United States. Congress. House. Committee on the J.

Combating crime in the District of Columbia : hearing before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, June 22, 1995 online

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socio-economic and racial mix similar to that of Washington,
D.C. as a whole. In walking or easy biking distance to my
house are the U.S. Capitol, Union Station, Eastern Market,
Hechinger Mall, Lincoln Park, "H" Street, and my church and
friends .

I am before you today as a witness for the community, as the
coordinator of the Community Policing Council (CPC) - a
broad-based community group that works with the Metropolitan
Police Department (MPD) to integrate representatives of city
and federal law enforcement agencies and key personnel of
federal non-law enforcement agencies to understand, prevent,
and control crime.

How blessed I am to be able to live where I do - convenient,
pleasant, affordable, and charming. And yet, many shudder
when I tell them where I live - they choose not to come and
visit or do so with trepidation, especially after I remind
them, "Make sure you don't leave anything visible in your
car - not even an umbrella - or it's apt to be broken into."

When they come, they give more notice to my alarm system and
barred windows than to my frontyard garden or backyard deck
and ask, "Do you feel safe here?" If they're an overnight
guest, they may find themselves awakened by large bangs,
gunshots, or the whirling sounds of overhead helicopters and
will yell from the guestroom, "What's going on Sally?" But,
out of concern and love for me, they will come back and each
time, perhaps, stay a little longer, sleep a little sounder.

Quite often after a night's been interrupted, a neighbor's
son's been murdered, my car's been vandalized, I've seen
drug sales starting up in the just raided crack house, cross
dressers and friends partied 'til dawn, I'm threatened by
homeless vagrants, would be muggers, or intoxicated persons,
and trash - including human waste - is dumped on my curb
space, I wonder why I continue to live here.


p. 2, Byington

But I stay - five and a half years already. We stay. Maybe
we won't give up hope that things can get better -or, we
really won't believe it's as bad as it is. Perhaps, we
don't want to take big losses on the sale of our houses -
or, we really can't afford to live in the safer parts of
D.C. or the close-in suburbs. Some of us even believe that
we are called to live where we do and do what do. My
activities as project director for the Guns into Plowshares
Sculpture Project help me to keep a sense of hope and a
coitmiitment to His way as in Isaiah 2:1-4.

The Community Policing Council

The Community Policing Council (CPC) is a loosely
structured council composed primarily of community members
of the beat organizations in the greater Capitol Hill area.
Additional participants are from the Area Neighborhood
Commissions (ANC) , Capitol Hill Restoration Society (CURS),
Capitol Hill Association of Merchants and Professionals
(CHAMPS), the Ward Six Crime Task Force, other community
groups, MPD, and the US Attorney's staff.

CPC's area includes the neighborhoods of the ten beats in
the third sector of ID (IDl) and the six beats in the third
sector of 5D. We are a cross district, cross sector
interest group.

The basic unit of the council is the beat organization. As
the "Time Line" (Attachment #1) shows, these beat
organizations have been developing naturally, from the
ground up, over the past four years. Some have grown from
the collaboration of long-existing neighborhood
associations; others have developed directly in response to
the crime problem of the last few years. Some have orange
hats as well as patrols within housing complexes; others, a
strong block captain system. Some have school tutoring
programs; most have a service component other than public

Most of the groups publish regular newsletters (Attachments
#2, 3, 4) and have an executive board/committee structure.
Most hold monthly meeting; a few meet less freguently. Each
of the beat groups of CPC maintains its unique aspects and
individual character which is as important as its linkage to
the rest of the beats and the greater Capitol Hill

All of the groups consider their geographical confine to be
that of the scout car patrol area for which the beat is


p. 3, Byington

Descriptive Rationale for the Council

We are aware that the perpetrators of crimes do not

observe beat boundaries, and so the problems of one

beat are also the problems of those beats around it.

When we act together, our voice is strengthened by a

larger and more diverse base, and so a greater

likelihood exists that we will be listened to.

When we act together, we are able to engage the

agencies which can help us with our problems more


We believe that the police are an essential link in

community oriented problem solving.

We believe that by our joining, we are synergistic in

all aspects of our interrelationships.

We believe that the concepts of communication,

cooperation, and education must be integrated,

ongoing, internal, and external.

We have united in a collaborative partnership not only with
neighboring beats but with law enforcement agencies as well.
We are continuing to build an infrastructure of beat
organizations that corresponds to that of MPD. We trust
that MPD will commit to and incorporate the beat/team
leadership concept, already in place to some extent in most
of our beats.

