United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce.

Consular reports, Issues 188-191 online

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in Foreign Countries.

VoL 10 {1804). — Lead and Zinc Mining in Foreign Countries and Extension of Markets
for American Flour.

VoL II (i8g4). — American Lumber in Foreign Markets.

VoL 12 \i8g5\. — Highways of Commerce.

Of these Special Consular Reports, Cotton Textiles in Foreign Countries, Files in
Spanish America, Malt and Beer in Spanish America, Streets and Highways in Foreign
Countries, Canals and Irrigation, and Fire and Building Regulations are exhausted and no
copies can be supplied by the Department.

Of the monthly Consular Reports, many numbers are exhausted or so reduced that the
Department is unable to accede to requests for copies. Of the publications of the Bureau
available for distribution, copies are mailed to applicants without charge. In view of the
scarcity of certain numbers, the Bureau will be grateful for the return of any copies of
the monthly or special repwts which recipients do not care to retain. Upon notification
of willingness to return such copies, the Department will forward franking labels to be used
in lieu of postage in the United States, Canada, the Hawaiian Islands, and Mexico.

Persons receiving Consular Reports regularly, who change their addresses, should give
the old as well as the new address in notifying the Bureau of the fact.

In ordei to prevent confusion with other Department bureaus, all communications relating
to consular reports should be carefully addressed, ** Chief, Bureau of Statistics, Department of
State, Washington, U. S. A.'*



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CONXKNXS.



Page.

I. — Horn-Comb Industry in Europe 6oi

(France, 6oi — Germany, 603 — Great Britain, 604.)

II. — Use of Tectorium in Europe 606

(Austria, 606 — Germany, 607 — Italy, 609 — Russia, 609 — Switzerland, 610.)

III. — Linseed-Oil Trade in Foreign Countries 611

(Argentine Republic, 61 1 — Cuba, 615 — France, 61 5 — Germany, 619 — Great
Britain, 621.)

IV. — Pearl Fisheries and Pearl Supply 622

(Arabia, 623 — Australasia, 624 — British Honduras, 628 — Ceylon, 630 —
Chile, 631 — Colombia, 632 — Denmark, 632 — Ecuador, 633 — France,
633 — India, 635 — Italy, 641 — Madagascar, 643 — Mexico, 643 — Nether-
lands India, 645 — New Caledonia, 646 — Nicaragua, 647 — Philippine
Islands, 647 — Portugal, 647 — Russia, 648 — Siam, 648 — Singapore, 649 —
Spain, 650 — Sweden, 651 — Switzerland, 651 — Turkey, 653 — United
Kingdom, 654 — Venezuela, 656.)

V. — Samoa: Government, Commerce, Products, and People Mulligan 656

VI. — Manufacture of Palm-Leaf Hats in Malaga Burke 748

VIL — Stock and Grain Speculation in Germany Moore 750

VIII. — Dried Fruits in Switzerland Germain 753

IX. — Manufacture and Uses of Carbonic Acid in Germ.\nv Mason 756

X. — Tariff of Bermuda 762

XI. — Dublin Electric Tramways Ashby 764

XII. — American Gcx)ds in Ireland Taney 768

XIII. — Notes (The World's Wine Production — Changes in the Italian Tariff —
Wine Apparatus Exhibition at Catania — Duties on Wines and Liquors in
Hawaii — A New Silk Market in Japan — An American Pulp Mill in Sault
Sie. Marie — Anticipated Results of the Sicilian Sulphur Trust — American
Goods in Belgium — American Hardware in Belgium — Farming Imple-
ments in Belgium — The Jute Industry of Europe and the Orient — Purchase
of the Island of Anticosti — Steam Coast Navigation in Venezuela — Horti-
cultural Exhibition at Hamburg — Consular Reports Transmitted to Other

Departments) 770

I



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REPORTS BY COUNTRIES,

Arabia : Page.

