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Investigation of improper activities in the labor or management field. Hearings before the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field (Volume pt. 39) online

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Given By

U. S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS



INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD



HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE

ON IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE

LABOR OR MANAGEMENT HELD

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGKESS

SECOND SESSION
PURSUANT TO SENATE RESOLUTIONS 74 AND 221, 85TH CONGRESS



SEPTEMBER 2, 3, 4, 9, AND 10, 1958



PART 39



Printed for the use of the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the
Labor or Management Field




INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD



HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE

ON IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE

LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION
PURSUANT TO SENATE RESOLUTIONS 74 AND 221, 85TH CONGRESS



SEPTEMBER 2, 3, 4, 9, AND 10, 1958



PART 39



Printed for the use of the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the
Labor or Management Field




UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1959



Boston Public Library-
Superintendent of Documents

FEB 16 1959
DEPOSITORY



SELECT COMMITTEE ON IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR
OR MANAGEMENT FIELD

JOHN L. McCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman
IRVING M. IVES, New York, Vice Chairman
JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota

SAM J. ERVIN. Jr., North Carolina BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona

FRANK CHURCH, Idaho CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska

Robert F. Kennedy, Chief Counsel
Ruth Youno Watt, Chief Clerk



CONTENTS



James R. Hoffa and the International Brotherhood of Teamsters,
Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America

Page

Appendix 14895

Testimony of —

Bellino, Carmine S 14823

Bryant, Frank 14879

Eickmeyer, Thomas 14601, 14637

Fitzgerald, George S 14729, 14762, 14811, 14854

Gibbons, Harold J 14555, 14607, 14639, 14649

Hannan, James P 14864

Henson, Walter H 14703

Reniker, Amos E 14783

Rogers, John E 14763, 14767

Salinger, Pierre E. G 14891

Schultz, William J 14711

Tiernev, Paul J 14766

Walters, Virgil L 14803

Wainwright, Branch 14779

Webb, Floyd C 14805

EXHIBITS

105A. Teamsters Local 688 strike voucher dated December 8, Introduced Appears
1953, "Strike, Yellow Cab, gas, oil, and cruising patrol," on page on page
in the amount of $15 14576 14895

105B. Teamsters Local 688 strike expenditure dated December
14, 1953, "Strike, Yellow Cab, expenses, 5 men cruising,"
in the amount of $125 14576 14895

105C. Teamsters Local 688 strike expenditure dated December
14, 1953, "Strike, Yellow Cab, lost time patrol duty,"
in the amount of $125 14576 14896

106A. Statement from Ace Cab Co. to Teamsters Local 405 for

taxicab service in the amount of $2,925 14602 14897

106B. Check No. 2626 dated August 23, 1956, payable to Ace
Cab Co. in the amount of $2,925, drawn by Taxicab
Drivers Local Union No. 405 14602 14898

107. Police record of the 13 men taking part in the wildcat strike

August 1956 for the hoodlum squad, St. Louis Police
Department 14602 (*)

108. Document from Rosenblum, Goldenhersh & Merle L.

Silverstein: Memorandum — Grand Jury Testimony 14618 (*)

109. Document sealed at the direction of the chairman and in

the custody of the committee 14636 (**)

110. Bills from Joseph Cutter for bail bonds purchased by the

Teamsters in St. Louis 14638 (*)

111. Brief for Louis Berra, petitioner, in the Supreme Court of

the United States, October term 1955, No. 60, filed by
Stanley M. Rosenblum and Mark M. Hennelly, counsel
for petitioner 14640 (*)

112. Document sealed at the direction of the chairman and in

the custody of the committee 14651 (**)

*May be fo'ind in the files of the select committee.
**Is filed with the select committee.

ni



IV CONTENTS

113. Check No. 2691 dated August 12, 1955, payable to Ducker

& Seldman in the amount of $3,000, drawn, by Central IntroducecTAppears
States Conference of Teamsters and signed by James R. on page on page
Hoffa and H. J. Gibbons 14686 14899

114. Check No. 2696 dated August 15, 1955, payable to Samuel

Seldman in the amount of $3,000, drawn by Central
States Conference of Teamsters and signed by James R.
Hoffa and H. J. Gibbons 14687 14900

