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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

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Robbins, Acting Director of the Office of Depend-



570



Department of State Bulletin



pnt Area Affairs, Department of State, and Claude
G. Ross, American consul at Noumea, New Cale-
donia, will attend as advisers.

In addition, representatives of the United Na-
tions and its specialized ajjencies and of scientific
and mission bodies have been invited as observers.
Dr. Harold J. CooHd cents)
per 100 i)oiinds by the amount that the September
1 crop estimate of the United States Department of
Agriculture is less than 350 million bushels.

It is proposed that, under the contemplated
change, for the crop year 19.'')0-.51, this figure be
reduced to 3;5r) million bushels, which is the United
StatesDepartmentof Agriculture production goal,
so that additional quantities above the normal
tariff quota need not be permitted entry at the
37.5 cent rate unless the September 1 estiniate falls
below 335 million bushels.

Any views of interested persons or groups with
regard to this application should be submitted im-
mediately to the Conmiittee for Reciprocity In-
formation, which is the committee established to
receive views on trade-agi-eement matters. All
communications on this matter should be addressed
to : The Chairman, Committee for Reciprocity In-
formation, Tariff Commission Building, Washing-
ton 25, D. C.



U.S. Delegations to International Conferences



High Frequency Broadcasting

On April 1, the Department of State announced
that the following United States delegation has
been designated to attend the International Tele-
communication Union (Itu) International High
Frequency Broadcasting Conference which con-
vened at Florence, Italy today :

Chairman

J. Paul Barringer, deputy director, Office of Transport and
Communication Policy, Department of State

Vice Chairmen

Fred H. Trimmer, chief, Broadcast Frequency Unit, Pro-
gram Planning and Evaluation Staff, Department of
State

Harvey B. Otterman, associate chief, Telecommunication
Policy Staff, Department of State

Advisers

Harden G. Cooke, consultant. International Telecommuni-
cations, Department of Defense

Louis A. De La Fleur, assistant chief, Frequency Alloca-
tion and Treaty Division, Bureau of Engineering,
Federal Communications Commission



Julia M. Gilbert, chief. International Report and Records
Section, Frequency Allocation and Treaty Division,
Bureau of Engineering, Federal Communications
Commission

Morton Glatzer, assistant chief. Division of International
Broadcasting, Department of State

Bartley P. Gordon, American consul, Rotterdam, Nether-
lands

Jack W. Herbstreit, chief, Tropospberic Propagation Re-
search Section, Central Radio Propagation Labora-
tory, National Bureau of Standards, Department of
Commerce

Raymond Kaplan, radio engineer. Division of Interna-
tional Broadcasting, Department of State

Roger C. Legge, Jr., propagation analyst, Division of In-
ternational Broadcasting, Department of State

Kenneth W. Miller, chief, .\pplications Branch, Television
Broadcasting Division, Bureau of Engineering, Fed-
eral Communications Commission

A. Prose Walker, chief. Allocations Branch, Television
Broadcasting Division, Bureau of Engineering, Fed-
eral Communications Commission

Secretary of Delegation

Lyle L. Schmitter, Division of International Conferences,
Department of State



Apri\ TO, T950



571



Provisions of the International Telecommuni-
;ation Convention of 1947 stipulated that certain
bands within the radio spectrum should be allo-
cated for use in high frequency broadcasting.
The Conference to be convened at Florence will
consider certain frequency assignment plans which
have been developed in an effort to provide for the
equitable distribution of the available space in
those bands among the nations of the world. If
agreement is reached at the Conference, a high
frequency assignment plan will be presented to an
Extraordinary Administrative Conference which
will be held at Geneva in September to adopt a
frequency list for all services.

Work on the formulation of an assignment plan
for use in connection with high frequency broad-
casting was initiated at an International Confer-
ence on High Frequency Broadcasting held at At-
lantic City7 New Jersey, August 16-September 2,
1947. This Conference organized a Planning
Committee to draft some frequency plans to be
presented to another full conference to be held in
Mexico in 1948. The planning Committee met in
Geneva from March until May 1948 and again at
Mexico City in October 1948 immediately preced-
ing the opening of the full conference.

The Mexico City High Frequency Broadcasting
Conference, whicli extended from October 1948 to
April 1949, resulted in the formulation of a partial
plan (known as the "Mexico City Plan"). This
plan was not acceptable, however, to the United
States. The Mexico City conference also estab-
lished a Technical Plan Committee to further de-
velop the partial plan formulated at the Mexico
City conference. This Technical Plan Committee
met in Paris during the suinmer of 1949 and has
been meeting again in Florence during the past
month.

The formulation of an equitable plan of fre-
quency distribution is of prime importance to the
United States as well as to the other countries of
the world, for only a limited number of frequen-
cies are suitable for international communications.
Of this number, a small percentage have been
allocated by international agreement for high fre-
quency broadcasting, while the remainder of the
frequencies suitable for long-distance coinmunica-
tion have been allocated to services dealing with
aeronautical needs, maritime needs, radio amateur
activities, and press and message transmissions
(mainly in Morse code). As a result of the scar-
city of frequencies suitable for long distance trans-
mission, almost every country of the world has
displayed considerable interest in obtaining its
share of the short wave broadcasting frequencies.
While the United States offered at the Mexico
City High Frequency Broadcasting Conference
to reduce its own requirements if the other coun-
tries of the M'orld would reduce their demands
proportionately, most countries refused to partici-



pate in such a reduction. The Mexico City Plan.
was not acceptable to the United States for this
reason.

It is anticipated that most of the 81 member
nations of the International Telecommunication
Union will attend the forthcoming High Fre-
quency Broadcasting Conference at Florence.

U.N. Transport and Communications Commission

The Department of State announced on March
27 that George P. Baker, United States represen-
tative on the United Nations Transport and
Communications Commission, will attend that
Commission's fourth session which convenes at
Lake Success on March 27. Designated to assist
him as advisers are:

John M. Gates, Jr., Acting Officer in Charge, United Na-
tions Cultural and Human Rights Affairs, Office of
United Nations Economic and Social Affairs, Depart-
ment of State

Edmund H. Kellogg, Acting Officer in Charge, United Na-
tions Economic Affairs, Office of United Nations
Economic and Social Affairs, Department of State

Henry H. Kelly, Chief, Inland Transport Policy Staff,
Department of State

The Transport and Communications Commis-
sion, one of nine functional commissions of the
United Nations Economic and Social Council was
established in May 1946. Fifteen member gov-
ernments of the United Nations are members of
the Commission.

The provisional agenda for the fourth session
provides for the consideration, among other
things, of such subjects as barriers to the interna-
tional transport of goods; unification of maritime
tonnage measurement; problems of maritime
shipping affecting Latin America; transport sta-
tistics; coordination of inland transport; and
international road transport.



John Sherman Cooper To Serve
as Consultant to Secretary

On March 28, the Department of State an-
nounced that, at the request of the President and
the Secretary of State, John Sherman Cooper,
former Senator from Kentucky and former
United States representative at the fourth regular
meeting of the General Assembly of the United
Nations, has agreed to serve as a consultant to the
Secretary of State in connection with the proposed
meetings of the North Atlantic Pact Council and
the discussions to be held in London in May.

Mr. Cooper will assist in the Departmenrs prep-
arations for these conferences and will accompany
the Secretary of State to Europe.



572



Department of State Bulletin



The United States in the United Nations



[April 1-7]

International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice at The Hague
delivered, on March ;3(), an advisory opinion on
the interpretation of the peace treaties with Bul-



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 14 of 116)