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Southeast Asia Frequency Meeting

Altimeter Setting Procedures Meeting for the European-Mediterranean
Region.

Sesquicentennial Celebration, National Capital

South Pacific Conference: First Session

Ilo (International Labor Organization):

Migration, Preliminary Meeting of Representatives of Governments and
Specialized Agencies on.
Fao (Food and Agriculture Organization): (Joint Meeting with the
Netherlands Government) :
Phytopathological Conference, International (Conference on Plant
Quarantine Regulations).
Itu (International Telecommunication Union):

International Radio Consultative Committee: Study Group 11 (Tele-
vision Demonstrations) .

Scheduled May 1-July 31, 1950

Universal Cotton Standards Agreement Meeting

Fao (Food and Agriculture Organization):

Joint Meeting of the Fao and the International Office of Epizootics . .

Council: Ninth Session

Joint Meeting of Fao and International Office of Epizootics on Foot-
and-Mouth Disease.

Latin American Nutrition Conference: Second Session

Third Meeting of the Inter-American Congress of Municipalities . . . .

Rubber Study Group: Seventh Session

United States Technical Conference on Air Pollution

Thirteenth Session of the International Office of Documentation of

Military Medicine.
International Office of Public Health: Meetings of the Permanent Com-
mittee and the Transfer and Finance Commission of.
Itu (International Telecommunication Union) :

International Radio Consultative Committee: Study Group 11 (Tele-
vision — Formal Meeting).
Who (World Health Organization) :

Third World Health Assembly

Executive Board: Sixth Session

Pan American Sanitary Bureau and Inter-American Hospital Associa-
tion — Third International Institute in Hospital Organization and
Management.
United Nations:

Economic and Social Council:

Commission on the Status of Women: Fourth Session

Statistical Commission: Fifth Session

Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East: Committee on
Industry and Trade.

740



London ....
Port-au-Prince .
Southeast Asia .

Geneva ....
Lake Success . .
Lake Success . .
Geneva ....
Lake Success . .

Habana ....
Habana ....
New Delhi . . .
Paris

Washington . .
Suva, Fiji Islands

Geneva ....
The Hague . .



United Kingdom



Washington .

Paris ....
Rome ....
Paris ....

Rio de Janeiro
New Orleans .
Brussels . . .
Washington .
Monaco . . .

Geneva . . .

London . . .

Geneva . . .
Geneva . . .
Rio de Janeiro



Lake Success
Lake Success
Bangkok. .



Jan. 9-
Feb. 12-
Feb. 26-



Mar


27-


Apr.


3-


Apr.


17-


Apr.


11-


Apr.


3-


Apr.


11-


Apr.


11-


Apr.


18-


Apr.


24-


Apr.


15-


Apr.


25-



Apr. 25-



Apr. 26-



Apr. 27-



May 1-



May 1-5


May 8-18


May 15-20


June 5-13


May 1-5


May 2-


Mav 3-


May 3



May 4-6



May 5-



May 8-
June 2-9
June 18-



May 8-
May 8-
May 9-



Department of State Bulletin



Calendar oj Meetings — Continued



Scheduled May 1-July 31, 1950 — Continued
United Nations — Coutimicd

Subcommission on Freedom of Information and of the Press: Fourth

Session.
Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East: Sixth Session . .

Technical Assistance Conference

Population Commission: Fifth Session

Economic Commission for Latin America: Third Session

Economic Commission for Europe: Fifth Session

Economic and Social Council: E^levcnth Session

Meeting of Representatives of International Organizations and Spec-
ialized Agencies Interested in the Study of Prevention of Crime
and Treatment of Delinquents.

Trusteeship Council: Seventh Session

International Law Commission: Second Session

Permanent Central Opium Board: 55th Session Narcotic Drugs Super-
visory Body: 34th Session; and 3d Joint Session of Pcob and
Ndsb.

Ninth Congress of the International Seed Testing Association

Western Foreign Ministers Meeting

South Pacific Commission: Fifth Session

Inter-American Conference for Democracy and Freedom

Coffee Federation of Central America and Me.xico: Fourth General Assem-
bly and Fifth Technical Conference of.
Fourth American and Third International Congresses on Obstetrics and
Gynecology.

North Atlantic Council: Fourth Session

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organiza-
tion) :

Executive Board: 21st Session

General Conference: Fifth Session

Seminar on Adult Education

Seminar on "The Teaching of Geography as a Means of Developing

International Understanding."
Seminar on "The Improvement of Textbooks, Particularly of History

Books."
Seminar on the Role of Public and School Librarians in Adult Educa-
tion.

