United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Fore.

Compilation of reports of Committee ... 1789-1901, First Congress, first session, to Fifty-sixth Congress, second session .. online

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abont five vears; that according to the information which he possesses D. Jnan Cas-
tillo de Valle and D. Tgnacio Ha^Jarres were the owners of the mines which have
been named over to him before they came into the possession of the American com-
panies; that he does not know what profits or losses may haye resnlted from said
mines to Messrs. Castillo and Manjarrez, bnt that he knows something in regard to
those of which the American company was the recipient.

On being asked to state whether he knew, and why he knew that the American

company directed their principal attention to the working of the Bosario mine;

whether they destroyed the haeiendoB for beneficiating ores, built at great expense

by the anterior owners, and brought out costly machinery to put in their places: if

the company went to work in the mine, and obtained, at great oost, an mi-

137 mense number of carffos of worthless ore ; if, on this account, and for the reaMm
that the workmen would not consent to be paid wholly in eooids, they suspended

the working .of the mines; if, at this Juncture, the superintendent of the American
company granted pMormission to D. Quadalupe Boto to take oat all the ore he could,
and that he, accordinj^ly, did take out sixty earg€u, which would not yield him enous^
to pay for its beneficiation ; if said ore. besides being abandoned, remains still in the
kacUndas as the^ left it, on account or its being nothing but pure tepstois or worth-
less rock ; if this superintendent, D. Santiago Orangery afterward sold eyerything
saleable which remained in this haeieHda f

He answered and said : That he is not aware that the company directed their at-
tention principally to the working of the Bosario mine, but that he does know that this
mine was worked more than the otken; that with rsspect to the destruction of kaoimdM
he knows nothing; that the machinery brought by the company remains in the kaoi'
enda ; that as to the ores, it is true they still remain, and that., in his Judgment, they are
good for nothing ; that in connection with what has been inquired of Sim concerning
the operations, he knows nothing, nor does he know whether permission was giyen to
D. Ouadalupe Soto to take out any ores ; that in regard to what he has sold, is is true
that he did sell some things, with the object of fdmishin^ himself with means.

Being in^.errogated as to whether it is public and notorious that the American com-
pany of the *' Abra,'' as well as the other companies that have worked mines in this
mineral district, haye carried on their operations without having been troubled by any
disturbances whatever, on the part of the populace or military, and whether American
citisens are now working the Candalario and Bolafios mines without being interrupted
by any one in their labors, and without having any reason to complain of said anthor-
ities, and whether, on the contrary, if they do not have all the protection that these
authorities can give them, the same as any other enterprise under Mexican manage-
ment t

He answered and said : That in regard to what is contained in this interrogatory,
he knows that the principal civil authority, D. Marcos Mora, when he occupied that
position in this district, molested the Abra Company by meddling with them in rraard
to the manner of workmg, which they had adoptea, and that when D. Nicanor reset.
was Judge in Tayoltita, he arrested, without having any reason, the superintendent,
Mr. £xall ; that in 1860, according to a letter which he saw from the military com-
mander, Jesus Valdespino, this person asked $1,200 from the Abra Company, bnt that
he does not know whether the company paid it or not ; that as far as the othi^r author-
ities and people of the district are concerned, he is not aware of anything they ever did
against the American companies.

upon being asked whether he knows that American citiaens in the district of San
Dimas have not been looked on unfavorably, or that they have been persecuted or
threatened with assassination, but whether, on. the contrary, they have not been
highly esteemed by the people of the country on account of their unselfishness in
carrying forward the profitable enterprises that they are in the habit of undertaking
among themselves t

He answered and said : That he Knows the same to be true.

On being asked if he knew that Santiago PetiUer shot Teodoso Soto at a ball, in
San Dimas ; he answered that he does know that he shot the said American.

On being questioned whether he knew what the American company did with

138 the Lus, Cristo, Tnocentes, and Quadalupe mines, he answered that tihey began
some works in the Luc and Cristo mines, but does not know whether they did

anything in the Ynocentes mine or not ; that the Ouadalupe mine belongs to another
company ; and that he is ignorant as to what has been done in it.
Thereupon the examinatior was concluded, when the declaration was read to him.



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THE LA ABBA SILVEB MINING COMPANY. 419

aolmoin lodged to be the aame that he had rendered, and to be the trnth ; to which ha
signed hi9 name in ratification thereof, with me, the Jndge, and the aasistaitt wit-

(Signed,) Cipriano Quntoz db j^ V.

