United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce.

Consular reports, Issues 224-227 online

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the oflScer who is to superintend the transportation to the custom-house. Violations
of this rule will be punished with confiscation of the opium and a fine up to five
times the value of the same — at leasts $500.

(5) The importation of weapons, powder, explosives, and ingredients serving for
the same is subject to official control. These goods, on arrival, must be at once
declared to the harbor authorities. Vessels loaded with petroleum or explosives
must anchor in the position appointed for such vessels on the chart, until the cargo
is discharged under the supervision of one of the harbor officials. These vessels
must have a red flag on the foremast. Before receiving the above-designated arti-
cles on board of vessels in the harbor, the permission of the harbor master must be
obtained; these instructions must be followed in every case.

(6) Vessels having contagious disease on board must carry a yellow flag on the
foremast. Before receiving the permission of the harbor master, no one is allowed
to leave the ship or to hold intercourse with the land.

(7) During the loading or unloading of vessels, the national flag must be raised.

(8) The inspection of a ship's crew is made at the office of the harbor master or
at the office of the ship's accredited consul. Every man must, within twenty-four
hours after the inspection by the consul, according to the muster roll, report him-
self to the harbor master. The sailing master can not leave behind any of the ship's
crew without the permission of the harbor master or of the ship's recognized consul.
In the event of seamen left behind, when aid is provided for them, the license is
given, subject to the condition that the sailing master gives security for the aid for
a period up to three months. No seaman can, o( his own accord, remain behind
in the port.

(9) Deserters from ship's crew can be retaken by the interposition of the harbor
officials and brought back on board of the ship. Vessels and residences can be
searched for the same. Persons who give refuge to such seamen or whose deser-
tion is known to them become subject to a fine.

(10) The captain is obliged to announce the death of any passenger or seaman
which takes place in the harbor to the harbor master, as well as to inform the port
officials. The announcement to the port officials does not take place if the deceased
is a Chinese.

(11) In cases of disputes between sailing masters and the crew of a vessel whose
country is not represented by a consulate in the harbor jurisdiction, the dispute is
settled by the harbor master. For the execution of his decision, the harbor master
is authorized to exact a penalty up to $350 or imprisonment for six weeks for the
continuance of the dispute.

(12) Every vessel anchoring in the harbor jurisdiction must show a white light
in a visible place from sunset to sunrise.

Fire on board and mutiny is brought to the knowledge of the harbor master by
ringing the bells or by flag signals.

(13) It is forbidden to throw ballast, ashes, or refuse into the water of the harbor.
The disposal of the contents of closets of anchoring vessels is, on the other hand,
allowable.

Everyone is bound to remove objects which belong to him or which are confided



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438



TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.



to his keeping, if they occasion any disturbance in the harbor management. If the
removal does not take place on the receipt of the summons, it can be eflfectcd at
the expense of the owner by the port police.

Without the permission of the sailing master or of his representative, going on
board ship is forbidden.

Without the consent of the sailing master or of his representative, it is forbidden
to make fast to a ship, junk boats, lighters, or similar vessels.

(14) Buoys can be placed only by the permission of the harbor master. Buoys
must be illuminated from sunset to sunrise. The buoys are under the control of
the harbor master, who can place or remove them for the needs of commerce or
for security.

(15) Infringements of paragraphs 10 and 14 of these regulations is punishable
by a fine up to $25; of sections 2, 3, and 12, up to $100; of sections 5 and 6, up to
{2,000. Infringements of section 8 for the sailing master is subject to a fine up
to |ioo; for the sailor, up to $25 or imprisonment for twenty-five days. Infringe-
ment of section 13 of the regulations is punishable by fine up to $50 or imprisonment
for one month. Those in section 9 concerning deserters are subject to a fine up to
$250 or with imprisonment for three months.

These ordinances go into effect on the day of publication.

ROSENDAHL,
TsiNTAU, January /j*, rSqg, Imperial Governor,



TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.



The Department has received reports from Commercial Agent
Greener, of Vladivostock, dated February 18 and March 31, 1899,
giving figures from which the following tables are compiled:

Principal foreign goods imported into Vladivostock^ East Siberia^ in tSqrj aftd i8g8.



Articles.



