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CORRECTIONS
FEDERAL AND STATE PAROLE SYSTEMS



HEARINGS

BEFORE

SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 3

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIYES

NINETY-SECOND CONGKESS

SECOND SESSION
ON

H.R. 13118, Identical and Related Bills

TO IMPROVE AND REVISE THE PROCEDURES AND STRUCTURE
OF THE FEDERAL AND STATE PAROLE SYSTEMS



CORRECTIONS
PART VII— A



FEBRUARY 29, MARCH 1, 2, 3, 20, 22, 23, 27, 29, APRIL 12, 13, 14, 17,
20, 21, 24, 26, 27, AND MAY 3, 1972



Serial No. 15



Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL of LAW LIBfiARt



CORRECTIONS
FEDERAL AND STATE PAROLE SYSTEMS



HEARINGS

BEFORE

SUBCOMMIHEE NO. 3



OF THE



COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIYES

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION
ON

H.R 13118, Identical and Related Bills

TO IMPROVE AND REVISE THE PROCEDURES AND STRUCTURE
OF THE FEDERAL AND STATE PAROLE SYSTEMS



CORRECTIONS
PART VII— A



FEBRUARY 29, MARCH 1, 2, 3, 20, 22, 23, 27, 29, APRIL 12, 13, 14, 17,
20, 21, 24, 26, 27, AND MAY 3, 1972



Serial No. 15



Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary




U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1972



NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL of LAW UBRARY



COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman
PETER W RODINO, Jb., New Jersey WILLIAM M. McCULLOCH, Ohio

HAROLD D. DONOHUE, Massachusetts RICHARD H. POFF, Virginia

JACK BROOKS, Texas EDWARD HUTCHINSON, Michigan

JOHN DOWDY.Texas ROBERT McCLORY, Illinois

ROBERT W. jKASTENMEIER, Wisconsin HENRY P. SMITH III, New York
DON EDWARDS, California CHARLES W. SANDMAN, Je. , New Jersey

WILLIAM L. HUNGATE, Missouri TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois

JOHN CONYERS. JR.. Michigan EDWARD G. BIESTER, Je., Pennsylvania

ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California

JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania DAVID W. DENNIS, Indiana

WILLIAM P. RYAN, New York HAMILTON FISH, Jr., New York

JEROME R. WALDIE, California R. LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania

EDWIN W. EDWARDS, Louisiana WILEY MAYNE, Iowa

WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama LAWRENCE J. HOGAN, Maryland

JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina WILLIAM J. KEATING, Ohio

ABNER J. MIKVA, Illinois JAMES D. McKEVITT, Colorado

PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio
JAMES ABOUREZK, South Dakota
GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

Bess E. Dick, Staff Director

Benjamin L. Zelenko, General Coiinsel

Gaeneb J. Clinb, Counsel

Herbert FncHs, Counsel

William P. Shattdck, Counsel

Jerome M. Zbifman, Counsel

Herbert E. Hoffman. Counsel

Daniel L. Cohen, Counsel

Joseph Fischer, Law Revision Counsel

Howard C. Eglit, Corrections Counsel

Donald G. Benn, Associate Counsel

Franklin G. Polk, Associate Counsel

Thomas E. Mooney, Associate Counsel

Samdel a. Garrison III, Associate Counsel



Subcommittee No. 3
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin, Chairman
JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois

WILLIAM F. RYAN, New York EDWARD G. BIESTER. JR., Pennsylvania

ABNER J. MIKVA, Illinois HAMILTON FISH, Jr., New York

ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts R. LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania

Herbebt Fdchs, Counsel
Howard C. Eglit, Corrections Counsel
Thomas E. Mooney, Associate Counsel

(n)



o



CONTENTS



Text of — Page

H.R. 13118 3

List of identical bills 51

H.R. 13230 I'l' 52

H.R. 13293 55

H.R. 12908 " 76

Testimony of —

Albert, Dr. Larry, director of rehabilitative services, Connecticut De-
partment of C!orrections 642

Barry, Joseph A., legal counsel, U.S. Board of Parole 377

Bennett, Hon. James V., former director, U.S. Bureau of Prisons 353

Berg, Richard K., research director. Administrative Conference of

the United States 577

Brooks, Robert, chief of program development, Connecticut Depart-
ment of Corrections 642, 650

