United States. Congress.

Abridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 : from Gales and Seaton's Annals of Congress, from their Register of debates, and from the official reported debates by John C. Rives online

. (page 116 of 188)
Online LibraryUnited States. CongressAbridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 : from Gales and Seaton's Annals of Congress, from their Register of debates, and from the official reported debates by John C. Rives → online text (page 116 of 188)
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kept for perhaps six months in service unneces-
sarily. The Navy and other parts of our de-
fensive system, were upon a omerent footing.
He wishea the Army to be placed on a similar
one, and therefore moved the following resolu-

*< RMcivedj That it is expedient to authonae tho
President of the United States to disdhaige the

Digitized by




H. 09 R.]

Memory <f WonkwgUm,

[Mat, 180a

additionid anny thereof, m toon aa the state of things
between the United States and the French Repnblic
will tranrant tiiemeasnre."

The resolution was agreed to, and referred to
the Committee of tiie whole House, to whom
was committed th^ Dill from the Senate, to sus-
pend part of the act entitled ^^ An act to aug-
ment the Armj of the United States.*^

Additional Beoenue.

The Honse j^ain resolved itself into a Oom-
mittee of the wnole on the ftirther renort of the
Committee of Ways and Means on the subject
of revenne; and the tax on drawhacks being
under consideration, Mr. Gbiswold and "Mr.
Haspbb again spoke for and against the motion.
Mr. NiOHOLAB, Mr. Hugbb, and Mr. Ranimlph,
also spoke against the motion ; after which the
question was taken and negatived, only 28 votes
being in favor of it.

The third resolution, to laj an additional duty
of one half per cent per pound on brown sugar
and coffee imported mto the United States was
opposed by Mr. Gbiswold, who doubted much the
propriety of laying an additional duty on coffee,
and therefore moved to strike out &at article.
The motion was opposed by Mr. Habpib, and
advocated by Mr. Sew all, who was of opinion
that tMs article was freauently smuggled, and
was apprehensive it would be more so, if an ad-
^tional duty were laid, and therefore would
ii\jure tiie revenue.

The motion was carried— veas 88, nays 21.

The question on the resolution as amended,
was, after some debate, put and carried— yeas
45^ay8 28.

The fourth resolution reported, to retain two
and a half per centum on all drawbacks allowed
for goods re-exported from the United States,
in addition to the sums heretofore directed to be
retained by law, and also on the whole of the
additional duty on goods imported in foreign
fthips or vessels^ tras agreed to without debate.
The committee then rose, and. upon the ques-
tion. Will the House concur witn the committee
hi their agreement to the resolution laying an
additional duty on sugar ? the yeas Bnd nays
were called for, and taken— 54 to 28.

The otiier resolutions, as amended, were also
agreed to, and the Committee of Ways and Means
directed to bring in a bill or bills conformable

TmrnaDAT, May 8.
Memory <^ WasMnfft<m,

Mr. H. Lbb, from the select committee ap-
pointed to consider what measures it would be
2)roper for Congress to adopt for paying suitable
respect to the memory of the man first m peace,
first in war, and first in the hearts of his coun-
trymen—the deceased General Washington —
made a report, recommending the adoption of
the following resolutions :

^ Raolved, That the resolndon of Congress passed
In the yew 1783, rejecting an equestrian statue of

General Washqigtoii, be canied into immediate exe-
cution, and that the statue be placed in the centre
of an area to he fbrmed in front of the Capitol.

^Retoivfdj That a marble monument be erected
hy the United States in the C^ntol at the city of
Washington, in honor of General WASHOKnosi, to
commemorate his services, and to express the regretH
of the American people for their irreparable Iocs.

*'Re»olvedy That the Prendent of the United
States be requested to give such directions as may
iqjpear to him proper, to cany the precedmg resolii-
tions into effect ; and that for the present, the sum of
$100,000 be 4>propriatod for these puipoeee."

