Copyright
United States. Central Intelligence Agency.

The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

. (page 83 of 89)
Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 83 of 89)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


observers - (26) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil,
Canada, Costa Rica, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India,
Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Paraguay, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, UK, US, Uruguay, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA), also known as
Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en Afrique (BADEA);

established - 18 February 1974, effective 16 September 1974;

aim - to promote economic development;

members - (17 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania,
Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE,
Palestine Liberation Organization; note - these are all the members of the
Arab League except Djibouti, Somalia, and Yemen
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Arab Cooperation Council (ACC)

established - 16 February 1989;

aim - to promote economic cooperation and integration, possibly
leading to an Arab Common Market;

members - (4) Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)

established - 16 May 1968;

aim - to promote economic and social development;

members - (20 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt (suspended from 1979 to 1988), Iraq, Jordan,
Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation
Organization
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Arab League (AL), also known as League of Arab States (LAS);

established - 22 March 1945;

aim - to promote economic, social, political, and military
cooperation;

members - (20 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria,
Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)

established - 17 February 1989;

aim - to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states
of northern Africa;

members - (5) Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)

established - 27 April 1976, effective 2 February 1977;

aim - to promote Arab cooperation, development, and integration in
monetary and economic affairs;

members - (19 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania,
Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE,
Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

established - NA November 1989;

aim - to promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin;

members - (12) all ASEAN members (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand) plus Australia, Canada, Japan,
South Korea, NZ, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Asian Development Bank (AsDB)

established - 19 December 1966;

aim - to promote regional economic cooperation;

regional members - (34) Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
Burma, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia,
Japan, Kiribati, South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal,
NZ, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands,
Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Turkey, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western
Samoa;

nonregional members - (15) Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integracion (ALADI) - see
Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

established - 9 August 1967;

aim - regional economic, social, and cultural cooperation among the
non-Communist countries of Southeast Asia;

members - (6) Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore,
Thailand;

observer - (1) Papua New Guinea
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)

established - 1 September 1951, effective 29 April 1952;

aim - trilateral mutual security agreement, although the US
suspended security obligations to NZ on 11 August 1986;

members - (3) Australia, NZ, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico (BCIE) - see
Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Banco Interamericano de Desarvollo (BID) - see Inter-American
Development Bank (IADB)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

established - 20 January 1930, effective 17 March 1930;

aim - to promote cooperation among central banks in international
financial settlements;

members - (29) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US,
Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Banque Africaine de Developpement (BAD) - see African Development
Bank (AfDB)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en Afrique (BADEA) - see
Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Banque de Developpement des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale
(BDEAC) - see Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Banque Ouest-Africaine de Developpement (BOAD) - see West African
Development Bank (WADB)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Benelux Economic Union (Benelux) - acronym from Belgium,
Netherlands, and Luxembourg;

established - 3 February 1958, effective 1 November 1960;

aim - to develop closer economic cooperation and integration;

members - (3) Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Big Seven - membership is the same as the Group of 7;

established - NA;

aim - to discuss and coordinate major economic policies;

members - (7) Big Six (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK)
plus the US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Big Six - not to be confused with the Group of 6;

established - NA;

aim - economic cooperation;

members - (6) Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)

established - 4 July 1973, effective 1 August 1973;

aim - to promote economic integration and development, especially
among the less developed countries;

members - (13) Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago;

observers - (7) Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands,
Dominican Republic, Haiti, Netherlands Antilles, Suriname
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)

established - 18 October 1969, effective 26 January 1970;

aim - to promote economic development and cooperation;

regional members - (20) Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Mexico, Montserrat,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Venezuela;

nonregional members - (3) Canada, France, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Cartagena Group - see Group of 11
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC) - acronym from
Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Centrale;

established - 8 December 1964, effective 1 January 1966;

aim - to promote the establishment of a Central African Common
Market;

members - (6) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo,
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC) - acronym from
Banque de Developpement des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale;

established - 3 December 1975;

aim - to provide loans for economic development;

members - (9) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo,
Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Germany, Kuwait
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE) - acronym from
Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico;

established - 13 December 1960;

aim - to promote economic integration and development;

members - (5) Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Central American Common Market (CACM)

established - 13 December 1960, effective 3 June 1961;

aim - to promote establishment of a Central American Common Market;

members - (5) Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_centrally planned economies - a term applied mainly to the
traditionally Communist states that looked to the USSR for leadership;
many are now evolving toward more democratic and market-oriented systems;
also known formerly as the Second World or as the Communist countries;
through the 1980s, this group included Albania, Bulgaria, Cambodia,
China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, GDR, Hungary, North Korea, Laos, Mongolia,
Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Colombo Plan (CP)

established - 1 July 1951;

aim - to promote economic and social development in Asia and
the Pacific;

members - (26) Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma,
Cambodia, Canada, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, South Korea, Laos,
Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, NZ, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines,
Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Commission for Social Development

established - 21 June 1946 as the Social Commission, renamed
29 July 1966;

aim - ECOSOC organization dealing with social development programs;

members - (32) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Commission on Human Rights

established - 18 February 1946;

aim - ECOSOC organization dealing with human rights;

members - (43) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Commission on Narcotic Drugs

established - 16 February 1946;

aim - ECOSOC organization dealing with illicit drugs;

members - (40) selected on a rotating basis from all regions with
emphasis on producing and processing countries
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Commission on the Status of Women

