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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

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Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 53 of 116)
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The forthcoming session of the Council is being
held at Rome for the purpose of considering on
the spot the progress made by the Fao Director-
General, in cooperation with the Government of
Italy, in preparing for the transfer of Fao head-
quarters to that citj'. The main business of the
session will be to consider the Director-General's
report on the matter, as well as on the technical,
legal, and financial implications of the transfer.

The Fao Committee on Commodity Problems,
which was created by the Conference at its last
session in December 1949, will submit to the Coun-
cil a I'eport on its first activities, its plans, and
the procedures under which it proposes to work,
including its efforts to bring together countries
which have unsalable surpluses of agricultural
commodities with those countries which have spe-
cial needs but lack the means of paj'ment at exist-
ing market prices. To aid such countries in de-
veloping distribution progi'ams that would not
compete with normal commercial channels, this
committee will present to the Council a study of
tested techniques in the field of supplement a ly
food distribution, such as school lunches, canteen
feeding, milk distribution for mothers and chil-
dren, and food stamp plans.

In addition, the Fao Director-General will sub-
mit a report to the Council on tlie participation by
Fao in programs of technical assistance with re-
gard to underdeveloped countries.

Heretofore, conferences of the Fao have been
held annually. The Fifth Conference adopted an
amendment to the constitution i)ioviding for bi-
ennial sessions in the future. The forthcoming
meeting of the Council is expected to consider
amendments to the rules of procedure and finan-



780



Department of State Bulletin



cial regulations in order to implement the decision
of the Conference. Finns for nroj;rainin^ and
budgeting for Fad on a biennial basis will also
be discussed.

The Council of the Fao was created in 1947 by
the Third Annual Conference of the Fao at
Geneva to act for the full Conference between
sessions and to keep the food and agriculture
situation, including agricultural commodity prob-
lems, under constant review.



Ninth Congress on Seed Testing To Study Inter-
national Rules

The Department of State announced on May 5
that the United States delegatiton to the Ninth
Congress of the International Seed Testing Asso-
ciation, to be held at Washington beginning May 8,
1950, is as follows :

Deleffate

P. V. Cardon, administrator, Agricultural Research Ad-
ministration, Department of Agriculture

Alternate Delegates

W. A. Davidson, chief. Seed Act Division, Grain Branch,
Production and Marketing Administration, Depart-
ment of Agriculture

John D. Tomlinson, adviser. Office of United Nations Eco-
nomic and Social Affairs, Department of State

Advisers

A. S. Carter, assistant state seed commissioner, Purdue
University, Lafayette, Indiana

O. L. Justice, chief. Seed Testing Division, Grain Branch,
Production and Marketing Administration, Depart-
ment of Agriculture

M. T. Munn, chief. Division of Seed Investigations, Agri-
cultural Experiment Station, Geneva, New York

E. H. Toole, senior physiologist, Bureau of Plant In-
dustry, Siiils and Agricultural Engineei'ing, Agri-
cultural Kesearch Administration, Department of
Agriculture

Becretary

Gustave Burmeister, head. Fruits, Vegetables and Sugar
Division, International Commodities Branch, Office
of Foreign Agricultural Relations, Department of
Agriculture

The Congress will consider proposed revisions
of the international rules for seed testing which
provide for uniform testing methods for several
hundred kinds of seed that move in international
commerce. Other important items to be con-
sidered by the Congress will be the proposed revi-
sion of the constitution of the Association and
possible future relation witli the Food and Agri-
culture Organization of the United Nations.

The International Seed Testing Association is
an outgrowth of the European Seed Testing As-
sociation which was established in 1921 by in-
formal agreement among 16 European countries
for the purpose of standardizing methods and
terms for the analysis of seeds in international
trade.

At the Fourth International Seed Testing Con-



gress, held at Cambridge, England, in 1924, the
organization assumed its present title when its
membership was expanded to include non-Euro-
pean countries. The United States has partici-
pated in the work of the Association since 1924.

To facilitate international trade in seeds the
Fifth Congress, held at Wageningen, the Nether-
lands, in r.).'il, adopted the first set of international
rules for seed testing. The Eighth Congress was
held at Ziirich in 19:57, and the Ninth was sched-
uled to be held in Washington in 1940 but was
canceled because of the war.

The United States as host government has ex-
tended invitations to the 24 member countries, to
44 otiicr countries, and the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations.