Chappell, Hon. Bill, Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida _ _ 639

Chernoflf, Paul, Esq _■ 306

Cohan, William A., Jr., assistant chief, Division of Probation, Ad-
ministrative Office of the U.S. Courts _ 436

Cohen, Fred, professor, School of Criminal Justice, State University of

New York, at Albany _ 234

Cohen, William, associate professor. University of Colorado, School of

Law 277

Collins, Ralph C, member, Wisconsin Parole Board 485

Cramton, Hon. Roger C, chairman, Administrative Conference of the

United States; accompanied by Richard K. Berg, research director _ 577

Dawson, Robert O., professor. University of Texas, School of Law 191

Dixon, David M., probation oflBcer assistant, Northern District of

Illinois 129

Fitch, W. Anthony, Esq., National Law Office, National Legal and

Defender Association 328

Foster, Mark, Esq 306

Fox, Dr. Stephen, professor of psychology. University of Iowa; co-
director. National Prison Center 654

Freimund, Justus, director, Washington, D.C. office, and director.
State Citizen Action Offices, National Council on Crime and

Delinquency 617

Friedman, Hon. Bernard, judge. Court of Common Pleas, Cuyahoga

County, Ohio ; chairman, Ohio Citizens' Task Force on Corrections.. 632
Gaylin, Dr. Willard, president. Institute of Society, Ethics, and the

Life Sciences; adjunct professor, Columbia University Law School. 445
Goodell, Hon. Charles, chairman. Committee on the Study of In-
carceration; accompanied by Andrew Von Hirsch, executive

director 597

Gottfredson, Dr. M., program director. National Council on Crime
and Delinquency Research Center, Davis, Calif.; accompanied by

Dr. Marcus Neithercutt, associate director 221

Grant, Joseph, publisher, Penal Digest International; codirector.

National Prison Center 664

Greene, Petey 182

Harlan, Raymond 263

HofiFa, James R 465

Linde, Llewellyn H., chairman, Minnesota Adult Corrections Com-
mission 530

Lytton, William 564

McConnell, Leonard R., member, Michigan Parole Board _. 513

(m)



IV

Testimany of — Continued

McKinney, Hon. Stewart B., a Representative in Congress from the Page
State of Connecticut; accompanied by Robert Brooks, chief of
program development, Connecticut Department of Corrections,
and Dr. Larry Albert, director of rehabihtative services, Connecticut
Department of Corrections 642

Meeker, Ben S., chief probation and parole officer, Northern District

of lUinois 105

Miller, Herbert S., adjunct professor, Georgetown University Law

Center; deputy director. Institute of Criminal Law and Procedures. 319

Neagles, James C., staflf director, U.S. Board of Parole 377

Neithercutt, Dr. Marcus, associate director, National Council on

Crime and DeUnquency Research Center, Davis, CaHf 221

O'Leary, Vincent, professor. School of Criminal Justice, State Uni-
versity of New York, at Albany 207

Orland,"X«eonard, professor. University of Connecticut, School of Law. 80

Parker, William, senior research associate, Parole-Corrections Project,

American Correctional Association 499

Percy, Hon. Charles, a U.S. Senator from the State of Illinois; accom-
panied by William Lytton _ 564

Pilcher, William S., supervising probation officer. Northern District of

Illinois 123

Rector, Milton, executive director. National Council on Crime and
DeUnquency; accompanied by Justus Freimund, director, Wash-
ington, D.C. Office, and director, State Citizen Action Offices,
National Council on Crime and Delinquency 617

Reed, Hon. George J., chairman, U.S. Board of Parole; accompanied
by James C. Neagles, staff director, and Joseph A. Barry, legal
counsel 377

Reese, Charlotte Paul, former member, U.S. Board of Parole 411

Reilley, Edmund, director of human services. Libra, Inc 154

Rosen, Sanford Jay, assistant legal director, American Civil Liberties

Union 340

Schwartz, Herman, professor. State University of New York, School

of Law, at Buffalo; American Civil Liberties Union 294

Shipley, Carl, Esq 555

Silverberg, Herbert M., Esq 253

Smith, Merrill A., chief. Division of Probation, Administrative OflBce
of the U.S. Courts; accompanied by William A. Cohan, Jr., assistant
chief. Division of Probation 436

