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lution exist in any area dominated by Soviet im-
perialism, considers the situation to be such as to
warrant its according economic aid and military
equipment to the associated states of Indochina
and to France in order to assist them in restoring
stability and permitting these states to pursue
their peaceful and democratic development.



Fulbriglit Agreement With Korea

On April l'S, Korea and the United States
signed an agreement under the Fulbriglit Act, put-
ting into operation the program of educational
exchanges authorized by Public Law 584, 79th
Congress.

Tlic signing took place at the Foreign Min-
istry in Seoul, with Col. B. C. Limb, Foreign
Minister of the Republic of Korea, representiiig
the (iovernnient of that country and Everett F.
Drumright, Charge d'Affaires of the American
Embassy, representing the United States.

The agreement provides for a United States
Educational Commission in Korea to assist in the
administration of the educational program fi-
nanced from certain funds resulting from the sale
of United States surplus property to that country.
The Commission in Korea will consist of eight
members, the honorary chairman of which will be
the Uniteil States Ambassador to Korea. The
membei-s of the Commission will include four
Korean and four United States citizens.

New World Economy Continued from page 808

But the final decision as to whether we are
ready to open our doors wide to buy Europe's
goods and thereby allow her to earn the dollars
she needs will not be made at Washington or
Torquay.

It has to be made in California and New York,
and all the States between, because it involves the
buying and selling and producing habits of farm-
el's and manufacturers and businessmen. It gets
right down to the consuming habits of housewives
and families.

It is this third line of action that completes our
economic design : the creation of a good economic
enviromnent. It holds for us the most difficult
and urgent decisions. It demands of ns that we
take certain positive attitudes as a nation; that we
consider the problems of our time and the deci-
sions we have to make in a larger context than we
have ever done.

You may remember that, at the beginning of
my talk, I mentioned three facts that should have
hit us squarely between the eyes as we surveyed the
1945 scene. The third fact is this: that we are
living and deciding and building and creating in
a larger context than we ever have before. We
shall continue to live and work in that context,
and however exposed and uncomfortable that po-
sition may be, we cannot get out of it.

In the past 5 years, we Americans have been
adjusting ourselves to new responsibilities of lead-
ership. AVe have been engaged in extending the
democratic process to world problems at the very
time when that process was under the most insid-
ious and savage attack. But plans have been
evolving and actions taken that form the elements
of a dynamic and constructive foreign policy.
This policy is the best assurance we have of a
world that will be both free and at peace.



May 22, J 950



821



The United States in tiie United Nations



[May 13-19]
Migration

Representatives from 30 governments, the
United Nations, and interested specialized agencies
assembled at Geneva, April 25-May 29, for the In-
ternational Labor Organization's preliminary con-
ference on migration. This conference was
convened to study ways of encouraging migration
from overpopulated countries to underdevoleped
areas where there is a shortage of manpower.
David A. Morse, Director General of the Interna-
tional Labor Organization, in his opening address
declared that "Now more than ever before, it is
imperative to deal with migration problems on a
broad front. Shifting population from country
to country and from continent to continent accord-
ing to manpower needs will contribute to the eco-
nomic well-being of immigration and emigration
countries alike." The United States representa-
tive said the conference marked "the first accept-
ance by the participating nations of their share of
responsibility, moral as well as material, in the
cooperative task of facilitating international mi-
gration and of advancing the freedom of move-
ment of people."

The Conference recommended that the United
Nations and the International Labor Organization
study jointly the relation between European mi-
gration and economic development. In this con-
nection, it proposed that the International Labor
Organization regularly obtain from the govern-
ments and the international organizations con-
cerned data on the more important economic
development projects of interest from the stand-
point of migration. It further proposed that the
Economic and Social Council consider whether it
would be desirable to have a technical mission
which, when requested by interested immigration
countries, would examine the economic possibili-
ties of those countries with particular attention to
projects involving migration.