The resolutions were referred to a Committee
of the whole House, and immediately taken into
consideration; when

Mr. Habpxb moved to amend the first reso-
lution, by inserting that a mausoleum be erected
for General Washington, in the city of Wash-
ington, instead of the statue proposed, which
was carried ; the other resolutions were nega-
tived, of course.

The committee then rose, and the resolution,
as amended bv Mr. Habfer, was agreed to by
the House, 'and a bill ordered to be brought in
pursuant thereto.

Fbidat, May 9.
The Treasury Ikpartment,

The House went into a committee on the act
supplementary to the act entitled ^^ An act to
establish the Treasury Department.*^

The committee rose and reported the bUl —
which provided that the Secretary of the Treas"
ury should lay before Congress, at the com-
mencement of every session, a report on the
subject of finance together with sudi plans for
improving the revenue as may occur to him.

Mr. Gallatik and Mr. Nicholas opposed the
passing of the bill, on constitutional principles*
They observed, that as all money bills were to
originate in the House of Bepresentatives, the
Senate had no right to propose any bill by which
that provision was changed ; nor could tiie Sec-
retary of the Treasury, upon the same ground,
propose any thing that shoxdd originate any
money bill. Heretofore, it had been usual, when
information was wanting by the House, to call
for it from that department, and the same could
be done a0in.

It was contended by Mr. Gbiswold and Mr.
Haiepeb, that it was not a power to report a bill,
but merely the state of our finances, which, for
want of due notic^ had heretofore been delayed,
so as to throw all the most important businees
upon the close of the session, whereas, by a
leisurely and mature examination, the Secretaiy
of the Treasury would be enabled to make a
timely and complete report.

The bill passed to its third reading— 46 to 89.

Memory of Waehington.
Mr. Etaivb, from the committee ap^inted for
that purpose, reported a bill for erectmg a mau-
soleum for GsoROE WABBiKOTOir, in the city of

Digitized by




Mat, 1800.]


[H. OF R.

The bill provided that it ehonld be one hundred
feet square at the baseband of a proportionate

Mr. Egolkstok wished to hear the estimated

Mr. Habfkb said he had an estimate from Mr.
Latrobe, of Philadelphia, who was the architect
employed on the Pennsjlyania Bank, the esti-
mate of which had rather been over the actual
expense ; the estimate was that a pyramid of
one hundred feet at the bottom, with nineteen
stepsi having a chamber thirty feet square, made
of granite, to be taken from the Potomac, with a
marble sarcophagus in the centre, and four mar-
ble pillars on the outside, besides other propor-
tionate ornaments, would amount to $62,500.
He hoped no objection would be made to the
price, once it could not occur on any fhtnre oc-
casion, as anothw Washington would tiMerdie,

Mr. Nicholas thought every sense of respect
would be as well signified by a building of less
^mensiona, and it would be considerable less
expense ; he moved to strike out one hundred
and insert sixty. After some debate, this was

The bill was then ordered to be engrossed for
its third reading.

Meeting of Oonffreee.

A bill was received from the Senate appoint-
ing the time and directing the place of the next
meeting of Oongress, which provided that the
two Houses should meet at the city of Washing-
ton on the third Monday in November next.

The House went into committee thereupon,
which was reported. On the question for its
third reading, it was carried — ^yeas 82, nays 82.
The Sfbakbb voted in the afELrmative, and it
was ordered to a third reading to-morrow.

Satubdat, May 10.
Memory of Waahington,

The bill for erecting a mausoleum for Gbobgb
Washinoton, in the city of Washington, was
read a third time; and upon the question, shall
the bill pass ?

