United States. Congress. House. Committee on the J.

Taking Back Our Streets Act of 1995 : hearings before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, on H.R. 3 ... January 19 and 20, 1995 online

. (page 48 of 51)
Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. House. Committee on the JTaking Back Our Streets Act of 1995 : hearings before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, on H.R. 3 ... January 19 and 20, 1995 → online text (page 48 of 51)
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Thanks for otie oppoitimity to tasdfy last Friday, January 20.

It has bean a very busy day, but eodosed is a first draft of some of what I understood
you wanted, -when we spoke after the hearing. We can refine, expand and modify it. One
paragraph summaries can be provided on evaluations of each of the programs identified. (Most
also are idenofied in my testimony.)

Also enclosed is Figure 8. Last TTiursday. the photocopy service we used to produce die
50 requested copies of my testimony did not include it. Can you please include this figiure in
the record?

Eaclosuie




562



Localities shall determioe the uses of block giants, based on local needs. All local block
grant monies shall be spoit on lepHcaiiog programs that have been sdeottScalJy evalnated as
siicce^ful in reducing 3t least one of the following, and ideally more than one: ciime, violence,,
drugs or gangs. Localities are oicoutaged to leplicaie programs thai, at the same tixne, also
reduce school drop outs, reduce wdfeie dqjeodcncy, increase employability, incieafe economic
self-sufficiency and increase family stability.

"Scientific evaluations" shall be considered as assessments thai include both quantitative,
joumalisric "process" measures and quantitative 'impact" outcome measures. The impact
measures, typically, should have been made over two to five years, with "tast" groups and
'comparison" groups or "control" groups. The measures should assess change in the
community, change among high-risk youth or both.

Based on edstirg scientific evaluations of this kind, the components that underlie
successfiil programs thai actually have reduced crime, violence, drugs and gangs to date Include
multiple combinations of the following:

1. Preschool initiatives that feed high-risk children, stimulate their minds and teach
them prosocial behavior.

2. Safe havens and "extended family' sanctuaries off the street where children and
youth can go after school for protection, help with their homework, guidance and
iQcreation.



563

3. Menioriag by big brodiers and big asters, who pnTvide bciil social support acjj
discipline.

4.. ComptSBi-baaeid homework asastznoe aod nanedial edacaiioa in aaitprofit
commuiuty-based orgamzadons.

5. DeceonalizaQoa of the managemeni of public schools вАФ so char parents, teachers
and principals run them.

6. Vocarionai ecucaiion in high schools that is liaked to privaK sector job placement
as long as a high school diploma is earned.

7. Intaisive remedial education linked to job traiiBBg and job placement for at least
one year for any one Mgh-nsk yoinb.

8. Partnerships in specific neighboinoods betweai police deparanents and nonprofit
youth development orpmstions in which police tnoiDor high-risk youdi and
community outreach wottoo join in hafll conununiiy'tased and problem-oriented
policing, especially when such policing operates out of community-based police
ministatioiis.

9. Bcc>i community-based and problem-oriented policing chat is not necessarily



564

10. PoHf^ academy tzausng that better f^'-^'^ botft eommmnly'faued md pioblem-
orientpd pntiring.

11. ffiring of additiooal pdiCB who aie oained in bo?h commumty-based aod
pxoblezzi-ULuaited polidng.

12. laitjadves Hraf are comptebeasive and dot provide interdependent, multiple
solutions to multiple problems. -

13. Iniaaiives diai are not only comprehensive but also fleidble enough lo meet the
individuali2ed needs of young people.

14.. Iniiiarives that involve community organizing, so that programs are planned in
advance, based on careful assessments of local needs and neighbortiood-based
town meetings.

15. Initiatives that are well managed.

16. Initiaiives that are adequajaely funded, with sufBdeni paid staff.



565



Specific piogiams and demonazatioas which have been sdenriffmlly evaluated a&
successful and which meet one or more of these principles include Headstarr aanonally, boys
aod gir



Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. House. Committee on the JTaking Back Our Streets Act of 1995 : hearings before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, on H.R. 3 ... January 19 and 20, 1995 → online text (page 48 of 51)