United States. Dept. of Agriculture.

Annual reports of the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ended ... : report of the Secretary of Agriculture, miscellaneous reports online

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Biologist and Chief — C. Hart Merriam.

Assistant Chief— A. K. Fisher.

Assistant in Charge Game Preservation — T. S. Palmer.

Assistant in Charge of Economic Relations of Birds — F. E. L. Beal.

Administrative Biologist — H. W. Henshaw.

OFFICE OF EXPERIMENT STATIONS.

Director — A. C. True.

Assistant Director and Editor of Exiieriment Station Record — E. W. Allen.

Editorial Staff:

Meteorology, Soils, and Fertilizers — W. II. Beal.

Agricultural Botany and Vegetable Pathology — Walter II. Evans.

Field Crops— J. I. Schulte.

Horticulture and Forestry — C. B. Smith.

Zootechny and Human Nutrition — C. F. Langworthy.

Agroteehny. Dairy Farming, and Dairying — II. W. Lawson.

Economic Zoology, Entomology, and Veterinary Medicine — E. V. Wilcox.

Rural Engineering — S. M. Woodward.

Rural Economics — II. C. Taylor.

Agricultural Education — D. J. Crosby.
Chief of Editorial Division— W. H. Beal.
Chief of Division of Insular Stations — Walter II. Evans.
In Charge of Alaska Exi>eriment Stations — C. C. Georgeson, Sitka.
In Charge of Hawaii Experiment Station — J. U. Smith. Honolulu.
In Charge of Porto Rico Exiieriment Station — David W. May. Mayaguez.
Expert in Nutrition Investigations — C. F. Langworthy.

In Charge of Respiration Calorimeter Investigations — F. G. Benedict, Middle-
town, Conn.
Chief of Irrigation and Drainage Investigations — Elwood Mead.
Farmers' Institute Specialist — John Hamilton.
Chief Clerk — Mrs. C. E. Johnston.

DIVISION OF ACCOUNTS AND DISBURSEMENTS.

Chief and Disbursing Clerk — Frank L. Evans.

Assistant Chief of Division (in Charge of Weather Bureau Accounts) — A. Zap-
pone.
Cashier — M. E. Fagan.

DIVISION OF PUBLICATIONS.

Editor and Chief— George William Hill.

Editor and Assistant Chief — Joseph A. Arnold.

Associate Editor — B. D. Stallings.

Assistant in Charge of Document Section — Robert R. Handy.

Chief Clerk— A. I. Mudd.

LIBRARY.

Librarian — Josephine A. (Mark.
Assistant Librarian — Claribel R. Barnett.

OFFICE OF PUBLIC ROADS.



Director — Logan W. Page.
Assistant Director — A. S. Cushman.
Highway Engineer — A. X. Johnson.
Chief of Records— M. O. Eldrldge.
Testing Engineer — P. L. Wormeley, jr.
Chief Clerk-— J. & Pennybacker, jr.



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538 DEPARTMENTAL REPORTS.

[Form No. 1. May 12, 1905.]

United States Civil Service Commission.

statement of appointee to the position of expert ob agent in the depart-
ment of agriculture.

Every person appointed to the position of Expert or Agent in the Depart-
ment of Agriculture will he required to execute this form in accordance with
the following regulations :

1. In pursuance of the provisions of section 3 of Civil Service Rule II, the
following regulations governing appointments to excepted positions of agent
and expert in the Department of Agriculture are approved :

2. To secure the uniform and proper interpretation of these regulations, the
following definitions of the terms agent and expert are adopted:

(a) An agent is one who is employed to act for or to represent the Depart-
ment of Agriculture in some locality or territory outside of Washington and
whose duties are of such a temporary or special character or whose compensa-
tion is so low as to render it impractical to adequately fill the position by open
competitive examination.

(&) An expert is one who has such rare, peculiar, or unusual skill or ex-
I>erience in some department or branch of knowledge as to render his qualifi-
cations essentially different from or superior to those required by any classified
employees in competitive positions, and not likely to be possessed in an equal
or superior degree by other persons who might be available for appointment.

3. Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture finds it necessary to appoint an
expert or agent, he shall rei>ort to the Civil Service Commission in the next
monthly report of changes in the Department the nature of the work to be
done by such agent or exi>ert, accompanied by a statement of his qualifications
as governed by the definitions herein set forth, and with such report, or as
soon as practicable thereafter, the Secretory shall furnish to the Commission
a statement by the person api>ointed as such expert or agent, upon a form to
be agreed to by the Commission and the Department, showing his experience,
education, references, and qualifications. The Secretary shall also furnish to
the Commission, in the same form and manner, statements containing similar
information relative to the employees of the Department now assigned as
experts or agents.

4. These regulations may be amended at any time by the Civil Service Com-
mission in accordance with the civil-service rules, after conferring with the
Secretary of Agriculture.

James Wilson,
Secretary of Agriculture.
Henry F. Greene,

Civil Service Commissioner.

Instructions. — Complete and comprehensive answers should be made to the
following questions. In answers to questions relative to time, give dates and
periods of time in years and months as accurately as possible. Number
answers to correspond with numbers of questions. All answers should be In
ink and in the handwriting of the appointee.

JVofe. — Agents need not answer questions numbered 8 and 11, but should give
a full reply to question No. 12, covering what, in the appointee's opinion, is his
fitness for the position in question.

1. What is your full name?

2. Give the mouth, day, and year of your birth.

3. What is your legal residence? (Give State and county.)

4. What designation has been assigned to the position to which you have been

or are to be appointed?

5. Under what bureau, office, service, or division is service to be rendered?
C. At what place or in what locality is your assignment?

7. Describe fully the duties of your assignment.

8.. With respect to your general and technical or professional education,
state fully and in detail the names and localities of the schools or
colleges you have attended and the courses of study pursued by you In
each, naming any degree or degrees received by you, and the Institution
by which conferred. If you have pursued any postgraduate courses of
study, state fully what studies and when, where, and for what length
of time they were pursued.



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OFFICE OF APPOINTMENT CLERK. 539

9. State fully and in detail all the practical experience you have had in the

occupation to which you have been assigned, or in occupations of a
similar character. State (a) when, giving dates; (o) where; (c) by
whom you were employed; (d) the salary or compensation received;
(c) the specific nature of your duties in each case. If possible, the
names and post-office addresses of five persons under whom or for whom
you have worked should be given.

10. State what other employments or occupations you have pursued, or posi-

tions you have held, and indicate the nature of the duties performed
by you in each case. State when (giving dates), where, how long, and
under whom you were so employed.

11. If you have written, edited, or translated any scientific papers, give a list

of them, stating when, where, and by whom published. (File copies if
possible. )

12. Give any additional facts which may tend to show your fitness for the

position to which you have been or are to be appointed.



Orders bt the President,
executive order.

No officer or employee of the Government shall, directly or indirectly, instruct
or be concerned in any manner in the instruction of any person or classes of
persons with a view to their special preparation for the examinations of the
United States Civil Service Commission.

The fact that any officer or employee is found so engaged shall be considered
sufficient cause for his removal from the service.

Theodore Roosevelt.

The White House, October 31, 1905.



executive order.
Civil Service Rule XII Is hereby amended to read as follows:
Rule XII. — Removal.

1. In making removals or reductions, and in other punishment, penalties like
In character shall be imposed for like offenses.

2. No person shall be removed from a competitive position except for such
cause as will promote the efficiency of the service. When the President or
head of an Executive Department is satisfied that an officer or employee in the
classified service is inefficient or incapable, and that the public service will be
materially improved by his removal such removal may be made without
notice to such officer or employee, but the cause of removal shall be stated in
writing and filed. When misconduct is committed in the view and presence
of the President or head of an Executive Department, removal may be made
summarily, and no statement of reasons need be filed.

3. Where a recommendation for removal or reduction in grade or compensa-
tion of an officer or employee is made to the head of an Executive Department
by a bureau chief or other subordinate officer, the said head of Department
may, in his discretion, require that the person sought to be removed be fur-
nished with a statement in writing of the reasons for such action, and be
allowed a reasonable time for personally answering the same.

4. The Civil Service Commission shall have no jurisdiction to investigate
any removal unless it Is alleged that the procedure required by section 2 of
Rule XII has not been followed, or that the removal was made for political
or religious reasons.

Theodore Roosevelt.
The White House, November 17, 1905.

H. Doc. 6, 59-1 43



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540 DEPARTMENTAL REPORTS.

Amendment to the Civil Service Rules.

schedule a. classified positions excepted from examination under bux-e

ii, clause 3.