Mr. KiTOHELL called the yeas and nays upon
it, and proceeded to give his reasons why he
would vote against the bilL He was followed
by Mr. Hasfeb in favor of it, and Mr. Ran-
dolph against it ; when the question was taken,
and the bill passed — ^yeas 54, nays 19, as follows :

TBA&~Wniis Alston, Bailey Bartlett, James A
Bayard, Jonathan Brace, John Brown, Gabriel Chris-
tie, William C. C. Claiborne, William Craik, Samnel
W. Dana, Franklin Davenport, Thomas T. Davis,
John Dawson, George Dent, Joseph Dickson, Thomas
Evans, Ahiel Foster, Albert Gallatin, ^Heniy Glenn,
Channcey Goodrich, Eliznr Goodrich, Edwin Gray,
I Boger Griswold, John A. Hanna, Robert Goodloe
Hiufper, David Holmes, Benjamin Hnger, James H.
Lnlay, James Jones, John Wilkes Kitfcera, Henry
Lee, SHas Lee, Edward Livingston, Lewis R. Morris,
Peter Mnhlenbcig, Abradiam Nott, Robert Page,
Jonas Plott, Leven Powell, John Road, John Bat-

ledge, jnn., Samnel Sewall, James Sheafe, John
Smith, Samuel Smith, Riohard Dobbs Spaight,
George Thatcher, John C. Thomas, Richard Thomas,
Abram Trigg, Philip Van Cortlandt, Peleg Wads-
worth, Robert Wain, Lemuel Williams, and Henry

Nays.— Theodoros Bailey, Robert Brown, Matthew
Clay, John Condit, John Davenport, George Jackson,
Aaron Eitchell, Michael Leib, James Linn, Nathan>
iel Macon, Anthony New, John Nicholas, John Ran-
dolph, William Shepard, John Smilie, Thomas Sum-
ter, John Thompson, John Trigg, and Joseph B.

Next Meeting qf Oongreee.

The bill from the Senate appointing the time
and directing the place of the next meeting of
Oongress, was read a third time ; when

Mr. Batabd moved that it be recommitted to
a Committee of the whole House, for the pur-
pose of altering the time of commencing the
session. After some debate, the motion was

The question was then put, shall the bill pass ?
and resolved in the affirmative — ^yeas 41, nays
86. The next meetiug of Congress wiU of
course take pUice on the third Monday in No-
vember next.

Imprisonment for Debt,
The bill making ftirther provision for the
relief of persons imprisoned for debts due the
United States, was taken up in committee,
agreed to, and upon the question shall the bill
be engrossed for a third reading, it passed in the
affirmative — ^yeas 86, nays 25. The bill was
subsequentiy read the third time and passed —
yeas 89, nays 27.

[By this bill no person indebted to the United
States can be discharged from prison, unless he
shall have suffered two years imprisonment]

Elections of President,

A message was received from the Senate in-
forming the House that the Senate adhere to
their disagreement to the amendments to the
bill prescribing the mode of deciding disputed
elections of President and Vice President of
the United States, made by this House, and
subsequentiy insisted on, Whereupon,

Mr. Habpsb moved that this House do also
adhere to their disagreement to recede ; which
was carried, and the bill, consequontiy, is lost.

MoKDAT, May 12.

On motion of Mr. Nicholas, the House re-
scinded a resolution to adjourn the two Houses
this day, and a resolution was adopted that
the President of the Senate and thfe Speaker
of the House should adjourn both Houses to-
morrow. The Senate amended it by proposing
Wednesday. On the question of concurrence, it
was carried, 40 to 24.

A message from the Senate, hiformed the
House that the Senate a^ree to the resolution
for poet{|pning the time of a^oununeut of the

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H. OF B.]


{Mat, 1800

two Houses, with an amendment; to which
they desire the concnrrence of this Honse.

The House proceeded to consider the amend-
ment proposed by the Senate to the resolntion
for postponing the time of a^jonmment : Where-

Besohed. that this Honse doth agree to the
said amendment.

WEDinESDAT, May 14.
Ccmadian B^fugee9.

A message from the Senate informed the
Honse that the Senate have passed a bill regu-
lating the grants of land to the Canada and
Nova Scotia refugees, with amendments.