Stephenson, David C, deputy pardon attorney, Department of Justice. 366

Tanner, Richard, director of prisoner affairs. National Prison Center

and the Penal Digest International 661

Tepper, Julian, director, National Law Office; National Legal Aid
and Defender Association; accompanied by W. Anthony Fitch,
attorney. National Law Office 328

Traylor, Lawrence M., pardon attorney. Department of Justice; ac-
companied by David C. Stephenson, deputy pardon attorney 366

Tropea, Joseph L., professor. Department of Sociology, George

Washington University 141

Velde, Hon. Richard W., associate administrator, Law Enforcement

Assistance Administration 539

Von Hirsch, Andrew, executive director, Committee on the Study of

Incarceration 597

Yates, Rudolph, EFEC Halfway House... 167

Hearing dates —

February 29:

Orland, Leonard 80

March 1:

Meeker, Ben S 105

PUcher, William S. -. 123

Dixon, David M 129

March 2:

Tropea, Joseph L 141

Reilley, Edmund _ 154



Hearing dates — Continued

March 3: Pa«e

Yates, Rudolph 167

Greene, Petey - - 182

March 20:

Dawson, Robert O 191

O'Leary, Vincent 207

March 22:

Gottfredson, Don M _ 221

Neithercutt, Marcus __ 221

Cohen, Fred 234

March 23:

Silverberg, Herbert M 253

Harlan, Raymond 263

March 27:

Cohen, William 277

Schwartz, Herman -. _. 294

ChemofiF, Paul 306

Foster, Mark 306

March 29:

Miller, Herbert S 319

Tepper, Julian 328

Fitch, W. Anthony 328

Rosen, Sanford Jay 340

April 12:

Bennett, James V 353

Traylor, Lawrence M 366

Stephenson, David C 366

AprU 13:

Reed, George J. __ 377

Neagles, James C _ 377

Barry, Joseph A 377

April 14:

Reese, Charlotte Paul 411

Smith, Merrill A 436

Cohan, WiUiam A., Jr _. 436

AprU 17:

Gaylin, Willard 445

Hofifa, James 465

April 20:

Collins, Ralph C -._ 485

April 21:

Parker, William -_. 499

McConnell, Leonard R - — 513

Linde, Llewellyn H 530

April 24:

Velde, Richard W 539

Shipley, Carl 555

Percy, Charles A 564

Lytton, William 564

April 26:

Cramton, Roger C 577

Berg, Richard K 577

Goodell, Charles 597

Von Hirsch, Andrew 597

April 27:

Rector, Milton 617

Freimund, Justus 617

Friedman, Bernard 632

May 3:

Chappell, BiU Jr 639

McKinney, Stewart B 642

Brooks, Robert 642, 650

Albert, Larry 642

Fox, Stephen 654

Tanner, Richard _ _ 661

Grant, Joseph . 664



VI

Additional information —

Agency reports: P«Ke

Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations 675

Administrative Conference of the United States. 684, 686

Administrative OflBce of the U.S. Courts 675

Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, Department of

Justice ___ _ 680

U.S. B oard of Parole, Department of Justice .676

Prepared statements :

Bennett, James V __ _. 742

Chappell, Bill, Jr 804

Chernoff, Paul___ 728

Cohen, William _ 714

Cramton, Roger C_ _ 782

Dawson, Robert O 709

Foster, Mark.__ _ 728

Fox, Stephen 805

Friedman, Bernard. 800

Gaylin, Willard. L 763

GoodeU, Charles 791

Grant, Joseph 827

Hofifa, James R.. 770

Linde, Llewellyn H 779

McConnell, Leonard R 778

Meeker, Ben S. 697

MiUer, Herbert S 731

Orland, Leonard:

Outline of testimony 689

Statement submitted to Senate Subcommittee on Criminal

Law and Procedures 691

Parker, WiUiam. 772

Pilcher, WiUiam S 700

Reed, George J 676

Reese, Charlotte Paul _ 744

Reilley, Edmund. 705

Schwartz, Herman 725

Smith, Merrill A 758

Tepper, Julian.. 735

Tropea, Joseph L 703

Tanner, Richard. 826

Velde, Richard W.. 680

Von Hirsch, Andrew... _ 791

Submitted statements :

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Department of Justice, Board of

Parole 865

Davis, Kenneth Culp, University of Chicago Law School, letter

dated February 29, 1972, to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier 869

Direnzo, Michael P., Esq., letter dated March 15, 1972, to Hon.

