UNIVERSITY ' OF CALIFORNIA,
OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
COMMERCE AND LABOR
OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
OF THE DEPARTMENT
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
COMPILED BY THE DIRECTOR OF THE
CENSUS, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE AND LABOR
Official duties Bureaus and divisions of Department
Summary of employees, May 1, 1908
Method of appointment
Historical register 15
Officers and employees:
Office of the Secretary 17
Bureau of Manufactures 21
Bureau of Corporations 22
Bureau of Labor 25
Experts and special agents employed in the investigation of the con-
dition of woman and child workers 27
Light-House Establishment 31
Light-House Board 31
Office of the Light-House Board 31
Light-House Service at Large 33
Engineer service 108
Vessel service 123
. Bureau of the Census 135
Coast and Geodetic Survey 151
Bureau of Statistics 161
Steamboat Inspection Service 163
Steamboat Inspection Service at Large 163
Bureau of Fisheries 173
Office of the architect and engineer 174
Division of fish culture 174
Central station and aquaria 174
Division of inquiry Food fishes 174
Biological station Beaufort, N. C 175
Division of statistics and method of the fisheries 175
Vessel service 175
Employees at large 182
Distribution employees 182
Miscellaneous expenses 183
Salmon fisheries of Alaska 183
Bureau of Navigation 184
Shipping Service 184
Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization 187
Immigration Service at Large 189
Bureau of Standards 234
Number of officials and employees, official designations, and salaries in the
Department of Commerce and Labor, May 1, 1908 237
Ships and vessels of the Department of Commerce and Labor 262
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND
OFFICIAL DUTIES BUREAUS AND DIVISIONS.
SECRETARY OP COMMERCE AND LABOR.
The Secretary of Commerce and Labor is charged with the work of promoting the
commerce of the United States, and its mining, manufacturing, shipping, fishery,
transportation, and labor interests. His duties also comprise the investigation of
the organization and management of corporations (excepting railroads) engaged in
interstate commerce; the gathering and publication of information regarding labor
interests and labor controversies in this and other countries; the administration of
the Light-House Service, and the aid and protection to shipping thereby; the taking
of the census, and the collection and publication of statistical information connected
therewith; the making of coast and geodetic surveys; the collecting of statistics
relating to foreign and domestic commerce; the inspection of steamboats, and the
enforcement of laws relating thereto for the protection of life and property; the super-
vision of the fisheries as administered by the Federal Government; the supervision
and control of the Alaskan fur-seal, salmon, and other fisheries; the jurisdiction over
merchant vessels, then* registry, licensing, measurement, entry, clearance, transfers,
movement of their cargoes and passengers, and laws relating thereto, and to seamen
of the United States; the supervision of the immigration of aliens, and the enforce-
ment of the laws relating thereto, and to the exclusion of Chinese; the custody, con-
struction, maintenance, and application of standards of weights and measurements;
and the gathering and supplying of information regarding industries and markets for
the fostering of manufacturing. He has power to call upon other Departments for
statistical data obtained by them.
For the proper accomplishment of any or all of the aforesaid work, it is by law
provided that all duties performed, and all the powers and authority possessed or
exercised, at the date of the creation of said Department, by the head of any Execu-
tive Department in and over any bureau, office, officer, board, branch, or division of
the public service transferred to said Department, or any business arising therefrom
or pertaining thereto, or in relation to the duties and authority conferred by law
upon such bureau, office, officer, board, branch, or division of the public service,
whether of appellate or advisory character or otherwise, are vested in and exercised
by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
It is his further duty to make such special investigations and furnish such informa-
tion to the President or Congress as may be required by them on the foregoing subject
matters and to make annual reports to Congress upon the work of said Department.
The chief clerk, under the immediate direction of the Secretary, has the superin-
tendency of all buildings occupied by the Department in Washington, D. C.; the
direction of the watchmen, engineers, mechanics, firemen, laborers, and other em-
ployees connected with the care and protection of the Department buildings; the
care of the horses, wagons, and carriages employed; the expenditure of the appro-
priations for contingent expenses and rents; the receipt, distribution, and transmission
of the mail; the custody of the records and files of the Secretary's Office; and the
charge of all business of the Secretary's Office unassigned.
8 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR.
The disbursing clerk is charged by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor with the
duty of preparing all requisitions for the advance of public funds from appropriations
for the Department of Commerce and Labor to disbursing clerks, special disbursing
agents, and officers of the Light-House Establishment charged with the disbursement
of public funds; the keeping of appropriation ledgers relating to the advance and
expenditure of three hundred and twenty -five items of appropriations; the adminis-
trative examination required by the Department of all accounts submitted by bureau
disbursing officers and agents. He has charge of the issuing, recording, and account-
ing for Government requests for transportation issued to officers of the Department
for official travel; the audit and payment of all vouchers and accounts submitted
from the Office of the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, the Bureaus of Corporations,
Manufactures, Labor, Light-House Board, Statistics, Office of the Supervising In-
spector-General, Steamboat Inspection Service, Steamboat Inspection Service at
Large, Navigation, Immigration and Naturalization, Immigration Service at Large,
Standards, and Fisheries, and the general accounting of the Department.
