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THE



ANNUAL



BIOGRAPHY AND OBITUARY.



FOR THE YEAR



1827.



VOL. XL



LONDON:

PRINTED FOB

LONGMAN, REES, ORME, BROWN, AND GREEN,

PATEttNOSTlBR-BOW.



1827.



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Lonsok:

Printed by A. & R. Spottiswoode,

New->Street- Square.






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CONTENTS.



I,

MEMOIRS OF CELEBRATED PERSONS WHO HAVE DIED

IN 1825—1826.

No. Page

1. Sir David OchterUmy - - - - - 1

2. Dr.Bi^ue 16

3. Mr. Michael Kelly 34

4. T^ Earl of Chichester 62

5. Bishop (^Durham - 71

6. Admiral HoU&way 108

7. Mrs. Watts 121

8. Sir Thomas Stamford Baffles - - - - 143

9. Mr. Liindley Murray - - - - •- 174

10. M. Van Weber 229

11. George Augustus Lee, Esq. - - - - 245

12. Dr. Milner 250

13. Miss Jane Taylor - 285

I4f. Dr. John Gray 317

15. Bishop of Calcutta 343

16. Lord Giffbrd - ' 4-10

17. Dr. Shipley ^^^

II.

A General Biographical List of Persons who have died

in 1825—1826 - - - - - - 432



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f



THI

ANNUAL

BIOGRAPHY AND OBITUARY,

OF

1826.

PART I.

MEMOIRS OF CELEBRATED PERSONS, WHO HAVE
DIED WITHIN THE YEAAS 1825-1826-

No. I.

MAJOR-GEKEHAL SIR DAVID OCHTERLONY,
Baht. G.C.B.

1 HIS gallant and distinguished officer was bom on the 1 2th
of February, 1758. He was the eldest son of David Och-
terlotijv Esq. of Boston, New England. His paternal great-
grandfather^ Alexander Oehta'lony, was Laird of Petforthy,
Uk the county of Angus.

Wh6ti eighteen, the subject of this memoir went to India
as a Cadet He was appointed Ensign on the Bengal Esta-
b^hment oil the' 7th of February, 1778; and became Lieu-
tenant on the 1 7th of September following.

Lieutenant Ocbterlony's regiment, the 24«th Natiiire In-
fantry, was one of the five regiments sent in 178il from
Bengal, ^nder Colonel Fearse, as a reinforcement to the
Presidency of Madras, in consequence of the irruption of
ISyder AU into thia Carnatic, and the total defeat of Colonel

VOL. XI. B



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2 SIR DAVID OCHTERLONY.

Baillie, in the Guntoor circar.. The detachment marched
along the sea-coast eleven hundred miles; and joined the
force assembled under Lieutenant-General Sir Eyre Coote,
(m the Choultry plain. The campaigns which succeeded
were most arduous. Cuddalore, captured by the French
General Duchemin in 1 782, was besieged by Major-General
Stuart, in June 1783. A saUy was mad3 by the French
troops upon the Bengal Sepoys (including the 24th regiment),
whilst the latter were in the trenches. They received the
attack on the point of the bayonet ; and finally repulsed their
European assailants. The testimony of General Stuart to
the conduct of his troops was of the warmest kind:
** Nothing, I believe, in history,'* was his observation, " ever
exceeded the heroism and coolness of this army in general.''

On this occasion Lieutenant Ochterlony was desperately
wounded, and taken prisoner. After the death of Hyder
Ali, in 1782, he was restored to liberty; and in January,
1785, the Bengal troops returned to Calcutta, the detach-
ment having been reduced fi*om upwards of five thousand
men to less than two thousand. Governor-General Hastings
visited these brave troops at their encampment at Ghjrretty ;
and in the Order which he issued on that occasion, dated
January 25th, 1785, he paid the highest tribute to their,
courage and conduct.

