United States. Congress.

Abridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 : from Gales and Seaton's Annals of Congress, from their Register of debates, and from the official reported debates by John C. Rives online

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Online LibraryUnited States. CongressAbridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 : from Gales and Seaton's Annals of Congress, from their Register of debates, and from the official reported debates by John C. Rives → online text (page 116 of 186)
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Southard.

From Peimsylvama — Henry Baldwin, William Dar-
lington, Samuel Edwards, Thomas Forrest, David
FuUerton, Samn^l Gross, Joseph Hemphill, Jacob
Hibshman, Joseph Heister, Jacob Hostetter, William
P. Maclay, David Marchand, Robert Moore, Samnel
Moore, John Murray, Thomas Patterson, Thomas J.
Rogers, John Sergeant, Christian Tarr, and James
WaUaoe.

From Delaware — ^Lonis McLane.

From Maryland — Stevenson Archer, Thomas Cul-
breth, Joseph Kent, Peter Little, Raphael Neale,
Samuel Ringgold, Samuel Smith, aiid Heniy R. War-
field.

/Vow Virginia — ^Mark AlexAnder, WHliam Lee
BiOl, PhiUp P. Barbour, William A. Burwell, John
Floyd, Robert S. Gamett, James Jones, William
McCoy, Charles F. Mercer, Hugh Nelson, Thomas
Newton, Severn E. Parker, James Pindall, James
Pleasants, Alexander Smyth, Geoige F. Strother,
Greorge Tucker, John Tyler, Thomas Van Swear-
ingen, and Jored Willlama

From North Carolina — Hutchins G. Burton, John
Culpeper, Charles Fisher, Thomas H. Hall, James S.
Smith, Felix Walker, and Lewis Williamsi

From South Carolina — Joseph Brevard, John Mo-
Creaiy, James Overstreet, Charles Piuckney, Eldred
Simkins, and Sterling Tucker.

From Georgia — Joel Abbot, Thomas W. Cobb, Joel
Crawfoni, and Robert W. Reid.

From Kentucky — Richard C. Anderson, jun., Wil-
liam Brown, Henry Clay, Alney McLean, Thomas
Metcalfe, Tunstall Quarles, George Robertson, David
Trimble, and David Walker.

From Tenneuee — Robert Allen, Henry H. Biyan,
Newton Cannon, John Cocke, Francis Jones, and
John Rhea.

From Ohio — Philemon Beecher, Heniy Brush,
John W. Campbell, Samuel Herrick, Thomas R.
Ross, and John Sloan. -^

From Indiana — William Hencbicks.

From Missitsippi — Christopher Rankin.

From Illinoie — ^Daniel P. Cook.

The IJonse then proceeded to the choice of a
Speaker, by ballot ; and the ballots having been
counted by Mr. Pleasants and Mr. Mosblt,
it appeared that the whole number of votes
given in was 165, of which there were,
For IIenbt Olat, of Kentucky - 147
Scattering votes - - - - 8

So that Mr. Olat was duly elected Speaker
of the House of Representatives. He was ac-
cordingly conducted to the Chair by Mr.
Pleasants and Mr. Mosely, and the oath



of office was administered to him by Mr.
Newton.

When Mr. Olat, the Speaker electa addressed
the House as follows:

Gentlemen : Again called, by your favorable
opinion, to the distinguished station to which I have
been frequently assigned by that of your predeces-
sors, I owe to you the expresaon of my most respect-
ful ihanks ; and I pray you to believe that I feel inex-
pressible gratitude, as well for the honor itself, as for
the flattering manner in which it has been conferred.
In our extensive Confederacy, gentlemen, embracing
such various and important r^ations, it must neces-
sarily happen that each successive session of the
House of Representatives will bring with it subjects
of the greatest moment. During uiat. which we are
now about to open, we have every reason to antici-
pate that the matters which we shall be required to
consider, and to decide, possess the highest degree
of interest. To give effect to our deliberations ; to
enable us to command the respect of those who may
witness or be affected by them ; and to entitle us to
the affection and confidence of our constituents, the
maintenance of order and decorum is absolutely
necessary. Being quite sure that your own comfort,
your sense of propriety, and the just estimate which
you must make of the dignity which belongs to this
House, will induce you to render to the Chair your
cordial co-operation ; I proceed to discharge its duties
with the smcere assurance of employing my best ex-
ertions to merit the choice which you have been
pleased to makST And it will be to me the greatest
happiness, if I should be so fortunate as to satisfy, in
this respect, your expectations.