The amendments were taken into considera-
tion, and opposed by Mr. Gaixatdt, who said
the object of the Senate was to gtve the refu-
gees land worth ten cents an acre^ instead of
good land worth one dolkr per acre, as proposed
by this House; rather than do this, he would
give ^em nothing.

Mr. LiYiNGHSTON was of the same opinion, and
hoped the House would not concur. These peo-
ple had waited eighteen years, and he thought it
extremely hard they should now be put off in
this manner.

The amendments were unanimously rejected.

A message from the Senate informed the

House that they adhered to the amendment;

Mr. Gallatin moved that the farther consd-
eration of the bill be postponed till the third
Monday in November next, which was carried.

After receiving several messages from the
Pbbsident, notifying the signing of various billa,
there appearing no farther business before the
House, on motion of Mr. 0. Goodbeoh a reisolu-
tion for the appointment of a joint committee
to wait on the FBBsmxNT, and inform him of
the proposed recess, was adopted, and was con-
currod in by the Senate.

Mr. 0. GiooDKioH, from the Joint Committee^
reported that they had performed that serrioe,
and that the PsEsiDEirr informed them he had
no other communication to make^ exo^ his
good wishes for their health and happiness, and
that he wished them a pleasant Journey to ih&t
respective homes.

A message havi^been sent to the Senate to
inform them this House was ready to a^joons,
after a few minutes a motion was made for that
purpose, and carried; when

The Speakbb, after taking an afibctiaDate
farewell of the members, and expresfflng his wish
for their safe return and happiness, during the
recess, atyoumed the House till the third Mon-
day in November next, to meet in the city of
Waahington, in the District of Ckdumbia.

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MbnMBB, 180a]






MoKDAT, November 17, 1800.
In punaimoe of the law of the last aeeeion,
the second session of the sixth Oongress com-
menoed this day, at the city of Washington,
and the Senate assembled, in their Chamber, at


John Lahodok and Sakuxl LivxBif obb, froib
New Hampshire.

DwioHT FosTKB, from Massaohnsetts.

James Hnumorss and Ubzah Tsaot, from

Thsodobs Foster, from Bhode Island.

'NATHAmsL Ohifmak, from Vermont.

Jambs SonumEMAH, from New Jersey.

William Hux Wells, from DeUware.

JoHzr E. HowABD, from Maryland.

Stephens Thomfsoh Masoh, from Yizginia.

Jomr Bbowh, from Kentucky.

JofiBpa AsDEsaos and William Oocks, from

ATtTtATTAv Baldwot, from Geors^

The number of members present not being
saffident to constitute a qnomm, the Senate
a^onmed to 11 o'dock to-morrow morning.

TuiSDAT, NoYember 18.
The number of members present not being
anffident to constitute a quorum, the Senate

WxDKBBDAT, November 19.
There being no quorum, the Senate adjourned.

Thubidat, November 20.
There being no quorum present^ the Senate

F^IDAT, November 21.

Tdiotht Bloodwobth, from the State of
Korth Oarolina; Humphrey Marswalt^ from
the State of Kentucky ; and G ouvekneub Mor-
bus from the State of New York, severally at-

You n. - 4ll

The credentials of Dwioht Foster, appointed
a Senator by the State of MassaohuaiittB, in
place of Samuel Dexter, resigned, were read,
and he took his seat in the Senate.

The YiGB PRBsmEET being absent, the Senate
proceeded to the election of a President j>ra
tenw&re^ as the constitution provides, and Johm
E. Howard was chosen.

The PRBsinEET administered the oath pre-
scribed by law to Mr. Foster.

Ord&red, that the Secretary wait en the
President of the IJKrrED States, and acquaint
him that a quorum of the Senate is assembled^
and that, in the absence of the Vice President^
they have elected John £. Howard, President
of the Senate, pro tempors^

Ordered^ Tm the Secretary acquaint the
House of Bepreeentatives that a qnomm of
the Senate is assembled and ready to proceed
to business; and that, in the absence of the
Vice President, they have elected John E.
Howard President of the Senate, pro tempore.