Statistical Commission (ECOSOC)

On May 5, the Department of State announced
that Stuart A. Rice, assistant director in charge
of statistical standards of the Bureau of the
Budget and United States representative on the
Statistical Commission of the United Nations
Economic and Social Council (Ecosoc), will at-
tend the fifth session of that Commission at Lake
Success beginning May 8. Harry Venneman,
Division of Statistical Standards, Bureau of the
Budget, will serve as adviser. Mr. Rice and Mr.
Venneman are now attending the meeting of the
Commission's Committee on Statistical Classifi-
cation, in session at Lake Success since May 3.

At the forthcoming session, the Statistical Com-
mission will review the report of the Statistical
Classification Committee meeting. This report
will be concerned with a standard list of com-
modities for international trade statistics; an
alphabetical index of commodities entering inter-
national trade; classification of commodities for
general economic analysis; occupational classifi-
cation ; classification by industrial and social status
groups ; and standard terminology for statistics of
economically active population.

Other items on the agenda are: research in
statistical methods and standards, including trans-
port statistics, industrial production indexes and
censuses, price indexes, and national income and
related subjects; development of national statis-
tics; coordination of statistical activities; and
presentation of progress reports on compilation,
classification, and methods of registration of
various tj'pes of statistics.

The Statistical Commission, one of nine func-
tional commissions of the Economic and Social
Council, was established in 1946 to assist Ecosoc
in : promoting the development of national statis-
tical work of United Nations specialized agencies;
developing the control of statistical services of the
Secretariat; advising United Nations organs on
statistical questions; and improving statistics and
statistical methods in general. Twelve United
Nations are members of the Statistical Com-
mission.



May J5, 7950



781



The United States in tiie United Nations



[May 6-12]

Human Rights Commission

Following an earlier unanimous decision to in-
clude implementation mechanism in the draft In-
ternational Covenant on Human Rights, now
under consideration, the Human Eights Commis-
sion on May 11 decided to have a seven-member
committee as part of this mechanism. This com-
mittee would be composed of nationals of signa-
tories, selected on the basis of "high standing and
or recognized experience in the field of Human
Rights," and elected by the states parties to the
Covenant. The Commission has also voted unan-
imously to provide for state-to -state complaints
in the implementation measures but, as the United
States advocated, has rejected the inclusion of pe-
tition rights for nongovernmental organizations or
individuals.

A French proposal for the establishment of a
permanent body to handle complaints of human
rights violations was approved in principle on
May 3. The United States, Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt explained, favored creation of an ad hoc
committee because it is impossible now to judge
the extent of future work with respect to imple-
mentation or the number of complaints to be han-
dled. She added that if conditions warranted, a
permanent mechanism could later be created by
amendment of the Covenant. Mrs. Roosevelt
opposed as "too restrictive" a French proposal
for selection of members of the permanent organ
by the International Court of Justice. She stated
that there was no provision for the Court to hold
elections and that election by states would pro-
vide a greater inducement for ratification.

After a day and a half of debate, the Commis-
sion decided, on May 10, to postpone "considera-
tion of additional covenants and measures dealing
with economic, social, cultural, political and other
categories of human rights" until its first session
in 1951. The United States had advocated such
a decision, and there was also general agreement
that consideration of economic and social rights
should be given priority at that time.

Status of Women

In the opening week of its fourth session, the
Commission on Status of Women reelected
Madame Marie Helen Lefaucheux (France) as
chairman.

Mrs. Alva Myrdal of the United Nations Secre-
tariat read a letter from Soviet Ambassador Yakov
A. Malik which stated that the U.S.S.R. repre-
sentative would not take part in the session because
the "representative of the Kuomintang group"
would be participating "illegally." Mrs. Olive
Remington Goldman, the United States represent-
ative, was among those who expressed concern at

782



the absence of the Soviet representative, which she
termed a violation of the tJ.S.S.R.'s pledge under
the Charter. She added that the "decision to ig-
nore this Commission is a further demonstration
that the so-called 'equality' claimed by the U.S.S.R.
for its women is actually an 'equality in slavery'
and not in freedom."

In the discussion of the political rights of
women, the Commission considered reports sub-
mitted by the Secretary-General. These included
reports on discrimination based on sex in the field
of political rights ; on the status of women in trust
and non-self-governing territories; on effective
programs of political education for women who
have recently acquired the right to vote; and on
the question of a convention on the political rights
of women.