Pearl fisheries in 623

Argentine Republic :

Flax and flaxseed in 611

Linseed oil in 613

Australia and Torres Straits:

Pearl fisheries in 624

Austria :

Use of tectorium in 606

Belgium:

American goods in 774

American hardware in 775

Farming implements in 776

Bermuda :

Tariff of. 762

British Honduras:

Pearl fisheries in 628

Canada :

An American pulp mill at Sault Ste. Marie 773

Purchase of the island of Anticosti 777

Ceylon :

Pearl fisheries in 630

Chile:

Pearl fisheries in 631

Colombia:

Pearl fisheries in 632

Cuba :

Linseed oil in 615

Denmark :

Pearl fisheries in 632

Ecuador :

Pearl fisheries in 633

Europe :

Horn-comb industry in 601

Jute industry in, and in the Orient 776

Use of tectorium in 606

France:

Horn-comb industry in 601

Linseed oil in 615

Pearl market and supply in 633

Germany :

Horn-comb industry in 603

Horticultural exhibition at Hamburg 777

Linsetd oil in 619

Manufacture and uses of carbonic acid in 756

II



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REPORTS BY COUNTRIES. Ill

Germany — Continued. Page.

Stock and grain speculation in 750

Use of tec(orium in 607,609

Hawaii :

Duty on wines and liquors in 772

India :

Jute industry in, and in Europe 776

Pearl fisheries in 635,640

Ireland:

American goods in 768

Dublin electric tramways 764

Italy :

Anticipated results of the Sicilian sulphur trust 773

Pearls and pearl fisheries 641

Tariff changes in 771

Use of tectorium in 609

Wine apparatus exhibition at Catania. 771

Japan :

A new silk market in 772

Madagascar :

Pearl fisheries in 643

Mexico;

Pearl fisheries in 643,644

Netherlands India:

Pearl fisheries in 645

Nicaragua :

Pearl fisheries in 647

New Caledonia :

Pearl fisheries in 646

Philippine Islands:

Pearl fisheries in 647

Portugal:

Pearl fisheries in 647

Queensland:

Pearl fisheries in 628

Russia :

Pearl fisheries in 648

Use of tectorium in 609

Samoa:

Government, commerce, products, and people of. ; 656

Siam:

Pearl fisheries in 648

Singapore :

Pearl fisheries in 649

Spain:

Manufacture of palm-leaf hats in Malaga. 748

Pearl fisheries in 650

Sweden:

Pearl fisheries in 651

Switzerland :

Dried fruits in 753

Pearl market in 651

Use of tectorium in 610



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IV REPORTS BV COUNTRIES.

Turkey : Page.

Pearl fisheries in 653

United Kingdom:

Horn-comb industry in 605

Linseed oil in 621

Pearl market and pearl supply 564

Venezuela :

Pearl fisheries in 656

Steam coast navigation in 777

World:

Wine production of. 770



F^till directions for bindinif thue Conacilar Report* are aiveti in No.

131, pa are 663.



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VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.

The following statements show the valuation of foreign coins, as given by
the Director of the United States Mint and published by the Secretary of the
Treasury, in compliance with the first section of the act of March 3, 1873,
viz: "That the value of foreign coins, as expressed in the money of account
of the United States, shall be that of the pure metal of such coin of standard
value,'* and that **the value of the standard coins in circulation of the vari-
ous nations of the world shall be estimated annually by the Director of the
Mint, and be proclaimed on the ist day of January by the Secretary of
the Treasury.'*

In compliance with the foregoing provisions of law, annual statements
were issued by the Treasury Department, beginning with that issued on Jan-
uary I, 1874, and ending with that issued on January i, 1890. Since that
date, in compliance with the act of October i, 1890, these valuation state-
ments have been issued quarterly, beginning with the statement issued oji
January i, 1891.