Robert W. Kastenmeier... 870

Federal Probation OflBcers Association, commentary of Board of

Directors 867

Halpern, Hon. Seymour, a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York 863

Hanna, Ron, MSW, Director, Jail and Prison Rehabilitation

Project, National Prison Inmates' Coalition, Citizens for

Prison Reform, letter dated March 27, 1972, to Hon. Robert

W. Kastenmeier 872

Inmates of U.S. Penitentiary, Atlanta 872

Mize, James S., executive officer, Board of Supervisors, County of

Los Angeles, letter, dated M.arch 30, 1972, to each member,
. House Judiciary Committee and to each member, Los Angeles

County Delegation to Congress 866

Sargent, Hon. Francis W., Governor of the State of Massa-
chusetts 864

Silverberg, Herbert M., Esq., letter dated March 24, 1972, to

Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier. 871

Stevens, Irvine S . 882

Turner, Ralph C, chairman, Bonabond, Washington, D.C 884



VII

Appendices:

Appendix 1 — Meeker, Ben S. : Page

Commentary on Legislative Proposals __ 887

Siimmary of the Background and Development of the Federal

Probation and Parole Service 890

Outline of Duties added to the Federal Probation Service since

1942 891

Evidence of the Success of Probation and Parole 893

Appendix 2 — Pilcher, WiUiam S.:

"Indigenous Nonprofessionals in Probation and Parole" (Prepared

by Donald W. Beless, William S. Pilcher, and Ellen J. Ryan) . . 894
Proposed Career Ladder for Federal Probation/ Parole OflBcer

Assistant 901

Proposed Position Description — Probation Officer Assistant 902

Appendix 3 — Tropea, Joseph L.:

Arluke, Nat R., "A Summary of Parole Rules — 13 Years Later". _ 904
Appendix 4 — Greene, Petey:

"The Blue Denim Jungle," by Jimmy Mason 912

Appendix 5 — Dawson, Robert O.:

"The Decision to Grant or Deny Parole: A Study of Parole Cri-
teria in Law and Practice," 1966 Washington University Law

Quarterly 243 914

Appendix 6 — "Reasons for Board Action," form of United States

Board of Parole 975

Appendix 7 — Materials published by the NCCD Research Center:

Time Served in Prison and Parole Performance 976

You Asked For It— 1968 Parolees 986

Prison Releases, Paroles, and Parole Outcomes 1005

You Asked For It— 1969 Parolees 1008

Age at Admission — An Example 1027

Appendix 8 — Cohen, Fred:

"The Legal Challenge to Corrections," Chapter 3 1030

Appendix 9—Hyser v. Reed, 318 F. 2d 225 (CADC 1963) 1068

Appendix 10— Sobell v. Reed, 327 F. Supp. 1291 (S.D.N. Y. 1971) 1103

Appendix 11 — Silverberg, Herbert:

Brief, Schick v. Reed 1115

Appendix 12 — Cohen, WilUam M.:

"Due Process, Equal Protection and State Parole Revocation
Proceedings," 42 University of Colorado Law Review 197

(1971) 1127

Appendix 13 — Davis, Kenneth C:

Excerpt from "Discretionary Justice — A PreUminary Inquiry".. 1160
Appendix 14 — Rosen, Sanford Jay:

Amicus curiae brief of the American Civil Liberties Union, Mor-

rissey and Booker v. Brewer 1164

Appendix 15 — Bennett, James V.:

Chapter 34, proposed Federal Criminal Code, National Commis-
sion on Reform of the Federal Criminal Laws 1208

Appendix 16 — Bennett, James V.:

Amicus curiae brief of the American Bar Association, Morrissey

and Booker v. Brewer 1214

Appendix 17 — Tray lor, Lawrence:

Executive Clemency Petitions — Comparative Statistics 1221

Appendix 18 — Biennial Report, July 1, 1968- June 30, 1970, U.S.