Public Education, Thirteenth International Conference on

Meeting of International Oil Culture Federation

Upu (Universal Postal Union) : Meeting of the Executive and Liaison
Committee.

International Cotton Advisory Committee: Ninth Meeting

Regional Economic Conference for Western European Area

Ilo (International Labor Organization) :

112th Session of the Governing Body

33d Session of the International Labor Conference

International Association for Protection of Industrial Property

Third Canadian International Trade Fair

ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) :

Legal Committee: Sixth Session

Assembly: Fourth Session

Council: Tenth Session

European Customs Union Study Group: Sixth Session

International Congress for Education of the Deaf and Dumb

Biennial Session of International Committee on Weights and Measures .

Conference of World Organization for Brotherhood

Tenth International Ornithological Congress

24th Session of the Journies Alidicales

Third Brussels Colonial Fair

International Sugar Council

Footnotes at end ol table.

May 8, 1950



Montevideo .

Bangkok. . .
Lake Success ,
Lake Success .
Montevideo .
Geneva . . .
Geneva . . .
Geneva . . .



Lake Success .
Geneva . . .
Geneva . . .



Washington . . .

London

Suva, Fiji Islands

Habana

Tegucigalpa . . .



New York City . .
London



Florence .
Florence .
Austria .
Montreal

Brussels



Malmo, Sweden



Geneva .
Tunis . .
Montreus



Washington
Paris . . .



Geneva
Geneva
Paris .
Toronto



Montreal

Montreal

Montreal

Brussels

Groningen, Netherlands
Sevres, France . . .

Paris

Upsala, Sweden . . .

Brussels

Brussels

London



May 15-

May 16-
May 16-
May 22-
May 29-
May 31-
July 3-
May 15-



June 1-*
June 5-
June 14-



May 8-
May 9-
May 10-
May 12-
May 13-

May 14-

May 15-17



May 15-
May 22-
June 18-
July 12-

July 12-

July 24

July

May 15-20

May 15-

May 22-
May 22-

May 26- June 6
June 7-July 1
May 29-June 3
May 29-

May 30-
May 30-
May 16-
May or June
June 5-
June 6-
June 8-11
June 10-
June 10-14
June 10-25
June 19-



741



Calendar oj Meetings — Continued

Scheduled May 1-July 31, 1950— Continued

19th General Assembly of the International Criminal Police Commission .

Caribbean Commission: Tenth Meeting

International Conference on Large High Tension Electric Systems: 13th

Biennial Session.
International Commission of Agricultural Industries: Eighth International

Congress of Agriculture (Jointly with Government of Belgium).

Seventh International Botanical Congress

Fifth International Congress of Scientific Research and Social Struggle

Against Cancer.

Sixteenth International Congress of Opthalmology

International Commission for the Regulation of Whaling

World Organization of the Teaching Profession: Fourth Assembly . . .

Third International Conference of the Legal Profession

Fourth International Congress of Soil Science

International Institute of Administrative Services: Eighth International

Congress.



The Hague
Martinique
Paris . . .

Brussels . .

Stockholm .
Paris ■. . .

London . .
Oslo. . . .
Ottawa . .
London . .
Amsterdam
Florence . .



June 19-21


June 26-


June 29-


July 10-


July 12-20


July 15-


July 17-


July 17-


July 17-


July 19-


July 24-


July 25-



' Prepared in the Division of International Conferences, Department of State.
* Tentative.



NAC and Tripartite Meetings

Statement iy Secretary Acheson
[Released to the press April 21]

The dates May 15-17, inclusive, have been con-
firmed for a session of the North Atlantic Council
in London. At the present time, we are engaged
in wox-king out the agenda for this session with
representatives of the other North Atlantic Treaty
nations.

There has been no change in the plans which I
mentioned before for talks between Mr. Bevin, Mr.
Schuman, and myself. As indicated in the
Department's release yesterday, Mr. Jessup,
Ambassador-at-Large, and Mr. Perkins, Assistant
Secretary of State for European Affairs, and
certain other officers of the Department will
arrive in London this week end for preliminary
conversation with United Kingdom and French
officials.^



THE DEPARTMENT



Appointment of Officers

Warren S. Hunsberger as Chief of Division of Research
for Far East, effective January 22, 1950.