Schedule A of the civil service rules is hereby amended by the addition to Sec-
tion VII of a paragraph which shall be numbered 3, and shall read as follows :

3. Guards, guides, cooks, packers, teamsters, choppers, and skilled laborers,
employed temporarily during the season of danger from fires or when other
special work requires additions to the regular reserve force. They shall serve
only as long as absolutely required, and in no case more than six months in
any one year. So far as the Commission may deem practicable, such appoint-
ments shall be made from the registers of eligibles for forest ranger.

T. Roosevelt.

The White House, December 2<S, 190.1.

As amended, section 2 of Rule VII will read as follows:

1. Agents, experts, and student assistants for temporary duty employed in
making investigations and furnishing information for the Department, as pro-
vided by law or under the direction of the head of the Department, which agents,
experts, and student assistants shall be borne on the rolls as such and be
actually engaged in the duties for which they were appointed, and whose pay-
ment has been authorized by law, provided that the salary of such student
assistants shall not exceed a rate of $300 per annum each while employed.

2. One statistical agent in each State and Territory where authorized by law.

3. Guards, guides, cooks, packers, teamsters, choppers, and skilled laborers,
employed temporarily during the season of danger from fires or when other
special work requires additions to the regular reserve force. They shall serve
only as fong as absolutely required, and in no case more than six months in any
one year. So far as the Commission may deem practicable, such appointments
shall be made from the registers of eligibles for forest ranger.



Amendment to the Civil Service Rules.

C|vil Service Rule VII. section 2, is amended by striking out the word " page "
and adding the words " carpenter, cabinetmaker, painter, plumber, plumber's
helper, electric wireman, electric lineman, and electrician's helper."

As amended, section 2 of Rule VII will read as follows:

Certification for appointment in the departments or indei>endent offices at
Washington shall be so made as to maintain, as nearly as the conditions of good
administration will warrant, the apportionment of such appointments among
the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia upon the basis of
population: Provided, That appointments to the foUoicing-named jyositions shall
not be ho apportioned, viz: Plate printer, printer's assistant, skilled helper, and
operative in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing ; positions in the field service
of the military staff departments and at Army headquarters, mail bag repair
shop and mail lock repair shop. Government Printing Office. Pension Agency, and
local offices in the District of Columbia : apprentice, student, gardener, engraver,
carpenter, cabinetmaker, painter, plumber, plumber's heli>er, electric wireman,
electric lineman, and electrician's helper.

T. Roosevelt.

The White House, December 19, 1905.



Department Circulab No. 3.

United States Department of Agriculture,

Office of the Secretary,
Washington, D. (\, May 8, 1905.
To the officers and employees of the Department of Agriculture:

Hereafter when any employee of the Department makes any new and useful
discovery or invention of any machine, device, or process connected with the



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OFFICE OF APPOINTMENT CLERK. 541

work or the Department, through the expenditure of Government time and
Government money, you are directed to cause a patent to be applied for on the
said discovery or invention through the law officer of the Department The
patent will be taken out in the name of the inventor, without any expense to
him, and will allow to any citizen of the United States the use of the patented
article or process without payments of royalty.

All employees of this Department are prohibited from patenting any device
or process. or discovery connected with the work of the Department except in
the manner above described.

James Wilson,
Secretary of Agriculture.



Department Circular No. 4.

United States Depaktment of Agriculture,

Office of the Secretary,
Washington, I). C, September 25, 1905.
To the officers and employees of the Department of Agriculture:

The following regulations are promulgated for your guidance :

Regulation I. — No officer or employee cf the Government who is in a position
either to influence the award of a contract with the Department or to cause
purchases of supplies to be made for the Department shall be interested in any
firm, company, or corporation doing business with the Department.

Regulation II. — Officers or employees who are engaged upon investigations of
special industries for the Department shall not be connected with or interested
in any firm, company, or corporation whose scope of business includes the
industry which the officer or employee is investigating for the Department ; and
an officer or employee engaged ui>ou the above-described work shall in no case
allow his name, his work, or his connection with the Department to be used in
promoting or exploiting or selling stock in any firm, company, or corporation,
the scope of whose business includes the special industry which such officer or
employee is investigating for the Department.

Regulation III. — No officer or employee shall perform or be engaged upon
work for private individuals, firms, companies, eonwrations, or institutions
without the written consent of the Secretary, first had and obtained through
the chief of the bureau, office, or division in which said officer or employee
serves.