Oranges

Asbestus

Drug goods. '..

Pineapples

Alabaster

Asphalt

Bottles, empty

Paper

Beans.

Compressed

Grocery goods

Palls, iron

Cotton wadding

Railroad material

Water, mineral

Varnishes.

Nails

Finery

Iron goods

Sheet iron

Zinc

Grits

Electrical apparatus..
Leather goods



1897.



Poods.

"•457
1.237
3.387
5.^58
4,601

22,380
1.994

13.757



25.444
7.450



4.303
103,107

3.5"



14.320

788,775
34.334



1,056
S.O03



Pounds.
449,847

44.671
122,311
189,877
166,151
808,187

72,007
496.793



918,834
269,034



155.390

1,723,400

126,789



517.124
.303.683



.239.870



38.134
183,918



1898.



Poods.
32,440
5»,i59
37,666
4.3»2



53.682
16.885
9.832
71.072
21,600
21,397
t,oo6
4.662

X22

I. 519
12,673
32,378

4.757

65,919

247,250

2T,68o

7,604

380

38a



Pounds.

«,«7i.473

1,847.553

1.360,195

»55.7i5



1,938,564

609,750

354. 053

2,566,552

780,019

772,688

36,329

168,354

4.406

54.854

457.647

1,169,234

*7«.785

2.380,467

8,928,692

782,908

274.596

J3.722

>3,795



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TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCR. 439

Principal for eigf I goods imported into Vladivostock^ etc, — Continued.



Articles.



Fruit:

Preserved

All other kinds

Sulphuric acid

Bricks, fireproof

Chinese manufactured goods...
Cables

Telegraphic

Bamboo goods

Lumber

Oil:

Mineral

Vegetable

Foot wear

Kettles and pans



Butter

Machines, in parts

Soap

Manufactured goods

Cotton goods.

Machines, different kinds....

Nankeen

Vegetables

Firearms

Lead

Provisions, different kinds..

Clothes

Beer

Wire

Steamship parts

Wheat

Goods, different kinds

Dry goods

Rye

Rice

Rails

Glass

Saki



Salt

Lard

Soda

Candles.

Sauce, meat..



Tar

Steel

Corned beef

Matches

Axes

Agricultural implements

Nuts

Photographic apparatus and goods...

Pitch paper for roofing

Pickles

Seaweed

Coal:

Stone

Wood

China ware

Chains, iron

Cement

Matting



i8q7.



Poods.



57.032
31.018



2.383

266

501

454.662

1. 144

22.395
7.641



35,828



38,758
581
1,328
4.554
2,754
7.790



7.742



217,800

4.157

540,334



15,990
1,041
269,729
4.185
4,129
9,384



186
10,402
37.744



1,874
9.424
17.253
13.791



1,284



920, 247
3.949
12,646



222,125
1.332



Pounds.



2,059,540
145.098



86,055

9.606

1,842

16,418,754

43.312
808.728
275.932



,293,821



1.399.629
20,981
47,957

164,454
99.453

281,312



279.579



7.865,194

150,118

19.512,542



577,431
37.556
9.740,454
151,129
149,106
338,875



6,717

375,637

1,363,011



67,674
340,319
623,040
498,021



46,366



33,231,960
142,606
456,672



8,021,376
48,001



1898.



Foods.

2,071

105.951

641

50.459

168

3,187

565



7.016

5.256

92,486

10,196

304.506

240

2.841

92,777

17.034

70

1,251

7,862

2,260

11,095

2,931

15,600

38,642

25,887



25,771

259,293

8,808

43.505
1,273
586,599
4,572
1,308
3.532
205
1,156
5,957

16,567
1.270
2,347



12,866

3.478

698

1,510,276

9,410

3.322

576

344.210

1.244



Pounds.

74,788

3,826,103

23,148

1,822,175

6,067

115,089

20,403



253.362

189,805

3.339.854

368,198

10,996,321

8,667

102,594

3.350,363

615,132

2,528

45.176

283,913

81,613

400,663

105,844

563.347

1.395,440

934.831



930,642

9.363.589

318,074

1,571.053

45.971

21,183,263

165.104

47.234

127.548

7.403

41.745

215,119

598,i.-68

45.862

84.755



464.617
125.598
25,206

54.539.087
339,814
119,964
20,801
12,430,112
44.923



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440 TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.