We believe that by this co-structuring we will better able
to identify, research, analyze, solve, and appraise our
problems. We are hopeful that we will continue to build
upon these structures until they incorporate all of the
beats, the corresponding police units, and other, designated
local and federal enforcement agencies essential for
effective problem solving in a community policing structure
that is in harmony with an information services-
technological infrastructure.

Community Policing with Community Oriented Problem Solving

Although the national trend is still towards community
policing, this philosophy of policing is misunderstood. Too
often it is seen as antithical to traditional, reactive, and
"hot spotting" policing and simply given lip service. When
it's combined with the methodology of problem solving, it's
often abandoned before understanding or implementation even
takes place. Too memy refuse to buy into it because they
don't understcund that its a management policy that can work
best when you have to work with less because the focus is on
the problems and the solutions not on strengths and
weaJcnesses of infrastructures and numbers of forces.


p. 4, Byington

Other critics believe that it's too soft on crime. In
reality, a recommended solution to the problem of many
violent recidivists in your community could be the enactment
of tougher sentencing laws. In D.C. bail reform began in
the grass roots after such murders as Abby McCloskey's, a
Beat 21 resident who was killed by a violent offender, on
parole and assigned to a half way house.

Community oriented problem solving necessitates that a
linkage be established between all of the participating
local and federal enforcement agencies. In the illustration
used in my oral presentation, you could see how each link
depends upon the other and how the community is the life
line to and of each part. Without its involvement and the
strong linkage of each component, the links, or involved
agencies, may solve problems by band-aid efforts, capital
infusion, tourniquets, and the like, and bring about some
short-term changes. In time, however, they become
bureaucratic, isolated agencies doomed for failure.

Similarily, in today's high tech world the linkage must have
compatible components within each link for communication,
education, and cooperation to and from each other. Here's
where the community must also be involved. Isolating them
from information that they have a right to know, with
confidentially and investigative privacy respected, will
prevent them from being optimum problem identifiers and will
cause them to come to distrust the agency's officials.
Fewer solved problems will invariably result.

The Metropolitan Police Department

MPD today is at a crossroads. Many negatives are coming
into view, after a good crime reduction year in 1994.
The Chief of Police is retiring.

There are no approved "plans" for public safety,
school safety, or public housing safety.
Crime in the city and in our beats is rising daily
(Attachment #5) .

Sworn officer numbers are at a precarious low and
declining every day. No new recruits are being
solicited. Quality, experienced officers are retiring,
moving out, showing low morale, or being shot at.
Hundreds are still on administrative or other leave.
Police district buildings are often without essential
supplies such as copy paper, toner, and camera film. By
the end of summer, cops and cars will be on that list.
A confusing, compromising, skip and miss approach of
beat cops, details, civilianization, and special units
exists .


p. 5, Byington

Policing 2000 and Redistricting Plans are held up as
the solutions although they are costly, nonspecific,
and at this time, ill advised.

What can MPD do to avert further crises and enable it to
carry on as a manageable, public service agency?

Commit agency wide to Community Policing with Community
Oriented Problem Solving and issue a general order re
the same.

Establish in the same way the beat team/leader plan.
Refocus on resource allocation and appropriate sector
decentralization with Sector Captains being given
increased leadership as well as responsibilities.
Establish a specialized unit such as the D.C. Troopers
and make better use of reservist, retired officers,
private security forces, etc. (Attachemtn #6).
Form a private foundation that raises money for MPD
grant requests it's reviewed and approved.

Thoughts on the Role of the Federal Government

I've come to you for help. I hope this hearing has provided
you information on how best to help this city in great need.

How best to serve the residents, workers, employers, and
visitors of the District of Columbia within the framework
of the Constitution and applicable laws and yet with wisdom
and compassion is, indeed, a challenge for each of you.

In the National Geographic of August, 1991, map historian
Richard Stephenson suras up the work of the man of genius,
L'Enfant, with these words: "What I find most amazing is
that when our country was nearly broke and so small in
population - four million according to the 1790 census - our
leaders had the vision to create a city plan that still
works today."

I believe that you are faced with a similar challenge for
another type of city plan. Your committee's issue - CRIME -
is the principle reason people and businesses come and stay
or leave. All other issues - jobs, education, housing - are
secondary. This hearing shows that you have committed to
hear, to listen. Now, I hope that as you continue, you will
commit to become and stay involved. Below are some
suggestions of some ways the federal government can help.

