United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee.

Report of the Select committee to investigate matters connected with affairs in the Indian territory with Hearings, November 11, 1906-January 9, 1907 .. online

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Freedman.

In the matter of the application of Henry Hines to the Commission to the Five Civil-
ized Tribes, at Goodland, Ind. T., May 9, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw freed-
man. Being duly sworn by Commissioner Needles, and examined by him, et al., he
testified as follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Henry Hines.

Q. Who did you belong to? — A. LoringFolsom.

Q. Was he a Choctaw or Chickasaw? — A. Choctaw.

Q. Where have you been living? — A. Right here in the nation. I never lived out-
side of the Territory. I just went out on a little business.

Q. Have you got any children? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Are they all married and gone? — A. I heard the other day that two of them was
married, but I don't know whether the other one is married or not.

Q. Is this your wife here? — A. Yes, sir.

Elizabeth Hines, being duly sworn, testified as follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Elizabeth Hines.

Q. How old are you? — A. About 42.

Q. Who was your master? — A. Sim Folsom.

Q. Are you married? — A. Yes, sir.

(Enrolled Henry Hines, his wife, and one child as Choctaw freedmen.)

Department op the Interior,
Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,



I hereby certify, upon my official oath as stenographer to above-named Commission,
that this transcript is a true, full, and correct translation of my stenographic notes.

W A Smiley.

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that
the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the testimony of Henry Hines
given on April 18, 1899, in the matter of his application for enrollment as a Choctaw
freedman as the same appears upon the records of this office.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 21, 190G.

S. Rep. 5013, 59-2, pt 1 35



538 FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES.

Affidavit of Elizabeth Davis.

United States op America, Indian Territory, Central District.

Elizabeth Davis, first being duly sworn, on oath states that she is 49 years old, a citi-
zen of the Choctaw Nation and lives at the town of Hugo, in said nation. Affiant fur-
ther states that she is of one-half Choctaw blood and one-half negro blood, her father
having been Sina Fulsom, who was a full blood, recognized, enrolled Choctaw citizen,
and her mother being a negro woman named Clarissa Green, nowlivingat Idabel, in said
nation and Territory aforesaid. Affiant further states that her father owned both her
mother and herself as slaves, but always acknowledged her as his daughter. That she
has one child, named Violet Mabell Hines, by a colored man, named Henry Hines.
Affiant states that when she was before the Commission for enrollment one of the Com-
missioner states that he was satisfied she was a Choctaw by her looks, but when hear-
ing that her mother was a negro woman they enrolled her as a freedman.

Elizabeth (her x mark) Davis.

Witnesses to mark:
R. F. Grafa,
Hannah Williams.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 30th day of December, 1905.

[seal.] E,. F. Grafa, Notary Public.

Commission expires July 28, 1908.

Original forwarded Department March 5, 1906; therefore no certified copy can be
made.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.
Muskogee,*Ind. T., November 23, 1906.
[Indorsed.] Filed with Commissioner January 13, 1906.



Freedman.



In the matter of the application of Mary Jane Williams to the Commission to the Five
Civilized Tribes, at Alikchi, Ind. T., April 21, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw
freedman. Being duly sworn by Commissioner Needles and examined by him et al.,
she testified as follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Mary Jane Williams.

Q. How old are you? — A. Twenty-one.

Q. Who was your mother? — A. Rebecca Williams.

Q. She was a slave, was she? — A. I don't know.

Q. Who was your father? — A. Nelson Williams.

Q. What was he? — A. Choctaw.

Q. You don't know who your mother's master was? — A. No, sir.

(Lin Colbert states under oath that her mother belonged to Vicey Garvin, a Choctaw.)

Martha Henderson, being duly sworn, testified as follows:

Q. Do you know Mary Williams? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Do you know who her mother was? — A. Yes, sir; she was a Choctaw, and her
father was a Choctaw.
Q. Who was her mother? — A. Becky.

Q. Who was her mother's master? — A. Some of the La Flores.
(Enrolled Mary Jane Williams as Choctaw freedman.)

Department of the Interior,
Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes.



I hereby certify upon my official oath as stenographer to above-named Commission
that this transcript is a true, full, and correct translation of my stengoraphic notes.

W. A. Smiley.

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that the
above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the testimony of Mary Jane Williams
given on April 21, 1899, in the matter of her application for enrollment as a Choctaw
freedman, as the same appears from the record in this case.