Principal foreign goods imported into Vladivostock, etc, — Continued.



Articles.



1897.



1898.



Cast iron

Clocks and watches...
Tea



Champagne

Silk goods

Vinegar

Enameled goods..

Electrical appliances.^

Barley

Anchors

Apples

Eggs

Fish

Flour

Bottles.

Velocipedes

Weights

Felt

Vermicelli

Wine

Screws

Ropes

Granite

Pasteboard

Conserves

Copper

Rugs

Grains

Acids

Glue

Paints

Confectionery

Boilers

Lamps

Perfumery

Buckwheat

Tobacco

Musical instruments....

Furs, dressed

Soup

Copper goods.

Furniture

Milk

Metallic goods

Sacks ,

Beef

Oats



Poods.
2.498



34.065



16,007

».773
704



7.57a

9*3

501

1.64Q

5.13a

1,095,214

X.994

a8

1,025

241
16,51a
J.699
2,271
1.639
41.329
1,104

977
4.539
1. 193
2,710

820
1,217

30.250

2S0

20,250

1,290

1,865

45.162

833

472

584

14.944

5.656

5.919

2,742

1,876

3.058

2,802

6,996



Pounds,
90,208



1.230,155



578,045
64,027
25.423



273.440
33.33«
18,092

59.549

185.327

39.550,368

68,544

x,oti

37.015

8,703

596,281

61,354
82,010
59.188

1,492.473
39.868
35.281
163,912
43,082
97.864
29,612
43.948

1,092,388

XO,III

731,268
46,584
67,349
1,630,890
30,081
«7.045
21,090
540,258
204,250
213.747
99,019
67.846
110,530
101,186
252,640



Poods.

2,498

71

57,527

aoa

141

556

SO

100

40,73»

1.326

1,664

15.215



Pounds.

90,208

2,564

2,077,415

7,295

5.092

30,078

1,806

3,6ti

1,470,873

47,885

60,190

549.444



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TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK. 44I

Principal Russian goods imported into Vladivostock in iSgy and i8g8.



Articles.



Drug goods.

Asphalt

Asbestus

Artillery

Pineapples

Paper, writing

U nderclothes .~ . . . .
. Cigarette paper....

Grocery goods

Benzine..

Balsam

White lead

Cranberries.

Vodka:

Fruit

Common

Preserved goods..
Wax



Vaseline

Felt

Preserves.

Car material

Velocipedes

Wine:

Effervescent

Still

Mustard

Material for ports

Material for artillery

Household goods.

Books... ;

Cartridges

Coal stone

Iron and manufactures of..

Flour...

Cognac

Oats

Rye.

Rails



Rum

Fish, salted

Tar

Candles.

Salt

Foot-wear goods

Glass in sheets

Telegraph material...

Tobacco goods.

Tenders

Chemicals

Linen, coarse.

Cotton goods.

Hats



Extracts of all kinds..

Shells.

Crystal .„

Rails.

Kerosene

Woodwork



1897.



Poods.
2,026
10,609



6,310
2.357



92,331



*»85,545
834



1,327
17,276



'9.322

♦213,022
279



4,109
2,367
1,139

735, 4 »o
524,207
189,234



568,750



*»,207

122,043

1,284

11,641

',833
4,274

3,696



124,862



280,531
71,464

»3,576



Pounds.
73,163
383,112



227,867
85,116



806,417



30,118



47,921
623,871



'0,075



M8,384

85,477

4»,«32

26,557,126

18,930,163

6,833,563



20,538,700



4,407,217
46.368
420,380
66,193
154,343
133,470



4,509,017



10,120,535

2,580,708

490,257



1898.



Poods.