The services of Lieutenant Ochterlony were rewarded by
the staff appointment of Judg«-Advocat6*General of one*of the
divisions of the army, a post which he retained many years.
On the 7th of January, 1796, he rose to the rank of Captain,
and on the 21st of April, 1800, to that of Major. On the
18th of March, 1803, he was made Lieutenant Colonel; was
in service with the 12th Native Infantry under the personal
command of the Commander-in-Chief^ General (afterwards
Liord) Lake; and was present at the capture of the forts of
Sasnee, Bejigurh, and Catchoura, in the Dooaub.

In the arrangements for disconcerting the great Mahratta
Confederacy to expel the British, and acquire an ascendancy
by the possession of the person of Shah Alum, the nominal -

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SIR DAVID OCHTERLONY. 3

Sovereign of Delhi, Lieutenant-Colonel Ochterlony Was at-
tached to the grand army under General Lake, as Deputy
Adjutant-General. He was , consequently present at th6
affidr near Coel, on the 29th of August; the assault of
Allyghur, on the 4th of September ; and the great battle of
Delhi, on the 11th of September, 1803; which last event
restored the descendant of the Moghul emperors, and exalted
the character and prowess of the British army in the estim-
ation of the native powers.

Immediately after the battle of Delhi, Lieutenant-Colonel
Ochterlony was nominated Envoy, or Resident, at the court
of the Emperor Shah Alum. Next year he sustained, with
Lieutenant-Colonel Bum, a desperate attempt of Holkar's'
troops under Scindia, to recover possession of Delhi ; and at
the same time he had to control a restless and discontented
populace. For this well-performed service Lieutenant-
Colonel Ochterlony obtained, on the 24th October, 1804, the
Governor-General's " earnest thanks and unqualified ap-
probation.*' *

Peace being completely re-established ki this quarter, a gen-
deman of the civil service was appointed to succeed Lieutenant-
Colonel Ochterlony at the court of Delhi, and the Lieutenant-
Colonel was nominated to command the fortress of Allahabad.
From this inactive situation he was removed in 1809, to
command a force assembled on the north-west frontier, to
oppose some hostile demonstrations of the Seiks. With
that force, he established a position on the banks of the
Sutuleje.

* Extractof a letter from a field-officer, dated February, 1805. — '< Having
received accounts from Colonel Ochterlony, acting resident at Delhi, that the
whole of Holkar*s infantry had invested that city, we marched to its relief, and
airived there on the 19th of October, when the enemy moved off precipitately,
after having battered the walls for eight days, which left the whole nearly in ruins ;
and although in the course of that time they made several assaults at different
places, they were gloriously repulsed, with great loss, on every occasion, by our
gallant troops, not in number one-hundredth part of the enemy : for which
Colonel Ochterlony has had the highest honours conferred on him, both by the
Commander-in-chief, and by Marquis Wellesley.**

b2

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4 Sia DAVID QCBTSilLONT.

On the 1st of January 1812, li^utenaat-JCSotonel CNcbt^r^
][ony "W^ promoted to the rank of colon^, and op t^ 4t^ pf
June 1814;, to that pf major-gener$J.

. Fqr a series of y^rs the ](<[email protected] had b^^ ^^^^
^croAp]|iments qn tl)^ British 4<Hninp]is, whi<;^ npt^ h^^Wg
yigorously resisted at first, they were encouraged to continue.
At length a remonstrance was made to the court of CatmaU'?
doo on the subject, and commissioners were appointed on the
part of both states, to examine jointly the pretended rights of
the Nepaulese to the lands which they had acquired. The
result of this enquiry was a complete refutation of all thepr
pretensions, and the production of the most satisfactory ^yir
dence of the artifice and violence with which their apquisitions
bad been obtained; but, notwithstanding this piubUp exposure^
they continued to evade, on various pretences^ the demands of
the British Government for restitution. It was far, however^i
firom the wish of the latter to engage in a w^r with Nepaul,
if ^this extremity could be avoided; and measures of forbear-?
ance and conciliation were carried to the utmost extent conv*
patible with the dignity of the English empire. In ihe coi^se
of the investigations, it appeared, that the Nepaulesj^ had
occupied, about five and twenty years before, a coivsiid^Ahle
part of the country which had siQce bfsen ceded to t^e Com-
pany by the Newaub of Oude, and to which thej had no
better claim than they had to any other portion of ^e terri*
tory which they had seized. As this aggression, however,
had not been made directly on the Company's dominiopsf, h
appeared possible to leave it in the hands of the Nepaulese^
without injury to the credit of the British government; and it
vas therefore proposed to relinquish our right to it in their
favour, on condition that they should peaceably restoi:e th^
lands which they had usurped on the English territory. To this
proposition an evasive reply was received ; and it was found
necessary to inform them, that we insisted pn the resumpdoii
of this country, as well as o£ all the parts which they had
acquired by direct aggression pn the Company's dominipnisu