The Conference also adopted a series of reports
and resolutions designed to reduce obtacles to the
migration of workers from Europe to areas need-
ing manpower and urged the United Nations and
the specialized agencies to "do everything in their
power to further European migration by technical
assistance or other means." The International
Labor Organization was asked to prepare for a
formal conference on the problem of migration,
and, in the meantime, to intensify its present activ-
ities in the field of migration and to study the best
form of cooperation on the international level.



Commission on Status of Women

The Commission on Status of Women ended its
2-week session at Lake Success on May 19 with
approval of its report to the Economic and Social
Council. During its last week, the Commission
adopted resolutions on the participation of women
in the work of the United Nations, penal laws for
women, political education for women who have
recently acquired the right to vote, educational
opportunities for women, the problem of Greek
mothers whose children have not been repatriated,
the plight of certain women war victims, and
women's participation in technical assistance
programs.

In a resolution approved May 12, the Commis-
sion urged greater participation of women in the
work of the United Nations. It "suggests that the
Economic and Social Council draw the attention
of States Members to the desirability of greater
participation of women in delegations."

On the matter of penal laws for women, the
Commission recommended asking the Social Com-
mission, in its study of problems concerning the
prevention of crime and treatment of offenders,
to consider the concern of the Commission on the
Status of Women that there should be no discrimi-
nation in penal law and its application and that
there should be provision for the particular needs
of women in all probation, parole, vocational
training, and welfare and rehabilitation.

After consideration of a Unesco report on edu-
cational opportunities for women in the various
countries of the world, the Commission, on May 17,
decided to request the Secretary-General and
Unesco to complete a survey on this subject; to
promote world opinion in favor of equal educa-
tional opportunities ; and to emphasis, particularly
in connection with the development of funda-
mental and adult education in underdeveloped
countries, techniques to encourage women's social
advancement.

With respect to political education for women,
the Commission, on May 16, decided to ask the
Economic and Social Council to instruct the Secre-
tary-General to prepare a "study-guide or pam-
phlet," from data already gathered, which would
assist organizations working for the political edu-
cation of women in ooimtries where women have
recently acquired the riglit to vote or wliere be-
giiuiing to participate in public affairs. In this
connection, Mrs. Olive Remington Goldman of the
United States called the Commission's attention



822



Departmenf of State Bufletin



to tlie two Japanese women attending: this sessioTi
as observei-s and described the proj;rani of political
education for women in Japan where women ac-
quired the right to vote only o years ago.

After discussing the problem of Greek mothers
■whose children luive not been repatriated, the
Commission approved a resolution on May 17 ex-
pressing the hope that sucli repatriation will be
promptly undertaken and contiilence that the Sec-
retary-General will urge the General Assembly to
find new ways to solve this problem in case the
children are not returned.

The same day, the Commission approved a reso-
hition requesting the Secretary-General to circu-
late to governments those parts of a questionnaire
on the legal status and treatment of women con-
cerned with contractual ami jiroperty I'ights and
family law. The following (lay, the Commission
adopted two further resolutions: the first asking
that the attention of the Social Commission, the
World Health Organization, and other appro-
priate agencies be called to the plight of women
survivors of concentration camps who had been
subjected to so-called medical experiments by the
Nazi ; and the second calling attention to the part
women should play in technical assistance
programs.



Human Rights Commission

The Human Kigiils Commission on May 17
completed its first reading of the draft Interna-
tional Covenant on Human Rights after deciding
to remit without discu.ssion two controversial
articles to the Economic and Social Council. The
United States representative, Mrs. Franklin D.
lioosevelt, opposed this decision on the ground
tlial the Commission was in the best position to
make recommendations on these two articles,
which concern obligations under the covenant
where a federal-state relationship exists and with
respect to dependent territories.



Subcommission on Economic Development

The fourth session of the Subcommission on
Economic Development, which opened at Lake
Success on April 17, concluded, on May 11, with
approval of the Subcommission's report on the
problem of financing economic development in
underdeveloped countries. This report stresses
the need, in connection with the Economic and
Social Council's future work in this field, for
studies of unemployment, underemployment, and
disguised unemployment in underdeveloped
countries.