Regarding such a convention, Mrs. Goldman
stated that it would be a duplication of effort to
institute convention procedure before giving a fair
trial to the present system whereby the Secretary-
General submits annual progress reports on the
political rights of women. She introduced a res-
olution, adopted by the Commission after slight
revision, pointing out the value of these reports in
assisting and encouraging countries to remove dis-
criminations against women and suggesting the
inclusion hereafter of "comparable information"
on women in trust and non-self-governing terri-
tories. The resolution further points out that the
Commission sliould continue to evaluate the re-
sults of the Inter-American convention in this
field and requests the Secretary-General to report
next year on the number of eligible adherents that
had granted equal political rights since the con-
vention was opened for signature. The Commis-
sion also adopted, however, an amended version
of a Mexican resolution which recommends prep-
aration of a convention on the political rights of
women for consideration at the next session and an
Indian proposal that the Human Rights Commis-
sion include in the Covenant on Human Rights
the substance of article 21 of the Declaration of
Human Rights which relates to the political rights
of all persons.

The Commission, on May 11, adopted a resolu-
tion suggesting two principles for inclusion in a
convention on the nationality of married women
and requesting the Economic and Social Council
(Ecosoc) to take measures toward drafting a con-
vention embodying these principles. The first of
these principles is: "There shall be no distinction
based on sex as regards nationality, in legislation
or in practice." The second is: "Neither mar-
riage nor its dissolution shall affect the nationality
of either spouse. Nothing in this article shall pre-
clude the parties to a convention making provision
for the voluntary naturalization of aliens married
to tlicir nationals."

Department of State Bulletin



THE DEPARTMENT



Inferences That John S. Service
Given Special Privileges
in Loyalty Hearing Denied

[Released to the press May 4]

The following is the text of a letter sent today ly Oen.
Conrad E. Snow, chairman of the Department's Loyally
Security Board, to Whitelaw Reid, editor of the New York
Herald Tribune :

Mt dear Mr. Keid : Because of the reputation
of the New York Herald Tribune for fair and ob-
jective reporting, I am taking the liberty of call-
ing your attention to the lieadings of two articles
which appeared in your issues of May 3 and 4,
respectively, regarding the conduct of the John
S. Service case by the Loyalty Security Board of
the Department of State, of which I am
Chairman.

The first story is headed "John S. Service In-
quiry Put Off by State Department. New
Loyalty Investh^ation Delayed Indefinitely at Re-
quest of His Counsel." The second is headed:
"State Department to Let Service See 'Secret'
Papers Senate Couldn't."' The inference is nat-
ural from these headings that the Loyalty Se-
curity Board is either not going forward with
the hearing on the case, or is giving Mr. Service's
counsel some unfair or illegitimate advantage.
Neither of these inferences is justified by the facts.

The hearing in Mr. Service's case has not been
delaj'ed indefinitely. It is quite true, as reported
in the body of the first article, that Mr. Service's
counsel requested a delay so that thej^ could gather
additional evidence and documents. This request
was granted as a matter of elementary fairness in
judicial procedure.

The hearing on this casCj as in any loyalty case,
is no mere formalitj'. It is a serious matter and
must cover in detail all charges. Nothing is to be
gained by rushing into it before the accused is
able to consult counsel and counsel are enabled to
prepare his case for defense. Civil cases of equiv-
alent seriousness are generally allowed to go over
into the next term of court to enable counsel to
prepare. On the other hand, it is fair to say, as
your reporter said in the second article, that Mr.
Service will soon appear before the Loyalty Se-
curity Board. Just as soon as counsel have been
given what the Board considers fair opportunity
to prepare and as soon as a date can be set con-
venient both to counsel and to tlie three members
of the panel, the case will be heard. This is not
an indefinite postponement.



Nor is it true that Mr. Service is being given
any illegitimate advantage in the matter of access
to papers. Mr. Service has not been given and
will not be given access to the loyalty or personnel
files wiiich were gathered by the I* BI and other
investigatory bodies and which were refused by
the President to the Senate Committee. Mr.
Service is entitled, however, as a matter of ele-
mentary fairness, to see and put in evidence, any
reports or other papers in the files of the State
Department whicli were prepared by him or in
connection with the missions on which he served,
which may be material to his defense. Action by
the Department of State is necessary to permit
him to show them to counsel. To date, the only
confidential documents on which this action lias
been taken are documents actually written by Mr.
Service himself. This is all there is to that part
of the story.

The Loyalty Security Board of the Department
of State is a judicial body set up for the purpose of
giving to an employee accused of disloyalty, or
of being a security risk, a fair hearing. While
under the regulations he has no opportunity to
confront and cross-examine witnesses who have
given confidential information to the Board, or
even to see a transcript of their statements, he is
advised of the substance of the accusations and
must be given a fair opportunity to defend him-
self, not only by his own testimony but also by the
production of any witnesses or of any docu-
mentary evidence that may tend to establish his
innocence of the accusations. The Board has an
obligation to give him the fullest opportunity to
prepare and present his defense.



