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Investigation of improper activities in the labor or management field. Hearings before the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field (Volume pt. 32) online

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INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD



HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE

ON IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE

LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGKESS

SECOND SESSION
PURSUANT TO SENATE RESOLUTIONS 74 AND 221, 85TH CONGRESS



JUNE 30, JULY 1, 2, AND 3, 1958



PART 32



Printed for the use of the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the
Labor or Management Field




INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD



HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE

ON IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE

LABOR OE MANAGEMENT FIELD

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGKESS

SECOND SESSION
PURSUANT TO SENATE RESOLUTIONS 74 AND 221, 85TH CONGRESS



JUNE 30, JULY 1, 2, AND 3. 1958



PART 32



Printed for the use of the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the
Labor or Management Field




UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
21243 WASHINGTON : 1958



Boston Public Library
Superintendent of Documents

OCT 2 8 1958



SELECT COMMITTEE ON IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR
OR MANAGEMENT FIELD

JOHN L. McCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman
IRVING M. IVES, New York, Vice Chairman
JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota

SAM J. ERVIN, Jr., North Carolina BARRY OOLDWATER, Arizona

FRANK CHURCH, Idaho CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska

Robert F. Kennedy, Chief Counsel
Ruth Young Watt, Chief Clerk

n



CONTENTS



MAFIA



Page

Appendix 12491

Grace Line letter with attachments 12491-12496

Tesl iinonv of —

Bufalino, Russell J 12465

Chait, Abraham 12454

Constandy, John P 12392

Crosswell, Sgt. Edgar D 12201, 12319

Dickey, Orange C 12374, 12399

Genovese, Vito 12384, 12393, 12400, 12418

Hamilton, Capt. James E 12326

LaDuca, James V 12272

Larasso, Louis Anthony 12287

Laureridi, Xatale 12416

Lucchese, Thomas 12473

Magin, Sam 12450

Maneuso, Rosario 12280

Martin, George H 12251, 12258, 12453

Miranda, Mike 12404, 12218

Montana, John C 12293

O'Brien, Thomas 12341

Pera, Martin F 12219, 12231, 12256

Plumeri, James 12421

Prof aci, Joseph 12337

Scalish, John 12359

Sullivan, Daniel P 12429

Willse, Sherman S 12259, 12265, 12364

Wortman, Frank 12439



EXHIBITS Introduced Appears

on page on page

1. Photograph of Frank Scalise with Lucky Luciano and

girlfriend 12235 (*)

1 A. Picture of seven people which includes Frank Scalise and

Salvatore Luciano 12235 (*)

2. Letter dated Palermo, February 10, 1956, "Dear Don

Ciccio" signed Nino Torres, Piazza Principe, Palermo,

Italy 12243 (*)

2A. Letter dated September 10, 1956, "Dear Nino" signed

by Frank Scalise 12243 (*)

3. Letter dated September 13, 1952, addressed to District

Engineer, Atlantic District, from Cyril A. Millson,

officer in charge, Claremont Terminal 12243 (*)

4. Chart showing intermarriage connections between mem-

bers of the Mafia 122521 Face

5. Chart indicating types of activities that the people pres- > 12496 '

ent at the Apalachin meeting have been involved in__ 12260 J

6. Map, contacts and associates of John Ormento 1226!) (*)

6A. Map, contacts and associates of Joseph Profaci and his

Carmela Mia Packing Co 12270 (*)

6B. Map, contacts and associates of Joseph Barbara, Sr 12271

6C. Map, contacts and associates of Russell Bufalino 12271 (*)

6D. Map, contacts and associates of James LaDuca 12271 (*)

•May be found in the flies of the select committee.

in



IV



CONTENTS



EXHIBITS— Continued Introduced Appears

on page on page

7. Map showing individuals that attended the Apalachin

meeting and where they came from 12271 (*)

8. Picture of Joseph Barbara's home and roads leading

to it 12310 (*)

9. Picture of Joseph Barbara's farm and surrounding

woods 12310 (*)

