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compared with (he current Wasliington price of 26
cents per kilo. At tlie 8 rubles per dollar discount
rate, the Moscow price of butter was equivalent to
$8 per kilo in December 1947, as compared with
the Washington price of from $1.71 to $1.87. The
present Moscow prices for butter on the 4 ruble
er dollar basis are equivalent to from $8.58 to
11.03 per kilo as compared with the current
Washington price of $1.52 per kilo. Attention is
also invited to the fact that price reductions re-
cently announced do not include any reductions
in such cost of living items as rent. These and
additional comparisons contained in the appendix
of this note show conclusively that in view of the
continued low purchasing power of the ruble, the
abolition or reduction of the preferential rate for
diplomatic representatives is completely unjusti-
fied.

It is also stated that the buying power of the
United States dollar has declined because of a
continuing rise in living costs in the United States.
The index of the cost of living in the United States
published in the monthly bulletin of statistics of
the United Nations stood at exactly the same figure
in December 1947 when the diplomatic discount
basis was reduced from 12 to 8 rubles per dollar
as it did in January 1950, the most recent month
for which a figure has been published. Since the
cost of living was the same in the United States
on these dates, no basis exists for justifying a re-
duction in the diplomatic discount rate from 8 to
4 rubles per dollar on grounds of a living cost
increase in the United States.

The Government of the United States accord-
ingly wishes to reiterate that it finds no basis for
the contentions of the Soviet Government in its
circular note of February 28 that the reduction and
abolition of the diplomatic discount rate is justi-
fied and requests that this rate be promptly rein-
stituted.

Accept [etc.]

Walworth Barbour

Charge D'' A f aires Ad Interim



APPENDIX



Item

White Bread (kilo)
Milk fluid riiter)
Beef first grade (kilos)
Butter (kilo)
Tea (kilo)
Coffee (kilo)



Present
Dollar
Price,
Washing-
ton

26^

20('

$1.39

$1.52

$1.39

$1.54



Dec. 1947 Dollar
Price, Washing-
ton

23. 5(1 to 24.3(f
20.1(' to 22.8(1
$1.30 to $1.52
$1.71 to $1.87
$2 20
84^9^ to $1.12





Dec. 1947




Dec. 1947




Ruble


Present Price Mos-


Price Mos-


Present Ruble


Price,


cow in Dollars at


cow in Dol-


Price, Moscow


Moscow


4 to 1


lars at 8 to 1


5.60R


7R


$1.40


f>.7.5i


3.78R


3 to 4R


94.5(S


37M to 50^


24.3R


30R


$6,075


$3.75


34.3Rto44.1R


64 R


$8,575 to $11,025


$8.00


162R


160R


.$40.50


$20.00


79.2R


75R


$19.80


$9,375



April 10, 1950

880445— BO—



561



Objectives of U.S. Policies Toward Asia



&y Ambassador Loy W. Henderson ^



I appreciate the courtesy of the Indian Council
of World Affairs in inviting me to discuss with its
members and guests certain aspects of the policies
of the United States with regard to Asia. Mem-
bers of the Council are, in general, so well-in-
formed regarding matters pertaining to Asia, in-
cluding relations between United States and Asia,
that I fear that what I have to say may not add
appreciably to their store of knowledge.

Nevertheless, I hope that our talk this afternoon
may enable some of them to obtain a somewhat
more clear understanding of the feelings of my
countrymen toward Asia and of the manner in
which these feelings find expression of policies of
my Government. A government constituted like
that of the United States can, for no great length
of time, pursue any foreign policy which does not
reflect the interests, desires, fears, and hope-s of the
people from whom it derives its authority.

Most people of the United States, or their an-
cestors, migi'ated from Europe to America at some
time during the last 300 years in search of free-
doms or opportunities which they had failed to
find in various countries of their origin. The re-
lation between the people of the United States
and the continent of their origin had been com-
paratively close. Their language was of Euro-
pean origin, and they inherited much of the culture
and tradition of Europe. Furthermore, Europe,
from a geographical point of view, was more easily
accessible than any of the other continents, and it
was possible for Americans to travel freely and
safely on that continent without inconvenience or
discomfort.

On the other hand, Asia was more remote from
North America than any other continent. Travel
between North America and Asia was not always
agreeable. The governments of some parts of
Asia did not particularly welcome foreigner. In



' Exocrpts from an address mnde before the Indian Coun-
cil of World Affairs at New Delhi on Mar. 27, 1950, and
released to the press on the same date.



other parts, peoples had lost their freedom and
were under the domination of foreign powers
which did not look kindly upon the development
of close relations between their colonial peoples
and other independent countries. In such circum-
stances it has been only natural that the peoples of
the United States have had comparatively close
relations with the countries of Europe and have
had better understanding of the culture and tradi-
tion of Europe than those of Asia.

During the last 50 years, as improved means of
communication transformed a sprawling world
into a relatively small community of nations and
as natural artificial barriers to intercourse between
the United States and Asia disappeared, the in-
terest of the people of the United States in those
of Asia began to grow. The people of the United
States feel that they have much to learn from the
ancient civilizations of Asia and, on their own part,
are glad to place at the disposal of Asia the results
of their own experiences and experiments in tech-
nical, economic, and cultural fields.

Global Character of U.S. Policies

It should be borne in mind, in considering vari-
ous policies of the United States in respect to
Asia, that the United States does not pursue one
set of policies with regard to the Americas or
Europe and another with regard to Asia.

The foreign poHcies of the United States by
force of circumstances have become global in
character. Tlie membership of most of the coun-
tries of tlie world in the United Nations operating
under a charter setting forth universal principles
of conduct is evidence of the fact that no longer
can any nation justify the application of one code
of international morality to the peoples of one
continent and another code to those of another.
The United States, therefore, approaches special
situations and problems in Asia from the point of
view of its general foreign policies.



562



Department of State Bulletin



Handicaps In Realizing Objectives

A iuiinl)t>r of factors liandicaps or partially otr-
sets the etl'orts of the United States to realize its
forci



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 12 of 116)