Tamo Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November Bl, 1906.



FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 539

Affidavit of Mary J. Burton.

United States op America, Indian Territory, Central District, ss:

Mary Jane Burton, first being duly sworn on oath, states that she is 27 years old,
a citizen of the Choctaw Nation and lives at the town of Idabel, in said nation!
Affiant further states that she is of three-quarters Choctaw blood and one-quarter negro
blood, her father having been Nelson Williams, Nic-ta-ka-lubbee being his Choctaw
names, and that he was also sometimes called Nelson Scarmore, and her mother having
been Rebecca, the lawful wife of said Nelson Williams; that her said mother was a
daughter of one of the Leflores, a full-blood Choctaw, recognized and enrolled as such
by a colored woman. Affiant further states that when she was before the Commission to
the Five Civilized Tribes for enrollment a statement of the facts as above set out was
made to the Commission, but they enrolled her as a freedman notwithstanding.
Affiant states that she has been the lawful wife of Hodges Burton for the past six years,
and has by him one child, who is enrolled as Bettie AUean Burton.

Mary J. Burton.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 1st day of January, 1906.
[seal.] . R. F. Grafa, Notary Public.

Commission expires July 28, 1908.

Original forwarded Department March 5, 1906; therefore no certified copy can be
made.

Tams Bixby, Oommissioner.
Muskogee, Ind. T., November 23, 1906.

Indorsed with Commissioner January 13, 1906.

Memoranda.

May 11, 1899.

Name, Jerry Hampton, 51; Choctaw, yes; No. 1921; county, Jackson; mother's
citizenship, Choctaw freedman.

Names of children: 11, Virginia Bearden, Choctaw; county, Jackson; No. 576;
7, Stella Bailey, Choctaw; county, Jackson; No. 577.

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that
the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the memoranda taken in' the mat:
ter of the application for the enrollment of Jerry Hampton et al. , as Choctaw freedman,
on May 11, 1899, as the same appears from the record in this case.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 21, 1906.



Affidavit of Jerry Hampton.

United States op America, Indian Territory,

Central District, ss:
Jerry Hampton, first being duly sworn, on oath states that he is about 53 years old, a
citizen of the Choctaw Nation and lives at the town of Oberland, in said nation.

Affiant further states that he is of one-half Choctaw blood, his father having been
Jim Hampton, a full blood, recognized and enrolled Choctaw citizen, and his mother
having been Sophia Graham, a negro woman. That his said father always acknowl-
edged to him and to others that he was his son. Affiant states that when he was before
the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes for enrollment he stated the facts as above
set out, but that they enrolled him as a freedman.

Jerry (his x mark) Hampton.
Witness to mark:
R. F. Grafa.
Jamez Beasley.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2d day of January, 1906.

[seal.] R. F._Grafa, Notary Public.

Commission expires July 28, 1908.

Original forwarded Department March 5, 1906, therefore no certified copy can be
made.

Tams Bixby", Commissioner.
Muskogee, Ind. T., November 23, 1906.
[Indorsed:] "Filed with Commission January 13, 1906."



540 FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES.

Freedman.

In the matter of the application of Maria Brown to the Commission to the Five
Civilized Tribes, at Alikchi, Ind. T., April 19, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw
freedman; being duly sworn by Commissioner Needles and examined by him et al.,
she testified as follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Maria Brown.

Q. How old are you?— A. I don't know, hardly; about 50.

Q. Who was your master? — A. Willis Jones.

Q. Was he a Choctaw Indian? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Where have you been living ever since the war? — A. In the Choctaw Nation.

Q. Where is your husband? — A. I left him at home at work.

Q. What is he? — A. He is a State man.

Q. How many children have you? — A. Jim, Mary, Houston, Mollie, Tom, Zebadee,
and Mallissy.

Q. Is Mary married? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Is her husband a State man? — A. Yes, sir. She is sick and can't come here.
Her name is Mary Smith. I have a certificate from the doctor that she can't come.

(Enrolled Maria Brown and seven children and one grandchild as Choctaw freed-
men.)

Department of the Interior,
Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,



I hereby certify, upon my official oath as stenographer to above-named Commission,
that this transcript is a true, full, and correct translation of my stenographic notes.

W. A. Smiley.

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that
the above and foregoing is a true and correct copjr of the testimony of Maria Brown
given on April 19, 1899, in the matter of her application for enrollment as the same
appears upon the records of this office.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 21, 1906.