10A. Letter dated November 1, 1957, addressed to John C.
Montana, Van Dyke Taxi & Transfer, Inc., signed by
"Horace" (H. I. Gwilym), on Cab Research Bureau,

Inc., stationery 12318 12497

10B. Letter dated November 11, 1957, addressed to John C.
Montana, Van Dyke Taxi & Transfer, Inc., signed by
"Horace" (H. I. Gwilym), on Cab Research Bureau,

Inc., stationery 12318 12198

11. Speech given by Mr. Virgil Peterson before the American
Bar Association: Recent Trends of Decisions of the
Supreme Court of the United States in the Field of

Criminal Law 12337 (*)

12A. Picture of Mike Miranda and Vito Genovese 12368 (*)

12B. Picture of Peter DeFeo and Frank Tieri 12369 (*)

12C. Picture of Mike Miranda and Pasquale Normando 12369 (*)

12D. Picture of Joseph Stracci, Joe Tortoric, and Lorenzo

Brescia 12370 (*)

12E. Picture of Anthony Russo, DeBenedetto and Charles

Tourine 12370 (*)

12F. Picture of Gregory Ardito and Alfonso Criscuolo 12370 (*)

12G. Picture of Barney Miranda and Louis Arminante 12371 (*)

12H. Picture of John Bera 12371 (*)

121. Picture of Frank Tieri and Joseph Gorgone 12371 (*)

Proceedings of —

June 30, 1958 12191

July 1, 1958 12231

July 2, 1958 12323

July 3, 1958 12421

*May be found in the files of the select committee.



INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD



MONDAY, JUNE 30, 1958

United States Senate,
Select Committee on Improper Activities,

in the Labor or Management Field,

Washington, D. C.

The select committee met at 2: 10 p. m., pursuant to Senate Reso-
lution 74, agreed to January 30, 1957, in the caucus room, Senate
Office Building, Senator John L. McClellan (chairman of the select
committee) presiding.

Present : Senator John L. McClellan, Democrat, Arkansas ; Senator
Irving M. Ives, Republican, New York; Senator John F. Kennedy,
Democrat, Massachusetts ; Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Democrat, North
Carolina; Senator Barry Goldwater, Republican, Arizona; Senator
Karl E. Mundt, Republican, South Dakota.

Also present : Robert F. Kennedy, chief counsel ; Paul J. Tierney,
assistant counsel ; John P. Constandy, assistant counsel ; John J. Mc-
Govern, assistant counsel: Pierre E. G. Salinger, investigator; Walter
R. May, investigator; George H. Martin, investigator; Sherman
Willse, investigator; Ruth Young Watt, chief clerk.

The Chairman. The committee will be in order.

(Members of the committee present at the convening of the session
were: Senators McClellan, Ives, Ervin, Kennedy, Mundt, and Gold-
water. )

The Chairman. This is a statement by the Chair at the opening
of a series of hearings and the statement is for the record and will
serve as a premise for the testimony as it may be developed.

The Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor
or Management Field embarks today on a new and important series
of hearings to determine the extent of racketeer and gangster infil-
tration into legitimate union and business enterprises.

At the outset, I cannot too strongly emphasize the importance of
the work we are undertaking.

In previous hearings, we have touched on this critical problem.
Our study into the New York phony local situation revealed an
alarming picture of the extent to which gangsters led by John Dio-
guardi and Anthony (Tony Ducks) Corallo infiltrated the labor
movement in the Nation's largest city, using their union positions
for purposes of extortion, bribery, and shakedowns. The fact that
one of the Nation's most powerful labor leaders, James R. Hoffa,
the international president of the Teamsters, used Dioguardi and
Corallo in his efforts to capture control of the union in New York
City only serves to underline the importance of gangster infiltration
in the labor movement.

12101



12192 IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD

Again, in our hearings on the garbage industry in New York, we
heard testimony on how Vincent J. Squillante, the self-styled godson
of Albert Anastasia, the late lord high executioner of Murder, Inc.,
seized control of that vital industry and used labor-union connections
to ship recalcitrant operators into line.

