United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce.

Consular reports, Issues 224-227 online

. (page 76 of 92)
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Bahn.

Appenzellerbahn

Waldenburgerbahn

Tramelan-Tavannes

Geneva-Veyrier

Frauenfeld-Wil

Birsigthalbahn

Brllnigbahn (J. S.)

Voics ^iroites, Geneva

Ponts-Sagne Ch. de f . (Kt.

Neuenbg.).



Zurich

(N.O. B.undS.C.B.)..
Basel



(S.C.B.undN.O.B.)..
(S.C.B.,N.O.B.,und

Gemeinde Brem-

garten.)

Berne

Bulle

Fleurier



Berne

Aom

.do

Fribourg .»-..
St. GalL



Wattwil ....

Wald

Lucerne ....
Neuchfttel .



Winterthur...

Zurich

Burgdorf

WMensweil .



Hochdorf..



Kriens

(Von der P. L. M. be-
trieben.)

Huttwil

Willisau

Zurich

Orbe



Lausanne

Bercher

Lucerne (15 V.-15XI
Rigi-Scheidegg).

Herisau

Waldenburg

Tramelan

Geneva.

Frauenf eld

Basel

Berne

Geneva

Neuchfitel



Aug. 9.1847

Aug. 2.1875

Dec. 19,1854

June 23,1874
Sept. 1,1876



May 7.1855
July 1,1868
Dec. 23,1883

June 1,1893
Aug. 12,1872
Aug. 16,1897
Aug. 23,1898
Oct. 14,1855

June 24,1870
Sept. 39,1876
Dec. 6,1874
July 2,1857

May 4,1875
May 12,1875
May 26,1875
May 1 , 1877

Sept. 3,1883

Oct. 25,1886
June i,z888

Nov. 1,1889
May 9,1895
Aug. 3,1892
Apr. 17,1894



Nov. 5 1 1873
Nov. 24,1889
July 14,1874

Apr. 12,1875
Nov. z,i88o
Aug. 16,1884
July 20,1887
Sept. 1,1887
Oct. 4,1887
June 14,1888
June 1,1889
July 26,1889



Kilom*

84
328
66



928
19
M

27

5

12

23

279

25

7

276

40

40
9
43
50



Locomotive.

Do.

Do.

Do.
Do.



Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.

Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Electric.



Locomotive.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.



♦ t kilometer =0.62137 mile.



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636



RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.



Name of road.



Narrow-gauge lines — Con-
tinued.
Appenzeller Strasscnbahn.

Rh&tische Bahn.

Bemer Oberland-Bahnen..

Vifege-Zermatt (J. S.)

Brenets-Locle

Sissach-Gelterkinden

GrUtschalp-MUiTen(B. O.

B.).
Neuchfttel-Cortaillod-

Boudry Q. N.).
Saignel^g^ier-C h a u x-d e-

Fonds.

Yverdon-Ste. Croix

Bifere-Apples-Morges (J.

S.).
Apples-L'Isle (B. A. M.

bzw. J. S.).

Cogwheel lines.

Rigibahn

Arth-Rigibahn

Rorschach-Heiden-Bahn ..

Pilatusbahn

Generosobahn

Brienz-Rothorn-Bahn

Glion-Naye

Schynige Platte- Bahn (B.
O. B.).

Wengernalpbahn

Gomergratbahn



Cable lines.
Lausanne-Ouchy ....
Giessbachbahn



Territet-Glion (Gl. N.)

GUtschbahn (in Lucerne)..

Maczilibahn (in Berne)

Drahtseilbahn Lugana.....

Biel-Magglingen

BUrgenstockbahn

Zurichbergbahn (L i m -

matquai-Polytceh.).

Beatenbergbahn

Salvatorebahn -

Ecluse-Plan (in Neuen-

burg).
Lauterbrunnen-Grlil-

schalp (Bob).

Ragaz-Wartenstein

Stanserhombahn

St. Gall-MUhleck

Dolderbahn (in Zurich).*..
Rheineck-Walzenhausen .

Cossonay-Gare (J. S.)

Biel-Leubringen



Address.



Teufen

Chur

Interlaken

Lausanne

Brenets.

Gelterkinden..
Berne



Neuchitel

SaigneUgier..



Yverdon....
Lausanne .



L'Isle .



Vitznau

Goldau

Heiden

Alpnachstad .

Capolaga

Brienz

Glion

Interlaken



do...

Sitten .



Laussane

Gebr. Hauser,
Giessbach.

