico Latinoamericana; see Latin American Economic
System (LAES)
SPC South Pacific Commission
SPF South Pacific Forum

UDEAC Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Centrale; see
Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC)
UN United Nations
UNAVEM United Nations Angola Verification Mission
UNCHS United National Center for Human Settlements (also
known as Habitat)
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNEP United Nations Environment Program
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural
Organization
UNFICYP United Nations Force in Cyprus
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities; see UN Population
Fund (UNFPA)
UNHCR United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund; see
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNIIMOG United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group
UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
in the Near East
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
UPU Universal Postal Union
USSR/EE USSR/Eastern Europe

WADB West African Development Bank
WCL World Confederation of Labor
WEU Western European Union
WFC World Food Council
WFP World Food Program
WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WP Warsaw Pact (members met 1 July 1991 to dissolve the alliance)
WTO World Tourism Organization

note: not all international organizations and groups have abbreviations



=========================================================================

Appendix C: International Organizations and Groups

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_advanced developing countries - another term for those less
developed countries (LDCs) with particularly rapid industrial
development; see newly industrializing economies (NIEs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries (ACP)

established - 1 April 1976;

aim - members have a preferential economic and aid relationship with
the EC;

members - (66) Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Dominica,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati,
Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,
Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Western Samoa,
Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_African Development Bank (AfDB), also known as Banque Africaine de
Developpement (BAD);

established - 4 August 1963;

aim - to promote economic and social development;

regional members - (50) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina,
Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros,
Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia,
Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia,
Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco,
Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,
Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe;

nonregional members - (25) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium,
Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy,
Japan, South Korea, Kuwait, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia,
Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique (ACCT) - see Agency
for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT) - acronym
from Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique;

established - 21 March 1970;

aim - to promote cultural and technical cooperation among
French-speaking countries;

members - (30) Belgium, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Canada,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Dominica,
France, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mali,
Mauritius, Monaco, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Togo, Tunisia,
Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zaire;

associate members - (7) Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Laos,
Mauritania, Morocco, Saint Lucia;

participating governments - (2) New Brunswick (Canada),
Quebec (Canada)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean (OPANAL) - acronym from Organismo para la Proscripcion de
las Armas Nucleares en la America Latina y el Caribe (OPANAL);

established - 14 February 1967;

aim - to encourage the peaceful uses of atomic energy and prohibit
nuclear weapons;

members - (25) Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bolivia,
Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago,
Uruguay, Venezuela;

[email protected]_observer - (1) Cuba
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Andean Group (AG)

established - 26 May 1969, effective 16 October 1969;

aim - to promote harmonious development through economic
integration;

members - (5) Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela;

associate member - (1) Panama;



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 82 of 89)