These hearings were important. Yet, the committee in its first 18
months of existence, has become convinced that the relationship of
1 ie national criminal syndicate with legitimate labor and business is
fur more critical than has heretofore been revealed.

The ramifications of this problem present the gravest implications
for the destiny of our national economy.

These are the ingredients of the problem.

There exists in America today what appears to be a close-knit,
clandestine, criminal syndicate. This group has made fortunes in
the illegal liquor traffic during prohibition, and later in narcotics,
vice, and gambling. These illicit profits present the syndicate with
a financial problem, which they solve through investment in legitimate
business. These legitimate businesses also provide convenient cover
for their continued illegal activities.

Dealing with such a group poses the most difficult of investigative
problems. Even the Special Committee To Investigate Organized
Crime in Interstate Commerce of the United States, which did such
momentous work during the period of their hearings in 1950 and 1951,
found this to be true.

We propose to probe deep into the ramifications of this problem.
We feel that the picture will not be complete, however, without fully
relating this illegal activity of the national crime syndicate and its
infiltration and influence in labor-management relations.

We have scheduled for the coming week what amounts to an intro-
ductory hearing of the problem. Through expert witnesses from
throughout the country, we expect to lay on the record comprehensive
background information on the full scope and implications of the
crime-labor-management situation.

In these hearings, and the ones to follow, we are going to call in
some of the leading figures in the national criminal hierarchy. These
people are all involved in legitimate enterprises, management and
labor.

From those on the management side, we will seek to find out why
f\ey are in particular businesses. We will want to know whether
I heir employees are organized by unions or not. If they are not, we
will seek to discover whether pressure has been used to avoid union
organization. If they are organized we will seek to discover if they
have entered into collusive agreements with labor unions to the detri-
ment of their employees.

We expect that some of the witnesses we will call will cover every
facet of these problems. For example, one of the leading syndicate
mobsters has connections with both labor unions and management.
He has coerced unions into placing his thugs on their payrolls. He
has grabbed control of construction companies and entered into col-
lusive agreements with labor unions. It is this type of activity and
nature of problem that we seek to probe.

We shall ask these leading hoodlums to turn over to the committee
the books and records of their so-called legitimate enterprises so that



IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD 12193

we can make the kind of study that is necessary to develop the fullest
possible picture.

It is not sufficient to say that this particular hoodlum is in the
jukebox business or that particular hoodlum is in the linen or laundry
business. It is important to develop a pattern of the kind of busi-
nesses that attract the criminal element, why they choose these par-
ticular businesses, how they may be used as a front for illegitimate
activity.

As a starting point for our hearings, we intend to focus on the
criminal group which held a meeting at the home of Joseph Mario
Barbara, Sr., in Apalachin, N. Y., on November 14, 1957. The dis-
covery of this meeting by the New York State Police had the effect
of revealing the scope of the interrelationships of some of the leaders
of the national crime syndicate. We will also begin to delve into the
infiltration of gangsters and racketeers into the garment industry in
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

It is important to understand from the outset that this criminal
syndicate operation is not a localized one but national in scope. The
fact that the gangland meeting took place in Apalachin, N. Y., does
not in any way make this a localized New York problem. Similar
gangland meetings, known to authorities, have been held in Cleve-
land, Ohio, and on the Florida Keys. There is no telling how many
other meetings, in other parts of the country, have been undetected
by authorities.

Throughout this investigation we have had the wholehearted co-
operation of a number of public officials throughout the country.
Gov. Averell Harriman of New York has been extremely helpful to
the committee in its development of information on the Apalachin
meeting. We have had splendid cooperation from District Attorney
Frank Hogan of New York, whose office has done much work in trac-
ing down the criminal activities of the syndicate, and Police Com-
missioner Stephen Kennedy of New York City has been extremely
helpful. In Chicago, we have had the excellent cooperation of Mayor
Richard Daley, the Chicago Police Department, and Virgil Peterson
of the Chicago Crime Commission.