Board of Parole 1224

Appendix 19 — Rules of the U.S. Board of Parole 1268

Appendix 20 — Hofifa, James R.:

Notice of Continuance 1337

U.S. Board of Parole press releases 1337

"Planning Your Parole" 1339

Appendix 21 — CoUins, Ralph C:

"The Parole Selection Process" (May- June issue, American

Journal of Correction) 1356

Appendix 22 — Parker, WiUiam:

Comparison of Conditions of Parole in the 50 States, the U.S.
Department of Justice, and the District of Columbia, 1972. . _ 1363



vm

Appendices — Continued

Appendix 23 — Parker, William:

Takagi, Paul, and Robison, James, "The Parole Violator: An P*«*

Organizational Reject"__. 1366

Appendix 24 — Shipley, Carl:

"Masters of Fates: The U.S. Parole Board Blunts Some Criti-
cism — But By No Means All" (Wall Street Journal, Jan. 14,

1972) 1373

Appendix 25 — Percy, Hon. Charles H.:

Letter from Herbert Sturz, Vera Institute of Justice, February 27,

1972, to Senator Charles H. Percy 1376

Appendix 26 — Cramton, Hon. Roger C. :

Johnson, Phillip E., "Federal Parole Procedures," a Report to the
Committee on Informal Action of the Administrative Conference

of the United States 1377

Appendix 27 — Goodell, Hon. Charles:

Robison, James, and Smith, Gerald, "The Efifectiveness of Cor-
rectional Programs," Crime and Delinquency, January, 1971.. 1467
Appendix 28 — Goodell, Hon. Charles:

Von Hirsch, Andrew, "Prediction of Criminal Conduct and
Prevention Confinement of Convicted Persons," Buffalo Law

Review (1972) 1481

Appendix 29 — Rector, Milton:

Annulment of a Conviction of Crime — A Model Act 1523

Appendix 30 — Tanner, Richard :

Testimony of Prof. Richard Korn before Subcommittee to
Investigate Juvenile Delinquency, Senate Judiciary Committee,

May 3, 1971 1530

Appendix 31 — Grant, Joseph:

Graphics concerning corrections 1536

Appendix 32: Comment, "The Parole System," 120 University of

Pennsylvania Law Review 282 (1972) 1551

Appendix 33: Morrissey v. Brewer, U.S. (June 29, 1972). 1648



FEDERAL AND STATE PAROLE SYSTEMS



TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 29, 1972

House of Representatives,
subcommiti'ee no. 3 of the
Committee on the Judiciary,

Washington^ D.C.

The subcommittee met at 10 :15 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 2226,
Raybum House Office Building, Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier, chair-
man, presiding.

Present: Representatives Kastenmeier, Conyers, Mikva, Drinan,
Railsback, and Biester.

Staff members present: Howard Eglit, corrections counsel, and
Thomas Moon ey, associate counsel.

Mr. Kastenmeier. The subcommittee will come to order.

This subcommittee begins legislative hearings today on several bills
concerning the Federal and State parole systems. These include H.R.
13118, the Parole Improvement and Procedures Act of 1972, introduced
by myself and three of my colleagues on the subcommittee — Mr. Con-
yers, Mr. Ryan, and Mr. Mikva — and H.R. 13293, the Federal Cor-
rections Reorganization Act, introduced by the ranking member of the
subcommittee, Mr. Railsback. Additional bills have been introduced
by Mr. Mikva and by Mr. Chappell.

It is not by virtue of happenstance that this subcommittee has
chosen parole as the subject of its first legislative hearings concerning
corrections. During the past 6 months, we have visited jails and prisons
in California, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, Illinois, Pennsylvania, and
the District of Columbia; we have talked to hundreds of prisoners,
and corresponded with hundreds of others. One issue, one concern,
has loomed above all others — and that is parole.

Let me quote from one letter which I have rec-eived, because I think
it states accurately the feelings of most prisoners — State as well as
Federal. Speaking of the U.S. Board of Parole, this man wrote :

They have a man's life in their hands and can rule it in any manner they
see fit.

Another Federal prisoner has written :

Since the beginning of this 15 year sentence which I began in 1966 I have
been enrolled in school. My education at the beginning was 7.2, today I am
enrolled in college and have learned the many different operations of print-
ing presses and lay-out work involved. Yet this is not considered because as
I see it the Parole Board is only concerned with the amount of years a man
does on his sentence.

I cannot speak to the merits of this man's record in prison, but I
do know the anguish written between the lines is not unique, it is not

(1)



2

isolated. Instead, it is a pervasive aspect of prison life throughout the
country.