1,926

100

6

435

52

6,512

1,282

78

18,478

35

18

561

«.553

169

25.849

152

262

68

988

981

124,599

26

1,528
34,402
442
84,502
29,680
7,968
1,777
15,815



377

47,370

654,850

,566,797

40

65,178

1. 513

6,480

423

4,217

14,422

15.833

20,773

14,520

73

7.204

1.634

140

181

42,209

138



Pounds.
69.551
3,6n

2X7

15.709

1,878

235,161

46,296

2,817

667,278

1,264

650

20,259

56,082

6,103

933,459

5,128

9.461

2,455

35,678

35.426

4,499.519

939

55.179

12,292,597

15,961

3,051,536

1,071,804

287,740

64,171

57«,"i



13,614
1,710,625

23,647,943
56,680,173

1,444

2.353,708

54,637

234,006

15.275

152,284

520,805

571,761

389,035

53,085

2,636

260,151

59,007

5.056

6.536

1.524,251

4,983



♦ Bottles.



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442 TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.

Printipal Russian goods imported into Vladivostock^ etc, — Continued.



Articles.



1897.



i8q8.



Ag^ricultural implements.

Confectionery

Buckwheat ,

Leather g^oods

Bricks

Kettles

Oil:

Cocoanut

Castor

Wood

Mineral

Raisins, stoneless. ,

Varnishes. ,

Hospital goods

Manufactured goods.

Oil, metallic

Macaroni

Machines, in parts ,

Soaps ,

Copper goods.» ,

Furniture. ,

Bridges, in parts

Beer ,

Wheal

Sugar, ground

Wires

Clothes

Perfumery ,

Railroad ties....,

Gloves

Fish, smoked

Rubber goods.

Spirit

Sugar

Matches

Seeds

Broadcloth

Lead

Grindstones

Axes

Wagons

Essence, vinegar

Chains

Zinc

Cement

Carriages

Electrical appliances.....

Barley

Anchors



Poods.


Pounds,


344


12,423


19.838


716.390


27.498


933,008


38.836


319,086


>3.407


484,153


13,716


495,312


956


34.523


87


3.141


3.123


76,666


5.733


207,030


164


5,922


1.356


48.968


1.609


58,104


74,502


2,690,416


20,325


730,365


4.245


153.29s


43.910


1.585.678


19.055


688,114


1.933


69.704


1.594


57.563


12,935


467,108


33,007


1,191,949


3,471


125.345


692


24.990


44.833


1,619,009


6,289


2^7, X08


227


8,197


29,062


1,049,487


17


614


1,362


49.185


591


21,342


47,401


1.711.745


190,078


6,864,097


4,492


162,215


84


3.033


19,790


714.656


2,651


95.733


1,424


51.423


1.915


69.154


2,850


102,919


400


14,445


13,233


477,870


3,195


115.378


1,943


70,166


11,088


400,^10


1,128


40,734


1,000


36,112


4,923


•77.779



Poods.



Pounds.



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TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.



443



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I

s



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£5«









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^8?






t



1






be

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2;



o> m m >o
^ 00 t^ m



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M « M VO



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18 g bi»i



2



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444



TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.



The amount of freight exported from Vladivostock by private
steamers in 1898 was 26,240 tons, of which 21,930 tons were for
European ports. The volunteer fleet carried 5,022 tons of exports.

The following statement shows the ports to which freight was
sent from Vladivostock, in the season of 1898, by the volunteer fleet
and private steamers:



Ports.


Euro(>ean
products.


Chinese
products.


Govern-
ment stores.


Commis-
sary stores.


Total.


Nagasaki


Tans.

123.72

47-78

.06

2,716.41

642.53

3396

",548.83

5-38

I.I

16.68

6.199.66

2.3s

X


Toms,
186.56


Tans.


Tons.


Tons.
310.38
274.11
06


Posiet


226.33




Chemulpo






Alexandrovsk




225.07
31-85




2,941.48

708.8s

35-96

11,833.61

27.86


Korsakovsk


34-47

2

284.78

22.48




St. Olga




Nikoliefsk






Saghalien






Dekastri . . .






Imperial Ha van








16 68


Port Arthur


160.26
67.87

114.05
30.14
76.22

171. 4
7.78


2,997.26


1,778.29


"»i35.47

70.22

"5-os

30.14

76.92

229.81

75-36

67-37

149-48

165.76

214.89

1,327.08

5-85

923-5

5*6.5


Chcfoo


Oensan






Fusan






Shanghai


•7
58.41
67.58
67-37
149-48
165.76
214.89
. 1,053.08

5.85

790-42
151






Hongkong ,






Kob4






Dooa






Mgachcc

Petropavlofsk «

Anadeer




















Ports in the Sea of Okhotsk




275




Hankau






Odessa




133.08
375-5




St. Petersburg












Total


24,063


1,158.01


4,264.09


1,778*29


31,263.39





Note. —In this total is included also 5,223.54 tons of freight for the Eastern Chinese Railroad and
318.84 tons of freight in transit.