" Santiago Granobr.

'* E8TANI8LAO CaLDERON.

*' Camilo Cajlderon.



Deposition of Maria Cecilia Jimenez, called to testify in this case, who, after haying

been sworn to tell the trath in regard to what should be asked of her, as far as she

might be able, made answer to the interrogatories, as follows :

Ist. State yoar name, age, condition in life, and residence t

Answered : That her name is has been stated ; is 32 years of age ; is married ; and
a resident of this mineral district.

2d/ State if it is tme that two Americans offered D. Santiago Granger $5,000 with
which to bny witnesses who would say that these operations in Taymtita had been
abandoned on acconnt of a disturbance ; and that no one could be found to give such
testimony t

Answered : That what she knows is that an American, called General, and whose
name is Alonzo W. Adams, who lately came in company with Mr. Dana, was the pefl>
son who, solely of his own acconnt, summoned some operatives who were living in
Tayoltita, and who had been employed in his works, which operatives, having made
their appearance, save their testimony, the said general writing, and offered to pay
them well for the loss of their time, whatever it might be. This was done without
witnesses being present, or anthoritv of any kind : that deponent afterward came to
this mineral district, and, being in the hacienda of the Canaalarlo Company, saw that
the said general had quite an angry altercation with D. Santiago Granger, and an
American named Rafael Martin, which arose on account that these gentlemen did not
approve of the declarations that he had taken uxK>n himself to receive on his own
account, and besides, because, in their opinion they were false, it being inferred that
the said general wished to take advantage of the ignorance of the deponents, who
could neither read nor write ; that the result of this altercation was that D. Bafael
Martin drove the said general out of his hacienda, saying to him that he did not wish
to run the risk of any compromise to the company or to Mexico that would be likely
fxi arise from his u^Just pretensions in taJdng it upon himself to alone receive the
declarations of the said operatives.

With this the examination was concluded, to which, after it had been read to her,
she made acknowledgement, and said that she had nothing to add thereto or take
therefrom.

Signed for her, at her request, by Jos^ Antonio Cordova, with me, the Judge, and the
assistant witnesses.



(Signed,) Cipriako Quiroz de ul V.

" J. Antonio Cordova.



139 San Ducas, August 24^, 1871.

These proceedings in reference to the Abra mine having now been concluded, make
return of^iie same in 15 fojas atiles to the Supreme Government of the State.

(Signed,) Cipriano Quiroz db la V.

«* Tacono Sainz.

This is a copy.

(Signed,) Juak db Dios Ariab, Ckirf Clerk,

Mexico, November Sih, 1872.

Examination in San Didias of witnesses for the defense, on the 24th of September,
1871, before Cipriano de la Y., Judge of the Court of First Instance, of the District
of San Dimas.

Bartolo Bodrigaes being duly sworn, deposes and says :

Question 1. State your name, age, ooonpation, and residence, and whether yon are
married or singlet

Says that his name is as above stated ; that he is forty-one years of age ; Is married ;
a miner by occupation, and a resident of this place.

2d. State if you know anything about the mining district of Tayoltita, and for how
long, and to whom belonged the "Abra,** the " Rosario," the. " Luz," the ** Cristo,»
the *' Tnocentes," and " Nuestra Sefiora de Guadalupe" mines t

Says that he has been familiar with the mining town of Tayoltita a little more than
eighteen yean; that the mines above mentioned, with the exception of*' La Abra,'' be-



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LBRA SILVER lONINO COMPANT.

.6 Valle and D. Tgnaoio Ms^jarrez : that aflerwaids theee
9 AmerioanB; who sold the **Qaaaalape" miDO and re-
not know in what manner they obtained it.
>w if the **Abra" mine, together with the haciendas of
alape,'' as also the ''Arrayon" and ''Talpa'' mines be-
company, with those of Sim Felipe and San Antonio f
w in regard to the San Bartolo mine, for he has never
the others spoken of belong, latterly, to the Americans,
as to the richness of the mines or aboat what they yielded
9ry poor.