Affidavit of Mary Smith.

United States op America, Indian Territory, Central District, ss:

Mary Smith, first being duly sworn, on oath states that she is 38 years old, a citizen of
the Choctaw Nation and lives at the town of Harris in said nation. Affiant further
states that she is the daughter of Daniel Webster, a full-blood recognized Choctaw citi-
zen; that she was born in the Choctaw Nation and has lived therein all her life; that
her mother was Maria Brown, who is of one-quarter Choctaw blood and three-quarters
negro blood; that her father, the said Daniel Webster, always acknowledged her to be
his child, and that he is now living at the town of Idabell, in the Choctaw Nation; that
her mother lives at the town of Harris, in said nation; that when before the Commis-
sion to the Five Civilized Tribes for enrollment she stated the facts as above set out and
the Commission enrolled her as a freedman; that she is the lawful wife of Pull Smith,
by whom she has had no children.

Mary (her x mark) Smith.
Witness to mark:
R. F. Grapa.
T. H. B. Fulsom.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 15th day of January, 1906.

R. F. Grapa, Notary Public.
Commission expires July 28, 1908.

Original forwarded Department June 23, 1906, therefore no certified copy can be



Tams Bixby, Commissioner.
Muskogee, Ind. T., November SS, 1906.

[Indorsed.] " Filed with Commissioner February 10, 1906.''



FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 541

Freedman.

In the matter of the application of Prince Butler to the Commission to the Five Civil-
ized Tribes, at Alikchi, Ind. T., April 27, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw freed-
man. Being duly sworn by Commissioner Needles and examined by him et al., he
testified as follows:

Q. What it your name? — A. Prince Butler.

Q. How old are you? — A. 27.

Q. Who was your mother? — A. Lydia Walker, now.

Q. Who was she before she married the last man? — A. Lydia Butler.

Q. Whose slave was she? — A. Peter Pitchlynn.

Q. What was he? — A. Choctaw.

Q. Where do you live? — A. Kiamitia County.

Q. How long have you lived there? — A. Three years.

Q. Where did you live before that? — A. In Eagle County.

Q. How long did you live there? — A. I always lived there until I went to Kiamitia
County.

Q. Have you ever lived in Texas? — A. No, sir.

Q. Are you married? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. What is your wife's name? — A. Mary Willis, before I married her.

Q. Who was your wife's mother? — A. Julia Russell.

Q. Who did Julia Russell belong to? — A. Some Choctaw; I don't know his name.

(Choctaw records show she belonged to lUenahe, a Chickasaw.)

Q. Have you got any children? — A. Yes, sir; my wife had two when I married her,
Willie and Stephen Robert.

Q. What is your child's name? — A. Henry Butler.

Q. Is there anybody here that knows this young child of yours? — A. No, sir.

Q. It's alive and well, is it? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Is it living with you? — A. Yes, sir; living right with me in Kiamitia County.

(Requested to bring somebody to Goodland who knows that he has a baby 1 year old.)

(Prince Butler enrolled as Choctaw, and wife and three children enrolled as Chicka-
saw freedmen.)

Department op the Interior,
Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,



I hereby certify, upon my official oath as stenographer to above Commission, that this
transcript is a true and correct translation of my stenographic notes.

W. A. Smiley.

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that the
above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the testimony of Prince Butler, given
on April 27, 1899, in the matter of his application for enrollment as Choctaw freedman,
as the same appears from the record in this case.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November SI, 1906.



Affidavit of Mary Butler.

United States of America, Indian Territory, Central District, ss:

Mary Butler, first being duly sworn, on oath states that she is 36 years old and lives
at Grant, Choctaw Nation, Ind. T. Affiant further states that she is one-fourth
Choctaw blood, one-fourth white blood, and one-half negro blood, her father, Hamp
Willis, being one-half Choctaw and one-half white, and her mother, Julia Russell, being
a negro woman; that her father and mother lived together as husband and wife under
the Choctaw law until her father's death 29 years ago; that herfather was an enrolled
citizen of the Choctaw Nation; that when affiant was before the Commission to the Five
Civilized Tribes for enrollment she stated the facts as above set out; that she is the
mother of Willie Roberts by Dennis Roberts, a recognized full-blood Choctaw, and of
Henry, George, Lemon, and Julius Butler by her husband. Prince Butler.

Mary Butler.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 29th day of December, 1905.
[seal.] R. F. Grapa, Notary Public.