115. Check No. 4139 dated August 15, 1956, payable to Team-

sters Local Union No. 247 in the amount of $1,000,
drawn by Central Conference of Teamsters and signed
by James R. Hoffa and H. J. Gibbons 14693 14901

116. Ten checks, Nos. 1602 through 1611, all dated June 14,

1954, and each in the amount of $700, payable to Pete
Saffo, drawn by Central States Conference of Teamsters
and signed by James R. Hoffa and H. J. Gibbons 14696 (*)

117. Check No. 1633 dated June 29, 1954, payable to Richard

Kavner in the amount of $10,000, drawn by Central
States Conference of Teamsters and signed by James R.
Hoffa and H. J. Gibbons 14697 14902

118. Eight checks of different amounts and dates in 1956 which

total $19,500, payable to William Carl Schneider, drawn
by Central Conference of Teamsters and signed by James
R. Hoffa and H. J. Gibbons 14699 (*)

119. Cash receipt book maintained in St. Louis and compilation

in alphabetical order of cash receipts, James Hoffa dinner

committee 14701 (*)

120. Minutes of a trustee meeting dated October 1, 1955 14706 (*)

121. Escrow agreement dated October 12, 1955, between Win-

chester Village Land Co. and Michigan Conference of

Teamsters Welfare Fund of the City of Detroit 14711 (*)

122. Letter dated November 11, 1955 addressed to Abstract &

Title Guaranty Co. Re: Escrow agreement governing
the disbursement of the proceeds of Mortgage Loan on

Winchester Village, signed by George S. Fitzgerald 14713 14903

122 A. Letter dated December 9, 195*5, addressed to Abstract &
Title Guaranty Co., re Winchester Village Land Co.,
signed by George S. Fitzgerald__ 14713 14904

123. Letter dated March 19, 1956, addressed to Jack I. Winshall

and signed by Norman J. Monnig 14722 14905

124. Document "Offer to Purchase Real Estate" Northerly 10

acres of the Northeast % Section 3, T6N, R5E. Gaines

Township, Genesee County, Mich 14722 (*)

125. Statement to Winchester Village Land Co. on the letter-

head of Aero Realty, dated June 29, 1956, services
rendered through May 3, 1956, in the amount of
$51,020.83 14723 14906

126. Check No. 99 dated July 5, 1956, payable to Aero Realty

in the amount of $51,020.83, drawn by the Abstract &

Title Guaranty Co., escrow fund 14724 14907

126A. Check stub from Aero Realty records recording a deposit
of $51,020.83 and the issuance of a check for the same
amount, payable to A. S. Green for "exchange of
checks" 14726 14908

127A. Check dated July 5, 1956, payable to Manufacturers
National Bank "for cashier's check to A. S. Green" in
the amount of $51,020.83 14726 14909

127B. Cashier's check No. S320333 dated July 5, 1956, payable

to A. S. Green in the amount of $51,020.83 14726 14910

128A. Cashier's check No. C107974 dated July 6, 1956, payable
to Lamiel Le Vine doing business as F. & L. D. Co. in
the amount of $25,010.42 14726 14911

128B. Cashier's check No. C 107973 dated July 6, 1956, payable
to Blanche Pearl and William Pearl in the amount of
$6,252.61 14726 14712

128C. Cashier's check No. C107972 dated Julv 6, 1956, payable

to Jerome Kirschbaum in the amount of $6,252.60 14726 14913

•May be found In the files of the select committee.



CONTENTS V

Introduced Appears
128D. Cashier's check No. C107971 dated July 6, 1956, payable on page on page

to Harold N. Rosemont in the amount of $6,252.60 14726 14914

128E. Cashier's check No. C 107970 dated July 6, 1956, payable

to Ira E. Falk and Bell R. Falk in the amount of

$6,252.60 14726 14915

128F. Cashier's check No. C107979 dated July 6, 1956, payable

to A. S. Green in the amount of $1,000 14726 14916

129. Letter dated August 17, 1956, addressed to Manny Harris,

Detroit, Mich., and signed "North American Develop-
ment Co., by Jack I. Winshall" 14727 14917