These estimates "are to be taken (by customs officers) in computing the
value of all foreign merchandise made out in any of said currencies, imported
into the United States.**

The following statements, running from January i, 1874, to April i,
1894, have been prepared to assist in computing the proper values in Ameri-
can money of the trade, prices, values, wages, etc., of and in foreign coun-
tries, as given in consular and other reports. The series of years are given
so that computations may be made for each year in the proper money values
of such year. In hurried computations, the reductions of foreign currencies
into American currency, no matter for how many years, are too often made
on the bases of latest valuations. When it is taken into account that the ruble
of Russia, for instance, has fluctuated from 77. 1 7 cents in 1874 to 37. 2 cents in
April, 1894, such computations are wholly misleading. All computations
of values, trade, wages, prices, etc., of and in the *' fluctuating-currency coun-
tries*' should be made in the values of their currencies in each year up to
and including 1890, and in the quarterly valuations thereafter.

To meet typographical requirements, the quotations for the years 1876,
1877, iS79» 1881, and 1882 are omitted, these years being selected as show-
ing the least fluctuations when compared with years immediately preceding
and following.

To save unnecessary repetition, the estimates of valuations are divided
into three classes, viz: (A) countries with fixed currencies, (B) countries
with fluctuating currencies, and (C) quarterly valuations of fluctuating cur-
rencies.



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VI



VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS. '



A. — Countries with fixed currencies.

The following official (United States Treasury) valuations of foreign coins do not include " rates of exchange."
It follows, therefore, that when foreign money orders are required, the post-office authorities, to save the De-
partment from incurring loss in such transactions, add the rate of exchange to these valuations.



Countries.



Standard.



Monetary unit.



Value in

terms of

United

Sutes

gold.



Coins.



Argentine Republic*....

Austria-Hungaryt

Belgium

Bniiil „



British North America
(except Newfound-
land)).

ChileJ



Cuba..



Denmark..
Egypt



Finland...
France....



Germany

Great Britain..



Greece..



Haiti..
Italy..,



Liberia....



Gold and silver... Peso .



Gold

Gold and silver..

Gold

.... do



Crown...
Franc...



Gold and silver...



..do-



Gold ...
do...



Milreis .



Dollar..



Peso.,



..do-



do

Gold and silver...



Gold ...
do...



Gold and silver..,



..do„..
..do....



Gold.



Netherlands§ ' Gold and silver...



Newfoundland ' Gold.

Portugal

Spain



Gold

(3old and silver..,



Gold .



Sweden and Norway...

Switzerland I Goldand silver..,

Turkey Gold

Venezuela Gold and silver...



Crown

Pound (loo pias-
ters).
Mark.-



Franc.



Mark

Pound sterling..



Drachma..



Gourde..
Lira-



Dollar..
Florin...



Dollar..
Milreis .,
Peseu...



Crown..
Franc...



Piaster..
Bolivar..



^.96,5 Gold— Argentine ($4.83,4) and U
Argentine ; silver — peso and (U-
vislons.
.»o,3 Gold — 9o crowm ($4.05,9) and xo

crowns.
• ^9,3 Gold — 10 and ao franc pieces ; sil-
ver — 5 francs.
.54,6 I Gold — 5. xo, and ao milreis; sil-

-ji, X, and a milreis.
1. 00



.9i,«

.99.^

.a6,8
4.94.3

.«9»3

.19.3

.»3.8
4.86,6i



.96,5
•»9.3

1.00
.40,3

I. OX, 4

1.08
.«9.3

.a6,8
•I9»3

•04,4

.X9.3



Ck>ld— escudo ($1.89,4), doubloon
(^.56,1;, and condor ($9.xa,8);
Sliver — peso and divisions.

Gold— doubloon ($5 -ox, 7) ; sOver —

peso.
Cvold — xo and 90 crowns.
Gold — xo, 90, 50, and 100 piasters ;

silver — x, 9, 10, and 20 piasters.
Gold— xo and 90 marks ($1.93 aiul

$3-85,9).
(k>ld — 5, 10, 90, 50, and xoo francs;

silver— 5 francs.
Gold— 5, 10, and fio marks,
(jold — sovereign (pound sterling)

and half sovereign,
(jold — 5,xo,9o, 50, and 100 drach-
mas ; silver — 5 drachmas.
Silver — gourde.
Gold— 5, 10, 90, 50, and 100 lire;

silver — 5 lire.

Gold — 10 florins; silver — )^, x,and
9^ florins.

