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United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Co.

Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

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peace of the Rumanian and American peoples and
contrary to the policy of collaboration, cultural
understanding and friendship among peoples.



734



Deparfmenf of State Bulletin



(U.S. REPLY OF APRIL 26, 1950

The Annriciin Legation at Itucliarest transmitted to the
Riniianiun ^(inislry of Foreign Affairs on April S6, 1950,
the folluwiny reiily:

The Legation of the United States of America
presents its compliments to the Ministry of For-
eign Affairs and, with reference to the Ministry's
note of April 14 concerning the information and
cultural activities of the American Legation at
Bucharest, has the honor to comnuinicate the views
of the United States Government as follows :

The nature and tone of the Kumanian Govern-
ment's response to the inquiries contained in the
Legation's note of March 6 are such that the
United States Government considers it unneces-
sary to refute in detail the contentions of the
Ministry's note under reference.

The accusations against the United States and
its official representatives, by which the Rumanian
Government seeks to justify its demand for the
cessation of the activities of the United States
Information Services in Rumania, would be ludi-
crous if they were not so serious in their implica-
tions for that understanding between peoples
which is essential to peace.

Nevertheless, the United States Government
takes occasion to state categorically that the
Rumanian Government's charges of improper
activities on the part of employees of the United
States Information Services in alleged conspiracy
against the Rumanian Government are completely
baseless. Indeed, the United States Government
wishes to remind the Rumanian Government that
no credence can be placed in purported evidence
which it adduces in support of these charges as
developed in "trials" which the Rumanian author-
ities manipulated in such a way as to create a false
impression of United States Information policies
and of the legitimate activities of official United
States representatives.

The United States Government is confident that
the people of Rumania, no less than the free peo-.
pies of the world, will regard the Rumanian Gov-
ernment's allegations as a reflection of its fear of
freedom of information. Such fear is reflected in
the Rumanian Government's comprehensively re-
strictive measures which have the effect of cutting
off the Rumanian people from contact with the
United States and other democratic nations.

The sole aim and practice of the American Lega-
tion's Information Office, as with the United States
Information Services every%vhere, has been to fur-
nish a channel of information and cultural
exchange between the peoples of Rumania and of
the United States, affording all elements of the
Rumanian population an opportunity for news
and a balanced picture of America which are
denied them by the Government-controlled press
and radio of Rumania and constantly misrepre-
sented to them by Rumanian Government spokes-
men.



The United States Government reaffrms its view
that informational and cultural exchange consti-
tutes a normal and proper function of a diplomatic
mission which is able to contribute to understand-
ing between peoples. The United States Govern-
ment, in its international relations as in domestic
affairs, staunchly adheres to freedom of informa-
tion. It believes in the inherent right of indi-
viduals and nations to a free flow of information
whicli they may freely judge for themselves.

The Rumanian Government's persistently un-
friendly behavior toward the United States and
its lack of cooperation in promoting international
amity give a hollow tone to its voice in the Com-
munist "peace offensive". Issues of the American
Legation's news bulletin, to which the Ministry's
note refers, contain expressions by the President
and Secretary of State concerning United States
efforts for world peace and the constant United
States willingness to share in promoting peace.
Any government genuinely disposed to foster
peaceful relations and friendly intercourse among
nations will find the United States ready to co-
operate in furthering these ends.



U.S. Requests Rumania
Close New York Office



[Released to the press April 26]

In a note delivered April 25, 1950, to the Rumanian
Legation at Washington, the Department of St(!>te re-
quested the Rumanian Government to close its establish-
ment in Netv York City. The text of the United States
note follows:

The Secretary of State presents his compliments
to the Honorable the Minister of Rumania and has
the honor to inform him that it is not acceptable
to the United States Government that the
Rumanian Government continue to maintain the
establishment in New York City operating under
the name of Office of the Rumanian Commercial
Attache and its affiliated Office of Packages for
Rumania.

It is the view of the United States Government
that the activities of the office under reference con-
stitute an unauthorized extension of the consular
functions of the Rumanian Legation at Washing-
ton. No agreement has been requested by the
Rumanian Government or given by the United
States Government for the establishment of a
Rumanian Consulate in New York City.

Accordingly, it is requested that appropriate
steps be taken bj' the Rumanian Legation at Wash-
ington with a view to the immediate cessation of
public business on the part of the offices in ques-
tion and to the final and complete closing of those
offices within a period of two weeks from the date
of this communication.



May 8, 1950



735



West Berliners Appraise
Conditions in Their City

IReleased to the press April 29]

In spite of the serious economic and political
situation, eight out of ten West Berliners think the
future looks hopeful, and their morale is high,
according to a public opinion survey on the city's
economic and political situation recently com-
pleted by the Information Services Division. Of-
fice of Public Affairs, United States High Com-
missioner for Germany, and reported to the De-
partment of State.

Moreover, most West Berliners interviewed are
doubtful that a new Soviet blockade will be im-
posed, a belief that has been only slightly shaken
by the intermittent stoppage of trucks between
Berlin and the West since last January. Few be-
lieve that the threat of the Eussians taking over
the city has been increased by recent events.

The report of ISD's Reactions Analysis Branch
is based on a number of surveys among the Berlin
population. The jiolls were conducted by trained
German interviewers working under supervision
of an American survey officer.

Almost all West Berliners said their main cares
and worries were economic. Although most
people in the United States zone of Germany also
said their main problem is financial, not as many
refer to specific worries about their jobs or busi-
ness as do Berlin residents.

Most West Berliners felt that the most effective
method of coping with the unemployment prob-
lem would be through credits and financial help,
such as long-term credits and foreign investments;
through intensification of a construction program
which would guarantee work for years; and the
importation of greater quantities of raw materials
rather than finished products.

Most West Berliners were skeptical that in-
creased unemployment would lead to an expansion
of communism. And, of the 23 percent who
thouglit that communism might gain ground, only
a small minorit.y, 7 percent, thought the end result
could be Communist control of the city.

Two-thirds of West Berliners were aware of the
help received through the Marsha



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 44 of 116)