130. Affidavit of Lawrence L. Cook as to appraisal ofWinchester

Village Land Co., together with foreclosure report from

Abstract & Title Guaranty Co 14761 (*)

131. Audit report of the books of local 245 as of February 1950_. 14765 (*)

132. Letter dated September 24, 1954, addressed to Harold

Gibbons from Einar O. Mohn, appointing Mr. Gibbons

trustee of local 245 14767 (*)

133. Criminal record of Branch Wainwright 14769 (*)

134. Criminal record of Carl Cates, together with photographs.. 14778 (*)

135. Letter dated August 11, 1954, addressed to Mr. Amos Reni-

ker, care of local union 823, Joplin, Mo., and signed by
James R. Hoffa, together with record of payment of dues
in local 823 14791 (*)

136. Letters from James R. Hoffa to various members of local

823, in Joplin, together with lists of people declared elig-
ible and ineligible as nominees for office in the local 14791 (*)

137. Minutes of special nomination meeting of local 823, dated

August 1, 1954, conducted by James R. Hoffa 14792 (*)

138. Document of action filed with National Labor Relations

Board by Buxton & Cawthorn charging unfair labor
practices on the part of Roadway Express and local
union 823 14794 (*)

139. Minutes of regular meeting of local 823, dated May 5,

1957 14803 (*)

140. FBI report on findings of examination of above-mentioned

minutes 14805 (*)

141A. Check No. 7594 dated April 1, 1954, payable to George S.
Fitzgerald in the amount of $3,600, drawn by joint coun-
cil No. 43, Detroit, Mich 14839 14918

141B. Check No. 1548 dated April 5, 1954, payable to Philip
Gillis in the amount of $3,500 and drawn on account
of George Fitzgerald and signed by George Fitzgerald.. 14839 14919

142A. Check No. 3507 dated October 23, 1957, payable to "Cash"
in the amount of $25,000, drawn by Truck Drivers Local
299 and signed by Frank Collins 14845 14920

142B. Check No. 1704 dated October 23, 1957, payable to "Cash"
in the amount of $25,000, drawn by Food and Beverage
Drivers Local 337 and signed bv Bert Brennan 14845 14921

143. Check No. 1961 dated August 8, 1956, payable to Benjamin

Dranow in the amount of $5,000 and signed by George

Fitzgerald 14848 14922

144. Check No. 1525 dated February 13, 1954, payable to

Lawrence Burns in the amount of $2,400 and signed by

George Fitzgerald 14851 14923

144A. Check No. 49 dated February 12, 1954, payable to George
S. Fitzgerald in the amount of $2,400, drawn by joint
council 43, good and welfare fund, and signed by James
R. Hoffa 14852 14924

145. Check No. 397 dated January 3, 1955, payable to Joe

Louisell in the amount of $5,000, drawn bv joint council

43, defense fund, and signed bv Frank Collins 14853 14925

146. Check No. 6799 dated February 15, 1955, payable to

Hubbard Associates in the amount of $1,000, drawn by
Food and Beverage Drivers Local 337 and signed by

Bert Brennan 14869 14926

*May be found in the files of the select committee.



VI CONTENTS

147. Agreement dated March 14, 1955, for the sale of May bury Introduced Appear
Grand property bv the UAW Education Association to 0D page on page
local 337 for $36,500 and signed by Bert Brennan 14869 (*)

148A. Check No. 7694 dated July 6, 1955, payable to Hubbard
Associates in the amount of $17,247, drawn by Food and
Beverage Drivers Local 337 and signed by Bert Brennan. 14869 14927

148B. Check No. 9847 dated July 5, 1955, payable to Hubbard
Associates in the amount of $18,247.91, drawn on Truck

Drivers Local 299 and signed by Frank Collins 14869 14928

149. Building agreement between Detroit Teamsters Temple
Association, Inc., and the A. N. Hickson, Inc., for work
on the Maybury property 14869 14929

150A. Check No. 11030 dated October 25, 1955, payable to James
R. Hoffa in the amount of $2,976.30, drawn by Truck
Drivers Union 299 and signed by Frank Collins 14870 14930

