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The 1991 CIA World Factbook online

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Greece, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Nordic Council (NC)

established - 16 March 1952, effective 12 February 1953;

aim - to promote regional economic, cultural, and environmental
cooperation;

members - (5) Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden;
note - Denmark includes Faroe Islands and Greenland
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Nordic Investment Bank (NIB)

established - 4 December 1975, effective 1 June 1976;

aim - to promote economic cooperation and development;

members - (5) Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_North - a popular term for the rich industrialized countries
generally located in the northern portion of the Northern Hemisphere; the
counterpart of the South; see developed countries (DCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

established - 17 September 1949;

aim - mutual defense and cooperation in other areas;

members - (16) Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece,
Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey,
UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)

established - NA 1958;

aim - associated with OECD, seeks to promote the peaceful uses of
nuclear energy;

members - (23) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organismo para la Proscripcion de las Armas Nucleares en la
America Latina y el Caribe (OPANAL) - see Agency for the Prohibition
of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

established - 14 December 1960, effective 30 September 1961;

aim - to promote economic cooperation and development;

members - (24) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US;

special member - (1) Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization of African Unity (OAU)

established - 25 May 1963;

aim - to promote unity and cooperation among African states;

members - (51) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo,
Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia,
Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sao Tome and
Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland,
Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization of American States (OAS)

established - 30 April 1948, effective 13 December 1951;

aim - to promote peace and security as well as economic and social
development;

members - (35) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Cuba (excluded from formal participation since 1962), Dominica, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname,
Trinidad and Tobago, US, Uruguay, Venezuela;

observers - (22) Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, EC, Egypt,
Equatorial Guinea, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel,
Italy, Japan, Morocco, Netherlands, Pakistan, Portugal, Saudi Arabia,
Spain, Switzerland, Vatican City
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)

established - 9 January 1968;

aim - to promote cooperation in the petroleum industry;

members - (10) Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)

established - 18 June 1981, effective 4 July 1981;

aim - to promote political, economic, and defense cooperation;

members - (7) Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines;

associate member - (1) British Virgin Islands
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

established - 14 September 1960;

aim - to coordinate petroleum policies;

members - (13) Algeria, Ecuador, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq,
Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Venezuela
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

established - 22-25 September 1969;

aim - to promote Islamic solidarity and cooperation in economic,
social, cultural, and political affairs;

members - (44 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Brunei, Burkina,
Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, The Gambia, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman,
Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan,
Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation
Organization; note - Afghanistan was suspended in January 1980, but in
March 1989 the self-proclaimed Afghan Interim Government based in
Pakistan was given membership;

observer - (1) Turkish-Cypriot administered area of Cyprus
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Paris Club - see Group of 10
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)

established - NA 1899;

aim - to facilitate the settlement of international disputes;

members - (75) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia,
Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic,
Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia,
Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Laos, Lebanon,
Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Senegal, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist
Republic, UK, US, USSR, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Population Commission

established - 3 October 1946;

aim - ECOSOC organization dealing with population matters;

members - (27) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Rio Group (RG)

established - NA 1988;

aim - a consultation mechanism on regional Latin American issues;

members - (11) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,
Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela; note - Panama was expelled
in 1988
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Second World - another term for the traditionally Marxist-Leninist
states with authoritarian governments and command economies based on the
Soviet model; see centrally planned economies
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_socialist countries - in general, countries in which the government
owns and plans the use of the major factors of production; note - the
term is sometimes used incorrectly as a synonym for Communist countries
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_South - a popular term for the poorer, less industrialized countries
generally located south of the developed countries; the counterpart of
the North; see less developed countries (LDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

established - 8 December 1985;

aim - to promote economic, social, and cultural cooperation;

members - (7) Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan,
Sri Lanka
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_South Pacific Commission (SPC)

established - 6 February 1947, effective 29 July 1948;

aim - to promote regional cooperation in economic and social
matters;