1. The public safety budget needs to be protected from

politics, reprogramming and other budget fun 'n games.
Regular federal, evaluative review of the budget must
occur as well as ongoing program/policy review.


p. 6, Byington

2. The salary losses must be restored and overtime allowed

with its monies increased.

3. Teclinical/training assistance. Risk and Resource
Assessments need to be undertaken. Much pertinent data
needs to be gathered and made available to officials
and community members.

4. Effective program strategies need to be developed. All
existing programs need to be assessed and evaluated.
Poorly managed, wasteful, redundant programs need to be
weeded out. Corrupt providers need to be punished.
Innovative programs need to be encouraged to be tried.
Replication of successful parts and wholes should
follow, locally or nationally.

5. Innovative models need to be supported and assisted.
In our model proposal, problem identification and
problem solving teams need to be established, the
former to consist of beat representatives, beat patrol
officers, beat leaders, federal liaison personnel
while the latter would consist of enforcement officers
of higher rank (local and federal) and, possibly,
community liaison(s). Federal linkage is essential -
from homicide sector leaders at the US Attorney's
office to IRS inspectors to HUD receivers, etc.

6. The federal-local relationship needs to be defined and
clearly stated. Your relationship to D.C. should be
neither threatening nor submissive. It was heartening
to hear Congressmen speak of it as a partnership
similar to that between a state and a city or county
government within its jurisdiction. If so viewed, we
are, thus, a special, privileged constituency as
special and privileged as we are to live and work in
our Nation's capital.

7. Pray. Prayer changes things - people, then,
circumstances .

Thank you very much. I'll be happy to answer any questions
submitted to me in writing.



1990 MPD hires 1,000 community policing officers.

1991 Beat 26 organized
Beat 27 organized

Section of Beat 153 organized.

1992 Beat 17-20-21 organized.

ANC 6B, CHAMPS, CHRS support beats.
Ward Six Crime Task Force forms.
MPD Hill Interest Group holds meetings.
Community Policing Coalition begins.

1993 Beats 31 and 156 organized.
Sousa N.A. (Beat 30) involved.

Tollgate N.A., North Lincoln Park, and Stanton
Park N.A. communities notified re efforts.

Neighborhood Watch Network of Capitol Hill

Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) lends
support .

1994 Beats 24, 25, 30 organized.
Square 896 (Beat 155) organized.

Congresswoman Norton seeks US Attorney's support.
US Attorney's office involved.

Arthur Capper (Beats 29-20) residents involved.
10 beats of IDl form monthly council with

Commander and Sector Captain.
5D Commander sponsors training classes in

community policing and problem solving.
Langston-Carver Community (Beat 152) involved.
Neighborhood Watch Network renamed:

The Community Policing Council (CPC).
Project PACT strategy discussed.

1995 New Commander appointed to ID, supports CPC.
Training classes held for ID officers.

IDl Component seeks to address Arthur Capper

problems and how they intrude into other areas.

CPC visits above community.

Program seeks inclusion in Comprehensive
Communities Program: Phase II.

CPC involved in possible MPD Redistricting and
Ellen Wilson redevelopment plans.



Edit*d by KIrsten Oldenburg

In conluncUon wtUi tha O.C. potic* and tiM communltY •mpowtrmarTt program

April/May 1995


Its a simple relationship. The (ewer, less motivated police we have out on the street, the more cnme we
get As we reported last month, the DC Police are stressed Dy paycuts and other c/ianges, sued as new
staffing regimes to lower Die cost of overtime for court appearances Beat 28, the sedor. the dislna.
arid tlie aty are all expenenang a sigmricant decJine in t/ie number of police officers on the street.

This graph shows the effect on Beat 2S It
compares total reported cnmes in 1993. 1994. and
1995 (through May) Note that, wrth the exception
of February and March. 1995 is definitely on an UP
swing And. this is happening before our traditional
Summer cnme increase is due to begin!

100 n

80 '

40 '




\ J^ J

-A- 1993

\A .Ji*^

\^>>^ /^«^^



° i





For the four months of this year, total reported
cnme is up 68% (over last year) Robbenes are up
almost three tjmes from last year and are at the
highest levels since 1991. Auto larceny has mofe
than doul>led and Ixirgiarles and Uiefls are up about
25% from last year. Assaults and stolen cars are down slightly from last year. While a number of factors
are probably affecting our cnme statistics, the shortfall in police resources >s our number one concern
We cant increase the number of officers on the street quicWy. but we can help One way is to PLEASE
CALL every time you feel that something is out of control We are the eyes and ears for our Baat 2t
police officers.