150B. Check No. 8323 dated October 25, 1955, payable to Bert
Brennan in the amount of $2,976.30, drawn on Food and
Beverage Drivers Local 337 and signed by Bert Brennan. 14870 14931
151. Check No. 3 dated January 4, 1956, payable to Herbert
Grosberg in the amount of $15,000 and signed by Charles
Grosberg 14870 14932

152A. Check No. 3710 dated January 9, 1956, payable to James
R. Hoffa in the amount of $7,500, drawn by Herbert
Grosberg 14871 14933

152B. Check No. 3711 dated January 9, 1956, payable to Owen
B. Brennan in the amount of $7,500 and drawn by
Herbert Grosberg 14871 14934

153. Appraisal dated January 16, 1956, prepared by Fred E.

Bigelow, addressed to Maybury Grand Medical Building,
to the attention of James P. Hannan, secretary-treas-
urer, and furnished to Michigan Conference of Teamsters
welfare fund trustees in connection with a request for a
loan in the amount of $250 14873 (*)

154. Check No. 1753 dated March 16, 1956, payable to A. N.

Hickson, Inc., in the amount of $184,719.84, drawn by

Michigan Conference of Teamsters Welfare Fund 14876 14935

155A. Check No. 7 (voucher No. 53) dated March 27, 1956, pay-
able to Teamsters Local 299 in the amount of $20,000,
drawn by Maybury Grand Medical, Inc 14877 14936

155B. Check No. 8 (voucher No. 54) dated March 27, 1956,
payable to Teamsters Local 337 in the amount of
$20,000, drawn by Maybury Grand Medical, Inc 14877 14937

156. Check No. 195 (voucher No. 155) dated July 19, 1956,

payable to Bert Brennan and James R. Hoffa in the
amount of $15,000, drawn by Maybury Grand Medical,
Inc . .. 14877 14938

157. Check No. 242 (voucher No. 305) dated August 17, 1956,

payable to Bert Brennan and James R. Hoffa in the
amount of $16,000 and drawn by Maybury Grand
Medical, Inc 14877 14939

158. Check No. 11 (voucher No. 52) dated January 27, 1957,

payable to Charles Hannan, architect, in the amount of

$1,027, drawn by Maybury Grand Medic? 1, Inc 14877 14940

159. Certificate of election of officers for local 614 dated May 17,

1958, at the time the ballots were counted 14887 (*)

160. Letter dated April 28, 1958, addressed to Raleigh Fetherlyn

and signed by Robert Holmes, vice president, joint

council No. 43 14888 (*)

Proceedings of —

September 2, 1958 14555

September 3, 1958 14607

September 4, 1958 14703

September 9, 1958 14729

September 10, 1958 14811

•May be found in the files of the select committee.



INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD



TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1958

United States Senate,
Select Committee on Improper Activities

in the Labor or Management Field,

Washington, D. G.

The select committee met at 2 p. m., pursuant to Senate Resolution
221, agreed to January 29, 1958, in the caucus room, Senate Office
Building, Senator John L. McClellan (chairman of the select com-
mittee) presiding.

Present : Senator John L. McClellan, Democrat, Arkansas ; Senator
Irving M. Ives, Republican, New York.

Also present : Robert F. Kennedy, chief counsel ; Jerome S. Adler-
man, assistant chief counsel; Paul Tierney, assistant counsel; John
J. McGovern, assistant counsel; Carmine S. Bellino, accountant;
Pierre E. Salinger, investigator; Leo C. Nulty, investigator; James
P. Kelly, investigator ; Walter J. Sheridan, investigator ; James Mun-
die, investigator, Treasury Department ; John Flanagan, investigator,
GAO ; Alfred Vitarelli, investigator, GAO ; Ruth Young Watt, chief
clerk.

(At the reconvening of the committee, the following members are
present : Senators McClellan and Ives.)

The Chairman. The committee will come to order. The first wit-
ness is Mr. Gibbons?

Mr. Kennedy. That is right.

The Chairman. Mr. Gibbons, be sworn, please, sir. You do solemn-
ly swear the evidence you shall give before this Senate select commit-
tee shall be the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, so
help you God ?

Mr. Gibbons. I do.

TESTIMONY OF HAROLD J. GIBBONS, ACCOMPANIED BY COUNSEL,
DAVID PREVIANT AND STANLEY ROSENBLUM

The Chairman. State your name, your place of residence, and your
business or occupation, please, sir.