ther all the said mines latterly belonging to the Amer-
Lncing a million dollars in silver, annually, he answered,
netal they ever mined from them, even were it rich in
le exaggerated sum of a million dollars annually, much
Dck alluded to as being in the hacienda. He also said
sart of the mountains would be sufficient to yield vthat
iirho have come here are incapable of mining it, except at
aid be more likely to lose than gain in the experiment,
kndoned their enterprise simplv Micause they wished to do
) that they were molested or driven to make such aban-
scount of any Mexican citizen or Mexican authority ; that
provements, the said Americans destroyed the hacienda
anjarrez had left in good repair ; that the working of the

it should have been, as is-shown by the disorderly arrange-
in the patio of the hacienda ; that it is true the Americans
r. Granger and Mr. Klin, who were left in charge of the
of tools and other things, such as quicksilver, salt, ^.,
f all uf which was sold very cheap, saying that they were
le means to live as they had not been paid their wages:
anger ordered the iron window gratings, counter, ana
le store at the hacienda in Tayoltita, and removed, to-
San Dimas, and that a part of those articles, as is pub-
ed in a house that he had bought; that in consequence of
oda of Tayoltita, formerly belonffing to Castillo, by the
^oltita has been almost entirely ^andoned, for to those

mining it would not be profitable to remove their ores to
; tb«t it is probably a fact that the machinery which the
enaa Is incomplete, or rather that which tney erected

whether he ever kneyr of any individuals, or Mexican
r San Dimas, molesting or threatening^ to assassinate any
I come to Tayoltita to engage in mimng, he said that not
t or interfere with them, but that, on the contrary, he
if this district have always protected them ; and as for
7 have sought employment of the Americans at the mines,
at these have always looked down in scorn upon the Mex-
i, imposed tasks upon them not allowed by law^ and have
miner the same pay for the same work as they did to Amer-
all-known fact, that these Americans have paid to their
bges that they did not deserve or earn, when such were of
3h is the cause of a part of the loss of which they com-

1 if he knew about how much ore the American company
lines, its quality, and if they were robbed of it, and by
ft a small lot ottepeUite in the paUo of the '*Ln2 " mine,
rock in that of the *< Cristo ** mine ; that he does not know
f have been, but believes that it is still there ; that he is
kns have been robbed either of ore or of other things, and
knows in regard to the matter.



»ce, and before the same Judge, Befbgio Fonaeoa was sworn,

IS propounded to him, he said : That he is called as abore
y occupation^ and a resident of this place; that he is in-
: operations m Tayoltita, and has been familiar with the
ears; that when he knew of the ''Abra'' mine, it had no
>sario " belonged to the Messrs. Castillo & Mai\jarreB, the
)hended with the '^Bosario;'' that the *' Cristo'' was de-



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THE LA ABBA SILVER MINING COMPANT. 421

uoanoed by CMtiUo, the << Patricio" beloDced to Patrioio Camaoho, anc. Naestia
SeBora de Gnadalape to Jaan Castillo also ; that D. Joan Castillo aftorwaids sold the
*' haz" and ** Boeario " mines to the Amerioans, as also the '* Cristo " in like manner,
ou aooonnt of its being connected with the others ; that he also sold them the ** Ino-
centes," by power of attorney from Camacho, and also transferred to them the *' Gnad-
alupe," as he owned a part of it, bat did not sell it to them. To the qaeetion as to
whether he knows that the ''Abra," the haciendas of San Nicolas and Gnadalape, to-
gether with the Talpa and Arrayon mines, belonged to another American company at
the same time as those of San Felipe, San Antonio, and San Bartolo. He said that in
regard to the mines alluded to, the ''Abra " was the only one that had no owner, an til
it became the property of this last company ; that he does not know the San Bartolo
mine, and that the haciendas belong to this company ; that the mines referred to
yield very poorly, and prodnce little ore, as is proven by the metal left in the patio
of the hacienda ; that if all the tepetate were taken oat of the mines and beneflciated,
it woald not prodnce a million dollars annually ; that the Americans abandoned their
enterprise on their own account,, and not from any interference on the part of the
authorities of Mexico j that he does not know how much ore there may be, ready for
beneficiation in the said mines and haciendas, but believes there is some ; that the
said rock will not produce any silver, because it is pure tepetaU, and therefore con*
tains none ; that only from the ore mined by the American, Carlos Mudo, was any
silver ever extracted, because it was the beet that the mines could produce ; that the
said American took the silver to Dnrango, and paid a gambling debt with it which
he had contracted, and when he returned to Tayoltita he was obliged to sell some
things in order to obtain the means to go to Macatlan ; that he has never heard that
the Americans have been robbed of anything ; that he does not know whether they
were robbed of mules or not, and that the foregoing is all he knows in regard to the
matter.