This criminal conspiracy has operated for many years in America,
on rare occasions subjected to the light of publicity but, more often,
operating at a level beneath the mainstream of American life. Be-
cause we are dealing with a clandestine group, because they are
highly organized and disciplined, they present a formidable problem.
They have achieved a position of eminence throughout the economic,
social, and political strata of America. The committee is well aware
of the difficult nature of the problem it is now tackling. We feel and
hope that a successful investigation by the committee, however, will
be of immense value to the Congress and the people of the United
States.

As previous testimony of the committee has so vividly demon-
strated, when hoodlums and racketeers get into labor and manage-
ment they do it for the exploitation of the working people. Their
participation inevitably leads to the corruption of the legitimate
purposes of business. It is this exploitation and corruption of people
and legitimate economic functions that presents such a grievous prob-
lem.



12194 IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD

Are there any questions or any comments by other members of the
committee ?

Senator Ives. Mr. Chairman, I want to commend the chairman on
what he has had to say about the situation into which we are about
to probe. It so happens that Apalachin is only around 50 miles from
where I live. I have always been curious, ever since the occurence of
that get-together there, as to the reasons for it and as to the connec-
tions which the people who were present have in this racketeering
business.

I notice with considerable interest the expression of appreciation
which the chairman has for Governor Harriman, and the assistance
he has given us. In that connection I would remark that I think the
State of New York might have done more itself in this connection if
the Governor had been willing to authorize the attorney general of
New York, Hon. Louis Lefkowitz, to investigate into this Apalachin
matter at the time.

As I understand it, the Governor would not permit Mr. Lefkowitz
to act. I am very glad, however, that we are going into this matter,
and I hope that we can develop what we intend to develop — that this
whole thing is a nationwide undertaking, something concerning every
person in the United States, something very grave which all of us
face, and which is particularly important where our children and
their children are concerned. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

The Chairman. Thank you, Senator. Are there any other mem-
bers of the committee that have any statements ?

All right, if there is no one else who wishes to comment, Mr. Ken-
nedy, call your first witness.

Mr. Kennedy. Mr. Chairman, as some of the names cause some
difficulty, we have here a mimeographed memorandum on the individ-
uals that we will be discussing over the period of the next week or so,
and with a description of who they are, and where they come from.
I would like to have permission to place that in the record if we may.

The Chairman. Was this prepared by the staff ?

Mr. Kennedy. That is correct.

The Chairman. It may be placed in the record just for guidance
and information only, and it will not be accepted as proof.

Mr. Kennedy. That is fine, Mr. Chairman.

The Chairman. It is not evidence, and it is simply a memorandum
prepared by the staff for information of the committee.

(The list is as follows :)

Individuals at Apalachin and Names of Some of Their Contacts and

Associates



Abate, Atonio (Detroit) : Arrests for larceny, gambling. Associate of Pete
Licavoli.

Alaimo, Dominick (Pittston, Pa.) : At Apalachin mooting. Coowner Jane Hogan
Dress Co., Pittston. Committeeman for Local S00."i, Tinted Mine Workers of
America. Arrests: Robbery, suspicion, violation internal revenue laws.

B

Baldassari, Joe (Scranton, Pa.) : Operates jukeboxes and pinball macbines
through Baldassari Amusement Co. in Scranton. Arrested for possession of
unregistered still, prohibition law, transportation, and possession of untaxed
alcohol.



IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD 12195

Individuals at Apalaohin and Names of Some of Their Contacts ami
Associates — Continued

Barbara, Joseph Marin, Sr. (Apalachin, N. Y.) : Host at Apalachin meeting.
President of Canada Dry Bottling Co. of Endicott, N. Y. Arrests: Suspicion
of murder (2), revolver, illegal acquisition of sugar.

Biondo, Joe (New York City) : Close associate of "Lucky" Luciano and Tom
Luchese.