Commission for Conventional Armaments

The Working Committee of the Commission for
Conventional Armaments met on May 18 to con-
sider item 3 on its program of work, study of the
question of safeguards. Alternate representative
Frank Nash presented the United States views on
this question. The Working Committee agreed
to meet again in June to consider the United States
proposal.

Air. Nash stated that the objective of safeguards
is to assure fulfillment of treaty obligations, when
undertaken, on regulation and reduction of con-
ventional arnuxments and armed forces. He said
that such safeguards should be of a character to
permit prompt detection and warning of any
treaty violations. Toward this end, he proposed
the establishment within the United Nations sys-
tem of an international agency to supervise and
administer the system for the regulation and re-
duction of conventional armaments and armed
forces, yet to be discussed. This agency would
have a governing board composed of representa-
tives of the states on the Security Council and a
corps to verify by direct inspection the regular
reports to be submitted by individual states sup-
plying information on such matters as armaments
and armed forces. The proposed agency would
also be responsible for ])romptly I'ef erring anj'
violations or evasions of the treaty to the Security
Council. If the Council failed to take action,
parties to the treaty would be relieved of their
obligations under it.



Statistical Commission

The fifth session of the Statistical Commission,
which had opened at Lake Success on May 8, com-
pleted consideration of the last substantive item on
its 10-point agenda on May 12 and, on May 17,
unanimously approved its report to the Economic
and Social Council. Chairman Ph. J. Idenberg of
the Netherlands complimented the Secretariat and
expressed regret at the absence of the Soviet,
Ukrainian, and Czechoslovakian representatives
but also insisted that this absence did not in-
validate the Commission's work. At the opening
of the session, the Soviet and Czechoslovak repre-
sentatives had walked out when the former's mo-
tion to unseat "the representative of the Kuomin-
tang group'' was ruled out of order ; the Ukrainian
representative was absent.

The Commission made a number of recom-
mendations on statistical sampling, statistical clas-
sification, research in statistical methods and
standards, development of national statistics, and
coordination of statistical activities. A decision
was made that the Committee on Statistical Clas-
sification, which had met during the week pre-
ceding the opening of the Commission, should be
reconstituted. Stuart Rice of the United States
suggested that the Economic and Social Council
enlarge the Connnission's membership from 12
to 15 in order to permit gi'eater geographical
distribution. The Commission confirmed his
suggestion.



May 22, 7950



823




General Policy

Acting Secretary Webb Reports to the Ameri- page
can People 788

The American Way and Standards of Democ-
racy. By Assistant Secretary Edward G.
Miller, Jr 797

Importance of U. S.-Argentine Relations to
Unity of Inter-American System — An-
■ swer to CIO on Proposed Loan .... 800

U. S.-Argentine Economic Relations: 1950.

By Rollin S. Atwood 801

Japanese To Open Agencies in the United

States 819

Department Answers Philippine Resolution

on Guerrilla Back Pay 820

The United Nations and
Specialized Agencies

U. N. Principles as Primary Commitment in
Peace Program. Statement by Ambas-
sador Warren R. Austin 795

U. S. Representatives on U. N. Agencies Dis-
cuss Common Aims 796

U. N. Documents: A Selected Bibliography . 796

The United States in the United Nations . . 822

Economic Affairs

Design of the New World Economy. By

Francis H. Russell 806

Treaty Information

The Habana Charter for an International
Trade Organization: Commodity Agree-
ments. Chapter VI 809

Economic Treaties With Uruguay and Ire-
land. Statement by Assistant Secretary
Thorp 811

Countries Accede to General Agreement on
Tarififs and Trade: Finland, Denmark,
Liberia, Italy, Nicaragua 815



Treaty Information — Continued

Soviet Union Asked To Return Two U. S. Page

Navy Icebreakers 818

Soviet Delaying Tactics in Austrian Treaty
Talks. Statement by Acting Secretary

Webb 818

Fulbright Agreement With Korea 821

International Information and
Cultural Affairs

U. S. Dentist Visits Colombia 799

Visit of Finnish Engineer 799

Visit of Turkish Rector 817

Fulbright Agreement With Korea 821

Occupation Matters

Joint Declaration on Germany 787

Period for Filing Claims in German U. S. Zone

Extended 818

Technical Assistance

Aid to Southeast Asia. Statement by Acting

Secretary Webb 791

Point 4 and Research in Latin America. By

Willard F. Barber 804

Economic and Military Aid Urged for Indo-
china. Statement by Secretary Acheson . 82 1