Commission expires July 28th, 1908.



542 FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES.

Original forwarded Department October 4, 1906, therefore no certified copy can be
made.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 23, 1906.

[Indorsed:] Filed with Commissioner January 13, 1906.



Freedman.



In re application of Rosa Hampton to the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,
atGoodland, Ind. T., May 11, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw freedman. Being duly
sworn by Commissioner Needles, and examined by him et al. , she testified as follows :

Q. What is your name? — A. Rosa Hampton.

Q. Who is your mother? — A. Malinda Jackson.

Q. Who did she belong to?— A. Mary Ellis.

Q. What was she? — A. A Choctaw.

Q. Are you married? — A. My husband is dead.

Q. Haveyougot any children? — A. Yes, sir; four.

Q. Have you always lived here in the Territory? — A. Yes, sir; all the time.

(Enrolled Rosa Hampton and four children as Choctaw freedmen.)

Department of the Interior,
Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,



I hereby certify, upon my official oath as stenographer to above-named Commission,
that this transcript is a true, full, and correct translation of my stenographic notes.

W. A. Smiley.

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that
the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the testimony of Rosa Hampton
given on May 11, 1899, in the matter of her application for enrollment as a Choctaw
freedman as the same appears from the record m this case.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 21, 1906.



Affidavit of Wilhurn Hampton.

United States op America, Indian Territory, Southern District, ss:

Wilburn Hampton, first being duly sworn, on oath states that he is 28 years old, a
citizen of the Choctaw Nation, and lives at Fort Towson, in said nation. Affiant fur-
ther states that he is the son of Phil Hampton, who was a son of Jim Hampton, a full
blood, recognized Choctaw citizen; that his mother is Rose Pickins, now the wife of
Henry Pickins, but who was the lawful wife of the said Phil Pickins, who has been dead
since the year 1898. He further states that he has two children by his lawful wife,
named as follows: Linz and Mary Hampton, both of whom are minors. Affiant further
states that he has two brothers and two sisters, as follows: Jessie Hampton and James
Hampton, both single and living at Hugo, Choctaw Nation, Ind. T. Amelia, who
married Jim Hill and who is the mother of three children, Bessie Lee Hill, Rosa
Lee Hill, and Pearlie Hill; Mary, who married John Shoals, and who has no children;
both of said sisters live at Hugo. Affiant states that when before the Commission to the
Five Civilized Tribes for enrollment, a statement was made to the Commission of the
above facts, which statement resulted in their enrollment as freedmen of the Choctaw
Nation.

Wilburn Hampton.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 17th day of January, A. D. 1906.

[seal.] R. F. Grapa, Notary Public.

Commission expires July 28, 1908.

Original forwarded Department June 19, 1906, therefore no certified copy can be
made.

Tams Bixbt, Commissioner.
Muskogee, Ind. T., November S3, 1906.

[Indorsed:] Filed with Commissioner February 10, 1906.



FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 543

Preedman.

In the matter of the application of Easter Butler to the Commission to the Five
Civilized Tribes, at Alikchi, Ind. T., April 20, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw freed-
man, and being duly sworn and examined by Commissioner Needles, she testified as
follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Easter Butler.

Q. How old are you? — A. I can't tell; pretty old.

Q. Who was your old master? — A. Peter Pitchlynn.

Q. Was he a Choctaw or Chickasaw? — A. He was a Choctaw.

Q. Have you been living here in the nation; all your life? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Never went out? — A. No, sir; I was raised here.

Q. Got any children living with you? — A. No, sir; I have some grandchildren,
though.

Q. How many? — A. Three.

(Enrolled Easter Butler and three grandchildren as Choctaw freedmen.)

Department of the Interior,
Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,



I hereby certify, upon my official oath as stenographer to above-named Commis- ■
sion, that this transcript is a true, full, and correct translation of my stenographic
notes.

W. A. Smiley.

I, Tams Bixby, commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that
the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the testimony of Easter Butler,
given on April 20, 1899, in the matter of her application for enrollment as a Choctaw
freedman as the same appears from the record in this case.

Tams Bixby, Commusioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 21, 1906.



Affidavit of Phyllis Butler.

