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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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associate members - (5) Aruba, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat,
Netherlands Antilles, Virgin Islands
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Commission for Western Asia (ECWA) - see Economic and
Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC) - acronym from
Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale;

established - 18 October 1983;

aim - to promote regional economic cooperation and establish a
Central African Common Market;

members - (10) Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad,
Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Zaire;

observer - (1) Angola
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL) - acronym
from Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs;

established - 26 September 1976;

aim - to promote regional economic cooperation and integration;

members - (3) Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

established - 28 May 1975;

aim - to promote regional economic cooperation;

members - (16) Benin, Burkina, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger,
Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

established - 15 April 1991;

aim - to facilitate the transition of seven centrally planned
economies in Europe (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania,
USSR, and Yugoslavia) to market economies by committing 60% of its
loans to privatization;

members - (34) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark,
European Community (EC), Egypt, European Investment Bank (EIB),
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan,
South Korea, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Morocco,
Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,
UK, US; note - includes all 12 members of the EC as individual countries
and the EC itself as an institution
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_European Community (EC)

established - 8 April 1965, effective 1 July 1967;

aim - a fusing of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom),
the European Coal and Steel Community (ESC), and the European Economic
Community (EEC or Common Market); the EC plans to establish a completely
integrated common market in 1992 and an eventual federation of Europe;

members - (12) Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

established - 4 January 1960, effective 3 May 1960;

aim - to promote expansion of free trade;

members - (7) Austria, Finland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway,
Sweden, Switzerland
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_European Investment Bank (EIB)

established - 25 March 1957, effective 1 January 1958;

aim - to promote economic development of the EC;

members - (12) Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) - acronym retained
from the predecessor organization Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche
Nucleaire;

established - 1 July 1953, effective 29 September 1954;

aim - to foster nuclear research for peaceful purposes only;

members - (14) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece,
Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK;

observers - (3) Poland (scheduled to become a member 1 July 1991),
Turkey, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_European Space Agency (ESA)

established - 31 July 1973, effective 1 May 1975;

aim - to promote peaceful cooperation in space research and
technology;

members - (13) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland,
Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK;

associate member - (1) Finland
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_First World - another term for countries with advanced,
industrialized economies; see developed countries (DCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

established - 16 October 1945;

aim - UN specialized agency to raise living standards and increase
availability of agricultural products;

members - (157) all UN members except Brunei, Byelorussian Soviet
Socialist Republic, Liechtenstein, Singapore, South Africa, Ukrainian
Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR; other members are Cook Islands,
North Korea, South Korea, Switzerland, Tonga
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Four Dragons the four small Asian less developed countries (LDCs)
that have experienced unusually rapid economic growth; also known as the
Four Tigers; this group includes Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore,
Taiwan
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Four Tigers - another term for the Four Dragons; see Four Dragons
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Franc Zone (FZ)

established - NA;

aim - monetary union among countries whose currencies are linked to
the French franc;

members - (15) Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Ivory Coast,
Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo; note - France includes metropolitan France,
the four overseas departments of France (French Guiana, Guadeloupe,
Martinique, Reunion), the two territorial collectivities of France
(Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon), and the three overseas territories
of France (French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Front Line States (FLS)

established - NA;

aim - to achieve black majority rule in South Africa;

members - (7) Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania,
Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

established - 30 October 1947, effective 1 January 1948;

aim - to promote the expansion of international trade on a
nondiscriminatory basis;

members - (101) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil,
Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic,
Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia,
Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia,
Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland,
India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan,
Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Macau, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico,
Morocco, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra
Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden,
Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 2 (G-2)

established - informal term that came into use about 1986;

aim - bilateral economic cooperation between the two most powerful
economic giants;

members - (2) Japan, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 3 (G-3)

established - NA October 1990;

aim - mechanism for policy coordination;

members - (3) Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 5 (G-5)

established - 22 September 1985;

aim - the five major non-Communist economic powers;

members - (5) France, Germany, Japan, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 6 (G-6) - not to be confused with the Big Six;

established - 22 May 1984;

aim - seeks to achieve nuclear disarmament;

members - (6) Argentina, Greece, India, Mexico, Sweden, Tanzania
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 7 (G-7) - membership is the same as the Big Seven;

established - 22 September 1985;

aim - the seven major non-Communist economic powers;

members - (7) Group of 5 (France, Germany, Japan, UK, US) plus
Canada and Italy
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 8 (G-8)

established - NA October 1975;

aim - the developed countries (DCs) that participated in the
Conference on International Economic Cooperation (CIEC), held in several
sessions between NA December 1975 and 3 June 1977;

members - (8) Australia, Canada, EC (as one member), Japan, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 9 (G-9)

established - NA;

aim - informal group that meets occasionally on matters of mutual
interest;

members - (9) Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Hungary,
Romania, Sweden, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 10 (G-10), also known as the Paris Club;

established - NA October 1962;

aim - wealthiest members of the IMF who provide most of the money
to be loaned and act as the informal steering committee; name persists in
spite of the addition of Switzerland on NA April 1984;

members - (11) Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 11 (G-11), also known as the Cartagena Group;