' Bulletin of May 1, 1950, p. 701.
742



Herbert Feis as a member of the Policy Planning Staff,
eflfective March 20, 1950. Dr. Feis was instructed to go
to Great Britain and other countries of Western Europe
to study independently the situation there and its bearing
on American foreign policy.

James Bruce Resigns as Mutual Defense Director f

On April 19, 1950, the President accepted the
resignation of James Bruce as Director of the
Mutual Defense Assistance Program. For texts
of the letters of the President and of Mr. Bruce,
see the Wlaite House press release of April 19.

Reassignments of Dean Rusk
and W. Walton Butterworth

Following the President's announcement that
Ambassador Philip C. Jessup has agreed to remain
at his post as Ambassador-at-large, a number of
changes in assignments of work in the State De-
partment were announced on March 27.

(1) Assistant Secretary W. Walton Butter-
worth has been assigned to work directly with the
Secretary of State to devote his full time to
Japanese affairs, including liaison with the Na-
tional Military Establishment, otl^er Departments
of the Government, and Scap. His duties will re-
quire tliat he make a trip to Japan in the near
future for further consultations with General
MacArthur.

(2) Deputy Under Secretary Dean Rusk has
been transferred to head the Bureau of Far East-
ern Affairs. Mr. Rusk's previous coordinating
responsibilities as Deputy Under Secretary will
bo shared by the Under Secretary, James E. Webb,
and Ambassador Jessup.

Department of State Bulletin



The United States In the United Nations



[April 29-May 5]
International Court of Justice

The United Nations Secretariat announced on
May 2 that it had advised the International Court
of Justice that no notice had been received from
"the Governments of Bulgaria, Hungary, or Ku-
mania that any of these governments has ap-
pointed its representative to the Treaty Commis-
sions" to consider alleged violations of the peace
treaties by these three Governments with respect
to human rights. The Court, on March 30, had
given an advisory opinion on two of four questions
referred to it by the General Assembly, on Octo-
ber 22, 1949, holding that the three satellite Gov-
ernments are obligated under the treaties to make
such appointments.

The Court will now consider the two other ques-
tions referred to it by the Assembly in the event
these appointments had not been made within 30
days after the Court's delivery of such an opinion.
The first asks whether if one party fails to appoint
its representative, the Secretary-General would be
authorized under the treaties to appoint the third
member of the Commission upon the request of
the other party to a dispute. In case of an affirm-
ative reply to this question, the second asks whether
a Commission consisting of the representative of
one of the parties and a third member appointed
by the Secretary-General would be "competent to
make a definitive and binding decision in settle-
ment of a dispute."

Social Commission

In the last week of its sixth session, which ended
May 5, the Social Commission approved a draft
Declaration of the Eights of the Child; completed
consideration of its long-range work program;
made recommendations concerning the social as-
pects of the program of technical assistance for
economic development; and recommended that a
trial report on the world social situation be com-
pleted by the end of 1951.

The draft Declaration on the Rights of the
Cliild, approved on May 1, sets forth provisions



for a healthy and normal development; protection
against any practice that may foster racial or na-
tional discrimination or hatred ; special care if he
is handicapped; a name and a nationality; the
benefits of social security ; and an opportunity to
grow up in economic security and in a family
atmosphere of affection and understanding favor-
able to the full development of his personality.
The Declaration will now be transmitted to the
Economic and Social Council with the request
that, after consultation with the Commission ,on
Human Rights, it be submitted to the General
Assembly for final approval.

The report on the general work program, for
the various social fields in which the Commission
has responsibilities, had been prepared by a com-
mittee of the Commission on the basis of the Sec-
retary-General's recommendations, the Commis-
sion's earlier discussions, and the directives of the
General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council. The report, which will be submitted to
the Council, outlines proposed future functions of
the Commission and of the United Nations Secre-
tariat in the fields of planning, organization, and
administration for social welfare; community,
family, and child welfare ; social defense ; rehabili-
tation of the handicapped ; housing; and town and
country planning. A number of delegates, includ-
ing the United States representative, expressed
reservations on the financial implications of the
report.

After consideration of the Secretary-Geneial's
report on projects to be provided by the United
Nations under the expanded technical assistance
program, the Commission recommended that he
"take appropriate steps to ensure that the Tech-
nical Assistance Board give attention to the social
aspects of the questions involved in the assistance
requested by countries." The Secretary-General
was also requested to report on the work carried
out for social development and community welfare
in underdeveloped countries by indigenous vol-
untary organizations and to suggest ways in which
United Nations assistance in the social field could
be related to it.