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SIB DAVID OCHTERLOMr. S

In the meantime, it was khown, that they had for some time
been laying up krge stoifes of saltpetre ; purchasing and fabri-
cating arms; and organizing and disciplining their troops,
nndet* some European deserters in their service, afler the
model of the companies of our Sepoy battalions.

Under these circumstances, perceiving that there was no
end to evasion, that every effort at accommodation served only
to augment the pretensions and the arrogance of the Ne-
paulese, and that longer delay would only render a contest
more atduous, it was deemed indispensable by the British
general to bring the question to immediate issue; and a por-
tion of country in Goorackpoor, iff which, during the very
progress of the discussion, they had seized upwards of thirty
villages, was selected as a fit place in which to decide the
point Ample time was allowed for the journey of a messen-
ger from Calcutta to Catmandoo, for deliberation and de-
cision on the subject there, and for the dispatch and execution
of orders by the Nepaulese authorities established in the ter-
ritories in question ; and they were distinctly informed, that
if, at the conclusion of a specific period, this portion of country
was not relinquished, the Company would retake it by force.
A body of troops, adequate to the service, was at the same
time held in readiness ; and orders to carry the above resolu-
tion into effect, without reference to government, were trans-
mitted to the magistrates at Goorackpoor. At the conclusion
of the appointed time, no steps whatsoever had been taken by
the Nepaulese towards a compliance with this requisition, nor
did they manifest the smallest symptom of any such intention.
Accordingly, Mr. Martin (the Judge) advanced with a small
f6r<5e under Lieutenant-Colonel Richardson, and re-established
the different Thannahs; the Nepaulese authorities, with what
troops they had, retiring on his approach. For some time
things went oil in tranquillity; but when the troops had fallen,
back, to avoid the unhealthy season, which, in that part of
the country, is particularly fatal to any race of men but the
liativlei^ of the province itself^ a Nepaulese force descended
f*Om die hills, surprised the Thannahs lin die night-time, and

B 3

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Q SIR DAVID OCHTERLONY.

murdered and wounded a large proportion of the officers, the
rest making their escape by flight. After all that had passed,
an outrage of this sort might justly be considered as placing
us at once in a state of actual war; but as no opposition had
been made in the first instance to the establishment of the
Thannahs, it was considered just possible that the peaceable
execution of that measure might have been owing to orders
transmitted from Catmandoo, and that the subsequent attack
was the unauthorized act of the local authorities on the fron-
tiers ; and the British government, anxious to the last to avoid
involving the country in hostilities, made one more application
to the Rajah, to give him the option of disavowing this piece
of vioknce, and of punishing the offenders ; an application
that proved as unavailing as the rest. It became obvious,
therefore, that war was necessary and unavoidable, the for-
bearance of the British government having been carried to the
utmost possible extent. The security of the inhabitants along
the frontiers had been destroyed ; our territories usurped; our
just demands, and our efforts for accommodation, alike treated
with contempt ; aggressions continued during the very pro-
gress of the discussions entered into by both states for the
express pm'pose of investigating acts of the same unjustifiable
violence : and, finally, the British territory invaded by a mili-
tary force, and the officers of the civil government murdered
at their stations.