Deposition of Andres Serrano, taken at the same place, and before the same Judge of
the court of 1st instance, on the 25^ of September, 1871.

After having been sworn he said : that his name is as above stated ; is sixty years
of age; married; miner by occupation; and a resident of this place; that he has
been familiar with Ti^oltita for several years, and that the mines spoken of to him,
.ormerly belonged to D. Juan Castillo de Yalle, and D. Ygnacio Manjarrez, and after
to the Americans; that the haciendas of San Nicolas and Guadalupe, and also the
Talpa, Arrayon, San Felipe, and San Antonio mines, he has understood^ belong to the
Americans, but that he does not know which the San Bartolo mine is ; that these
mines have produced very little ore, although the yield of silver in the ore has been
regular ; that these mines have been very unproductive of good ores, is proven by the
fjMt of the same havinir been left unworked by the Americans, it being nothing more
than pure tepetate ; that if it were the case that the tepetates produced silver, not-
withstanding all that may be said by these Americans, it would navo been impossible
to have realized a million dollars annually from them ; that the Americans abandoned
their mines for the reason that they would not pay, and not from any prejudicial in-
terference on the part of the authorities in regard to their property ; that they
142 erected some houses to live in, which on account of having been abandoned, have
fallen in, and become dilapidated, as is also the case with the machinery left by
them ; that of the Americans who have nad chfU'ge of the enterprise in question, Carloi
Mudo was the only one who beneficiated some of the best ores, and that the silver
he extracted therefrom, as witness has understood, he took to Dnrango, and gambled
it away ; that Santiago Granger sold all the groceries and tools he could, and at very
low pnces, and at the last pmled the buildings at the hacienda to pieces, by taking
away the doors and iron window gratings, which he used in fixing up a house that he
owned in San Dimas ; that, in consequence of these acts, the mineral of Tayoltita has
been completely abandoned ; and tfc^t ^e foregoing is all he has to say.

The judge before whom the foregoing witness was examined, Cipriano Quirez dela
v., signed the name of deponent for him, he being unable to write, in the presence
of the assistant witnesses.



Deposition of Benigno Galvan, taken on tlie same day and at the stfme place.

After having been sworn, deponent said : That his name is as above stated ; mar-
ried ; of a^ ; a miner by occupation, and a resident of this place : that he has been
familiar with the mining town of Tayoltita for a long time ; that ne was aware that
the mincH which have been named over to him belonjsed to D. Juan Castillo, and D.
Ygnacio Mai^arrez, formerly, and that the same anerward became, as he saw, the



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422 THE LA ABBA SILVER MININQ OOMPAKT.

property hi these Americans, but that he does not know in what manner they were
transferred to them ; that this oooipany worked some of said mines, and othm nft,
and that in his conception they did not know of their existence— or, racher, the loca-
tion of them ; that he knows that the haciendas of San Nicolas, Gnadalape, Talpa,
Arrayon, San Felipe, and San Antonio belons to the company, and that he does not
know which the San Bartolo mine is ; that Sie said mines have never yielded larse
quantities of ore, and that what they have produced has never been rioh, but only
passably so, as is proven by the fact of the same havini^ been left by the company on
account that it would not pay, it being nearly all pure iepetaU; that said mines oould
never yield a million dollm annually, for the reason before stated, to the Americana,
as the kind of ore that they were in the habit of mining was worthless, as can be
seen by that which they left; that the Mexican authorities were not the cause of the
Americans abandoning their property, bat that this abandonment was effected by the
parties themselves, who were left in charge of the same ; that the improvements made
by said Americans, consisted in destroying the hacienda, formerly owned by Castillo
and Manjarrez, in patting np the machinery brought by them, and in building sooie
houses in which to live, and which are now in ruins on account of sucu abandonment ;
that, in addition to this, the Americans inaugurated the system of paying in eartomM^
or promissory paper, and that they lUso paid the Mexicans a very low rate of wages,
as compared with that allowed to their American employees ; that Santiago Qranger
sold tools, salt, qoicksilver, &o., belonging to the company, at very low pnoes, alleg-
ing that they had not been paid their wages ; that said Granoper also ordered doors,
counter, Hhelves, and iron window gratings to be removed to Ban Dimas, to fit up a
store for himself; that he does not know what amount of ore was left by the Ameri-
cans at the mines and haciendas, but that they left some (spetoto, which is good for
nothing; that it is a lie that these Americans abandoned tiieir said mines by
143 reason of the interference of the authorities, and that the real reason was be-
cause thev had no means with which to oontinue their workings ; and that the
foregoing is all he has to say.