May 8, 1950



743




Itt



General Policy

How the Federal Employee Loyalty Program
Works:

Address by President Truman 707

Extemporaneous Remarks by Secretary

Acheson 711

New Aspects of American Foreign Policy.

By John Foster Dulles 717

Efforts To Maintain a Bipartisan Foreign

Policy. Statement by the President . . 720

True Bipartisan Foreign Policy Aided by
Subcommittee Plan. Statement by
President Truman 720

Developing Bipartisan Foreign Policy.

Statement by John Foster Dulles . . . 721

Czechoslovak "Peace Resolution" Contrary

to Present Practices 738

Meeting of Pakistan and Indian Prime Min-
isters. Statement by Secretary Ache-
son 738

Nac and Tripartite Meetings. Statement

by Secretary Acheson 742

The United Nations and
Specialized Agencies

Balkans Asked To Abide by International

Court Opinion 737

The United States in the United Nations . . 743

Economic Affairs

Proposed U.N. Conference on Agreement for
Control of Trade in Tin. By C. W.
Nichols 729

Austrian Property Decree Exempts U.S. Resi-
dents From Payments 738

Treaty Information

The Ilabana Charter for an International
Trade Organization. Summary of Chap-
ter IV 722

Austrian Treaty Negotiations To Resume at

London 731



International Information and
Cultural Affairs

Rumania's Charges Against USIE Activities
Called Baseless:
Rumanian Note of April 14, 1950 .... 733

U.S. Reply of April 26, 1950 735

U.S. Requests Rumania Close New York

Office 735

Occupation Matters

West Berliners Appraise Conditions in Their

City 736

Regulations for Entry Permits to Germany

Relaxed 736

International Organizations
and Conferences

Proposed U.N. Conference on Agreement for
Control of Trade in Tin. By C. W.
Nichols 729

Austrian Treaty Negotiations To Resume at

London 731

Calendar of International Meetings .... 739

The Department

How the Federal Employee Loyalty Program

Works:

Address by President Truman 707

Extemporaneous Remarks by Secretary

Acheson 711

Department's Loyalty and Security Program

Seen as Valid 710

Answer to Senator McCarthy's Charges on

Handling of Service Case 710

James Bruce Resigns as Mutual Defense

Director 742

Reassignments of Dean Rusk and W. Walton

Butterworth 742

Appointment of Officers 742

Publications

Recent Releases 716



U. S. SOVCRNMENT PRINTINS OFFICEi IB80



^ne/ ^ehao^t^7ten(/ /(w trtaie^





CUftRENT PROBLEMS IN THE CONDUCT OF

FOREIGN POLICY • By George F.Kennan TIT

NONINTERVENTION AJND COLLECTIVE RESPON-
SIBILITY IN THE AMERICAS • By A>.»istant
Secretary Miller .... 768



FOREIGN rOiJCY US A COLD WAR • By Franch H.

«..««-// 756



THE IIABANA CHARTER FOR AN INTERNATIONAL
TRADE ORGANIZATION: RESTRICTIVE BUSI-
NESS PRACTICES . 7(>0



GENERAL AGREEMEM ♦»> TARIFFS AM)
TRADE: NEGOTIATIONS UNDER TKADF
AGREEMENTS ACT OF 193^* 762



For complece contents see back cover



Vol. XXII, No, 567
May 15, 1950




S SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS



tJAe ^efici/y^ine^




•►♦«. »•



^9Lte bullGtin

Vol. XXII. No. 567 • Publication 3849
May 15, 1950



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents

U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington 26, D.C.

Peice:

62 issues, domestic $6, foreign $8.60

Single copy, 20 cents

The printing of this publication has
been approved by the Dh-ector of the
Bureau of the Budget (February 18, 1949).

Note: Contents of this publication are not
copyrighted and items contained herein may
be reprinted. Citation of the Department
OF State Bulletin as the source will be
appreciated.



The Department of State BULLETIN,
a weekly publication compiled and
edited in the Division of Publications,
Office of Public Affairs, provides the
public and interested agencies of
the Government with information on
developments in the field of foreign
relations and on the work of the De-
partment of State and the Foreign
Service. The BULLETIN includes
press releases on foreign policy issued
by the White House and the Depart-
ment, and statements and addresses
made by the President and by the
Secretary of State and other officers
of the Department, as well as special
articles on various phases of inter-
national affairs and the functions of
the Department. Information is in-
cluded concerning treaties and in-
ternational agreements to which the
United States is or may become a
party and treaties of general inter-
ruitional interest.