United States of America,

Indian Territory, Central District, ss :
Phyllis Butler, first being duly sworn, on oath states that she is 27 years old, a citi-
zen of the Choctaw Nation, and lives at the town of Harris, in said nation. Affiant
further states that she is the daughter of Hannah Boyd, who was the daughter of Silas
Jones, a full blood recognized Choctaw citizen. That her father was Silas Boyd, a
negro. AflBant further states that she was born in the Choctaw Nation and has lived
there all her life; that she is enrolled as a freedman under the name of Phyllis Jackson,
her first husband having been Jesse Jackson, from whom she secured a legal divorce.
That she is the mother of two children by the said Jesse Jackson. She states that in
the year 1903 she married Paul Butler, by whom she has no children. Affiant further
states that when before the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes a statement was
made to the Commission of her Choctaw descent, but that she was enrolled as a freed-
man.

Phyllis (her x mark) Butler.
Witness to mark:
R. F. Grafa.
T. H. B. FuLSOM.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 15th day of January, 1906.

R. F. Grafa, Notary Public.
Commission expires July 28, 1908.

Original forwarded Department June 14, 1906; therefore no certified copy can be
made.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.
Muskogee, Ind. T., November 23, 1906.

[Indorsed:]

"Filed with Commission February 10, 1906."



544 -FIVE CIVILIZED TElBES.

Affidavit of Walter Durant.

United States op America,

Indian Territory, Central District.
Walter Durant, first being duly sworn, on oath states that he is 24 years old, a citizen
of the Choctaw Nation, and lives at the town of Kullituklo, in said nation. Affiant fur-
ther states that he is the son of Thomas Durant, who was a full-blood recognized Choc-
taw citizen, and who has been dead about nine years. That his mother was Henrietta
Butler, a negro woman. That his said father until his death always acknowledged
affiant to be his son and provided for his suj)port. Affiant states that when he was
before the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes for enrollment he stated that he was
the son of the said Thomas Durant, but the Commission refused to enroll him as a citizen
by blood.

Walter Durant.

Subseribed and sworn to before me this 15th day of January, 1906.

[seal.] R. p. Grafa, Notary Public.

My commission expires July 28, 1908.

I, Tams Bixby , commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that the
above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of an affidavit of Walter Durant of Janu-
ary 15, 1906, which was filed in the matter of the application of Walter Durant for the
transfer of his name from the roll of Choctaw freedmen to the roll of citizens by blood
of the Choctaw Nation.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November 21, 1906.

[Indorsed;]

"Filed with Commissioner February 10, 1906."



Freedman.

In the matter of the application of Edmond Jackson, to the Commission to the Five
Civilized Tribes at Alikchi, Ind. T., April 20, 1899, for enrollment as a Choctaw freed-
man. Being duly sworn by Commissioner Needles, and examined by him, et al.,
he testified as follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Edmond Jacksson.

Q. How old are you? — A. I am 51.

Q. Were you a slave during the war? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Who was your master? — A. Jim Harkins.

Q. Was he a Choctaw or Chickasaw? — A. Choctaw.

Q. Where have you been living since the surrender? — A. Here in the nation.

Q. Did you ever live in Texas? — A. A little while. •

Q. Did you ever make your home in Texas? — A. No, sir.

Q. What is your wife's name? — A. Sarah Ann, but we have parted.

Q. Got any children? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. What are their names? — A. Edward Jackson, Joe Jackson, and Jesse Jackson.

Q. Was your wife a State woman? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Where are the children now? — A. They are at home.

Q. You say you have always lived on this side since the war? — A. Yea, sir.

Q. Where were you married? — A. Over here.

(Edward Jackson not on roll.)

Q. Is there any one here who knows Edward Jackson? — A. Yes, sir; Joe Murray.

Joe Murray, being duly sworn, testified as follows:

Q. What is your name? — A. Joe Murray.

Q. Do you know Edward Jackson? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Who was Edward's mother?— A. Sarah Ann Guess.

Q. She is a State woman, is she? — A. Yes, sir.

Q. Edward is alive is he? — A. Yes, sir.

(Enrolled Edmond Jackson and three children as Choctaw freedmen.)

I, Tams Bixby, Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, do hereby certify that
the above and foregoing is a true and correct copy of the testimony of Edmond Jack-
son given on April 20, 1899, in the matter of his application for enrollment as Choctaw
freedman, as the same appears from the record in the case.

Tams Bixby, Commissioner.

Muskogee, Ind. T., November ^1, 1906.



FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 545

Freedman.

Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,
Atolca, Ind. T., August 28, 1899.
In the matter of the enrollment of Rachel Thompson, said Thompson being sworn



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