General summary.



Tons.



Total imports 262, 512. 24

Total imports in transit 6,902.36

Total exports ; 30,944. 55

Total exports in transit. 6, 523. 84

Total 306,882.99



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TRADE OF VLADIVOSTOCK.



445



Mr. Greener adds :

The tariff rates on goods imported into the Maritime, Amoor,
and Trans-Baikal provinces are :



Articles.



Tariff rate.



Tobacco:

In leaf, in bundles, with and without steins, and tobacco stems, by the pood
(36.112 pounds)

Cut smoking tobacco and snuff in all kinds of shapes, by the pound

Cigars, cut, wrapped in tobacco leaves, cigarettes, by the pound

Sugar:

Raw sugar, crushed or ground, without large pieces, mixed, by the pood

Refined sugar in large and small pieces, by the pood

Confectionery (candies, preserves, and berry sirups, pasliles, jellies, fruit powders,
with sugar, fruits in liquors of rum, cognac, with sugar, by the pood, including

package)

Arrack, rum, vodka, French cognac, cherry, and other bread spirits and wine:

Imported in large and small barrels, including package, by the pood

Imported in bottles and in all sorts of packings, liquors, infusions, by the bottle

(one-twentieth of a gallon)

Wine, grape and berry:

Imported in large or small barrels, containing less than 16 grams of alcohol, by
the pood, including package

Noneffervescent, imported in bottles (one-twentieth of a gallon)..

All kinds of effcrvcsccnts, in bottles <

All kinds of porter, beer, and cider:

Imported in small and large barrels, by the pood, package included

In bottles

Extracts of fruit and berries (all kinds, including package)

Fluid products:

Naphtha, coal oil, oils, etc., by the pood

Varnishes of spirits and oils, tar in oil, by the pood

Matches, chemical combustibles of all kinds, by the pood



Rubies.

15.40

1.30

3.20

3-00
4.00



9.60



4.00

•45

1.40

1.50
.20
•75

1. 00
10.00
a. 20



$"•895
1. 005
a. 475

2.325
3.87



7-41
9.27

•7725



3^87

•345
X.08

1. 155
•1545
•579

.7725
7.725
1.695



NoTB.— Russian import duties are payable at the old gold-ruble (77.2 cents) rate in its equivalent
in the new gold ruble (51.5 cents).

Catalogues may be sent direct to this agency. They will be kept
for inspection or distributed judiciously. In all cases prices, lowest
rates, discounts, and commissions should be clearly stated. The
American dollar on exchange generally equals 1.94 to 1.95 rubles.
In ordinary business matters, $1 equals 2 rubles.

An agent speaking German or French, if not Russian, is worth a
thousand circulars. American goods of first quality win their own
way. There are now here cheap goods of every nationality — Ger-
man, French, Chinese, and Japanese — sufficient to glut the market.
Superior goods bearing an American mark would find a ready sale
among the better classes.

Vladivostock, although an open port, is also a fortress, and,
while there is capital already invested and a steady increase in the
volume of trade, pi'ogress is slow.



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446 RAILROAD BUSINESS IN RUSSIA.



RAILROAD BUSINESS IN RUSSIA IN 1898.

The mileage of Russian railroads was considerably increased
during the year 1898. Of the newly constructed roads, the principal
are on the Trans-Siberian line section from Obi to Krasnoyarsk, 47 1
miles ; and from Taiga to Tomsk, 59 miles. Regular trains have been
placed on the line from Vologda to Archangel, 394 miles. The fol-
lowing lines have been opened, viz : The Moscow-Jaroslav-Archangel,
the Riazan-Ural and Moscow- Windau-Rybinsk, in the Moscow re-
gion; Lugansk-Millerovo, in the region of the Donetz basin; and
Lukov-Lublin, in the Vistula region. The Russian railroads, on
January i, 1899, consisted of twenty-eight connecting lines, of which
eighteen are controlled by the Government and ten by private com-
panies, viz:

Miles.