Publications of the Department, as
well as legislative material in the field
of international relations, are listed
currently.



CURRENT PROBLEMS IN THE CONDUCT OF FOREIGN POLICY



hy George F. Kennan, Counselor '■



On many occasions, during these past 4 years
that I have been in Wasliington, I have traveled
to other cities of the country — Milwaukee in-
cluded — to talk to people about what has been
going on in world affairs and to explain to them
tlie bases of our policies.

On those occasions, I have never failed to be
asked dozens of interested questions— questions
which revealed a keen curiosity about interna-
tional affairs and a desire on the part of people
to hear the facts and to make their own independ-
ent judgments about our foreign policy problems.

People didn't always agree, by any means, with
what we were doing in Washington and with our
reasons for doing it, and these doubts came out
in their questions. But they always credited us,
it seemed to me, with integrity, with good will,
with a sincere desire to serve the interests of the
country as we perceived those interests. And, on
that basis, we were always able to discuss these
things as equals — as normal, decent Americans,
with a common concern — and a disinterested con-
cern — for the country's welfare. "We could direct
our discussion not to the problems of the past but
to the problems of the present and the future.

It is just that which I had hoped to be able to
do today. The problems are still there. They
are as bitter, as complicated as ever.

And yet, I do not feel, this time, that we can
proceed in quite this way. Things have occurred
in recent weeks which I am afraid have affected
the confidence that I might have otherwise ex-
pected from many of you. There is no use just

' An aildress delivered before the Institute on United
States Foreign Policy, Milwaukee, Wis., May 5, 1950, and
released to the press on the same date.



ignoring these things. In one way or another,
they are going to have to be talked out; because
if they are not talked out, they are going to con-
fuse us and make us uncertain of ourselves, and
it is not going to be possible for us to think effec-
tively and usefully about our real problems.

I refer, of course, to the charges which have
been flying about in recent weeks concerning the
Department of State, the people in it, the motives
of their conduct, and the relation of all that to
our foreign policy.

A friend of mine who knows a good deal about
the American people and their reactions said
something to me the other day which helped me
personally to orient myself in this situation
which, I ask you to believe, has not been an easy
one for any of us in the Department of State,
whether or not we have been personally attacked.
This friend said, "You may be sure that these
charges would not have proved so disturbing to
people out around the country if there were not
in their minds some great doubts and questions
about American foreign policy which have not
yet been answered to their satisfaction. Things
have not gone in accordance with their hopes or
their expectations, and they want to know the
reasons why. If it has not been because the State
Department has been full of Communists, then
they want to know what the real reason is."

I am sure that there is a great deal in this. I
think there are many people today who are be-
wildered about the reasons for the gravity and
bitterness of our foreign policy problems in this
postwar period and who wonder how things
suddenly got that way and whose fault it is. Per-
haps, there are a few facts about the relationship



May 15, 1950



747



between past events and present events which,
would help them.

Time Lag in Foreign Affairs and Its Result

It seems to me that in the field of foreign
affairs there is generally a great time lag — as
much as 5 or 10 years on the average — between
cause and effect in major developments. This is
something that few people in this country are
aware of. Their unawareness expresses itself in a
demand for quick results, where such results often
simply cannot be obtained. It also expresses it-
self in a tendency to lay the blame or credit for
current developments on people who happen to
bear public responsibility at the moment, even
though the real causes of these developments may
go much deeper in time and in complexity.

I suppose I have been obliged to think as much
professionally about the origins of our position
in this postwar world as anyone. I believe that
some of our difficulties in understanding this
situation result from misunderstandings which
existed even prior to the last war.

It seems to me that in the 30's, we were, as a
nation, not sufficiently aware of the role which
power was coming to play in this world of ours,
and particularly in the minds of three extremely
vigorous and important peoples, all of whom were
discontented in one way or another with their own
cut from the settlement of World War I. These
peoples were of course the Germans, the Russians,
and the Japanese.

During the decade preceding our participation
in the Second World War, that is from 1931-1941,
it was plain that these countries were all in the
hands of governments which would have no re-
spect for liberal principles or ethical restraints in
their conduct and would be motivated primarily
by povser considerations. It was also evident that



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 45 of 116)