The members were then called over by States,
and severally sworn to support the Constitu-
tion of the United States.

The House proceeded to the choice of a
Olerk, and, on motion, Thomas Dovohsbtt
was appointed, nem, con.

In like manner, Thomas Dunw was appointed
Sergeant-at-Arms, Thomas Olaxton Doorkeep-
er, and Benjamin Buboh Assistant Doorkeeper
to the House.

JoHK SooTT appeared, produced his creden-
tials, was qualified, and took his seat as the
delegate from the Territory of Missouri.



Tuesdat, December 7.

Several other members, to wit: from Penn-
sylvania, Gkoboe Dennison; from Virginia,
Ballasd Smith ; and from Georgia, "William
Tebbill, appeared, produced their credentials^
were qualified, and took their seats.



Wednesdat, December 8.

Several other members, to wit: from Vir-
ginia, Jas. Johnson and John Randolph;
from North Oarolina, William Davidson,
Ohableb Hooks, Jesse Slootibib, and Thomas
Settle; and from South Carolina, William
Lowndes, appeared, produced their credentials,
were qualified, and took their seats.



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DEBATES OF CONGRESS.



465



Dbcbmbsb, 1819.]



Report on Ab JFmanees,



[H. OF R.



Missouri State Government.

On motion of Mr. Scott, the several memo-
rials of the Legislatare of the Territory of Mis-
souri, and of the inhabitants of the said Terri-
tory, presented to the Honse at the last session
of Congress, relative to the admission of that
Territory into the Union as a separate and in-
dependent State, were referred to a select com-
mittee; and Messrs. Soott, Robbbtsok, Tbb-
BiLL, Strothbe, and Dewitt, were appointed
the said committee.

Mr. Stbono, of New York, gave notice that
on to-morrow he shonld ask leave to introduce
a bill to prohibit the further extension of
slavery wiUiin the Territories of the United
States.

State qf Alabama.

The resolution from the Senate, declaring the
admission of the State of Alabama into the
Union on an equal footing with the original
States, was twice read. With considerable op-
position as to the day on which it should be
read a third time, to-day was determined on,
and it was read a third time, finally passed with-
out a division, and returned to the Senate.
[The yeas and nays were required on its pass-
age, but the requisition was not sustained by
one-fifth of the House, the necessary number.]



Thvbsdat, December 9.

Two other members, to wit : from Pennsyl-
vania, Andbew Boden, and from North Caro-
lina, Weldon N. Edwabds, appeared, produced
there credentials, were qualined, and took their
seats.

The Spsaxeb presented a memorial and peti-
tion of Matthew Lyon, formerly a Representa-
tive in Congress from the State of Vermont,
detailing the circumstances attending his prose-
cution for sedition in the year 1798, and com-
plaining of the unconstitutionality of the act
under which he was prosecuted ; of illegality
in the proceedings of the court before whom he
was tried and convicted ; of the fine he was
compelled to pay, and the imprisonment he
suffered : and also setting forth the iniquity of
the motives which prompted the said prose-
cution, which he declares was solely occasion-
ed by the honest expression of his political sen-
timents ; and praying that the amount of the
fine, with the interest ^thereon, may be repaid
to him, together with such sum as Congress
may think a just and proper indemnity for his
being dragged from his liome, his family, friend«,
and business, and thrown into a dark and loath-
some dungeon, where he suffered for four
months every species of hardship, cruelty, and
indignity, which could be devised by the unre-
lenting and persecuting spirit of those by whom
he was persecuted. Referred to the Commit-
tee on the Judidary.



VouTL— 30



Friday, December 10.