Montreux

Lucerne

Berne

Lugano

Biel

Stansstad

Zurich



Berne

Lugano

NeuchHtel .-



Berne .



Ragaz%

Stans

St. Gall

Zurich

Rheineck

Cossonay

Leubringen

♦ I kilometer:



Opening of
nrst part.



Oct. i,i88q
OcL Q,i889
July 1,1890
July 3,1890
Sept. 1,1890
May 17,1891
Aug. 14,1891

Sept. 16,1892

Dec. 6, 1892

Nov. 27,1893
July 1,1895

Sept. 12,1896



May 23,1871
June 27,1873
Sept. 6,1875
June 4,1889
June 1,1890
June 17,1892
July 22,1892
June 14,1893

June 20,1893
Aug. 20,1898



Mar. 16,1877
July 21,1879

Aug. 19,1881
Aug. 22,1884
July 18,1885
Nov. 8,1886
June 1,1887
July 7,1888
Jan. 8,1889

June 21,1889
Mar. 27,1890
Oct. 25,1890

Aug. 14, 1891

Aug. 1,1892
Aug. 23,1893
Dec. 14,1893
July 13,1895
June 27,1896
Aug. 28,1897
Jan. 29,1898
0.62137 mile.



Length.


System used.


Kilom.*




»4


Locomotive.


92


Do.


24


Do.


36


Do.


S


Do.


4


Electric.


S


Do.


II


Electric and steam.


27


Locomotive.


25


Do.


20


Do.


II


Do.


7


Do.


12


Do.


7


Do.


5


Do.


9


Do.


8


Do.


8


Do.


8


Do.


18


Do.


9.079


Electric.


( I. 481


j- Turbine.


i 0.314


0.320


Water weight.


0.553


Do.


0.154


Do.


O.IOI


Do.


0.237


Do.


1.625


Do.


0.827


Electric motor.


0.163


Do.


1.6


Water weight.


X.507


Electric motor.


0.368


Water weight.


1.207


Do.


0.76


Do.


3.6


Electric motors.


0.3


Water weight.


0.799


Electric motor.


1. 218


Water weight.


1.22


Do.


0.9


Electric.



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RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.



637



Name of road.



Address.



Opeaing of
first part.



Length.



System used.



Strtti-car lines.
Tramways Suisses:
. Genfer Tramways..



Geneva...



Bieler Tramway

Stfldt. Strassenbahn Zu-
rich.

Vevey-Montrcux-Chillon .



u. Trak-Planchcs

Berner Tramway:

Altc Linic

Neuc Linie

Tramway Bcllavista

(Monte Gcneroso).

Sunssud-SUns

Rollbahn MUrren (Sution

MQrren-Kurhaus MQr-

ren).
Tramways de Neuchitel...
Zentrale Zurichbergbahn

(Bellevue-Fluntern

und- Oberstrass).

Basler Strassenbahnen

Tramway Lugana.

Strassenbahn St. Moritz...
AUaman-Aubonne-Gimel..



Tramways Lausannois

(inkl. Abzweigung nach

Lutry).
Tramway Chaux-de-

Fonds.

AltsUCtten-Berneck

Trambahn St. Gall

Tramways de Fribourg....
Zurich-Oerlikon-Seebach ■
Zurich (Hauptbahnh)-

Hardturm.

Winterthur-T5ss

Zurich (Limmatstrasse)-

H»ngg (Ind. Str. Zurich

III).



wdo

Strassenbahnver- f
waltungderStadt J
Zurich. [

Socitft^ ^lectrique,
Vevey-Montreux .

.do



Berne

wdo

Hoirie Dr.PasU Mcn-

drisio.

Stans

J. Sterchi-WetUch's

Erbschaft, MUrren.



Neuchfttel .
Zurich



Basel...

Lugano

St. Moritt

Soci^ttf dlectrique,Au-

bonne.
Lausanne



Chaux-de-Fonds ...



AltstStten ..

St. Gall

Fribourg ...

Zurich

Zurich IIL.



Sudtrat Winterthur...
HBngg



June 19,1862

Aug. 18,1877

Sept. 24,1882
Mar. 8,1894

June 6,1888

July 6,1898

Oct. 1,1890
May 17, 1894
Aug. 26,1891

Aug. 26,1893
July 10,1894



Dec. 22,1894
Feb. 16,1895



May 6,1895
June 1,1896
July 5,1896
July 23,1896

Sept. 1,1896



Jan. 1,1897

Apr. 6,1897
May 20,1897
July 28,1897
Oct. 22,1897
Apr. 23,1898

July 13,1898
Aug. 27,1898



Kilom*
16.14s

4.672

8.892
452



0.38

2.927
4-756
0.54

3.455
0.451



S.268
3.367



".93
4.538
X.645
9.916

10.975



2.512

I I. 191
9.282
1.38
5-5
2.9

1.77
2.8



Horses, locomotive,

and electric.
Horses.

