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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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Solomon Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria,
Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire,
Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Energy Agency (IEA)

established - 15 November 1974;

aim - established by the OECD to promote cooperation on energy
matters, especially emergency oil sharing and relations between oil
consumers and oil producers;

members - (21) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark,
Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ,
Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Finance Corporation (IFC)

established - 25 May 1955, effective 20 July 1956;

aim - UN specialized agency and IBRD affiliate that helps private
enterprise sector in economic development;

members - (133) Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina,
Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon,
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Denmark,
Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana,
Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland,
Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati,
South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay,
Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Syria,
Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Uganda, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa,
Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

established - NA November 1974;

aim - UN specialized agency that promotes agricultural development;

members - (144);

Category I - (21 industrialized aid contributors) Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, UK, US;

Category II - (12 petroleum-exporting aid contributors) Algeria, Gabon,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE,
Venezuela;

Category III - (111 aid recipients) Afghanistan, Angola,
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin,
Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon,
Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia,
Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea,
Ethiopia, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Israel, Ivory Coast,
Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Vietnam,
Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Investment Bank (IIB)

established - 7 July 1970;

aim - to promote economic development;

members - (9) Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Mongolia,
Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Labor Organization (ILO)

established - 11 April 1919 (affiliated with the UN
14 December 1946);

aim - UN specialized agency concerned with world labor issues;

members - (148) all UN members except Albania, Bhutan, Brunei,
The Gambia, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Oman, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Africa, Vanuatu, Vietnam,
Western Samoa; other members are San Marino, Switzerland
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Maritime Organization (IMO) - name changed from
Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) on
22 May 1982;

established - 17 March 1958;

aim - UN specialized agency concerned with world maritime affairs;

members - (132) Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina,
Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium,
Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Cameroon,
Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland,
France, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica,
Japan, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia,
Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, UAE, UK, US, USSR, Uruguay,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire;

associate member - (1) Hong Kong
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT)

established - 3 September 1976, effective 26 July 1979;

aim - to provide worldwide communications for maritime and other
applications;

members - (55) Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Belgium,
Brazil, Bulgaria, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Canada, Chile,
China, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon,
Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan,
South Korea, Kuwait, Liberia, Malaysia, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway,
Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia,
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, UAE, UK, US, USSR
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Monetary Fund (IMF)

established - 22 July 1944, effective 27 December 1945;

aim - UN specialized agency concerned with world monetary stability
and economic development;

members - (154) all UN members except Albania, Brunei, Bulgaria,
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Cuba, Liechtenstein, Ukrainian
Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR; other members are Kiribati, South Korea,
Tonga
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Olympic Committee (IOC)

established - 23 June 1894;

aim - to promote the Olympic ideals and administer the Olympic
games:

1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, France (8-23 February);

1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain (25 July-9 August);

1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway (12-27 February);

1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States (20 July-4 August):

1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan (date NA);

members - (165) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa,
Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Australia,
Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin
Islands, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Cameroon, Canada,
Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia,
Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,
Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia,
Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,
Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya,
North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali,
Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco,
Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, NZ, Nicaragua,
Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar,
Romania, Rwanda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Solomon Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, USSR, Uruguay,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Western Samoa, Yemen,
Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Organization for Migration (IOM) - established as
Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants
from Europe; renamed Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration
(ICEM) on 15 November 1952; renamed Intergovernmental Committee for
Migration (ICM) on NA November 1980; current name adopted
14 November 1989;

established - 5 December 1951;

aim - to facilitate orderly international emigration and
immigration;

members - (35) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia,
Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, El Salvador, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel,
Italy, Kenya, South Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway,
Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Switzerland, Thailand, US,
Uruguay, Venezuela;

observers - (22) Belize, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Egypt, Finland,
France, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Japan, Mexico, NZ, San Marino, Somalia,
Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, UK,
Vatican City, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

established - NA February 1947;

aim - to promote the development of international standards;

members - (72 national standards organizations) Albania, Algeria,
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,
Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica,
Japan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia,
Morocco, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria,
Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, UK, US, USSR,
Venezuela, Vietnam, Yugoslavia;

correspondent members - (14) Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei, Guinea,
Hong Kong, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Malawi, Mauritius, Oman, Senegal,
UAE, Uruguay
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

established - NA 1928;

aim - to promote worldwide humanitarian aid through the
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in wartime, and League
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (LORCS) in peacetime;

members - (9) 2 representatives from ICRC, 2 from LORCS, and 5 from
national societies elected by the international conference of the
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

established - 9 December 1932, effective 1 January 1934, affiliated
with the UN 15 November 1947;