Another member, to wit, from Massachu-
setts, Timothy Fuller, appeared, produced
his credentiala, was qualified, and took his
seat.

William W. Woodbbiihjb also appeared, pro-
duced his credentials, was qualified, and took
his seat, as the delegate from the Territory of
Michigan.

Monday, December 13.

Two other members, to wit : from South Caro-
lina, Elias Eable, and from Georgia, Zo^s A.
Cuthbert, appeared, produced their credentials,
were qualified, and took their seats.

Report on the Finances.
The Speaker laid before the House a letter
from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting
his annual report upon the state of the finances ;
which was read, and ordered to lie on the table.
The report is as follows:

TBEAsirar Dspastmezit, Dee. 10, 1819.
Sir : I have the honor to transmit herewith a re-
port prepared in obedience to the act, entitled '^ An
act to establish the Treasury Department."
I have the honor to be, very respectftillv, &c.

WM. H. CRAWFORD.
The Hon. the Prksideiit of ike Senate,

In obedience to the directions of the " Act supple-
mentary to the act to establish the Treasury Depart-
ment," the Secretory of the Treasury respectfully
submits the following report :

Ist Of the Revenue.
The net revenue arising from duties upon imposts
and tonnage, internal duties, direct tox, public lands,
postage, and other incidental receipts, daring the year
1815, amounted to $49,556,642 76, viz :
Customs, (see statement A.) - - $86,806,022 50
Internal duties .... 5,963,225 88

Direct tax 5,723,162 25

Public lands - - - - 1,287,959 28
Postage, and other inddental receipts 275,282 84

That which accrued from the same sources during
the year 1816, amounted to $36,657,904 72, viz :
Customs, (see statement A.) - - $27,484,100 86
Internal duties .... 4,396,133 25

Direct tax 2,785,343 20

PubUo lands - - - - 1,764,487 88
Postage, and other incidental receipts 287,840 53

That which accrued from the same sources daring
1817, amounted to $24,865,227 34, viz :
Customs, (see statement A.) - - $17,524,775 15
Internal duties .... 2,676,882 77

Direct tax 1,833,737 04

Public lands, (exclusive of Mississippi

stock) 2,016,977 00

Postage, and other incidental receipts 313,855 38

And that which accrued from the same sources
during the year 1818, amounted to $26,095,200 65,
Iviz:



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466



ABRIDGMENT OF THE



H. OF R.]



Eepori <m the Pmameet.



[Dbobkbbb, 1819



Customs, (see statement A.) - - $21,828,451 48

Arrears of intemal duties, (see state-
ment B.) ..... 947,946 38

Arrears of direct tax, (see statement

B.) 268,926 01

Pnblic lands, exchisiye of Mississippi

stock, (see statement C.) - - 2,464,627 90

Postage, dividends on bank stock, and
other incidental receipts, (see state-
ment B.) . - - - . 590,848 98



It is ascertained that the gross amonnt of duties on

merchandise and tonnage, which hare accrued during

the three first quarters of the present je&r, exceeds

$18,000,000.

And the sales of pnblic lands during the same pe-
riod, have exceeded $8,700,000.

The payments into the Treasury during the three first
quarters of the year, are estimated to amount to,
(incluAve of $169,594 07 in Treasury notes)—

$19,650,607 17

Customs- - -$15,604,081 68

Pnblic lands, (exclu-
sive of Mississippi
stock) - - - 2,858,656 61

Airears of intemal

duties- - - 195,581 02

Arrears of direct tax 72,880 24

First instalment pay-
able by U. S. Bank 500,000 00

First dividend on the
U. S. shares in the
U. S. Bank - - 175,000 00

Incidental receipts - 59,095 43

RepaymenU - - 85,462 29

And the payments into the Treasury
during the 4th quarter of the year,
from the same sources, are esti-
mated at 5,000,000 00