Gold — $9 ($2.02,7).

Gold — 1, 9, 5, and 10 milreis.

Cjold — 95 pesetas; silver — ^5 pese-
tas.

Gold— xo and 90 crowns.

Gold — 5, xo, 90, 50, and xoo francs;
silver — 5 francs.

Gold — 25, 50, 100, 900, and 500
piasters.

Gold — 5, xo, 20, 50, and xoo boli-
vars ; silver — 5 bolivars.



*In 1874 and 1875 the gold sundard prevailed in the Argentine Republic. Its currency does not appear
in the statements again until 1883, when the double standard prevailed, and the peso attained a fixed value of
96.5 cents.

t On reference to the table of "fluctuating currencies," it will be seen that Austria had the silver standard
up to and including the quarter ending July x, 1899. The next quarter (October x) inaugurated the gold sund«
ard {iff note under table of *' fluctuating currencies ").

I The gold sundard prevailed in Chile until January i, X890. The value of the peso has been the same
under both standards.

gThe Netheriands florin, as will be seen in the ** fluctuating " table, became fixed in vmlue (40.9 cents) in
x88o.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



VII



B. — Countries with fluctuating currencies^ 1874- go.



Cou-ntries.



Austria- Hungary*.
Bolivia



Central America..

China

Colombia....

Ecuador...

Egyptt



India....
Japan.,



Standard.



Monetary unit.



Silver..
do.„



do..

Silver..,

do...

do...

Gold...



SUver

rGold

(Silver....
do.-...



Mexico.

Netherlands J ' Gold and silver.

Peru > Silver



Florin

Dollar until
1880: bolivi-
ano there-
after.

Peso.

Haikwan tael....

Peso

do

Pound (100
piasters).

Rupee

\ Yen...



Value in terms of the United States gold dollar on
January x —



1874.



>.47,6
.96,5



•96,5
.6i
•96,5
•96,5



.45.8
■99.7



Russia..
Tripoli.



...do.
...do.






Dollar ! I,

Florin

Sol

Ruble..

Mahbub of ao
piasters.



04,74

40,5

9«,5

77,17

87,09



1875-



*o.45,3
.96,5



.91,8
X.61

.96,5
.91,8



*o.45,3
.96,5



.91,8



.43,6
•99,7



•99,8
.38,5
.91,8

.73,4
■8a, 9



1878.



1880.



1883. Z884,



^•41,3
.83,6



.83,6



.96.5
.91,8

4.97,4

.43,6
•99,7



.99.8
.38. 5
.91,8

•73,4
.83,9



$0.40,1
.8x,a



.83,6

.83,6

4.97,4

•39,7
•99,7



■90,9
•40,3
.83,6
.66,9
•74,8



.8x,a
.81,9
4.90

.38,6



$0.39.8
.80,6



.87,6



.8x,9

.65

.73,3



.80,6
.80,6
4.90

.38,3



.86,9
.87,5



.80,6
.64,5
.72,7



Countries.



Standard.



Austria-Hungary*.
Bolivia



SUver ,

do..



Central America do

Colombia do..

Ecuador ' do

Egyptf- Gold



Monetary unit.



Value in terms of the United Slates gold dollar on
January x —



1885. 1886. 1887.



India.

Japan

Mexico.

Peru

Russia..

Tripoli



Silver

rGold

(Silver

do..

Silver

do

do



Florin..

Dollar until
x88o; bolivi-
ano there-
after.

Peso.

do

do...

Pound (xoo
listers).

Rupee

Wen



to.



39,3
79,5



$o.37,x
75, »



Dollar

Sol

Ruble..

Mahbub of
piasters.



.79,5
•79.5
t.90

.37,8



.85,8
.86,4
■79,5
.63,6

•7>,7



$0.35,9
72,7



.75,x
.75,1
4.90

•35,7



.81
.81,6

•75,>
.6o,x

•67,7



.72,7

•7«,7

4.94.3

.34,6

•99,7

.78,4

•79

•7»,7

.58,3

.65,6



$0.34,5
.69,9



69,9
69,9
69,9
94,3

33.2
99,7
75,3
75,9
69,9
55,9
63



1889. 1890.