Do.
Electric.

Do.

Do.

Compressed air.

Locomotive.

Horses.

Electric.
Horses.



Electric.
Do.



Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.



Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.



♦i kilometer =0.621 37 mile.
RAILWAYS PROJECTED AND IN COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION.

On September i, 1898, the number of concessions granted for
the building of all kinds of railways, including tramways, or street-
car lines, amounted to 120, with a projected length of 2,032 kilo-
meters (1,263 miles). Of this number, 47 are to be equipped with
electricity.

The following table gives in detail the name of the road, holder
of concession, address, location, length of road, power used, etc.



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638



KAILVVAYS IN SWITZERLAND.






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RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.



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RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.






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RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.



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644 RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.

OBTAINING RAILWAY CONCESSIONS. *

The cheap and simple method of obtaining concessions is, no
doubt, responsible for the great number of projects, which may be
kept alive for quite a length of time to prevent the construction of
other lines and then traded off as seems most advantageous. The
time for which a concession is granted is for eighty years. No de-
posit is required for the fulfillment of a project that has been con-
ceded. Renewals may be granted at a stated time, if proper reason
for the same can be given. The federal railway laws apply also to
tramways or street-car lines.

As a rule, the average time allowed in which to submit for ap-
proval to the Federal Council plans of a road for which a concession
has been granted is eighteen months. Six months later the building
of the road must commence, and this should be finished during the
following eighteen months; so in all, about three and a half years are
given for the completion of a road from the time that the concession
is granted.

The first step to be taken, if a tramway is projected, is to apply
to the cantonal authorities for permission to have the use of their
streets. This is done by petition. After receipt of the permission
of the cantonal authorities, another petition is drawn up to be pre-
sented to the federal authorities. A printed formula suffices, and
this is provided by the Government, and is the same for electric,
steam, or any other railway. Annexed to this formula are printed
extracts and rules from the federal laws of December 23, 1872, and
February i, 1875, ^^ which I mention the most essential:

The Federal Council can deny a concession if the same should be against the
military interests of the Confederation.

The Federal Council has the right to grant a concession even against the protest
of a Canton.

In concessions, no discrimination or exclusive rights not to be shared by others
can be granted, and no restrictions against the building of future railroads.

Rules and regulations of corporations can not be altered, except by permission
of the Federal Council.

The federal decree reads:

The Council of the Swiss Confederation, after due investigation

First. Of a petition of ,

Second. Of a message of the Federal Council dated , decrees, To give

-, who are about to form a corporation, a concession for the building of and



operating of a (railroad or tramway) from to under the following

conditions:

All the federal laws and regulations pertaining to the building and operating of
3wiss railrosids shall be strictly adhered to^



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RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND. 645

The concession is granted from the date of promulgation, and is good for eighty
years.

The headquarters of the corporation is in .

The majority of the board of directors shall consist of Swiss citizens, who must
have their domicile in Switzerland.

The following must also be presented :

(i) A perspective plan upon the federal atlas, the scale to be
1 : 1 00, 000, where the projected line will be exactly shown in red lines.

(2) A situation plan; scale, 1:50,000.

(3) A profile plan; scale, 1:50,000; all scales to be in meters
(metric system to be exclusively used).

(4) A statement of approximate cost per kilometer.

(5) A general technical statement regarding the building of
the road.

(6) Statements as to deviations from the concessions, should oc-
casion demand any.

(7) Two hundred extra perspective plans for the use of the
members of the Federal Council.

(8) Twenty copies of the printed by-laws, as accepted by the
corporation and certified by the Federal Council.

The Federal Council reserves the right to alter plans even after
the acceptance of same, if the safety of the road is in question. All
articles having a scientific value, such as medals, moneys, petrified
objects, etc., if found in the earth during the building of the road,
must be turned over to the cantonal authorities without charge. A
federal inspector is detailed to watch the building of the road, and
has at all times the right to enter the premises. At least two trains
each way have to be run daily. It is requested that the American
system of cars be used (in contradistinction to the French system).