Making the whole amount estimated

to be received into the Treasury,

during the year 1819, (exclusive of

$169,594 07 in Treasury notes) - 24,381,018 10
Which, added to the bahmce in the

Treasury on the 1st day of January

last, (exclusive of $32,155 51 in

Treasury notes,) amounting to - 1,446,371 23



Makes the aggregate amount of $25,827,884 88



The application of this sum for the
year 1819, is estimated as follows,
viz:

To the 30th of September tiie pay-
ments, (exclusive of $81,161 79 in
IVeasuiy notes, which had been
drawn from the Treasury and can-
ceUed,) amounted to - - $18,192,387 43

Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous
expenses - - 2,544,612 98

Militaiy service, (in-
cluding arrearage) - 7,665,961 72

Naval service, (includ-
ing the permanent
appropriation for the
g^^ual increase of
the navy) - - 8,527,640 42

Public debt, (exdnsive



of $81,161 79 in
Treas'y notes, above
me



4,464,172 81



During the fourth quarter it is estima-
ted that the payments, (exclusive of
$120,587 79 in Treasury notes,
which will be drawn from the Treas-
ury and cancelled,) will amount to 7,300,000 00
Vis:

Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous
expenses - - - $500,000

MUiteiy service - - $1,530,000

Naval service - - 300,000

Public debt to the 1st
of Jan., 1820, (exdn-
sive of $120,587 79 in
Treasury notes, above
mentioned) - - 4,970,000



Making the aggregate amount, (ex-
clusive of $201,749 68 in Trc«niry
notes, drawn from the Treasury



and cancelled,) of



- 25,492,387 48



And leaving on the 1st of Jan., 1820,
a balance in the Treasury, esti-
mated at



$834,996 90



2d. O/the PuNie Debt.

The funded debt which was contracted before the
year 1812, and which was unredeemed on the first
day of Oct., 1818, (as appears by statement I,)
amounted to - - - $29,681,280 07

And that contracted subsequently to
the 1st day of January, 1812, and
unredeemed on the Ist of October,
1818, as appears by the same state-
ment, amounted to - - - 68,146,089 84



Making the aggregate amount of - 97,827,819 91
Which sum agrees with the amount

stated in the last annual report, as un-
redeemed on the Ist October, 1818,

excepting thesum of $1,885 13, which

was then short estimated, and which

has since been corrected by actual

settlement.

On the 1st day of JauTiazy there was
added to the amount, for Treasuiy
notes brought into the Treasury and
cancelled, and for which the follow-
ing stock was issued :

In 6 per cent stock - $49,024 71

In 7 per cent, stock - 2,646 00

51,670 71



Making - $97,878,990 62
From which deduct Louisiana six per

ceot stock, reimbursed on the 21st

of October, 1818 - $4,977,950 00
And defened stock re-
imbursed between

the 1st Oct, 1818,

and 1st. Jan., 1819 252,868 27

» 5,280,818 27

Making the public debt, which was

unredeemed on the 1st Jan., 1819,

(as «>pears by statement 2,) am*t

to 92,648,177 8S



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DEBATES OF CONOSESS.



467



Bbcbmbkr, 1819.]



Biport (m tke Finameta,



[H. or R.



From the Ist of JaDoaiy to the SOth
September iDdanve, there was, b7
fonding Treanuy notes, and issning
8 per oent etock, for interest on
old registered debt, added to the
public debt, (as appears by state-
ment 8,) the amonnt of - •



86,186 69



$92,684,812 94



From which deduct the amomit of
stock purchased dnring that period,
(as appears by statement 4>~

$711,957 66

And the estimated reim-
bursement of deferred
stock - - • 248,827 88



966,786 48



Making, on the 1st of October, 1819,
(as appears by statement 8,) the
sum of .... $91,728,627 61

Since the 80th of September there has
been redeemed, or provision made
for the redemption of 64 per cent
of the Louisiana stock, unpaid on
the 1st October, 1819, amounting
to - - - $2,601,817 16

And there wiU be reim-
bursed of the princi-
pal of the deferred 6
per cent, stock, on
the 1st Jan., 1820 241,606 70

2,848,828 86

Leaving the public debt unredeemed
on the 1st Januarr, 1820, by esti-

$88,886,203 66



The Treasury notes in circulation are
estimated, (as appears by statement
6,) at



$181,821 00



The whole of the awards made by the commissioners
appointed under the several acts of Congress for
indemnifying certain claimants of public lands, (as
appears by statement 6,) amounts to $4,282,161 12

Of which there has been received at
the office of the Commissioner of
the General Land Office, (as ap-
pears by statement C,) the sum of 2,872,674 81



Leaving outstanding,' at the dates of
the several returns from the land
districts ...