A message from the House of Representa-
tives informed the Senate that a quorum of the
House is assembled, and they have appointed a
committee on their part, together with such
committee as the Senate may appoint, to wait
on the Pbesideht ov the United States, and
notiiy him that a quorum of the two Houses is
assembled, and ready to receive any communi-
cations that he may be pleased to make them.

BewUed^ That the Senate concur in the reso-
lution last redted, and that Messrs. Wsixs and
Tract be the committee on the part of the

Mr. Wells reported, from the jdnt com-
mittee last mentioned, that thev had waited on
the President op the United states ; and that
he acquainted the committee that he would
meet the two Houses of Congress, at 12 o'dook
to-morrow, in tl^e Senate Chamber.

Saturdat, November 22.
Ordered^ That the Secretary notify the House
of Representatives, that the Senate are ready

•TiM Vint llMtiiif of OoBfrMi at WaahlQston atj.

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Pfoo ttdu t ^ t

{JScmEMSMMt 180a

to meet them in their Chamber, for the purpose
of receiving the oommnnioations from the


The House of Representatives having acoord-
ingly taken the seats assigned them, the Pbbsi-
DKNT or THE UNITED Btates Came into the
Senate Chamber, and addressed both Hoosea of
Congress as follows : ^

OeiUUmen of the SmaUy and

Gentlemen of the Bouee ef lUpreteiUaiivet:

ImmedUtelj after the a^ioumment of Ooogreas at
th«ir last aeaaion in Philadelphia, I gave directiona,
in compliance with the laws, for the removal of the
public offices, records, and property. These direc-
tions have been executed, and tfab public officers have
since resided and conducted the ordinaiy business of
the Government in this place.

I congratulate the people of the United States on
the assembling of Congress at the permanent srat of
their Government ; and I congratulate yon, gentle-
men, on the proq)ect of a residence not to be changed.
Although there is cause to apprehend that accom-
modations are not now so complete as might be
wished, jet there is great reason to believe tluit this
iaoonvenienoe will cease with the present session.

It would be unbecoming the Representatives of
this nation to assemble, for the first dme, in this
solemn tenqple, without looking up to the Supreme
Ruler of the Universe, and imploring his blessing.

May this Territory be the residence of virtue and
happiness I In this city may that piety and virtue^
that wisdom and magnanimity, that constancy and
self-government which adorned the great character
whose name it beara^ be for ever held in veneration I
Here, and throughout our countir, may nmple man-
ners, pure morals, and true religion flourish for ever I

It is with you, gentlemen, to consider whether the
local powers over the District of Columbia, vested by
the oonstitntion in the Conmss of the United States^
shall be immediately exerdsed. If, in your opinion,
this important trust ought now to be executed, you
oannot fiul, while performing it» to take into view
the future probable situation of the Territory for
the happiness of which you axe about to provide.
You wM consider it as the Capital of a great nation,
advancing, with unexampled rapidity, in arts, in
commerce, in wealth, and in population; and pos-
sessing, within itself, those energies and resources
which, if not thrown away, or lamentably misdi-
teoted, will secuze to it a long course of prosperity
and self-government.

In compliance with a law of the last session of
'Congress, the officers and soldiers of the temporary
army have been discharged. It a£fords real pleasure
to jreooUect the honorable testimony they gave of
(the patriotic motives which brought them mto the
-aerrioe of their country, by the readiness and regu-
larity with which they returned to the stadon of
private citizens.