National Security

The Problem of International Organization
Among Countries of Europe and the
North Atlantic Area. Address by Secre-
tary Acheson 789

Emerging Structure of Collective Security

Arrangements. By Walter A. Surrey. . 792

Publications

Recent Releases 814



U. S. GOVERNMEKT PRINTING OPFlCEi IfttO



fjne/ ^eha^t7^ien(^ xw C/tafe^





'., U.K., FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTERS MEET

AT LONDON. rOMMlNIQl'fi R27

FOURTH SESSION OF NORTH ATT \NTTr POT xr Tf, .

Statenxent by Secretary Achesix . 829

GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE:

Supplementary Announcement on Negotiations . 866

A POLK, \ lOii PLACE iiNSL/HANCE • By John J osier

Dulles 862

THE PROBLEM OF THE FORMER ITALIAN COL-
ONIES AT THE FOURTH SESSION OF THE
GENERAL ASSEMBLY. (PART I) • Rv Df,r!,i w.

Wainhouse and Philip A. Mangano . 832



For complete contents see betck cover



Vol. XXTI, M». 569
May 29, 1950




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zl)efl€^/yi:m€/i^t /)^ c/tale VJ U x 1 Kj L 1 1 1



Vol.. XXII, No. 569 • Publication 3863
May 29, 1950



For sale by the Superintendent o( Documents

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Washington 25, D.C.

Pbice:

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Single copy, 20 cents

The printing of this publication has
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Bureau of the Budget (February 18, 1949).

Note: Contents of this publication are not
copyrighted and Items contained herein may
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07 State Bcllitin as the source will be
appreciated.



The Department of State BULLETIN,
a weekly publication compiled and
edited in the Division of Publications,
Office of Public Affairs, provides the
public and interested agencies of
the Government with information on
developments in the field of foreign
relations and on the work of the De-
partment of State and the Foreign
Service. The BULLETIN includes
press releases on foreign policy issued
by the White House and the Depart-
ment, and statements and addresses
made by the President and by the
Secretary of State and other officers
of the Department, as u-ell as special
articles on various phases of inter-
national affairs and the functions of
the Department. Information is in-
cluded concerning treaties and in-
ternational agreements to which the
United States is or may become a
party and treaties of general inter-
national interest.

Publications of the Department, as
well as legislative material in the field
of international relations, are listed
currently.



Meeting of U.S., U.K., and French Foreign Ministers at London



COMMUNIQUE

Following is the text of a communique issued 6j/ Foreign
ilinisters Achcson, Bevin, Pearson, and Schuman at Lon-
don, and released to the press May 18.

During their talks last week, the Foreign Min-
isters of France, the United Kingdom, and the
United States considered how the countries of
Western Europe and North America might im-
prove their cooperation on economic problems
which require adjustments by them in the period
immediately ahead. The emphasis in their discus-
sions was on the positive courses of action which
need to be taken.

The Secretary of State of the United States
emphasized the great value of the existing rela-
tionships between the Organization for European
Economic Cooperation and the United States and
believed that it would be helpful to broaden this
relationship to provide for regular discussion and
consideration of the problems requiring coopera-
tive action in the coming period. He pointed out
that, while the European Recovery Program termi-
nates in 1952, the interest of the United States in
Europe will necessarily continue and that study
of the problems is now going forward actively in
the United States on the highest governmental
level. During conversations this week, the Cana-
dian Secretary of State for External Affairs has
indicated a similar interest on the part of his coun-
try to participate in the study of these problems.
The four Ministers believe that this relationship
would permit a close coordination of the work now
going forward in the United States and Canada on
these problems with the parallel efforts of the
Organization for European Economic Cooperation.