Bommarito, Long Joe (Detroit) : Arrests for armed robbery, kidnaping, gam-
bling, suspicion of murder, prohibition law.

Bommarito, Scarface Joe (Detroit) : Arrests for carrying concealed weapons,
suspicion of murder, prohibition law violations, extortion by threat, assault,
gambling.

Bonanno, Joseph (Brooklyn) : At Apalachin meeting. Formerly in B. & D. Coat
Co., manufacturers of women's coats. Arrests : grand larcency, revolver, con-
spiracy, violation of wage and hour law in 1942.

Bonanno, Joseph (New York City) : Arrests for grand larceny and transporting
machineguns to Capone mob in Chicago. Violation of wage and hour law
in 1942.

Bouisera, Anthony (New York City) : "The Chief." Associate of Mike Clemente,
waterfront boss now serving time for extortion ; Joe Magliocco, linen supply
dealer, friend of Charles Luciano and owner of Sunland Beverage Co. (beer).
Also arrested with Palmeri, John Oddo, Sam DiCarlo in connection with
murder of John Bazzano.

Bonventre, John (Brooklyn): At Apalachin meeting. Reputed occupations:
Undertaker, cheese and oil business, Pinto Clothing Co., Levine & Bouventre,
ladies' coat contractors, real estate salesman for Joseph A. Bivana, Brook-
lyn, uncle of Joseph Bonanno.

Bonventre, John (Brooklyn) : Coowner Brooklyn funeral parlor and close
associate of Carmine Galenti and Frank Garafola, both of whom figured
prominently in the Tresca murder investigation.

Bufalino, William (Detroit) : Head of Local 985, Teamsters, Detroit, which
handles jukeboxes. Tried and acquitted in 1953 in jukebox racket.

Bufalino, Russell J. (Kingston, Pa.) : Owner of Penn Drape & Curtain Co.,
Pittston, Pa. Arrests : Criminally receiving stolen property (2) .



Cammarata, Frank (Detroit) : Murder suspect, bank robber, deported in 1936,
reentered United States in 1946. Released from Jackson, Mich., prison in
May 1958. Last in Warren, Ohio, has evaded committee subpena.

Cammarata, Vincent (Detroit) : Also known as Vito Camaiato, Vito Cammarata.
Arrested for carrying concealed weapons, grand larceny, operating still.

Cannone, Ignatius (Endwell, N. Y.) : At Apalachin meeting. Owns Nat's Place,
Endicott, and Plaza Lounge, Endwell, N. Y. Two arrests for disorderly con-
duct. One for righting in Endwell, the other for shooting dice in New York
City.

Cannone, Ignazio (Endicott, N. Y.) : Owner of two Endicott taverns — minor
arrest record.

Carlisi, Roy (Buffalo, N. Y.) : At Apalachin meeting. Arrests: Violation Inter-
nal Revenue Act. Indicted for 15 counts of contempt by Tiogo County grand
jury February 27, 1958.

Castellano, Benjamin (New York City) : Associated with Paul Gambino in boot-
legging. Reportedly active in black marketing and counterfeiting of ration
stamps during World War II.

Castellano, Paul (Brooklyn) : At Apalachin. Possession dangerous weapon,
robbery with violence. Brother-in-law of Carlo Gambino at Apalachin.

Cateno, Gerardo Vito (South Orange, N. J.) : At Apalachin meeting. Employee
and stockholder Runyon Vending Sales Co., Newark. Arrests: 3 for gambling;
robbery, 2 ; grand larceny, truck ; material witness in murder case, loiter-
ing, bribery of Federal juror. Close associate of Longy Zwillman.

Chait, Abe (New York City) : Major power in garment industry and associate
of notorious gangsters.

Chivi, Charles Salvatore (Palisade, N. J.) : At Apalachin meeting. Officer of
Automotive Conveying Co., in which Joe Adonis was his partner. No known
criminal record.