$1,909,676 81



S. O/the JSttmatet of the PuUie Jievmue and Ex-
pmdUurttfor the year 1820.

In presenting the estimate for the year 1820, it
may be proper to observe, that, when the internal
duties were repealed, on the 8 Ist of December, 1817,
the permanent revenue, including those dnties, was
estimated at $24,625,000, while the annual author-
ized expenditure was ascertained to be less than the
sun of $2^000,000. The repeal of the internal
duties reduced the former to $22,625,000, while the
payments from the Treasury, during the year 1818,
exceeded $26,000,000; and those of the present year
will, probably, fall but little short of $26,500,000.

In the annual report of the Treasury of the 21st of
November, 1818, the receipts for the present year



were estimated at $24,220,000. Although this esti-
mate will be realized in its general result, deficiencies
have been ascertained in the customs, the internal
duties and direct tax, the bank dividends and the
postage of letters. The deficiency which has occurred
in the customs, internal duties, and direct taxes, will
probably augment, in nearly the same degree, the
receipts from those sources in the year 1820, by the
payment of the revenue bonds, and of that portion of
the internal duties and direct taxes, which, if the ao-
onstomed punctuality had been observed, would have
been received during the present year. But it is
probable that the receipts of that year will bo dimin-
ished by the non-payment of the bank dividends, and
by the application c^ a portion of the proceeds of the
public lands to the redemption of the outstanding
Mississippi stock. The receipts for the year 1820»
applicable to the ordinary and current demands upon
the Treasury, may therefore be estimated at twenty-
two millions of dollars, viz :

Customs $19,000,000 00

Public knds 2,000,000 00

Arrears of internal duties and direct

tax 450,000 00

Second mstalment due by the United

States Bank .... 600,000 00
Incidental receipts .... 60,000 00

Which, with the sum estimated tolM
in the Treasury on the 1st of Jan-
uary, 1820 . . . . 884,996 90

Make tiie aggregate amomit of $22,884,996 90

The estimates of the expenditure for the year 1820
are not yet complete ; but it is ascertained from those
which have already been received, that a sum not
less than $27,000,000 will be required for the service
of that year. This deficit of nearly $5,000,000, re-
sulting from the excess of expenditure beyond the re-
ceipts, cannot be supplied by any application of the
orcUnaiy revenue. Aiter paying the interest and re-
imbursement of the public debt, and redeeming the
remainder of the Louisiana stock, about $2,600,000
of the Sinking Fund will remain without application,
if the price of the public stocks should continue above
the prioes at which the Commissioners of the Sinking
Fund are authorized to purchase. During the years
1821, 1822, and 1828, the average sum of $5,000,000
of the Sinking Fund will also remain without appli-
cation, if the price of the public stock should prevent
its purchase. Any application of that portion of the
Smking Fund, which, on account of the price of the
public stock, may remain unemployed in the hands
of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, to other
branches of the public service, if aUowable^der the
provisions of the act making the appropriation, would
only postpone the period at which additional imposi-
tions wofdd be required to meet the public expendi-
ture. Such an application would also have the e£fect
of ultimately retarding the redemption of the public
debt

It may be proper to add, that, although some of
the items in the estimate for the ensuing year may be
considered in their nature temporary, yet it is prob-
able that the estimate for succeeding years will ex-
ceed rather than fall below it.

Under all the drcumstancca, it is reqtectiully sub-
mitted, that the public interest requires that tlie rev
enue be augmented, or that the expenditure be di-
minished*



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468



ABRIDGMENT OF THE



H. OF B.]



Bedrictum of Slavery m Territories.