The plan of the campaign was, by a variety of operations,
undertaken at once, (for the accomplishment, indeed, of sepa-
rate objects, but those objects mutually facilitating each other,)
to wrest the country suddenly from the Nepaulese. With this
view, it was intended that the principal division of the army,
under Major-General B. Marley, should move from Palna on
the capital, by the route of Etonde and Chusapanee ; while a
force under Major-General Sullivan Wood should penetrate
into Gorkah, by the route of Rootswild, and prevent the
ti'ansfer of the war to the westward. The same reasoning was
applied in arranging the attack to be made on the troops
serving in the western part of the enemy's dominions. A

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SIR DAVID OCHTERLONY. 7

division under Major-Oeneral Ochterlony, to advance from
the Sutuleje, was directed against the force under Umar Sing;
and Major-General Gillespie, at the head of another, was to
occupy the valley of the Dhoon, and the territory of Sul-
aaghur, and cut off the communieation with the ci^ital and
the resources to the eastward. As soon as these operations
were sufficiently advanced, another column was to possess itself
of Almora and Keuraoon, and to open routes between the
di£ferent divisions.

The only part of this plan that can be considered as hav«
ing been attended with complete success, was that intrusted
to Major-General Ochterlony. It is, however, unnecessary
to enter into a review of the operations of the other divisions,
and it will be sufficient for the present purpose briefly to
sketch those of the western division, under the command of
the subject of this memoir. Major-General Ochterlony, who
had to contend with a country of great difficulty, a;nd with
an enemy, who, throughout the campaign, displayed a degree
of energy, of genius, and of resource, unprecedented in a
native leader, by a series of operations gradually forced him
from post to post, and at length cooped him up, and com-
pelled him to surrender, in the almost inaccessible fortress of
Mallown. This success put us in possession of the more
recent conquests of the Gorkahs, between the Ganges and
the Sutulege, and produced the immediate surrender of the
fort of Jytuck, before which Major-General Martindell (who,
on the fall of Major-General Gillespie, before Callinger, had
succeeded to the command of his division) had been long oc-
cupied, and with it the valley of the Dhoon, and the territory
of Suenaghur.

Major-General Ochterlony was destined, however, to gain
still brighter distinctions in this war. Although a treaty had
been signed by the Rajah's deputies, the Rajah refused to
ratify it, and the British troc^s again took the field: die
chief command was now given to Major-General Ochterlony.
The succeeding Operations are still the theme of applause
amongst mUitary men : the passage of the great Saul forest.

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S SIR DAVI0 OCHTBBLOVr*

irilhoiA the low of a nuni^ — die torniiig of the <
Cheeringhantee pass^ hy a rugged, pvec^itoiis, and fin^tfid
conntey, not unaptly compared to the Alpa and Pyr en t co j— ^
and the total defeat of the enemy in a desperate action on Ae
hoghts of Muckwanpore, whidi indnoed the Nepankse Biyab
to accept with joy the very conditions whidi a few weeks pre*
TioDsly he had rejected with disdain. The treaty, wiiich had
been signed 2d September 1815, was ratified March 4, 1S16.
These services were, as they well deserved to be, liberally
rewarded. In April, 1815, the major-general was cieated a
knight-commander of the Bath, being one of the first Com^
pany's oflicers who received that honour. In November,
1815, he was raised to the dignity of a baronet. At a Court
of Directors of the East India Company, held on Wednesdays
the 6th of December, 1815, a report from the Committee of
Correspondence having been read, it was resolved unanimously,
that ^* in consideration of the emiaoit and most bea^cial ser^
vices rendered to the Company by Major-general Sir David
Ochterlony, Bart, and K.C.B., in the war against the state oS
Nepaul (by which the honour of the British arms was uphdd,
and the enemy, after the capture of extensive provinces, im-i
portent to them, were obliged to sue for peace on terms favomv
able tb the Con^>any), a pension of lOOOl. per annum be gpiated
to him, to commence from the date of the victory over the
Nepaulese army, the 16th of April, 1815: the said grant
beitig object to the approbation of the Court of Proprietors.''
When the Court of Proprietors met, the cbamnan made the
&lk>wing address to them: — ^^ The papers conne<N»d with
this subject had been," he observed, ^^ before the proprietorsy
and the most material of them were published in the news^
papers. It therefore would not be necessary for himto take
up much time in stating the merits of Sir David Ochterlonyi;
They were of such a nature as not to need any laboured pane*
gjrric. They appeared so clear, they stood so completely by
tb^nselves, that they wanted not any adventitious assbtance
to support them* He should do no BKwe than venture t»
sketch a brief outline of those services which Ate Company^