The above was signed for deponent, as he could not write. (Signed) Cipriano
Quiroz de la v., in the presence of the assistant witnesas



Deposition of Peironilo Santos.

Following the above, the deposition of Petronilo Santos was taken, who, after hav-
ingswom, deposed and said :

That his name is as above stated; married; of age; miner by occupation, and a
resident of this place ; that, in answer to the question as to how long he has been
familiar with the mineral of Tayoltita, and in whose hands he knew the Abra, Rosa-
rio, Luz, Cristo, Ynocentes, and Nuesfra Sefiora de Guadalupe, he said, that he has
known said mineral from twenty-three to twenty-four vears ; that he knew the mines
above enumerated to have belonged to D. Juan Castillo and D. Tgnacio Manjarres,
with the exception of the Abra ; that said mines sobsequently became the property
of Americans ; that, as he is informed, they bought them ; tnat, in answer to the
question as to whether the haciendas of San Nicolas and Guadalupe, together with
the ArrayoD, Talpa, San Felipe, and San Antonio mines belonged to the company^ he
knows that the haciendas named did belong to the company, bat that as to the mines
named, he cannot say ; that he does not know the San Bartolo mine ; that the ore of
said mines, assorted, has been rich, but that ^ey never produced but very little in
quantity ; that according to what he has seen, it would be very improbable that the
said mines would yield a third part of the milliam dollars^ which the Amerioane claim for
them, annually; that during tbe time he lived in Tayoltita he never saw or heard that
the authorities had intenered with or molested these Americans, or that they
abandoned their mines, haciendas, and other property on account of such interfer-
ennce ; that these Americans made no hnprovemente on said property; that he does not
know why they abandoned their mines and haciendas, as he was not living in thia
place at the time they left; that it is not true that the authorities took possession of
the machinery, goods, &c., of the company, but that, on the contrary, he knows that
they themselves sold some of the things — such as clothes, or cloths, tools, and groce-
ries ; that not to his knowledge did the authorities ever threaten any one of said
Americans with assassination ; that he does not know what amount of ore thev
may have left in the mines and haciendas ; that there is no ore in the mines whieh
was left there by the Americans, but that there is a heap of ttpetatCf which was left
in the hacienda, for ore it cannot be called ; and that he knows of nothing more in
connection with the matter.

Signed for deponent, as he could not write, by the Judge Cipriano Quiroz de la V.,
in the presence of the asdatant witnestea.



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THE LA ABBA SILYER MININQ COMPANT. 423

Deposition of Bemadino Agnirre, taken in San Dimas, September 26th, 1871, who,

aftei having been sworn, deposed and said :

That his name is as above stated ; of age ; a minei by oooupation. and a resident
of this place : that the mines spoken of Mlonged to the company ; that they did not
work the Abra mine in a regular or scientific manner; that the ore was left
144 in the hacienda becanse it was too poor to pay for beneficiating it, and not on
account of any interference on the part of the anthorities or inJukbitants of the
district ; that, on the contrary, the company had all the protection they desired dnr
ing the war of resistance to the so-called empire ; that they had no mnles on their
woiks, since on varioos occasions they were obliged to travel on foot, or hire mnles,
in order to make their jonmeys to and firom Dnrango and Macatlan ; that thev bene-
ficiated the best of the ore they mined, and made nse of the silver extracted there-
from ; that they have never been robbed by the Mexicans, as they alle^ to have been ;
that of the ore they mined a part still remains in the patio of the hacienda ; that the
machinery is still in the same place where they erected it ; that they themselves dis-
posed of a quantity of their effects, such as salt, quicksilver, and tools ; that Granger
sold them, and cMTied away the doors and window gratings^ that they made no
improvements, and that as to a million dollars annually, the said mines could never
produce that amount, as they are not productive of large quantities of ore, althongh
it may be of ordinary or payable richness : that this applies to ores, and not to tepe-



Online LibraryUnited States. Congress. Senate. Committee on ForeCompilation of reports of Committee ... 1789-1901, First Congress, first session, to Fifty-sixth Congress, second session .. → online text (page 68 of 156)