The Foreign Ministers of France and the United
Kingdom stated their hope that the Organization
for European Economic Cooperation would invite
Canada and the United States to establish, on an
informal basis, a working relationship with the
Organization for European Economic Coopera-
tion whereby the two counti-ics could join with the
Organization for European Economic Cooperation
in the discussion and consideration of the action
to be taken on these problems.

It was agreed that the proposed working rela-
tionship between Canada, the United States and
the Organization for European Economic Coop-



eration would not interfere with the present func-
tions of the Organization for European Economic
Cooperation as an organization devoted primarily
to European economic problems as provided in the
convention for European economic cooperation.

The four Ministers were in agreement that the
economic and financial problems arising from the
defense effort fell primarily within the competence
of the North Atlantic Treaty organization. They
recognized also the concern of the North Atlantic
Treaty with broader questions of economic rela-
tions among the signatory countries and wel-
comed the decision of the Council to have the
deputies consider what further action should be
taken under article II of the treaty.

The four Ministers were further agreed that it
was their hope, through a new working relation-
ship, to proceed promptly toward finding solutions
of the general economic problems which lie imme-
diately ahead along lines which would eliminate
conflict in their international economic policies.
They recognize that Canada, the United States,
and the West European countries have a continu-
ing interest in developing and strengthening eco-
nomic collaboration between them in order that
they can make together their full contribution to
the building of a peaceful and prosperous world
order. They further realize that the development
and strengthening of the economic ties of this com-
munity of nations may in the future require formal
organizational expression, but they believe it is un-
necessary at this time to attempt to suggest pre-
cisely wiaat form of arrangement will prove to be
best suited to assist the taking of common action
by the conununity.



STATEMENT BY ACTING SECRETARY WEBB

[Released to the press May XO]

The Department is highly gratified at the results
of the London conferences. When Secretary Ache-
son left for London, he expressed the belief that
the meetings would be important in themselves but
even more important in laying the basis for con-
tinuing concerted action in the future. He ex-
pressed hope that they would bring a new sense
of community in the North AtlaTitic area. His
expectations have been amply fulfilled.



May 29, J 950



827



His meetings with Mr. Schuman and Mr. Bevin
revealed basic agreement on the current interna-
tional situation, on the fundamental common ob-
jectives of the three Governments and on the steps
to be taken with respect to a large number of spe-
cific problems in Europe, particularly with respect
to Germany, in the Near East and in Southeast
Asia.

Mr. Schuman's proposal for the pooling of the
French and German coal and steel industries,
which I understand is to be actively pursued by
the French and German authorities and the High
Commission, contributed greatly toward reaching
agi'eement on many specific German problems.

The Canadian Foreign Minister, Mr. L. B. Pear-
son, joined Messrs. Acheson, Bevin, and Schuman
in making clear the continuing interest of the four
countries in developing and strengthening eco-
nomic collaboration between them and other West-
ern European countries and that both the North
Atlantic pact and the Oeec would be utilized for
this purpose.

The Atlantic Treaty Council agreed upon a num-
ber of measures to strengthen the ability of the
North Atlantic community to defer and, if neces-
sary, to resist aggression. Notable among these
was the decision to establish a permanent organi-
zation headed by deputies to the members of the
Council to expedite the taking of effective action
to attain the objectives of the Treaty.

I am sure that the increased unity of the North
Atlantic community achieved at these meetings
will be steadily reflected in effective concerted
action.



DECLARATION ON AUSTRIA

Following is the text of the Declaration on Austria ip
Foreign Ministers Acheson, Bevin, and Schuman which
was released to the press May 19.

The Governments of the United States, the
United Kingdom and France reaffirm that their
policy with respect to Austria requires the earliest
possible completion of an Austrian treaty which
will lead to the restoration of a free and independ-
ent Austria in accordance with the pledge given in
the Moscow Declaration of November 1, 1943, and
to the withdrawal of the forces of occupation.

To this end the three Governments are ready at
any time to settle without delay all outstanding
issues of the treaty, provided that this will defi-



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 61 of 116)