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SIR DATID OCHTERLOmr* $

weve now lulled oil to reward. Oentlemcot wobld be awarey
that die enemy Sir DaTid Ochterlony had to cope wkh m the
Nepaidese^ was one. of a new descripdoB; one whom we nerep
bad to .eombat b^re«. The Nepanlese weie dMfereot m cha«
recter from those native fiMroes with whom we had fonnerly to
eoiitend; and their country, almost inaccessiUey wag di&reaat
from any one into which our arms had previousfy penetrated*
The war was^ therefore^ a very arduous undertaking from the
beginnings A ^ery great part of the enterprise rested with
Sir David Ocbterlony. It had happened that several of the
opevaticms conducted by other officers had failed; but Sir
David was uniformly successful : bis measures, in every in-
stance,, were Judicious and prefer; and they were crowned by
a good fortune, ecmtinued and progressive* While odier
divisions of the army were repulsed, that oommanded by him
attained every object it sought to achieve ; although opposed
by a determined enemy, and having aft the same time to eon-
tend with the disadvantage of a country most difficult of
access. By bis conduct. Sir David Ocbterlony bad upheld
the military character of this country, when reverses bad taken
place in almost every otlier quarter. The part be bad acted
was of the utmost importance, both in its effects on tbe enemy,
its 4^ratbn on our own troops^ and, above all, its influence
on ibe. minds and fedings of tbe natives of India generally*
Hamng supported the character and cause of bis country in
dusi maimer. Sir David compelled tbe enemy to have recourse
to negociations which,, be (the chairman^) trusted, bad ere
that terminated in peace. Tbe batdes of tbe 14tib, l^tb, and
16tb of April, cm the Maliowa Hills, bad ended in tbe com-
plete discomfiture of tbe Nepaulese forces. The principal
officer of the enemy, Umar Sing Thappa, a brave and expe-
xiencsd warri^, was captured; tbe provinces of Gorkab fell
iota our bands ; and a convention^ leading to terms of peac^
was entered into* Those circumstances, tuid tbe recommend-
atioo. o£ the, government of India, (for Earl Moira and the
eoumail of Calcutta had given a. particular promin^ice to the
chasader and services of Sir David Ochtevlony,. and pduted

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10 Sm DAVIB OCHTEBLONt.

him out to die earliest consideration of the company), had
induced the Court of Directors to accede unanimously to the
resolution then under consideration. But if they had wished
to take a more general view of the subject, and thereby to
delay the expression of their opinion on the conduct of Sir
David Ochterlony,i;hey would hardly have done so with pro-
priety ; because the government of this country had already
marked their high sense of his services, by conferring on him
a very great honour. Sir David's fortune was extremely
moderate. He was a brave soldier, who had literally lived
on his pay, and had therefore saved nothing. Under these
circumstances the Court of Directors, to enable him to support
a style commensurate with the dignity so graciously bestowed
on him by his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, had passed
the resolution, which he now proposed that court should
confirm." The proposition was agreed to unanimously.

In December, 1816, Sir David Ochterlony was raised to
the dignity of Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath;
with which he was invested by the Governor-General, the
Marquis of Hastings. The following account of the cere-
mony appeared in the Calcutta Government Gazette of the
9th April, 1818:— '-

" Major-General Sir David Ochterlony having arrived at
the head-quarters of His Excellency the most noble the Go-
vemor^General and Commander-in-Chief, his Lordship avail-



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