The rates of fare for a single ride have to be: First class, 10
centimes; second class, 7 centimes; and third class, 5 centimes per
kilometer (1.93 cents, 1.35 cents, and 0.965 cent per 0.621374 mile).

When the receipts show a profit of over 6 per cent annually for
three successive years, the maximum fare has to be reduced.
Should the receipts not cover expenses, inclusive of the interest
on the shares, the Federal Council has the power to order an in-
crease in the rate of fare. The corporation is compelled to open a
reserve and repair fund ; also to have its employees insured against
sickness and accident. Further, under the law of July i, 1875, ^^'
garding responsibility toward travelers, the corporation is compelled
to insure all of its travelers. At least every third Sunday is to be
allowed the employees as a holiday.

No concession can be made to third parties without the con-
sent of the Federal Council. The federal laws as to obligations
and rights of way are applicable to all concessions.



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646 RAILWAYS IN SWITZERLAND.

After completion of the railroad, the corporation must file with
the Federal Council a full statement as to the cost of same ; and any
further addition of rolling stock, etc., must be described in supple-
mentary statements. The Federal Council reserves the right to
apply the following tax to railroads: Fifty francs ($9.65) per annum,
provided the net receipts are 4 per cent of the capital; 100 francs
($19.30) per annum, provided the receipts should be between 5 and 6
per cent; and 200 francs ($38.60), provided the net receipts should
be over 6 per cent. These taxes are collected for every kilometer
operated.

GOVERNMENT PURCHASE.

After May i, 1915, the cantonal or federal authorities have the
right to purchase any road in existence, provided three years* notice
is given. If an agreement to purchase be entered upon and con-
cluded up to May i, 1930, twenty-five times the value of the net
earnings for the ten years previous has to be paid; between the
years 1930 and 1945, twenty-two and one-half times the net value;
between the years 1945 and the end of the concession, twenty times
the net value is to be the sale price. In case the Canton is the
buyer, and the federal authorities demand control of the property,
the Canton is compelled to deliver to the federal authorities the
property acquired at the price paid.

The attitude of the Swiss Government is very favorable towards
the building of railroads, especially mountain roads, and also elec-
trical conveyances to places which otherwise would be difficult of
access by the summer tourist.

All things considered, the investment of American capital in
small mountain roads and electric tramways must be a paying
one. Firms interested in this line should send competent men to
look over the field of the concessions held. No doubt, profitable
arrangements can be made either for the building of roads or for
giving financial support to some of them. There is no lack of brains
in Switzerland to conceive profitable projects in this line, but there
is a lack of means to carry them out. The exceptional conserva-
tism of the people may be another reason why meritorious projects
have not been carried out.

Adolph L. Frankenthal,

Berne, May 4, 18^^. Consul.



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BELGIAN TRADE WITH THE UNITED STATES.



647



BELGIAN TRADE WITH THE UNITED STATES

IN 1899.

I submit the following table of imports from the United States
into Belgium, comparing the first four months of the years 1899,
1898, and 1897.

Imports from United States into Belgium,



Articles.



Barley pounds-
Bran do

Buckwheat .» do

Indian com do



Rye..



..do-



Oats .^o..

Wheat, spelt, and meslin do..

Forage do..

Flour:

Wheat do..

Barley, oats, corn, and buckwheat ^o..

Unclassified do..

Starch and nonalimentary fecula do..

Coffee do..

Cotton do..



Hops do

Malt do

Raw animal substances, such as lard do

Animal fat, not specified, fish oil do

Raw animal substances, horse hair, shells. value..

Fruits:

Prunes pounds..

Dried, unclassified value-
Honey pounds..

Wax.^ j&o

Meats:

Salted or smoked ham, tongue, etc do

Preserved do

Raw mineral matter, unclassified, grease. do

Petroleum, refined do

Rushes,, bamboo, etc value.

Stones, unclassified pounds..

Tar, asphalt, etc.- do

Copper and nickel:

Unworked pounds..

Worked do

Iron:

Cast do

Wrought do

Old do

Not specified do

Lead do

Steel in bars, sheets, wire, unspecified do

Tools, machines of iron or steel, unclassified do

Machines and machinery:

Unclassified do

In cast iron, unclassified do



First four months of-



i8go.



4.297.956
4,qi6,653
4.724.554

146,540.930

7.654.204

»44.8o4

323.562.951
2,831,778

3,286,381

220,618

17,708

2,869,463

373.402

19.383.050

61,846

683,498

6,987,567

4,252,664

^5.354

143.177
$2^,987
435.646



8,718,734

226,251

302,103

69,069,877

$"4,635

10,541,752

17,169,788

1,002,517
37.308

8,586,678
185,598
31,605
40,264
». 499.613
162,412
104.449

8,170
1,119,400



1898.