members - (27) American Samoa, Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji,
France, French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands,
Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, NZ, Niue,
Northern Mariana Islands, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Palau),
Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Islands, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga,
Tuvalu, UK, US, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Western Samoa
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_South Pacific Forum (SPF)

established - 5 August 1971;

aim - to promote regional cooperation in political matters;

members - (15) Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati,
Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, NZ, Niue,
Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Western Samoa;

observer - (1) Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Palau)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Southern African Customs Union (SACU)

established - 11 December 1969;

aim - to promote free trade and cooperation in customs matters;

members - (9) Bophuthatswana, Botswana, Ciskei, Lesotho, Namibia,
South Africa, Swaziland, Transkei, Venda
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC)

established - 1 April 1980;

aim - to promote regional economic development and reduce
dependence on South Africa;

members - (10) Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique,
Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Statistical Commission

established - 21 June 1946;

aim - ECOSOC organization dealing with development and
standardization of national statistics;

members - (24) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Third World - another term for the less developed countries;
see less developed countries (LDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_underdeveloped countries - refers to those less developed countries
with the potential for above-average economic growth; see less developed
countries (LDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_undeveloped countries - refers to those extremely poor less
developed countries (LDCs) with little prospect for economic growth;
see least developed countries (LLDCs)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Centrale
(UDEAC) - see Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations (UN)

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - to maintain international peace and security as well as
promote cooperation involving economic, social, cultural and humanitarian
problems;

members - (159) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil,
Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Byelorussian Soviet
Socialist Republic, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central
African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea,
Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland,
Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, North
Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia,
Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi,
Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique,
Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, UAE, UK, US, USSR, Uruguay,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire,
Zambia, Zimbabwe;
note - all UN members are represented in the General Assembly;

observers - (4) Monaco, San Marino, Switzerland, Vatican City
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM)

established - 20 December 1988;

aim - established by the UN Security Council to verify the
withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola;

members - (10) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Congo, Czechoslovakia,
India, Jordan, Norway, Spain, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS or Habitat)

established - 12 October 1978;

aim - to assist in solving human settlement problems;

members - (88) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) - acronym retained from the
predecessor organization UN International Children's Emergency Fund;

established - 11 December 1946;

aim - to help establish child health and welfare services;

members - (41) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

established - 30 December 1964;

aim - to promote international trade;

members - (166) all UN members plus North Korea, South Korea,
Monaco, San Marino, Switzerland, Tonga, Vatican City
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Development Program (UNDP)

established - 22 November 1965;

aim - to provide technical assistance to stimulate economic and
social development;

members - (48) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)

established - 31 May 1974;

aim - established by the UN Security Council to observe the 1973
Arab-Israeli ceasefire;

members - (4) Austria, Canada, Finland, Poland
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO)

established - 16 November 1945, effective 4 November 1946;

aim - to promote cooperation in education, science, and culture;

members - (159) all UN members except Brunei, Liechtenstein,
Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, UK, US, Vanuatu; other members
are Cook Islands, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Monaco, San Marino,
Switzerland, Tonga;

associate members - (3) Aruba, British Virgin Islands,
Netherlands Antilles
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)

established - 15 December 1972;

aim - to promote international cooperation on all environmental
matters;

members - (58) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)

established - 4 March 1964;

aim - established by the UN Security Council to serve as a
peacekeeping force beween Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots in Cyprus;

members - (8) Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland,
Sweden, UK
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations General Assembly

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - primary deliberative organ in the UN;

members - (159) all UN members are represented in the General
Assembly
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

established - 17 November 1966, effective 1 January 1967;

aim - UN specialized agency that promotes industrial development
especially among the members;

members - (150) all UN members except Antigua and Barbuda,
Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Chad, Djibouti, Iceland, Liberia,
Liechtenstein, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Western Samoa;
other members are North Korea, South Korea, Switzerland, Tonga
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)

established - 19 March 1978;

aim - established by the UN Security Council to confirm the
withdrawal of Israeli forces, restore peace, and reestablish Lebanese
authority in southern Lebanon;