It ia, in every point of view, of such primaiy im-
portance to cany the lawsinto prompt and faithful
«exeeution, and to render that part of the adminis-
tration of justice which the constitution and laws de-
volve on the federal courts as convenient to tiie
people as mi^ consist with their present cizcum-
stanoes, that I cannot omit onoe mote to recommend
to your serious consideratioB the judiciary eystem
<^ the United Statea No subject is more int^-
esting than this to the public happiness, and to
can those inqncvements which may have

been suggested by experience be more beneficially

A Treaty of Amily and Commeroe with the King
of Prussia has been concluded and ratified. The
ratifications have been exdhanged, and I have di-
rected the treaty to be promu^tod by prodama-

^ The difficulties which suspended the execntioii of
tlie sixth artide of our Trea^ of Amity, Commeiee,
and Navigatioui with Great Britain, have not yet
been removed. The negotiation on this subject ia
still pending. As it must be for the interest and
honor of both nations to adjust this diflbreooe with
good faith, I indulge confidentiy the expeetatioD that
the sincere endeavors of the Government of the
United States to bring it to an amicable tezmination
will not be disappoint^

The Envoys Extraordinary and Mlnistws PlanK
potenliaxy fnm the United States to Franoe were
received by the First Consol with the re^>ect doe to
their character; and three persons with equal powers
were appointed to treat with them.* ilthoogh, at
the date of the last official intellit^ee, the negotia-
tion had not terminated, yet it is to be hoped that
our efforts to eflbct an accommodation win at length
meet with a success proportioned to the sinoeri^
with which they have been so often repeated.

While our best endeavors for the preservation of
harmony with all nations will continue to be used,
the experience of the worid, our own eiqierienoe, ad-
monish us of the insecurity of trusting too oonfidently
to their success. We cannot, without oommitthig a
dangerous imprudence, abandon thoee measoiea of
self-protection which are adapted to our situatioii,
and to which, notwithstanding our pacific policy, the
violence and iigustice of Qthers may again compel us
to resort; While our vast extent of sea-coast, the
commercial and agricultural habits of our pei^le, the
great capital they will continue to trust on the ocean,
soggest the system of defence which will be most
beneficial to ourselves, our distance fiom Europe,
and our resources for maritime strength, win eoahle
us to employ it with eflbct Seasonable and ^9-
tematio arrangements, so far as our resooicea wfll
justify, for a navy, adapted to dafensivB wai; and
whion may, in case of neoesnty, be qnlcUj brought
into use, seem to be as much recommended by a

* Ottlzen TaUeyrand, retained under the GonsiUate as Min-
ister of Exterior Relations, was the organ of our lOnistoi^
oommnnlcstlons with the First Consol, a&d bislangaafeaad
deportment on their arrival present a fine eontrast to what
they were In the time of the Directory, and of the. X^ T.,
Z. Babaltern intrigners. Thus, arriving in Paris on the M
of Marota, they notify the atlzen Minister of that ihct on the
8d,and the same day receive this answer : ** The Inftmnatten
which yon have Jost commnnleated of yoor arrival at Pari^
has given me real satiaflustion. If you will take the tieable
to call npon me at half-past twelve'to-morrow, I will be ex-
ceedingly glad to have the honor of receiving yoo." Tbttj
called as reqnested, and were treated with aU conrte^; aad,
having •zproeaed a desire to be presented to the First Oob«
sol, they received the next day the evidei&e that ha had
attended to their request and accomplished it, and giving
the honr they were to be **ao obliging" as to attend tn tho
Hall of the Ambassadors, in the Palace of the TnUcries. And
in notifying them that a commission was appointed to treat
with them, he expressed himself with amlahto poUfeeBca^
**to remove a mlsanderstandlng which compoitB aa Utila
with the Interesto as with the sentlmants of the two Q««^

Digitized by





•vnae and trne economy as by a just regard for onr
ftitore tranquillity, for the aa^ty of oar shorefl) and

Online LibraryUnited States. CongressAbridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 : from Gales and Seaton's Annals of Congress, from their Register of debates, and from the official reported debates by John C. Rives → online text (page 116 of 188)