Both the police and the small group of us in Bear 26 v^o collect the statistics, woric wlt^ Sgt Parker and
our officers, produce and distnbute the newsletter, and demand improved protection need your help We
want to do more but cant without more Beat 26 volunteers. This is anotner way for you to augment arxl
to help improve the morale of our officers. There are a host of 'jobs' available, suitable for all types.
Here's a sampling: People power tor extroverts who want to organize events, fund raise, or work wil^
neighbortiood kids: Wallcabout patrol for fitness buffs and dog walkers, wtio can canvass neighbors for
crime dues, revive 'Sittir>g Ducks' and the 'Fitter Sitter Litter Patrol.' Wordsmiths, contnbute to the
newsletter, prepare crime alert letters, wnte commendation letters; Number crunchers can gather and
analyze crime statistics, plot the beat map, alert police to crime patterns: and the Phone brigade for
those with little time or who are homebound >nt\o can make phone calls on street lights out. activate a
crime alert phone tree, talk to the US Attomey's office to follow up on persons arrested in Beat 2t





FULL DETAILS will be In next month's newsletter
(along with a history of Beat 26 and background on CEP)

NON-EMERGENCIES: 727-4660 or 727-1010



A cooperaipve eCort Between tne neignoomooo ana tne C Meiroooman Police unoef ine

Community Empowerment Poiiang Program

Individually we make a difference togeiner we maxe frte difference



Thursday. Apr. 20. 1995. 7:00 PM

ChamDeriam High Scnooi
1 345 Potomac Ave SE


The rcprcsentau\c from ihc DPW. ooo: again djsappoinicd us b^
noi aucndjng ibc nxxiin^ The person rq?rcscnime ihc DPH v^ould tx;
J voliuiiecT. and suxc the aecno is m ihc midst ol maior chances ni:hi
now. iJvrc arc no clear ans\^crs lo man\ of ihc questions »cd iixe to
ask ihcm Mavbc thcv will be morr rcsponsi\c when there is J dearer
Kio* orwKrre the aecoc^ is eoinc

Bnan A Magilt. a law siudcni \oluniccnng with the Insututc tor
Public Rcprcscniauon. informed the meeting of ihc (omc soil
conditions at the old Washingion Gas Light coal gasification site on
V^ aicr siroci near I I ih arxJ M The instiiuic has been l^ccpinc an irv c
on the propcm The plani snui down long ago. but the toxic
chemicals in the grouiul were nc\cT cleaned up \^ashingi(wi Gas has
arc actualK workjng Fonuna'xK there is no ihreai lo the surrounding
rcstdcnccs. and onN the Jiie itself is afTcctcd. but if anvooc were lo
wish to bujid there or use the sue. as Meuo intended awhile back a
major cleanup would ha\e to be dooc Qrst

L'nfonunaicK Sgi Bigelow dnJ not anend this nieeimg OfTiccr
Ramadhan spoke in his place, telling of recent hold-ups m our
communjt\ (Sec article on Neighborhood Cnmcs Mc did noi feel
these cnmcs were related to the hold-ups ol customers at the I 2th
Street Ev\or lasi month There was no cnmc siaiisucs report as
OfTicer Ramadhan had to lea^e carK

SaJK BMneion spoke about the Communitx Policing
Organt7JLion (See related article i


The Pizza Hut ai I40I Pcruisvlvania Ave SE and the
7-24 Food Man ai 1400 Pcnns>Kania A\c SE wac held up at
gunpoint so eral hours apart tn a person fitting the same dcscnpuon.
according to OfTicer Allee Ramadhan fhc robber was male, blxk



Navy blue T-shins beanng ihe BEAT 31 title and
logo in while are available for S7 50 each Order
bv contacting Wiil Hill ai 544-3785

Contnbutions to publish the Newsletter are
urgently needed One issue costs about S50.
please call Will Hill if you can sponsor a whole
or pan of any issue Thanks for your help'

about V-^' tall. approvinuieK 40 vears old with aboui a three -oa-*
gr.i^ih of beard he was wcanne sun-giasses and a aari lackct v.c
appeared to oe alone walking oui of both csubiishmenis and
disappcannc Tne robbencs occurraa in ihc car1\ ana mid-anemoor
in the third wcci. of March