DIVISION OP APPOINTMENTS.
The chief of the division of appointments is charged by the Secretary with the
supervision of all matters relating to appointments, transfers, promotions, reductions,
and removals, including applications for, and recommendations concerning the same,
and the correspondence connected therewith; the consideration of applications for
leave of absence of clerks and employees in the District of Columbia; the preparation
and submission of all questions affecting the personnel of the Department in its relation
to the civil service law and rules; the preparation of nominations sent to the Senate
and of the commissions and appointments of all officers and employees of the Depart-
ment; the preparation of official bonds; the compilation of matter for the Official Regis-
ter and other statistics in regard to the personnel, and the custody of oaths of office,
records pertaining to official bonds, service records of officers and employees, the corre-
spondence and reports relating to the personnel, the reports of Bureau officers respect-
ing the efficiencyjof employees, and the records relating to leaves of absence.
^DIVISION OP PRINTING.
The chief of the division of printing is charged by the Secretary of Commerce and
Labor with the conduct of all business the Department transacts with the Government
Printing Office, excepting that of the Bureau of the Census; the general supervision of
printing, including the editing and preparation of copy, illustrating, and binding, and
the distribution of all publications issued by the Office of the Secretary. All blank
books and blank forms, and the printed stationery of all kinds used by the bureaus
and offices of the Department in Washington and the various outside services of the
Department are in his custody and are supplied by him. The advertising done by
the Department is in his charge. He also keeps a record of all expenditures for the
publishing work of the Department, conducts the correspondence it entails, and is a
member of the Department's advisory committee on printing.
DIVISION OP SUPPLIES.
Under the direction of the chief clerk, the chief of the division of supplies has personal
supervision of all the work incident to the purchase and distribution of supplies for the
Department proper and for the services of the Department outside of Washington, and
of the keeping of detailed accounts of all expenditures from the appropriation for con-
tingent expenses of the Department. He receives, verifies, and preserves the semi-
annual returns of property from the offices and bureaus of the Department which are
supplied from the contingent appropriation, and examines and reports on the semi-
annual property returns of all other bureaus and services.
OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES. 9
BUREAU OP CORPORATIONS.
The Bureau of Corporations is authorized, under the direction of the Secretary of
Commerce and Labor, to investigate the organization, conduct, and management of the
business of any corporation, joint stock company, or corporate combination engaged in
interstate or foreign commerce, except common carriers subject to the interstate-com-
merce act; to gather such information and data as will enable the President to make
recommendation to Congress for legislation for the regulation of interstate and foreign
commerce; to report the data so collected to the President from time to time as he may
require, and to make public such part of said information as the President may direct.
It is also the duty of the Bureau of Corporations, under the direction of the Secretary
of Commerce and Labor, to gather, compile, publish, and supply useful information
concerning corporations engaged in interstate or foreign commerce, including corpora-
tions engaged in insurance.
BUREAU OP MANUFACTURES.
It is the province and duty of the Bureau of Manufactures, under the direction of the
Secretary, to foster, promote, and develop the various manufacturing industries of the
United States, and markets for the same at home and abroad, by gathering and publish-
ing all available and useful information concerning such industries and markets, and,
through the Secretary of State, to gather and compile from the reports of consular offi-
cers and commercial agents such valuable and material information as will accomplish
the objects above set forth.
The Bureau publishes daily and monthly the reports received from United States
consuls and special agents of the Department, and special reports on various subjects
made by consuls from time to time; also, the annual reports of consular officers laid
before Congress, entitled "Commercial Relations of the United States."
BUREAU OF LABOR.
The Bureau of Labor is charged with the duty of acquiring and diffusing among
the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with labor
in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and especially upon its
relations to capital, the hours of labor, the earnings of laboring men and women,
and the means of promoting their material, social, intellectual, and moral prosperity.
It is especially charged to investigate the causes of and facts relating to all con-
troversies and disputes between employers and employees as they may occur, and
which may happen to interfere with the welfare of the people of the several states.