Mr. Gibbons. My name is Harold J. Gibbons. The address is 508
Altus Place, Kirkwood, Mo. The business is union representative.

The Chairman. Mr. Gibbons, you have counsel present ?

Mr. Gibbons. I do, sir.

The Chairman. Counsel, identify yourself, please.

Mr. Previant. My name is David Previant. I am a member of the
Wisconsin Bar. My office is located in Milwaukee, Wis. Associated

14555



14556 IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD

with me, if the chairman please, is Stanley Rosenblum, an attorney
from St. Louis. With the chairman's leave, there is another gentle-
man here with Mr. Rosenblum, who is a member of Mr. Gibbons' staff,
and who is familiar with the various documents we have with us.
May he sit next to Mr. Rosenblum during the period of the ques-
tioning?

The Chairman. He may. Identify him, please.

Mr. Previant. Charles P. Chuckray. He is an accountant.

The Chairman. Mr. Gibbons, will you elaborate upon your present
position as representative of organized labor by stating the various
positions you now hold ?

Mr. Gibbons. Could I get some relief from the cameras so I can bet-
ter concentrate on questions, Senator, if you don't mind ?

The Chairman. You may. The cameras here?

Mr. Gibbons. These here in front of me.

The Chairman. All right. Respect the orders of the Chair.

Give us, I think, right in the beginning, the various official posi-
tions you hold with the union.

Mr. Gibbons. I am an international vice president of the Interna-
tional Brotherhood of Teamsters. I am the executive assistant to the
general president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. I
am the secretary-treasurer of the Central Conference of Teamsters.
I am the national director of the warehouse division of the Interna-
tional Brotherhood of Teamsters. I am the president of the Missouri-
Kansas Conference of Teamsters.

The Chairman. Missouri-Kansas

Mr. Gibbons. Conference of Teamsters. I am the trustee and presi-
dent of the St. Louis Joint Council, No. 13, of the International Broth-
erhood of Teamsters. I am the secretary-treasurer of local union 688
of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters.

The Chairman. Local 688 ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes. I am president of the Labor Health Institute,
a corporation. And I am president of the Unity Welfare Association.

The Chairman. Unity Welfare ?

Mr. Gibbons. A pro forma corporation also. Unity Welfare Asso-
ciation.

I have some other capacities of a more minor nature. I don't think
they would constitute jobs. Such as I am a trustee representing the
union on a trust fund in St. Louis. I am the secretary of the commit-
tee, the joint committee, between the Butcher Workmen's Union and
the International Brotherhood of Teamsters.

The Chairman. What is that last one ?

Mr. Gibbons. I am secretary of the joint committee of the Inter-
national Brotherhood of Teamsters and the — I don't know the exact
title of the other union, but it is the Butchers' Union, the National
Butchers Union. I am also secretary of the joint committee of the
International .Brotherhood of Teamsters and the Upholsters Inter-
national Union.

The Chairman. All right.

Mr. Gibbons. And from time to time I may serve in other capacities
on a temporary basis.

The Chairman. Are you also trustee of a number of locals?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes.



IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD 14557

The Chairman. Will you identify the locals ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes. Currently I am the trustee of local 405, in the
city of St. Louis. I am the trustee of, I believe the number is 833,
in Jefferson City, Mo., I am the trustee of one local union still in
trustee in Kansas City.

The Chairman. Do you remember the number of it ?

Mr. Kennedy. Local 955 ?

Mr. Gibbons. 955, 1 believe it is.

The Chairman. That is Kansas City ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes, Missouri.

The Chairman. All right.

Mr. Gibbons. And I believe that is all. I mentioned the fact I was
trustee and president of the joint council.

The Chairman. Yes.

Mr. Gibbons. I believe that is all, unless you can bring something
else to my attention.

The Chairman. Senator Ives ?

Senator Ives. I would like to ask Mr. Gibbons a question.

Have you a college degree ?

Mr. Gibbons. No, sir.

Senator Ives. Did you ever attend college ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes, sir.

Senator Ives. How far did you get ?

Mr. Gibbons. I think I finished 1 year at the University of Chicago.
I have spent a couple of summers at the University of Chicago. I
spent 1 summer at Wisconsin.