Baltic and Pskov-Riga , 6i8

Catherininsk 649

Kursk-Kharkov-Sevastopol 982

Libau-Romny '. 826

Moscow-Brest 684

Moscow-Kursk-Nizhni Novgorod 701

Nikolaevsk 604

Perm-Tiumen 823

Poliessk 953

Vistula 820

Riga-Orel 785

Samara-Zlatoust 987

St. Petersburg-Warsaw 882

Western Siberian 882

Central Siberian 535

Syzran-Viazma 865

Kharkov-Nikolaev 791

Southwestern 2,433

Warsaw-Vienna 307

Viadi-Caucasian 905

Ivangorod-Dombrovsk 300

Lodz 17

Moscow-Windau-Rybinsk 545

Moscow-Kazan 803

Moscow-Voronezsh 1,030

Moscow-Jaroslav-Archangel 1,071

Riazan-Ural i, 797

Southeastern 2,288

The lines not connected with the general system are:

Miles.

Baskuchank . 48

Transcaucasian 694

Transcaspian 938



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RAILROAD BUSINESS IN RUSSIA. 447

The local roads are :

Miles.

Irinovsk 36

First Society of Railroads 217

Sestroretsk 23

Tsarskoe-Selo 17

The total length of the Russian railway lines (with the exception
of the Finland railroads, 1,590 miles long, which are controlled by
their own directors, officers, and statutes) is 26,797 miles. This sum-
mary of the railroads in operation does not give a full idea of the
extent of Russian railroad mileage at the beginning of the present
year, as a number of lines are in course of construction, which, when
completed, will furnish a total of 7,015 miles. On many of the roads
under construction, temporary communication was opened last year,
and others will be opened in the near future.

The most important line under construction is the Poltava-Kief,
which will furnish an outlet for the products coming from a rich
and densely populated region to Kief and farther west. The Poltava
government is in the rich black-earth belt, the principal occupation
of its inhabitants being agriculture. This, it is estimated, will
furnish 219,355 tons of freight annually.

It is thought that the projected line from* Nizhni Novgorod south
will carry 129,032 tons the first year, and that its business will in-
crease rapidly.

It is proposed to construct a line from Zemetchina on the Syzran-
Viazma Railroad to Kustarevka, to furnish an outlet to an area of
1,445 square miles, with a population of 112,000.

A line will be built from St. Petersburg southward to Kief, which
will shorten the route 166 miles.

Measures will be taken to increase the capacity of the Novoros-
sisk branch of the Vladi-Caucasian Railroad by constructing a new
line from the Caucasian station to Ekaterinodar, and by laying down
a second track from Ekaterinodar to Novorossisk, which is the
terminal point for goods exported by the Vladi-Caucasian Railroad.
The movement of freight on this line in 1895 amounted to 601,613
tons of grain and 64,355 ^^"s of miscellaneous freight. Now that
the Tohoretsk-Tsaritsine line is completed, cargo from the Volga
will move on the Novorossisk branch.

In addition to the foregoing, several roads will be constructed by
the Government, viz: From Vladivostock to Kerch, which will run
through a rich mining district ; the Volchansk-Kupiansk line, 73 miles,
a local road affording an outlet to an area of 1,288 square miles, with
a population of 136,000; the Piatihotka-Koristovka line, which will
connect the Catherininsk and Kharkov-Nikolaev railroads and will be
also of local importance.



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448 RAILROAD BUSINESS IN RUSSIA.

A line will be built from Chiatury to Darkveti, four miles long.
In order to develop the manganese industry of Transcaucasus, the
so-called Chiatury branch of the Transcaucasian Railroad was con-
structed in 1 89 1, which carried 80,645 tons of manganese during the
first year and a total of 193,549 in 1896, showing the development
of the manganese industry in that region. But this branch does
not meet the requirements, as the mines extend beyond Chiatury,
and the line will be extended.

Concessions have been granted to private corporations to build
the following lines: From Yalta to Bajichisarai, 45 miles; from No-



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign CommerceConsular reports, Issues 224-227 → online text (page 53 of 92)