It is also authorized, by act of March 2, 1895, to publish a bulletin on the condi-
tion of labor in this and other countries, condensations of state and foreign labor
reports, facts as to conditions of employment, and such other facts as may be deemed
of value to the industrial interests of the United States. This bulletin is issued every
By section 76 of an act to provide a government for the Territory of Hawaii, approved
April 30, 1900, it is made the duty of the Bureau to collect and present in annual
reports statistical details relating to all departments of labor in the Territory of Hawaii,
especially those statistics which relate to the commercial, industrial, social, educa-
tional, and sanitary condition of the laboring classes.
The Light-House Board has charge, under the superintendence of the Secretary of
Commerce and Labor, of all administrative duties relating to the construction and
maintenance of light-houses, light- vessels, light-house depots, beacons, fog signals,
buoys, and their appendages, and has charge of all records and property appertaining
to the Light-House Establishment.
10 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR.
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS.
The Bureau of the Census is charged with the duty of taking the decennial censuses
of the United States and of collecting such special statistics as are required by Congress,
including the collection in 1905, and every ten years thereafter, of the statistics of
manufacturing establishments conducted under the factory system, the collection,
every five years, of statistics of electrical industries, and the collection annually of
statistics of births and deaths in registration areas, statistics of the cotton produc-
tion of the country as returned by the ginners, the consumption of cotton, and (by
transfer from the Bureau of Labor) statistics of cities of 30,000 or more inhabitants.
The Bureau also compiles and publishes the Official Register of persons in the
civil, military, and naval service of the United States.
COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY.
The Coast and Geodetic Survey is charged with the survey of the coasts of the
United States and coasts under the jurisdiction thereof and the publication of charts
covering said coasts. This includes base measure, triangulation, topography, and
hydrography along said coasts; the survey of rivers to the head of tide-water or ship
navigation; deep-sea soundings, temperature, and current observations along said
coasts and throughout the Gulf and Japan streams; magnetic observations and re-
searches, and the publication of maps showing the variations of terrestrial magnetism;
gravity research; determination of heights; the determination of geographic positions
by astronomic observations for latitude, longitude, and azimuth, and by triangulation,
to furnish reference points for state surveys.
The results obtained are published in annual reports, and in special publications;
charts upon various scales, including sailing charts, general charts of the coast, and
harbor charts; tide tables issued annually, in advance; Coast Pilots, with sailing
directions covering the navigable waters; Notices to Mariners, issued monthly and
containing current information necessary for safe navigation; catalogues of charts
and publications, and such other special publications as may be required to carry
out the organic law governing the survey.
BUREAU OP STATISTICS.
The Bureau of Statistics collects and publishes the statistics of our foreign com-
merce, embracing tables showing the imports and exports, respectively, by countries
and customs districts; the transit trade inward and outward by countries and by
customs districts; imported commodities warehoused, withdrawn from, and remaining
in warehouse; the imports of merchandise entered for consumption, showing quantity,
value, rates of duty, and amounts of duty collected on each article or class of articles;
the inward and outward movement of tonnage in our foreign trade and the countries
whence entered and for which cleared, distinguishing the nationalities of the foreign
The Bureau also collects and publishes information in regard to the leading com-
mercial movements in our internal commerce, among which are the commerce of the
Great Lakes; the commercial movements between interior centers, at Atlantic, Gulf,
and Pacific seaports; shipments of coal and coke; ocean freight rates, etc.; and is
also charged with the duty of collecting and publishing information in regard to the
tariffs of foreign countries.
STEAMBOAT INSPECTION SERVICE.
The Steamboat Inspection Service is charged with the duty of inspecting steam
vessels, the licensing of the officers of vessels, and the administration of the laws
relating to such vessels and their officers for the protection of life and property.
OFFICEES AND EMPLOYEES. 11
The Supervising Inspector-General and the supervising inspectors constitute a
board that meets annually at Washington, and establishes regulations for carrying
out the provisions of the steamboat inspection laws.
BUREAU OF FISHERIES.
The work of the Bureau of Fisheries comprises (1) the propagation of useful food
fishes, including lobsters, oysters, and other shellfish, and their distribution to suit-
able waters; (2) the inquiry into the causes of decrease of food fishes in the lakes,
rivers, and coast waters of the United States, the study of the waters of the coast and
interior in the interest of fish culture, and the investigation of the fishing grounds
of the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts, with the view of determining their food
resources and the development of the commercial fisheries; (3) the collection and
compilation of the statistics of the fisheries and the study of their methods and
BUREAU OF NAVIGATION.
The Bureau of Navigation is charged with general superintendence of the com-
mercial marine and merchant seamen of the United States, except so far as super-
vision is lodged with other officers of the Government. It is specially charged
with the decision of all questions relating to the issue of registers, enrollments, and
licenses of vessels and the filing of those documents, with the supervision of laws
relating to the admeasurement, letters, and numbers of vessels, and with the final
decision of questions concerning the collection and refund of tonnage taxes. It is
empowered to change the names of vessels, prepares annually a list of vessels of the
United States, and reports annually to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor the
operations of the laws relative to navigation.