Also the CafTc Itaiiano had someone cnta the restaurant b\
breaking the plaic glass wuuow cart\ on the monuug of
March 12ih A T\ arni several otho' items were earned off Fracer ^
Hardx^are had the &ont door forced open aoout 6 00 AM on Marcr

Businesses aJony Pcruisvlvania Ave SE should siav ajen u
the possibtlir\ of this rccumng as no arrest has been made

Earlier this \Mnier several armed robbencs occurred ai or near the
Ev\oo gas station at I2ih arxJ Pcims\l\aiua In at least one locidcnu a
customer v^as held up at gunpoini while pumping gas Amone
stopping ai an\ gas station in the naghhorhood should be MgiiarH
panicuJari\ ifthes are the onJ\ customer at the station

I f \ ou know of cnmcs that shoukj be bruu^ tp the attenuon of
\our neighbors please incnd ou; meeungs aod get the word out


The e\ olutioo of the Commurutx Policing Council of Captioi Hill
was dcscnbod b% SalK Bxtn^on She spoke of the vanous aames ihr
orgaru/Jtion had been through the Neighborhood Watch
OrearuzaiioTL the Beat Coaliuoo. and futalK its cuttcxii name, the
CPC Hct own invoKcmcri came through her work with the Capitol
Hill Resioraiion Sockt\

Toda\. the CPC represents the Communii\ Empowcrmetn
Policiog iCEPlorganuanoos (such asour ctwp Beat 31) id Scaor 3 of
the MPD 1st District and ID Sector 3 of the MPD5ihCHsina This
covers roughi\ cvcrMhiog £rom the Aoacosua Rjva west lo North and
South Capitol Streets, and north to H Street

The goal of the organi/ation is to pro\ idc a *cross -sector 'cross -
distnct group lo soh c pubbc safcr^ prDblcms'. the coocept being thai
pushing one beat's crunmals into the ncr\l beat's area was doi i
coQStnjctjvc soluUoG Also, the oanirt of mam problems and problem
areas is that Lhe\ span mam beats lo particular. CPC has txgun to
work with the residcois ai Arthur Capper-Carrolsburg communit\ to
find soTT>e relief from the crune and the drug markets that exist there
It IS felt that these local problems affect the public safcn of those for
mam blocks around

As a)wa\s. volunteers are sou^ to help work with the CPC of
Capitol Hill

Apnl 1995


Here's the Beat

Community Empowerment Policing News in Beat 156

June 1995



Beat 156 June meeting

Wednesday. June 14, 7:30 P M
Holy Comforter St Cypnan School
1501 East Capitol St SE

Fifth District Citizens Advisor>' Council
Thursday, June 22, 7 30 P M
Metropolitan Police Department
Fifth District Conference Room
1805 Bladensburg Road, NE

Beat 156 July meeting

Wednesday. July 12. 730 P M
Holy Comforter/St Cypnan School
1501 East Capitol St SE

June Focus: Jails

Earlier thi? year a guard a; the nearh> DC Jai!
strolled out of the facihty wit.h her husband ■■ who alf.i
happened to be an inmate What have DC officiais done u>
prevent somethinp like this from Happening again'' Doe?
the system offer opportunities for correction and treatment
instead of simply incarceration''

Mr John Thomas. Executive Deputy Director of the DC
Department of Corrections will speak at the next meeting
of Beat 156

Officers responsible for patrolling beat 156 also plan to
be in attendance Here s your chance to voice your concerns

Hope to see you there.

Special Event Zone Stickers Now Available

If you live within the beat 156 Special Event
Zone blocks, you must obtain a new window decal for
your auto(s) by the end of June Beat 156 blocks up
to 16th St have been designated Special Event
Zones m order to prevent non-residents from parking
on neighborhood streets dunng major concert and
sporting events held at RFK Stadium Decals can be
obtained in person at RFK Stadium. Parking Lot 5.
Gate A, 4th floor. You must bnng your registration

You can contact Vera Jackson Horlon. 547-9077.
x729 or 757 if you are not sure whether or not you
bve in the Special Event Zone

Contact Bob Brown. RFK Stadium parking
manager at 547-9077 x714 if you notice illegal
parking dunng Stadium events

1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. House. Committee on the JCombating crime in the District of Columbia : hearing before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, June 22, 1995 → online text (page 8 of 18)