The purpose of this regulation is not to prevent officers and employees of the
Department from performing proper work, outside of office hours, which does
not interfere with or hamper work for the Department, but is designed to
afford the Secretary an opportunity to pass upon the kind and quantity of out-
side work which may be permitted in order that such work shall not impair
the usefulness of such officers or employees to the Government.

James Wilson, Secretary.



Amendment to Department Circular No. 4.

United States Department of Agriculture,

Office of the Secretary,
Washington, D. C, October 20, 1005.
To chiefs of bureaus, offices, and divisions:
Regulation III of Department Circular No. 4 prescribes that —

No officer or employee shali perforin or be- engaged upon work for private
firms, companies, corporations, or institutions without the written consent of the
Secretary first had and obtained through the chief of the bureau, office, or divi-
sion in which said officer or employee serves.

It is hereby ordered that before transmitting to the Secretary for his consid-
eration the written application of an employee or officer for permission to engage
in or continue any nonofficial occupation, the chief of the bureau, division, or
office shall indorse upon said application his recommendation in the premises,
whether of approval or disapproval

James Wilson, Secretary.



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542 DEPARTMENTAL REPORTS.

General Order No. 87.

United States Department of Agriculture,

Office of the Secretary,
Washington, D. C, October 2, 1905.
To chiefs of bureaus, offices, and divisions:

A Committee on Personnel for the Department is hereby created. The com-
mittee will be composed of Willet M. Hays, Assistant Secretary of Agricul-
ture; S. R. Burch, chief clerk of the Department; and George P. McCare,
solicitor of the Department.

Each chief of bureau, office, or division is hereby directed to report to the
Secretary, for reference to the Committee on Personnel, dereliction of duty and
actions prejudicial to the interests of the Department by employees thereof.
This report shall be made as soon as the Improper act is discovered by or is
reported to the chief, and shall be followed by a prompt and full report of the
action which has been taken or which is recommended by the chief. The com-
mittee shall consider all such cases and shall, when deemed necessary by them,
Investigate the cases further and make report thereon to the Secretary.

Any employee should report to his chief or to the Secretary any matter which.
In the opinion of such employee, should be investigated by the committee. The
committee is empowered to summon any employee as a witness.

It is not intended that the Committee on Personnel shall interfere with the
maintenance of discipline, or a proper supervision of employees by chiefs of
bureaus, offices, or divisions.

All communications to the committee should be addressed " Committee on Per-
sonnel, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C."

James Wilson, Secretary.



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INDEX.



Page.

Abbott, James W., expert advice on road building 429

Acacias, study, note 225

Account, new building fund 528

Accounts and Disbursements, Division, publications 353

report of Chief 317-326

work, review by Secretary c

Adulterations, butter, work of dairy laboratory 517

Aeration, relation to soil fertility, note 265

Agricultural Chemists' Association, cooperation lxix

colleges, extension departments 446

education, institutions, relation with Experiment Stations Office. 443-447

promotion cxxv

Experiment Stations, relation with Experiment Stations Office. 440-443

explorations, 1904-1905 170-173

instruction, advancement in United States 444

literature, indexing 421

surplus, 1905, remarks xm

water laboratory, work 507-508

Agriculture, Department, growth cxxxni, 533

new buildings cxxxni, 525-528

dry-land investigations 101-102

Secretary, report (see also Secretary) ix-cxxxiv

tropical, facts recently established li

Agrostology, publications 383

Alabama, diversification farms, note 110

soil survey, 1904-1905 249

tobacco investigations 270

Alaska, biological explorations 304

experiment stations, establishment, progress, and work cxxvi, 460-463

flora, work, note 144

game protection xcix, 311

Alcohol, use as fuel on farm, discussion 489-490

Alfalfa, extension, proposed work 196-197

growing in Nebraska . . : 254

on alkali land 259

spread xlvi

investigations, experiments, etc 101, 107, 111

proposed work 107

soils, stud v lxxvi

tests, special comparative 188-189

Alfalfas, varieties, descriptions, etc 188-189

Algse, copper sulphate as remedy, use, value, etc 89

Alkali, California grape belt lxxv

land, Montana, reclamation 262

reclamation, review of work in Soils Bureau 258-267

lands, drainage experiments 486

reclamation, discussion lxxxi

Alkali-resistant crops, experiments, proposed work 82, 104

investigations, progress, etc 82

Angora goat industry, remarks xxxn

Animal husbandry, study and experiments xxxn

Industry, Bureau, publications 353-360

report of Chief 29-62

work, discussion by Secretary xxv-xxxvi

nutrition, study xxxn



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544 DEPARTMENTAL REPORTS.

page.