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION.
The Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization is charged with the administration
of the laws relating to immigration and of the Chinese exclusion laws; also the
naturalization laws. It supervises all expenditures under the appropriations for
"Expenses of regulating immigration," "Enforcement of the Chinese exclusion act,"
and "Enforcement of the naturalization laws." It causes alleged violations of the
immigration, Chinese exclusion, and alien contract-labor laws to be investigated,
and when prosecution is deemed advisable submits evidence for that purpose to the
proper United States district attorney. It also has charge of distributing information
to arriving aliens regarding desirable places of settlement, etc.
BUREAU OF STANDARDS.
The functions of the Bureau of Standards are as follows: The custody of the stand-
ards; the comparison of the standards used in scientific investigations, engineering,
manufacturing, commerce, and educational institutions with the standards adopted
or recognized by the Government; the construction, when necessary, of standards,
their multiples and subdivisions; the testing and calibration of standard measuring
apparatus; the solution of problems which arise in connection with standards; the
determination of physical constants and properties of materials, when such data
are of great importance to scientific or manufacturing interests and are not to be
obtained of sufficient accuracy elsewhere. The Bureau is authorized to exercise
its functions for the Government of the United States, for any state or municipal
government within the United States, or for any scientific society, educational insti-
tution, firm, corporation, or individual within the United States engaged in manu-
facturing or other pursuits requiring the use of standards or standard measuring instru-
ments. For all comparisons, calibrations, tests, or investigations, except those per-
formed for the Government of the United States or state governments, a reasonable
fee will be charged.
SUMMARY OF EMPLOYEES.
BUBEAU OR OFFICE.
1 1, 884
Office of the Secretary
Bureau of Manufactures
Bureau of Corporations
Bureau of Labor
T/ight-TTonRfi TCstahlish merit
7 5, 392
Bureau of the Census .
8 1, 364
Coast and Geodetic Survey
Bureau of Statistics
Steamboat Inspection Service
Bureau of Fisheries . . .
Bureau of Navigation
Bureau of Immigration and Naturaliza-
Bureau of Standards
i Increased 4 over statutory provisions of July 1, 1907 (urgent deficiency bill, Feb. 15, 1908, division of
8 Includes 4 Alaskan seal agents.
Includes 7 special agents investigating trade conditions abroad and 3 persons engaged in collating
tariffs of foreign countries.
* Employees engaged in work in the field for a part of each year.
Does not include 1 temporary special examiner and 28 temporary special agents.
Includes 18 experts (Miscellaneous expenses) and 97 experts and special agents investigating the
condition of woman and child workers.
7 Includes 1,549 post light keepers not appointed by the Department. Includes 72 vacancies of keepers
and assistant keepers and officers. Includes 1,097 employees comprising the complements of vessels
who are not appointed by the Department.
* Includes vacancies existing on May 1, 1908, and temporary employees.
. Assistant inspectors and clerks to local boards.
10 Does not include 2 temporary employees 1 supervisor of oyster culture and 1 scientific
11 Does not include 4 vacancies in shipping service nor 8 office attendants.
13 Does not include 6 confidential appointments, 1 temporary special inspectress, 5 temporary drafts-
men, and 4 Treasury employees at $1 per annum each, 4 Treasury employees without compensation,
2 United States marshals without compensation. Does not include existing nonstatutory vacancies
nor temporary employees serving during absence on leave of regular employees.
Does not include 5 members of the visiting committee.
METHOD OF APPOINTMENT.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT.
The Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
The Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
Chief, Bureau of Manufactures.
Commissioner of Corporations.
Deputy Commissioner of Corporations.
Commissioner of Labor.
Members of the Light-House Board, consisting of two officers of the Navy of high
rank, two officers of the Corps of Engineers of the Army, two civilians of high scientific
attainments whose services may be at the disposal of the President, and one officer
of the Navy and one officer of the Engineers of the Army who shall act as secretaries.
Director of the Census.
Supervisors of each Decennial Census.
Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey.
Supervising Inspector-General, Steamboat Inspection Service.
Ten supervising inspectors of steam vessels, one in each district.
Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries.
Agent, salmon fisheries of Alaska.
Assistant agent, salmon fisheries of Alaska.
Commissioner of Navigation.
Commissioner-General of Immigration.
One commissioner of immigration at each of the ports of New York, N. Y.; Boston,
Mass.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Baltimore, Md.; San Francisco, Cal.; and San Juan, Porto
Director, Bureau of Standards.
Such officers as may be necessary to superintend the construction and renovation
of light-houses are detailed from the Engineer Corps of the Army by authority of the