Wallace Carroll as Consultant
to Assistant Secretary Barrett

The Department of State announced on May 4
that Wallace Carroll, executive news editor of the
Winston-Salem Journal and the Twin City
Sentinel in Winston-Salem, N.C., and information
expert and former foreign correspondent, has been
engaged to serve for a period of 1 month as a
special consultant on the staff of Edward W.
Barrett, Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs.



Appointment of Officers

Perry Laukhuff as Director, Office of German Political
Aflair.s, effective April 27, IMO.

Jacques J. Reinstein as Director, Office of German Eco-
nomic Affairs, effective April 27, 1050.

Henry J. Kellerman as Director, Office of German and
Austrian Public Affairs, effective April 27, 1950.

Lincoln P. Bloomfield as Executive Staff Assistant,
Bureau of United Nations Affairs, effective February 6,
1950.

Robert A. Conrads as Chief of Division of Language
Services, effective February 6, 1950.



Ma/ ?5, 1950



783



General Policy


Page


Treaty Information — Continued


Page


Current Problems in the Conduct of Foreign




Soviet Move on Austrian Treaty Talks Poses




Policy. By George F. Kennan, Counsel-




Question of Cooperation. Statement by




or


747


Secretary Acheson


777


U.S. Denies American Plane Violated Soviet




International Information and




Territory:
U.S. Note of May 5, 1950


753


Cultural Affairs




Soviet Note of April 21, 1950


754


Ecuadoran Radio Director To Visit in U.S. .


770


Rumanian Trial of Local Employees Aimed




Burmese Journalist Visits U.S


770


. T^' J"4." TT C? T\T' '^


755


Visit of Greek Conductor


755


at Discrediting U.S. Mission




Visit of Prime Minister of Pakistan. Remarks




Visit of British Correspondent and Norwegian




1 T~fc • J j_ ri^ , .„.._*.


755


Engineer


774


by President Truman




Evacuation From Shanghai to Tientsin.




National Security




Statement by Secretary Acheson . . .


755


Secretary Outlines Nac Plans Before Senate




Foreign Policy in a Cold War. By Francis H.




Committee. Statement by Senator Tom




Russell, Director, Office of Public Affairs .


756


Connally


775


MDAP Accomplishments Cited by Retiring




Nac Meeting and Tripartite Discussions




Director. Statement by James Bruce,




Scheduled. Statement by Secretary




Director, Mutual Defense Assistance




Acheson


775


Program


769










International Organizations




The United Nations and




and Conferences




Specialized Agencies




Fag: Control of Infestation


■ 778




777


IcAo: Frequency Assignments for South East




The United States in the United Nations . .


782


Asia


778


Treaty information




IcAo: Altimeter Setting Procedure ....
Ilo Migration


779
779


Habana Charter for an Ito. Summary of




Plant Quarantine Regulations


779


Chapter V


760


Fao: Council


780


General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade —




Ninth Congress on Seed Testing To Study




Negotiations Under the Trade Agreements


762


International Rules


781
781


Act of 1 934 as Amended and Extended . .


Statistical Commission (Ecosoc)


U.S.-Canadian St. Lawrence Seaway and








Power Project. Statement by Secretary




The Department




Acheson


765


Review of Charges That Communists Infil-




Nonintervention and Collective Responsi-




trate Department. Statement by John




bility in the Americas. By Edward G.




E. Peurifoy, Deputy Under Secretary




Miller, Jr., Assistant Secretary of State .
Oas Decisions on Cases Presented Under Rio


768


for Administration


752




Inferences That John S. Service Given




Treaty by Haiti and Dominican Repub-




Special Privileges in Loyalty Hearing




lic


771


Denied


783


Anniversary of Signing the North Atlantic




Wallace Carroll as Consultant to Assistant




Treaty. Messages Received by the
Secretarv of State




Secretary Barrett


783


776


Appointment of Officers


783


^^\^\/t \J K'*M^ J ^J ^ t-/%JmMV\^ **••■■««■>




U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING 0FF1CE:19B0



p



^Ae/ z/leha/y^7}tenfi xw t/tate^




JOINT DECLARATION ON GERMANY 787



THE PROBLEM OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZA-
TION AMONG COUNTRIES OF EUROPE AND

THE NOKTH ATLANTIC AREA • lly Sei-r,ftary



til,.



789



THE AMERICAN WAY AND STANDARDS OF DE-

■\fOrT?\rV . II.. 4^^:.,^„t f
the Departnient. Information is in-
cluded concerning treaties and in-
ternational agreements to which the
United States is or may bt-come



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 53 of 116)