$0.33,6
.68



68
68
68
94,3

33,3
99,7
73,4
73,9
68

54,4
6x,4



$0.49

.8s



•85

.85

.85

4.93,3

.40,4

•99,7

.9X,7

.9«,3

.85

.68

•76,7



* The silver standard prevailed in Austria- Hungary up to x893. The law of August 3 of that year {see
Consular Rbpokts, No. 147, p. 633) established the gold standard.
fThe Egyptian pound became fixed in value at $4.94,3 in 1887.
X The Netherlands florin fluctuated up to the year x88o, when it became fixed at 40.3 cents.



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VIII



VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS.



C. — Quarterly valuations o; fluctuating currencies.



Countries.



J893.



Monetary unit.



I



1894.



1 Jan. 1. April J. ) July i. ' Oct. 1. 1 Jan. i. April i



Bolivia

Central America..



Colombia

Ecuador do.

India Silver rupee.

Japanf Silver yen.

Mexico Silver dollar^..

Peru j Silver sol

Russia^ Silver ruble

Tripoli Silver mahbub.,

Venezuela^ 1 Silver bolivar...,



L



Silver boliviano. $0.61,3 $0.61

Silver peso 1 .61,3 1 .61

'Shanghai tael..[ .90,6 1 .90,1
Haikwan tael..i i.oi ' 1-00,4

Ticn-Tsintacl.l | ,

(.Chefootael.



>. 60,4
.60,4
.89,2
•99»4



50-53.
.53,
-78,
.87,



I

J $0.51,

•5I:

4' -76,

A. .84.



July I. ' Oct. 1.



^-46,5 !|o-45.7



.46,5
.68,6

.76,5



.45,7
.67,6

-75.3



, !..



Silver peso .61,3



.61.3
.29,2

.66,1 I

.66,6 I

.6t,3 I

•49.» I

-55.3 I



.61
.61

.99

.65,8

.66,2

.6t

• 48.8

-55



.60,4
.60,4
.28,7
.65,1
.65.6
.60,4
-48,3
.54,5



'•I-



.53.
.53.
-«5.
•57,
•57.
.53.
•42
.47



■51,
-51,
•24,
•55,
•56



5 •5I1
9 .41.

..; .46.



.46,5
.46.5

.32,1
.50,1

.50,5



•45.7
.45.7
.21,7

-49.3
.49.7



|o-46.4
.46.4
.68.5

■76.3
-72,7
•7«.7
.46,4
-46.4
.22

•SO
.50,4



.46,5
•37,a
•41.9



•45.7 I

.36>6

.4«,3



.46.4
•37.«
41.8



Countries.



Bolivia

Central America..



China*..



Colombia..,



1895.



1896.



Monetary unit.



I Jan. I. April i. July i. Oct. i. Jan. 1



Silver boliviano ^-45,5 |o.44,z



Ecuador ■ do.....



Silver peso ' -45,5 !

f Shanghai tael.. -67.3 j

J Haikwap tacl..| .74,9 j

I Tien-Tsintael.| .71,4.1

[chefootael I .70,4 j

Silver peso j .45.5 I



Indiii



Silver rupee......



Japant Silver yen

Mexico Silver dollar

I*ersia | Silver kran

Peru Silver sol

Russiat Silver ruble I

Tripoli I Silver mahbub..,

t !



.45.5

.21,6

•49.«
.49.5



.44.1
-65,2
W5.6
.69,2
.68,3
•44,«
.44,1
.21,0

.47.6
-47.9



j -45.5 ! .44.1

I -36,4 ' .35,3

4».« I 3-9.8



10.48,6
.48,6
.7«.8
.80
•76,1
•75.1
.48,6

I .48,6

1 52,4
-52,8
.08,9
.48,6
.38,9



.48.6
.48,6
.71.8
.80,0
.76,2

•75,2
.48,6
.48,6
.23,1
.52.4
.52,8
.09,0
.48,6
■38,9
.43.8



49. »
49. »
72,5
80.8

76.9

75,9

49.'