established - 22 June 1984, in Cartagena, Colombia;

aim - forum for largest debtor nations in Latin America;

members - (11) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 19 (G-19)

established - NA October 1975;

aim - the less developed countries (LDCs) that participated in the
Conference on International Economic Cooperation (CIEC) held in several
sessions between NA December 1975 and 3 June 1977;

members - (19) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Cameroon, Egypt, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru,
Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 24 (G-24)

established - NA January 1972;

aim - to promote the interests of developing countries in Africa,
Asia, and Latin America within the IMF;

members - (24) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Egypt,
Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Lebanon,
Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Syria,
Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 30 (G-30)

established - NA 1979;

aim - to discuss and propose solutions to the world's economic
problems;

members - (30) informal group of 30 leading international bankers,
economists, financial experts, and businessmen organized by Johannes
Witteveen (former managing director of the IMF)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 33 (G-33)

established - NA 1987;

aim - to promote solutions to international economic problems;

members - (33) leading economists from 13 countries
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Group of 77 (G-77)

established - NA October 1967;

aim - to promote economic cooperation among developing countries;
name persists in spite of increased membership;

members - (123 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia,
Botswana, Brazil, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon,
The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica,
Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua,
Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru,
Philippines, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, UAE, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam,
Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine
Liberation Organization
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), also known as the Cooperation
Council for the Arab States of the Gulf;

established - 25-26 May 1981;

aim - to promote regional cooperation in economic, social,
political, and military affairs;

members - (6) Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Habitat - see United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_high-income countries - another term for the industrialized
countries with high per capita GNPs/GDPs; see developed countries (DCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_industrial countries - another term for the developed countries; see
developed countries (DCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), also known as
Banco Interamericano de Desarollo (BID);

established - 8 April 1959; effective 30 December 1959;

aim - to promote economic and social development in Latin America;

members - (44) Argentina, Austria, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium,
Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany,
Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,
Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal,
Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, US,
Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD)

established - NA January 1986;

aim - to promote cooperation on drought-related matters;

members - (6) Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

established - 26 October 1956, effective 29 July 1957;

aim - to promote peaceful uses of atomic energy;

members - (111) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Australia,
Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma,
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada,
Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia,
Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia,
Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea,
Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar,
Malaysia, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia,
Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Spain,
Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand,
Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, UAE, UK,
US, USSR, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, Zaire,
Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Bank for Economic Cooperation (IBEC)

established - 22 October 1963;

aim - to promote economic cooperation and development;

members - (9) Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Mongolia,
Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), also
known as the World Bank;

established - 22 July 1944, effective 27 December 1945;

aim - UN specialized agency that initially promoted economic
rebuilding after World War II and now provides economic development
loans;

members - (152) all UN members except Albania, Angola, Brunei,
Bulgaria, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Cuba, Czechoslovakia,
Liechtenstein, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR; other members
are Kiribati, South Korea, Tonga
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

established - NA 1919;

aim - to promote free trade, private enterprise, and represent
business interests at national and international levels;

members - (60 national councils) Argentina, Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Brazil, Burkina, Cameroon, Canada, Colombia, Cyprus, Denmark,
Ecuador, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Greece, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan,
South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mexico, Morocco,
Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria,
Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela,
Yugoslavia, Zaire
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

established - 7 December 1944, effective 4 April 1947;

aim - UN specialized agency to promote international cooperation in
civil aviation;

members - (161) all UN members except Albania, Belize, Byelorussian
Soviet Socialist Republic, Dominica, Liechtenstein, Namibia, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Western Samoa; other
members are Cook Islands, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea,
Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Nauru,
San Marino, Switzerland, Tonga
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

established - NA 1863;

aim - to provide humanitarian aid in wartime;

members - (25 individuals) all Swiss nationals
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)

established - NA December 1949;

aim - to promote the trade union movement;

members - (142 national organizations in the following 95 areas)
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina,
Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Cyprus, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Falkland Islands, Fiji, Finland, France, The Gambia, Germany, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kiribati, South Korea, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Liberia, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico,
Montserrat, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, NZ, Nicaragua, Norway,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
Puerto Rico, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UK, US,
USSR, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Venezuela, Western Samoa
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Court of Justice (ICJ), also known as the
World Court;

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - primary judicial organ of the UN;

members - (15 judges) elected by the General Assembly and Security
Council to represent all principal legal systems
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

established - 13 June 1956;

aim - to promote international cooperation between criminal police
authorities;

members - (151) Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda,
Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei,
Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji,
Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada,
Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica,
Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi,
Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco,
Morocco, Mozambique, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Norway, Oman, Pakistan,
Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar,
Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,
Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, USSR, Uruguay,
Venezuela, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Development Association (IDA)

established - 26 January 1960, effective 24 September 1960;

aim - UN specialized agency and IBRD affiliate that provides
economic loans for low income countries;

members - (136);

Part I - (22 more economically advanced countries) Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, South Africa,
Sweden, UAE, UK, US;

Part II - (114 less developed nations) Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina,
Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina,
Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic,
Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cyprus,
Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras,
Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Ivory Coast, Jordan,
Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone,



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 84 of 89)