established - 21 June 1946;

aim - ECOSOC organization dealing with women's rights;

members - (32) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Commonwealth (C)

established - 31 December 1931;

aim - voluntary association that evolved from the British Empire and
that seeks to foster multinational cooperation and assistance;

members - (48) Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Canada, Cyprus, Dominica,
The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati,
Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, NZ,
Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and
Tobago, Uganda, UK, Vanuatu, Western Samoa, Zambia, Zimbabwe;

special members - (2) Nauru, Tuvalu
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Communaute Economique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEAO) - see
West African Economic Community (CEAO)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale
(CEEAC) - see Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL) - see
Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Communist countries - traditionally the Marxist-Leninist states with
authoritarian governments and command economies based on the Soviet
model; see centrally planned economies
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)

established - NA November 1972;

aim - discusses issues of mutual concern and reviews implementation
of the Helsinki Agreement;

members - (35) Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US, USSR, Vatican City, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire (CERN) - see
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Contadora Group (CG) was established 5 January 1983 (on the
Panamanian island of Contadora) to reduce tensions and conflicts in
Central America but evolved into the Rio Group (RG); members included
Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf - see
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Coordinating Committee on Export Controls (COCOM)

established - NA 1949;

aim - compiles strategic embargo list of goods not to be sold by the
West to Eastern bloc countries;

members - (15) Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece,
Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Turkey, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA), also known as
CMEA or Comecon, was established 25 January 1949 to promote the
development of socialist economies and was abolished 1 January 1991;
members included Afghanistan (observer), Albania (had not participated
since 1961 break with USSR), Angola (observer), Bulgaria, Cuba,
Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia (observer), GDR, Hungary, Laos (observer),
Mongolia, Mozambique (observer), Nicaragua (observer), Poland, Romania,
USSR, Vietnam, Yemen (observer), Yugoslavia (associate)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU)

established - 3 June 1957, effective 30 May 1964;

aim - to promote economic integration among Arab nations;

members - (11) Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania,
Somalia, Sudan, Syria, UAE, Yemen
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Council of Europe (CE)

established - 5 May 1949, effective 3 August 1949;

aim - to promote increased unity and quality of life in Europe;

members - (24) Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Council of the Entente (Entente)

established - 29 May 1959;

aim - to promote economic, social, and political coordination;

members - (5) Benin, Burkina, Ivory Coast, Niger, Togo
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Customs Cooperation Council (CCC)

established - 15 December 1950;

aim - to promote international cooperation in customs matters;

members - (104) Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas,
Bangladesh, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi,
Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Congo, Cuba,
Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon,
The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, South Korea, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali,
Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal,
Netherlands, NZ, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru,
Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US,
Uruguay, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_developed countries (DCs) - the top group in the comprehensive but
mutually exclusive hierarchy of developed countries (DCs),
USSR/Eastern Europe (USSR/EE), and less developed countries (LDCs);
includes the market-oriented economies of the mainly democratic nations
in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),
Bermuda, Israel, South Africa, and the European ministates; also known
as the First World, high-income countries, the North, industrial
countries; generally have a per capita GNP/GDP in excess of $10,000
although some OECD countries and South Africa have figures well under
$10,000 and three of the excluded OPEC countries have figures of $10,000
or more;

the 34 DCs are - Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda,
Canada, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta,
Monaco, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, South Africa,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US, Vatican City
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_developing countries - an imprecise term for the less developed
countries with growing economies; see less developed countries (LDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_East African Development Bank (EADB)

established - 6 June 1967, effective 1 December 1967;

aim - to promote economic development;

members - (3) Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

established - 28 March 1947 as Economic Commission for Asia and
the Far East (ECAFE);

aim - to promote economic development as a regional commission for
the UN's ECOSOC;

members - (38) Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei,
Burma, Cambodia, China, Fiji, France, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan,
South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nauru, Nepal,
Netherlands, NZ, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore,
Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, UK, US, USSR,
Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western Samoa;

associate members - (9) Cook Islands, Guam, Hong Kong, Kiribati,
Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Niue,
Northern Mariana Islands, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Palau)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)

established - 9 August 1973 as Economic Commission for Western Asia
(ECWA);

aim - to promote economic development as a regional commission for
the UN's ECOSOC;

members - (12) Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman,
Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE, Yemen
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - to coordinate the economic and social work of the UN; includes
five regional commissions (see Economic Commission for Africa, Economic
Commission for Europe, Economic Commission for Latin America and the
Caribbean, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia) and six functional
commissions (see Commission for Social Development, Commission on Human
Rights, Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Commission on the Status of Women,
Population Commission, and Statistical Commission);

members - (54) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

established - 29 April 1958;

aim - to promote economic development as a regional commission of
the UN's ECOSOC;

members - (51) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo,
Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique,
Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,
Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe;

associate members - (3) France, Namibia, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) - see
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)

established - 28 March 1947;

aim - to promote economic development as a regional commission of
the UN's ECOSOC;

members - (33) Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Byelorussian
Soviet Socialist Republic, Canada, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic,
US, USSR, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA) - see Economic
Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

established - 25 February 1948 as Economic Commission for
Latin America (ECLA);

aim - to promote economic development as a regional commission of
the UN's ECOSOC;

members - (41) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Spain, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela;



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 83 of 89)