49. »

23,3

52,9

53.3

09

49.1

39.3

44,3



April I. July X.



49.3


^•49.7


49,3


•49.7


72,9


•73.5


81,2


.81.9


77.3


.78


76,3


.76.9


49.3


.49.7


49.3


•49.7


23,4


..3.6


53.2


.5.-5.2


53,6


•54


09. »


.<^.«


49.3


.49.7


39.5


.39.8


44.5


.44,9



♦ China (silver). The Haikwan lael is the customs tael, and the Shanghai lael that used in trade. Coo-
Rul-General Denny (Consular Reports No. 43, p. 516) says: " Tlie value of the Uel varies in the difierent
ports of China, and every port has two laels, one being the Government, or Haikwan, tael, in which all duties
have to be paid, and the other the market tad, the former exceeding the latter by some xt per cent."

fGold is the nominal standard in Japan, but silver is practically the standard. The fixed value ol the
gold yen is 99.7 cents.

\ The goid ruble is valued at 77.2 cents. Sliver is the nominal standard, but paper is the actual currency,
and its depreciation is measured by the gold standard.

gThe Venezuelan bolivar became fixed in value (19.3 cents) on January i, 1893.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

The following table embraces only such weights and measures as are
given from time to time in Consular Reports and in Commercial Rela-
tions:

Foreign lueights and measures, wiih American equivaUn:s.



Almudc.
Ardcb....



Denominations.



Where used.



Are„

Arobc

Arralel or libra., k.
Arroba (dry)

Do.

Do

Do

Do

Do

Arroba (liquid) ...

Arshine

'Arshlne (square)..

Artel

Baril

Barrel

Do

Berkovct

Bongkal

Bonw

Bu



Butt (wine)

Caffiso

Candy

Do.„

Cantar

Do

Do.„

Caniaro (Cantar)..

Carga

Catty

Do

Do

Do

Cfcniaro„

Centner

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do..

Do

Do

Do

Chlh

('oyan „



Do...



Portugal

Egypt

Metric

Paraguay

Portugal

Argentine Republic

Brazil

Cuba

Portugal

Spain.„

Venezuela^

Cuba, Spam, and Venezuela

Russia

do

Morocco

Argentine Republic and Mexico..

Malta (customs).^

Spain (raisins)

Russia

India

Sumatra

Japan^

Spain.^

Malta ..

India (Bombay)^

India (Madras)..

Morocco..

Syria (Damascus)

Turkey .„

Malu

Mexico and Salvador

China

Japan

Java, Siam, Malacca^....

Sumatra

Central America

Bremen and Brunswick..

Darmstadt

Denmark and Norway...

Nuremberg

Prussia

Sweden

Vienna

Zollvereln

Double or metric

China

.Sarawak..t«^>.,....^..^....^,
Siam (Koyan)



American equlvalc.i:.

4.42a gallons.

7.6907 bushels.

0.03471 acre.

25 pounds.

I. oil pounds.

*53»75 pour.ds-

32.38 pounds.

25.3C64 pounds.

32.38 pounds.

25.36 pounds.

25.4024 pounds.

4.263 gallons.

28 inches.

5.44 square feet.

K12 pounds.

20.0787 gallons.

Z1.4 gallons.

100 pounds.

361.13 pounds.

832 grains.

7,096 5 square meters.

0.1 inch.

140 gallons.

5.4 gallons.

529 pounds.

500 pounds.

1 13 pounds.

575 pounds.

134.7036 pounds.

175 pounds.

300 pounds.

«-333H (»''3) pounds.

X.31 pounds.

Z.35 pounds.

2.12 pounds.

4.2631 gallons.

117.5 pounds.

no 24 pounds.

iio.n pounds.

112.43 pounds.

113.44 pounds.
93.7 pounds.
123. 5 pounds.
110.24 pounds.
220.46 pounds.
14 inches.
3,098 pounds.
2,667 pounds.

IX



Digitized by VjOOQIC



X



FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.



Foreign weighis and measttresy with American equivalents — Continued.



