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United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Co.

Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

. (page 48 of 116)
Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 48 of 116)
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despite all handicaps, the United Nations has be-
come a vast enterprise, spreading its work benef-
icently over many fields.

It was notably successful in obtaining a truce
in Palestine and in bringing the Dutch-Indonesian
clash to a gratifying settlement. It can take a
good deal of credit for helping Greece to check
the Communist guerrillas and most of the credit
for bringing the free state of South Korea into
being. It has set a moral standard for the world
in its Declaration of Human Rights. It has
started precedents for an international rule of law
in General Assembly resolutions and in the de-
liberations of the International Court of Justice.
It has accomplished something new in history in
disposing of the former Italian colonies by inter-
national decision and by administering trust terri-
tories. Through its councils and specialized
agencies, it is steadily making more and more an
actuality of a free, democratic society of sovereign
nations in a coalition that works.

The United Nations, improved and strengthened
as it must be, remains the best instrument in sight



for the maintenance of world peace after the con-
ditions of peace have been established.

Meanwhile, in circmnstances where the United
Nations did not work, we found a way to act,
though always in keeping with the principles of
the United Nations Charter and always in such a
way as to support the United Nations itself вАФ as in
the Marshall Plan, the Atlantic Pact, and the
Mutual Defense Assistance Program.



EUROPEAN RECOVERY PROGRAM

General Marshall recently said, "Looking again
at the conditions prevalent in the spring of 1947,
and again considering the situation at this mo-
ment, I can only feel that one near-miracle has
been accomplished. We must work for, and ex-
pect, another miracle."

I am going to take the liberty of interpreting
what I am sure General Marshall meant by "one
near-miracle."

In 1946, the industrial production of Europe
was about 77 percent of the prewar level. After
2 years of the European Recovery Program, pro-
duction exceeds the prewar level by 15 percent.
But the economic accomplishments have not been
the only, or even the most important, accomplish-
ments. In 1946, there were Communists in many
governments of Western Europe. But, a politi-
cal, moral, spiritual, and economic reoirth has
taken the shape of a new determination toward
freedom. The Communist Party is losing its
members in Europe. One of the first imj^ortant
roll-backs was the smashing defeat of the Com-
munists in the Italian election of 1948. In Bel-
gium and Norway, Communist Party membership
has decreased by 60 percent; in Denmark, by 50
percent; in France, the Netherlands, Sweden,
Western Germany, and the United Kingdom, by
33 percent.

In still other contexts, we have acted in emer-
gencies demanding action. The Soviet Union was
forced to back down in the Berlin blockade.
Western Germany is gaining a new kind of health
which augers well for all of Western Europe. The
plan for international control of the Ruhr pro-
vides assurance against another German exploita-
tion of the Ruhr for military aggression.

Shifting our eyes to the Far East, we see Japan
well along the road to representative government
and to the resumption of its vital role as the lead-
ing industrial nation of that part of the world.

Looking at the root problem of conflict between
totalitarian Russia and the free nations, we see
that the Soviet bloc has been put on the defensive
in a niunber of important respects. The Com-
munist dictators organized the Cominfonn with
the purpose of sabotaging the European Recovery
Program. They have failed to sabotage it.

To preserve their absolute rule over their own
peoples, they have been driven to pin down the
Iron Curtain. The U.S.S.R. has been forced into



758



Department of State Bulletin



tlie p^TPiitest jamming: operation in liistory to
keep tlie Russian peoi)lo from heurinjj the truth-
ful reportiiifi; of the Voice of America ami the
British Broadcasting Corporation. Our broad-
casts are be



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 48 of 116)