12196 IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD

Individuals at Apalachin and Names of Some of Theie Contacts and
Associates — Continued

Civello, Joseph Francis (Dallas, Tex.) : At Apalachin. Food and liquor im-
porter. Arrests : murder, violation liquor law. Conspiracy of Harrison Act, 2.
Associate: John Ormento.

Colletti, James (Pueblo, Colo.) : At Apalachin. Owns Colorado Cheese Co.,
Pueblo. Arrests : Receiving stolen goods, disorderly person.

Corrado, Dominick (Detroit) : Nephew of Peter (deceased). Arrests for con-
spiracy to violate gambling laws, carrying concealed weapons, suspect in
shooting.

Corrado, James (Detroit) : Arrests for gambling, suspect in shooting, suspect in
assault with intent to kill.

Corrado, Peter (Detroit), deceased: In numbers racket with Pete Licavoli, et al.
Arrests in Rochester, N. Y., Detroit, and Toledo, principally for gambling.
Indicted for 1 murder, sought in 2 others.

Cucchiara, Frank (Watertown, Mass.) : At Apalachin meeting. Treasurer of
Purity Cheese Co. since 1938, Boston. Arrests : Assault and battery ; posses-
sion morphine and dynamite; lottery; conspiracy to set up lottery: grand
larceny ; sale of narcotics ; forgery ; possession of still, 3 ; conspiracy to erect
still.

D

D'Agostino, Dominick (Niagara Falls, N. Y.) : At Apalachin. Arrests: Buffalo,

Harrison Act. Indicted April 8, 1958, on 7 counts. Criminal contempt by

Tioga County grand .iury.
De Cavalconte, Sam (Trenton, N. J.) : Alias "Sam from Trenton." Arrested for

forgery, loitering, policy.
DeFeo, Peter (New York City) : Indicted with Vito Genovese, Mike Miranda,

and others in connection with the murder of Ferdinand Boccia in 1934.
DeMooco, John Anthony (Shaker Heights, Ohio) : At Apalachin meeting. Ar-
rests : Robbery, extortion, blackmail, investigation in bombing. Associate of

John Scolish, also at Apalachin.
Desimone, Frank (Downey, Calif.) : At Apalachin. Former partner of Jack

Dragna in Latin Importing Co.
DiCarlo, Sam (Youngstown, Ohio, Buffalo, Cleveland) : Arrested with Paul

Palmeri, et al., in murder of John Bazzano, Pittsburgh restaurant owner, ; n

Brooklyn.
DiCarlo, Joe (Youngstown, Ohio; Florida) : Alias "The Wolf" and "The Boss."

He and brother Sam had coin and pinball machine operation in Buffalo, where

he was labeled "Public Enemy No. 1" by the chief of police. Arrested for

coercion, operating gambling house in Miami, extortion.
Dio, Johnny, (New York City) : Notorious New York extortionist. Nephew of

James Plumeri, with whom he served time for garment industry extortion.

Presently in jail for extortion.
Dioguardi, Tom (New York City) : Brother of Johnny Dio. Close associate

of major New York labor racketeers.

E

Evola, Natale Joseph (Brooklyn) : At Apalachin meeting. President-treasurer
of Belmont Garment Delivery Co., and president of Amity Garment Delivery
Co. Arrests : dangerous weapon, coercion. Presently under indictment with
John Ormento and others in Federal narcotic conspiracy.

F

Falcone, Joseph (Utica) : At Apalachin meeting. Manager of Utica Retail
Liquor Co. Brother, Salvatore, also at Apalachin. Arrest: Violation, in-
ternal revenue liquor tax.

Falcone, Salvatore (Utica and Miami) : At Apalachin meeting. Operates groc-
ery store in Miami. Arrests: Violation, internal revenue liquor tax.

Frasca, Gus (New York City) : Indicted in connection with murder of Ferdinand
Boccia in 1934.

G

Gainbino, Carlo (Brooklyn) : At Apalachin meeting: associated with S. G. S.
Associates, labor consultants. Arrests: Grand larceny, violations Internal
Revenue Act (still) ; several Federal alcohol tax arrests.



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