Denominalic



Where used.



Cuadra

Do...

Do

Do.„

Cubic meter ,

Cwt. (hundredweight)..
Dessiatine

Do

Drachme

Dun



Egyptian weights and measures..
Fanega (dry)

Do.„

Do

Do

Do



Argentine Republic ,

Paraguay^

Paraguay (square)

Uruguay ,

Metric

nritish....»

Russia

Spain ,.,

Greece^ ,

Japan ,

{See Consular Reports No. 144.)

Central America... ,

Chile

Cuba

Mexico

Morocco



Do

Do

Do

Fanega (liquid)..

Feddan

Frail (raisins)

Frasco

Do...

Fuder. ,

Gamice

Gram

Hectare

Hectoliter :

Dry

Liquid



Uruguay (double)

Urugtiay (sngle)

Venezuela

Spain

Egypt

^p.iin

Argentine Republic.

Mexico

lAixemburg

Russian Poland

Metric

do



Joch

Ken

Kilogram (kilo)..

Kilometer

Klaftcr

Kola

Korree

Last

Do

Do



do...

do

Austria-Hungary ..„

Japan

Metric

do„

Russia

Japan»

Russia.... ,

Belgium and Holland..
England (dr>' malt) ....
Germany



Do

Do

Do

League (land)..
Li



Libra (pound)..

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Liter

Livre (pound)..,

Do



Prussia

Russian Poland

Spain (salt) ,

Paraguay

China

Castilian

Argentine Republic,

Central America

Chile

Cuba

Mexico ,

Peru

Portugal ,

Uruguay

Venezuela.- ,

Metric

Greece, «

Guiana ,



American equivalent.



4 3 acres.
78.9 yards.
8.077 square feet.
Nearly a acres.
35.3 cubic feet.
1 18 pounds.
2.6997 acres.
1.599 bushels.
Half ounce.
I inch.

'■5745 bushels.
2.575 bushels.
X.599 l>ushels.
1.54798 bushels.
Strike fanega, 70 Ib«.

full fanega, 118 lbs.
7.776 bushels.
3 888 bushels.
x.599 bushels.
16 gallons.
X .03 acres.
50 pounds.
2.5096 quarts,
a. 5 quarts.
364 17 gallons.
0.88 gallon.
15.432 grains.
3.471 acrqs.



3.838 bushels.
36.417 gallons.
X. 439 acres.
4 yards.
2.3046 pounds.
0X2x376 mile.
316 cubic feet.
5.x 3 bushels.
3 5 bushels.
85.X34 bushels.
83.52 bushels,
a metric tons

pounds).
X 12.29 bushels.
iiH bushels.
4,760 pounds.
4,633 acres.
2,115 feet.
7,100 grains (troy).
x.oxa7 pounds.
1.043 pounds.
X.014 pounds.
x.oi6x pounds.
X. 0x465 pounds.
X.0X43 pounds,
x.oii pounds.
X. 0x43 pounds.
x.oi6x pounds.
X. 0:67 quarts,
x.x pounds.
X.079X pouiHls.



(4.-180



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.



XI



Foreign weights and measures , with American equivalents — Continued.



Denominations.



I



Where used.



American equivalent.



Load— England (timber)



Manzana .

Marc ,

Maund

Meter

Mil



Do..



Morgei
Oke....



Do..
Do..
Do..
Do..



Pic...
Picul..



Do..
Do..
Do..
Do..



Pie

Do

Pik.. ,

Pood

Pund (pound)..
Quarter..

Do

Quintal.... „

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Do

Roitle

Do.

Sagen

Salm...

Se..„



Seer.....
Shaku..
Sho-....



Standard (St. Petersburg)..

Stone

Suerte



Costa Rica

Bolivia

India

Metric ,

Denmark ,

Denmark (geographical)

Prussia

Egypt

Greece

Hungary

Turkey

Hungary and Wallachia

Egypt

Borneo and Celebes

China, Japan, and Sumatra



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign CommerceConsular reports, Issues 188-191 → online text (page 77 of 102)