71,571,722
5,902,089
3,243,627
163,644.775
38,890,386
3.746,644
179.057.104
2.839.235

1,564,387
282,982



2,911,692

347.837
38,191,272



872,551

10,166,914

1,452,699

$30,870

405,712
$43,626
252,581



14.915.933
364.019
757.129

85,216,130

$5,941
32,299,058
27,674,682

5,477,198
55.141

5.525.532
149.573
287,376
22,680
1.588,793
98,093
56,067

30,655
736,312



1897.



69.351.585
14.374.366

6,763,500
147.902,758
16,817,594
13.643.637
71.303,589

3.309.907

546.566
596,062



800,507

469.559

20,864,841

26

443.859

5,276,334

1,010,388

$58,728

163.365
$31,805
307,120
225,766

11,742,802
221,963
441.543

89.230,570
$2,904

45.307.997

22,195,801

4,114,120
143.911

6,386,463



34.171

7.376

701

4.089

58.975

143.934
1,107,399



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Google



648 WATERWORKS IN RUSSIAN CITIES.

Imports from United States into Belgium — Continued.



Articles.



First four months of—



1899.



1898.



1897.



Bicycles and bicycle parts. value.

Firearms do....

Hemp pounds...

Cordage... do

India rubber, manufactured value...

Hides, raw pounds...

Leather, tanned do

Furniture value...

Haberdashery and hardware:

X5 per cent duty... do

10 per cent duty. do

Paper, not specified pounds...

Chemical products, unspecified, such) as carbolic-acid

gas, etc value...

Dyes and colors, not specified pounds...

Drugs, unclassified, plants, roots, flowers, etc do

Drugs, glue... do

Tobacco:

Unmanufactured do

Smoking and snuff do

Cigars and cigarettes. do

Vegetable oils, nonalimentary do

Vegetables and vegetable substances, unspecified..4]o

Grains .do

Oil cakes .do

Wood:

Oak and walnut—

Unsawn cubic meters...

Split do

Sawn do

For building purposes, other than oak and walnut—

Unsawn... .cubic meters...

Sawn, beams, etc do

Sawn .do

Wrought value...

Wood pulp pounds...

Horses number...

Wool pounds-
Raw mineral matter, unclassified, such as mineral cop-
per, lead, zinc, etc. : value...

Works of art .do



|i6,755
$1,754
1,478,320
44.907
|i.7'3
44,120
33.384

Is. 764

I9.084

l39S

273.901

$294, zxo

705.258

9,267,665

1.984

3,628,875

4.477

6,770

10,973.467

1,923,048

363.688

51,681,203



165

741

4.520

752

».75o

18,081

12,857

2,145,046

1,418

76,228

$64,452
I147



$26,279
$2,235

215.984
41,166
$1,227

185,752
20,672
$6,176

$6,636

I275

299,263

$169,880

372,209

12,541.779

65.414

3,481,823
6,953

2,8tO

6,9«9.539

898,154

541,638

43.751.528



108
6,020

461
•2,584
20,789

I4.563

782,092

2,060

2,142

$46,228
$20,382



$36,592

$«,4"

490.901

44»

$812

72,189

18,871

$t,oi6

$4.«8i

$504

6,199

$388,440

309.032

9,550.708

2.480

3.49',S62

3,536

5.068

4.555.79a

609,461

551.438

53.»9o,87i



831

'77

6,001

945

286

12,817

$2,927

348,798

1,142

27.5«5«

$55,930

$212



Antwerp, May /p, 7<Ppp.



Geo. F. Lincoln,

Consul- General,



WATERWORKS IN RUSSIAN CITIES,

I transmit herewith translation of the specifications for the pro-
posed waterworks for the city of Nicolaiev, Russia. I have in my
possession two maps showing elevations, streets, localities, etc.,
which I shall be glad to send to the Department if it is thought
advisable.



Digitized by



Google



WATERWORKS IN RUSSIAN CITIES. 649

My object in sending the details as given in the inclosed transla-
tion is to bring to the notice of American firms the entire project, so
that they can bid on the entire contract or can arrange to supply
water pipe, pumps, and other machinery. Bids will be received



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor United States. Bureau of Foreign CommerceConsular reports, Issues 224-227 → online text (page 76 of 92)