Animals, diseases, miscellaneous work 39-41

domestic, number and value on farms, 1905, estimate xiii

export, inspection 50-51

import, inspection, need of extension 51-62

live, ocean carrying trade, conditions 50

wild, autopsies, Zoological Park, note- 42

Anonas, improvement, etc 97

Ant, Guatemalan, enemy of boll weevil, discussion 282

Apiculture, study of bee diseases xcu, 298

Appalachians, Southern, studies of trees 212-213

Apple, bitter-rot, control, experiments, etc xxxvn, 75

canker, new, note 75

mold, prevention liii

scald, control, means T liii

soils, study lxx v

trees, blackheart, investigations 75

Apples, export to Europe, result of experiments Lir

farm storage house, importance 132-133

handling, care, suggestions ^ 131-132

storage, care in handling, etc 131-133

Appointment Clerk, report 529-542

Appropriations, estimates for year ending June 30, 1906 325

expenditures, etc 317-319

immediately available, 1905 323

Plant Industry Bureau, remarks 63

Publications Division, fiscal years, 1903-1906 346

Weather Bureau, increase, 1895-1905, etc 3-4, 28

Arid and semiarid regions, soils lxxix

lands, agriculture, investigations, results, etc 101-102

regions, soil maps, kinds lxxiii

Arizona, irrigation investigations . : 481

range investigations, note 112

Tempe, reclamation of alkali land 261

Arkansas, diversification farms, note 110

Arlington Experimental Farm, control 66

development and general horticultural work . l

improvements and equipments, permanent. 163-165

work, buildings, etc 160-167

Arsenic, study in goods lxx

Ash, studv - .\ 213

Assistant Secretary, W. M. Hays, report for Bureau of Statistics 405-417

Associations, pedigree-record, regulations, etc 55

Atlantic seaboard States, corn soils . lxxvii

Autopsies, wild animal, at Zoological Park, note 42

Avocado, propagation, improvement, shipment 98, 155

Bacilli, tubercle, experiments xxix, 30-31

Bacon, imports into Great Britain, 1900-1904 49

Bacteria, tubercle, introduction and distribution xliv

Balloons, sounding, use in aerial research 7

Bamboos, Japanese, importations 175

Banks, deposits by farmers xvi, xvn

establishment by farmers xv, x vi

Bark beetle, injuries to pine timber xc, 286, 287

Barley, crop of 1905, estimate of amount and value xi

Hanna, note 174

Barleys, Algerian, introduction, note xlviii

analyses, etc., note 506, 507

brewing qualities, study 498

winter, varieties, note 186

Basket willows, experiments in growing at Arlington Farm 225

Bean, velvet, forage crop for Gulf Coast region, value 1 16-117

Beans, soy, investigations 122

Bee culture, Alaska 461

growth of Department work 298

diseases, investigation 298



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INDEX. 545

Page.
Beef, fresh, imports into United Kingdom from United States, 1900-1904 ... 49

inspection, note xxxi

Beet, seed, single-germ, production, note 72

sugar, diseases, investigations 72

influence of environment on sugar content lxviii

insects, injurious, notes 289

investigations, proposed work 102-103

seed, growing, etc 181-182, 194

purchases 180

soils, study lxx vi

studies 72-73

Beetle, bark, injury to pine timber in Black Hills xc

Beetles, injuries to pine trees 286, 287

Beets, sugar, growing, relation to beet-sugar manufacture xlix-l

siloing, note 73

Belgium, Liege, International Congress, agricultural education 446, 446

Bennett, J. B., report as Appointment Clerk , 529-542

Bermuda lily disease, investigation, work, etc 95

Berseem, value on overflowed lands, etc 189

Bibliography, work, Experiment Stations, Office 457

Bighead, disease of sheep, investigations . . .•_ 151

Biological Survey, Bureau, publications 313, 360-361

recommendations 315

report of Chief 303-315

review of work bv Secretary xciv-c



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of AgricultureAnnual reports of the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ended ... : report of the Secretary of Agriculture, miscellaneous reports → online text (page 83 of 86)