members - (9) Fiji, Finland, France, Ghana, Ireland, Italy, Nepal,
Norway, Sweden
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG)

established - 9 August 1988;

aim - established by the UN Security Council to observe the 1988
Iran-Iraq ceasefire;

members - (26) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Canada,
Denmark, Finland, Ghana, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy,
Kenya, Malaysia, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Poland, Senegal, Sweden,
Turkey, Uruguay, Yugoslavia, Zambia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
(UNMOGIP)

established - 13 August 1948;

aim - established by the UN Security Council to observe the 1949
India-Pakistan ceasefire;

members - (8) Belgium, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Norway,
Sweden, Uruguay
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

established - 3 December 1949, effective 1 January 1951;

aim - to try to ensure the humanitarian treatment of refugees and
find permanent solutions to refugee problems;

members - (43) Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium,
Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar,
Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan,
Somalia, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey,
Uganda, UK, US, Vatican City, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - acronym retained from
predecessor organization UN Fund for Population Activities;

established - NA July 1967;

aim - to promote assistance in dealing with population problems;

members - (48) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East (UNRWA)

established - 8 December 1949;

aim - to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees;

members - (10) Belgium, Egypt, France, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon,
Syria, Turkey, UK, US
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Secretariat

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - primary administrative organ of the UN;

members - Secretary General appointed for a five-year term by the
General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Security Council

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - to maintain international peace and security;

permanent members - (5) China, France, UK, US, USSR;

nonpermanent members - (10) elected for two year terms by the
UN General Assembly; Austria (1991-92), Belgium (1991-92),
Cuba (1990-91), Ecuador (1991-92), India (1991-92),
Ivory Coast (1990-91), Romania (1990-91), Yemen (1990-91),
Zaire (1990-91), Zimbabwe (1991-92)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)

established - NA May 1948;

aim - initially established by the UN Security Council to supervise
the 1948 Arab-Israeli ceasefire and subsequently extended to work
in the Sinai, Lebanon, Jordan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan;

members - (16) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, Chile,
Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, NZ, Norway,
Sweden, US, USSR
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_United Nations Trusteeship Council

established - 26 June 1945, effective 24 October 1945;

aim - to supervise the administration of the UN trust territories;
only one of the original 11 trusteeships remains - the Trust Territory of
the Pacific Islands (Palau);

members - (5) China, France, UK, US, USSR
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Universal Postal Union (UPU)

established - 9 October 1874, affiliated with the UN
15 November 1947, effective 1 July 1948;

aim - UN specialized agency that promotes international postal
cooperation;

members - (168) all UN members except Antigua and Barbuda, Namibia,
South Africa; other members are Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea,
Monaco, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, San Marino, Switzerland, Tonga,
Tuvalu, UK Overseas Territories, Vatican City
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_USSR/Eastern Europe (USSR/EE) - the middle group in the
comprehensive but mutually exclusive hierarchy of developed countries
(DCs), USSR/Eastern Europe (USSR/EE), and less developed countries
(LDCs); these countries are in political and economic transition; this
group includes Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland,
Romania, USSR, Yugoslavia
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Warsaw Pact (WP) - was established 14 May 1955 to promote mutual
defense; members met 1 July 1991 to dissolve the alliance;
member states - Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and
the USSR - are now in the process of ratifying this agreement
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_West African Development Bank (WADB), also known as Banque
Ouest-Africaine de Developpement (BOAD);

established - 14 November 1973;

aim - to promote economic development and integration;

members - (7) Benin, Burkina, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal,
Togo
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_West African Economic Community (CEAO) - acronym from Communaute
Economique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest;

established - 3 June 1972;

aim - to promote regional economic development;

members - (7) Benin, Burkina, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger,
Senegal;

observers - (2) Guinea, Togo
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
_#_Western European Union (WEU)



Online LibraryUnited States. Central Intelligence AgencyThe 1991 CIA World Factbook → online text (page 86 of 89)