Senator Ives. What were you specializing in ?

Mr. Gibbons. During the summers I was taking courses in teaching
techniques, teachers' education, and in the 1 year that I spent at the
university I just took the regular freshman's course. Actually, I
didn't even have the qualifications for entry, but through the good
offices of Paul Douglas, one of your associates, he managed to get me
in there on the basis of my background, experience, and previous
readings.

Senator Ives. What were you aiming to be when you got through,
a teacher, a professor ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes. At that time I suspect teaching was my great
interest.

Senator Ives. Thank you.

The Chairman. Mr. Gibbons, can you give us the approximate
membership of these three separate locals that you are trustee of?

Mr. Gibbons. If I can stick to approximates, all right, Senator.

The Chairman. Yes.

Mr. Gibbons. In the cab local in St. Louis, I think you will find
approximately 1,200 members. In the one over in Kansas City, you
will probably find 1,800 to 2,000 members.

The Chairman. And Jefferson City ?

Mr. Gibbons. In Jefferson City you will probably find less than
1,000 members.

The Chairman. What is the membership of local 688 ?

Mr. Gibbons. Well, that fluctuates. It has been as high as 11,000.
In the last few years it has probably dropped to approximately 9,000.
But it has at one point reached as high as 11,000. It is about the



14558 IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD

fourth or fifth biggest local in the international. It is always re-
ferred to as a local of 10,000 members, but I think it would be closer
to nine at this date.

The Chairman. Are there any other questions at this point?

All right, Mr. Kennedy, you may proceed.

Mr. Kennedy. What about local 21 ?

Mr. Gibbons. I think if my memory serves me right that has been
taken out of trusteeship, Mr. Kennedy.

Mr. Kennedy. That is Hannibal, Mo. ?

Mr. Gibbons. That is right.

Mr. Kennedy. And local 245, in Springfield, Mo. ?

Mr. Gibbons. 245? Is Mr. Hoffa or myself trustee of that? I
could very well be the trustee of that. In fact, I am certain I am. It
is one that I missed.

The Chairman. What was the number ?

Mr. Kennedy. 245, Springfield.

Mr. Gibbons. Incidentally, it is in the process, as you know, of
coming out of trusteeship, and at the moment a stop order was put
out by the monitors. It would have been out by now.

Mr. Kennedy. 245 is Springfield, Mo. How many members does
that have, approximately?

Mr. Gibbons. 1,500 to 1,800, 1 would think.

Mr. Kennedy. When did local 21 come out, do you know ?

Mr. Gibbons. No; I would have to check the records at the inter-
national office.

Mr. Kennedy. Are you also the designee of other locals that are
under trusteeship, such as the situation in 447 ?

Mr. Gibbons. I believe that is the only one where I take an active
part in administering its affairs.

Mr. Kennedy. Just 447 ?

Mr. Gibbons. I believe that is the only one where you would find
such a designation.

The Chairman. Is that in trusteeship ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes ; that is in trusteeship, but under President Hoffa.

The Chairman. But you are active ?

Mr. Gibbons. I am more or less his agent in administering the
affairs of that local, Senator.

The Chairman. What is that local ?

Mr. Kennedy. Local 447. That is the Carnival and Allied Workers
of the United States of America.

The Chairman. Where is it located ?

Mr. Kennedy. That is the one in question.

The Chairman. What is the approximate membership of that, Mr.
Gibbons?

Mr. Gibbons. I would say it averages out to about 900 members.
Maybe that is a little high, even, but no more than 900 members.

The Chairman. All right, Mr. Kennedy.

Mr. Kennedy. Could you give us a little of your background, Mr.
Gibbons? Where were you born? Where were you educated?

Mr. Gibbons. I was born in Taylorborough, Pa. I was educated
in the schools of Taylorborough. I went to night school in Scranton,
Pa. I went to night school in Chicago, 111.

Mr. Kennedy. Where is that?



IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE LABOR FIELD 14559

Mr. Gibbons. Chicago, 111.

Mr. Kennedy. You were 1 of 23 children, is that right ?

Mr. Gibbons. Yes. I was the youngest of 23.

Mr. Kennedy. When did you leave Pennsylvania, and how old



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