aim - UN specialized agency concerned with world telecommunications;

members - (164) all UN members except Dominica, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Seychelles; other members are Kiribati,
North Korea, South Korea, Monaco, Nauru, San Marino, Switzerland,
Tonga, Vatican City
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT)

established - 20 August 1971, effective 12 February 1973;

aim - to develop and operate a global commercial telecommunications
satellite system;

members - (118) Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia,
Austria, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia,
Brazil, Burkina, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon,
Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast,
Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal,
Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan,
Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar,
Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Spain,
Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK,
US, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire,
Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Islamic Development Bank (IDB)

established - 15 December 1973;

aim - to promote Islamic economic aid and social development;

members - (43 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Brunei, Burkina,
Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, The Gambia, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Pakistan,
Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Syria,
Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Latin American Economic System (LAES), also known as
Sistema Economico Latinoamericana (SELA);

established - 17 October 1975;

aim - to promote economic and social development through regional
cooperation;

members - (26) Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua,
Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Latin American Integration Association (LAIA), also known as
Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integracion (ALADI);

established - 12 August 1980, effective 18 March 1981;

aim - to promote freer regional trade;

members - (11) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,
Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela;

observers - (13) Andean Group, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic,
Guatemala, Honduras, Inter-American Development Bank, Organization of
American States, Panama, Portugal, Spain, UN Development Program,
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_League of Arab States (LAS) - see Arab League (AL)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (LORCS)

established - 5 May 1919;

aim - to provide humanitarian aid in peacetime;

members - (147) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina,
Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium,
Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, The Gambia, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy,
Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea,
Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein,
Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and
Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago,
Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, USSR, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam,
Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe;

associate members - (2) Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_least developed countries (LLDCs) - that subgroup of the less
developed countries (LDCs) initially identified by the UN General
Assembly in 1971 as having no significant economic growth, per capita
GNPs/GDPs normally less than $500, and low literacy rates; also known
as the undeveloped countries;

the 41 LLDCs are - Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana,
Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad,
Comoros, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Malawi, Maldives, Mali,
Mauritania, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe,
Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu,
Western Samoa, Yemen
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_less developed countries (LDCs) - the bottom group in the
comprehensive but mutually exclusive hierarchy of developed countries
(DCs), USSR/Eastern Europe (USSR/EE), and less developed countries
(LDCs); mainly countries with low levels of output, living standards,
and technology; per capita GNPs/GDPs are generally below $5,000 and
often less than $1,000; includes the advanced developing countries,
developing countries, Four Dragons (Four Tigers), least developed
countries (LLDCs), low-income countries, middle-income countries,
newly industrializing economies (NIEs), the South, Third World,
underdeveloped countries, undeveloped countries;

the 173 LDCs are - Afghanistan, Algeria, American Samoa, Angola,
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, The Bahamas, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil,
British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad,
Chile, China, Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, Colombia, Comoros, Congo,
Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, French Guiana,
French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia, Gaza Strip, Ghana, Gibraltar,
Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guernsey, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia,
Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jersey, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati,
North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Macau, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Isle of Man,
Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico,
Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Montserrat, Morocco,
Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana
Islands, Oman, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Palau), Pakistan,
Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands,
Puerto Rico, Qatar, Reunion, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,
Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, UAE,
Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands,
Wallis and Futuna, West Bank, Western Sahara, Western Samoa, Yemen,
Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_low-income countries - another term for the less developed
countries with below-average per capita GNPs/GDPs; see less developed
countries (LDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_middle-income countries - another term for the less developed
countries with above-average per capita GNPs/GDPs; see less developed
countries (LDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_newly industrializing countries (NICs) - former term for the newly
industrializing economies; see newly industrializing economies (NIEs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_newly industrializing economies (NIEs) - that subgroup of the less
developed countries (LDCs) that has experienced particularly rapid
industrialization of their economies; formerly known as the newly
industrializing countries (NICs); also known as advanced developing
countries; usually includes the Four Dragons (Hong Kong, South Korea,
Singapore, Taiwan) plus Brazil and Mexico
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Nonaligned Movement (NAM)

established - 1-6 September 1961;

aim - political and military cooperation apart from the traditional
East or West blocs;

members - (102 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, The Bahamas, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad,
Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast,
Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Qatar, Rwanda,
Saint Lucia, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, UAE,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe,
Palestine Liberation Organization;

observers - (9) Antigua and Barbuda, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominica,
El Salvador, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Uruguay;

guests - (11) Australia, Austria, Dominican Republic, Finland,



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 85 of 89)