[DWSMBBB, 1819.



Should an increase of the revenne be deemed expe-
dient, a portion of the deficit ma^ be supplied by an
addition to the duties now imposed npon various arti-
cles of foreign merchandise, and hj a reasonable duty
•pon sales at public auction ; but it is not probable
that any modification of the existing tariff can super-
sede the necessity of resorting to internal taxation if
the expenditure is not diminished. Should Congress
deem it expedient to modify the present rate of duties,
with a yiew to aSbrd that protection to our cotton,
woollen, abd iron manufactures, which is necessary
to secure to tiiem the domestic market, the necessity
of resorting to a system of internal taxation will be
augmented. It is believed that the present is a favor-
able moment for affording efficient protection to that
increasing and important mterest, if it can be done
consistently witii the general interest of the nation.
The situation of the countries fh>m whence our foreign
manufactures have been principally drawn, authorizes
the expectation, that, in tiie event of a monopoly of
tile home market being secured to our cotton and
woollen manufactures, a considerable portion of the
manufacturing skill and capital of those countries will
be promptly transferred to the United States, and in-
corporated into the domestic capital of the Union.
Should this expectation be realized, the disadvantages
resulting from such a monopoly would quickly disap-
pear. In the mean time, it is believed that a system
of internal taxation would be severely felt by the
great mass of our citizens.

Whether the revenue be augmented, or the expen-
diture be diminished, a loan to some extent wUl be
necessary. The augmentation of the one, or the
diminution of tiie other, cannot be effected in suf-
ficient time to prevent this necessity. As the six per
cent, stock of the United States is considerably above
par, the sum required to be raised by loan can be
convenientiy and advantageously obtained by the sale
of stock of that description, or it may be obtained by
the issue of Treasury notes. If the revenue and ex-
penditure shall be equalized, the issue of Treasury
notes, not bearing interest, is recommended in pre-
ference to the creation or sale of stock, as the loan, in
that event, will be small in amount, and temporary
in its nature.

All which is respectfully submitted.

WM. H. CRAWFORD.



Tuesday, December 14.

Another member, to wit, from Kentucky,
Bbnjahin Habdin, appeared, produced his cre-
dentials, and took his seat.

Mr. John Cbowell, the Representative from
the Statf of Alabama, also appeared, produced
his credentials, was qualified, and took his seat.

Restriction of Slavery in Territories,
Mr. Taylob, of New York, said he rose to in-
vite the attention of the House to a subject of
very great moment. The question of slavery in
the t<irritories of the United States west of the
Mississippi, it was well known, had at the last
session of Congress excited feelings, both in the
House and out of it, the recurrence of which he
sincerely deprecated. All who love -our coun-
try, and consider the Union of these States as
the ark of its safety, must ever view with deep
regret sectional interests agitating our natiomd



councils. Mr. T. said he could not himself nor
would he ask others, to make a sacrifice of prin-
ciple to expediency. He could never sanction
the existence of slavery where ft could be ex-
cluded consistently with the constitution and
public faith. But it ought not to be forgotten
that the American family is composed of many
members ; if their interests are various, they
mutually must be respected ; if their prejudices
are strong, they must be treated with forbear-
ance. He did not know whether conciliation
were practicable, but he considered the attainr
ment worthy of an effort He was desirous
that the question should be settled in that spirit
of amity and brotherly love which carried ns
through the perils of a Revolution, and produ-
ced the adoption of our Federal Constitution.
If the resolution he was about to introdooe
should be sanctioned by the House, it was bis
purpose to move a postponement of the Mis-
souri bill to a future day, that this interesting
subject, in relation to the whole Western terri-
tory, may be submitted to the consideration of
a committee. Mr. T. then introduced the fol-
lowing resolution :

** Reeolved, That a committee be appointed to in-



Online LibraryUnited States. CongressAbridgment of the Debates of Congress, from 1789 to 1856 : from Gales and Seaton's Annals of Congress, from their Register of debates, and from the official reported debates by John C. Rives → online text (page 116 of 186)