It has been more than 40 years since a central U.S. Board of Parole
in Washington was created. Since then, there has been virtually no
legislative scrutiny of the Board's operations, or, for that matter, of
parole, itself, as a component of the correctional system. An examina-
tion of parole procedures and of the operation of the U.S. Board of
Parole is long overdue, and it is our intention as a subconmiittee to
undertake a careful evaluation of a system so integral to the rehabil-
itation of criminal offenders.

This legislative examination is particularly appropriate, I believe,
in light of the beginning judicial scrutiny being directed at both the
Federal and State parole systems. The courts' growing attention to the
problems involved in the area of pai*ole is, like our own, the reflection
of an increasing awareness of the importance of parole in the correc-
tional process.

We mtend that the hearing which we begin today will be extensive
and penetrating. Among the issues which we want to reach are :

Wliy are attorneys not allowed to appear at parole release hearings
to represent prisoners who are often, despite themselves, not overly
articulate ?

Why are prisoners who appear before the Parole Board only ^ven
a bare 10 or 15 minutes to plead their case, when the Board's decision
may well affect years of their lives ?

Why do Parole Boards not give reasons for denying a prisoner re-
lease on parole?

Why cannot a prisoner appearing before a Parole Board see the file
concerning him, thereby denying him even the opportunity to rebut
misinformation which may be in the file ?

Why must a prisoner spend weeks in anguish, waiting to learn of
the Parole Board's decision whether to release him ?

Why are a myriad of restrictions placed on the parolee, such as the
requirement in more than 40 States that the parolee obtain permission
to marry?

Should the Parole Board have the power to revoke a parolee's parole
and have him reimprisoned, without giving him any credit for the
years he may have spent on parole — thereby extending his sentence of
imprisonment?

What utility does parole have as a correctional tool? Does it work?
Are more fimds needed for more services? Are there innovative ap-
proaches which promise greater success rates for parolees ?

And why are some prisoners released too soon on parole, thereby
endangering society?

I think we must address these issues both for the sake of parolees
and prisoners, and for the sake of society. Society is protected when
individuals are treated fairly and humanely. Arbitrary discretion
which may victimize men and women can only serve to generate bitter-
ness and to encourage continued inequities. So long as such bitterness
is created, and such inequities persist, both the man or woman seeking
parole or on parole suffers, and society suffers, as well.

(The text of H.R. 13118, identical and related bills follow :)



92d congress VV f> ^ €> ^ ^ r%

20S..0. H. R. 13118



IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 9,1972
Mr. Kastenmeier (for himself, Mr. Con vers, Mr. Ryan, and Mr. Mikva)
introduced the followinj? bill ; which was referred to the Committee on the
Judiciary



A BILL

To establisli an independent Board of Parole, to provide for
fair and equitable Federal parole procedures, to esta])lish a
National Parole Institute, and to provide assistance to the
States for the operation of fair and adequately staffed parole
systems, and for other purposes.

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

3 That this Act may be cited as the "Parole Improvement and

4 Procedures Act of 1972".

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE I— FEDERAL PAROLE SYSTEM

Sec. 101, Board of Parole ; parole procedures, conditions, etc..

Sec. 102. Conforminjj amendments.

Sec. 103. Effective date of title.

Sec. 104. Savings provisions and transitional rules.

Sec. lOf). Authorization of appropriations.



TAI5LE OF CONTEXTS- Contimi.Hl
TITLE II— NATIONAL PAROLE INSTITUTE

Sec. 20L Estiiblislimeiit. of Institute,

Sec. 202. Coiiformin<j^aiii('mlnients.

Sec. 203. Authorization of :vi)pro[)riiiti()iis.

TITLE III— GKANTS TO STATES

Sec. 301. State plans.
Sec. 302. Regulations.
Sec. ;503. CoinptMisation of State parole personnel.

1 TITLE I— FEDERAL PAROLE SYSTEM

2 HOARD OF PAKOLE; PAT?0LK PROCEDURES, CONDITIONS, lOTC.

3 Sec. 101. Chapter 811 of title 18 of the United States

4 Code (relating- to parole) is amended to read as follows:

5 "Chapter 311.— PAROLE

"Sec,

"420L Board of Parole ; members ; terms of ofHce ; etc.

"4-202. Authority of Board.

"4203. Administrative powers of Board.

"4204. Timeof eligibility for release on parole.

"4205. Release on parole.

"420G. Factors taken into account in parole determination.



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