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world. That is a project that is fantastic, except
as our lethargy gives it scope. It is time to end
that lethargy, to play the game and play to win.
Then, it will be "not war, but peace."



May 29, 1950



873



INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES



World Rubber Study Group
Announces Results of Conference

IReleased to the press May S]

The seventh meeting of the Rubber Study Group
held at Brussels ended on May 5, 1950.

The meeting was attended by delegations from
Australia, Belgium, the British colonial and de-
pendent territories, Bunna, Canada. Ceylon, Den-
mark, France, Hungary, Italy, Liberia, Nether-
lands, Thailand, the United Kingdom, the United
States, the United States of Indonesia, and by
observers from the Food and Agricultural Or-
ganization and from the International Rubber
Development Committee.

Willis C. Armstrong, Associate Chief of the
Economic Resources and Security StaflF, State De-
partment, headed the United States delegation.

The principal objects of the meeting were:

(A) To review the world rubber situation and
bring up to date the statistical calculations pub-
lished by the Group after its sixth meeting in
the spring of 1949 ;

(B) To consider measures designed to expand
world consumption of rubber;

(C) To consider the possibility of improving
the systems of packing and marketing rubber.

The Group examined the world statistical posi-
tion and made estimates for natural rubber pro-
duction and for consumption of natural and syn-
thetic rubber during 1950. It was estimated that
the world production of natural rubber would be
in the neighborhood of 1,605,000 long tons, while
consumption of natural and synthetic rubber
might be in the neighborhood of 1,465,000 and
460,000 long tons respectively. These figures for
consumption make no allowance for additions to
governmental or commercial stocks. (Tables giv-
ing the estimates made by the group follow.)

The Group also considered the world statistical
position of natural rubber latex and estimated
that world production in 1950 might be of the
order of 100,000 long tons (dry rubber content),
while consumption might be in the neighborhood
of 85,000 to 90,000 long tons (dry i-ubber content) .
The figures for natural rubber latex production



and consumption are included in the estimates
given for world production and consumption of
natural rubber.

At the meeting, all delegations were given an
opportunity to present statements and to ask ques-
tions of one another. Among the subjects to
which attention was di-awn were the present posi-
tion of the producers of natural rubber and social
and economic conditions in their countries, recent
economic and technical developments in the natu-
ral and synthetic rubber industries, the grading
and packing of natural rubber, the position of
the reclaimed rubber industry, and the costs and
prices of all types of rubber.

The Group continued its policy of examining
means for encouraging the expansion of the world
consumption of rubber. The Group recognized
that a great deal of valuable development work
on existing rubber products was being done
throughout the world and considered that the most
immediate large scale increase in consumption of
rubber would be acliieved by an intensification of
this work, particularly in certain fields.

The Group emphasized the importance which
is attached to the speedy application of the re-
sults of research into new uses of rubber. In this
connection, the Group paid tribute to the work on
the International Rubber Development Commit-
tee in promoting and expanding the production
and sale of rubber and rubber products of all
types.

The Group considered that the following fields
presented the most fruitfid opportunities for de-
velopment in the usage of rubber either in dry or
latex form :

(A) Latex foam, especially for upholstery pur-
poses in transportation industi'ies, in public build-
ings, and in the home ;

(B) Road construction and surfacing, subject
to further experimentation and testing;

(C) Tires and other rubber products, such as
rubber-bonded metal, in railways, mining, agri-
culture, and the engineering industry.

The Group arranged for the necessary coopera-
tion between exporting and importing countries
to enable representative type samples of natural
rubber again to be available at an early date,
relating these in the first place to the character of
supplies now coming forward.



874



Deparlmenf of State Bulletin



The Group gave a general welcome to the
French proi)Osals for the developments of speci-
fication rubbers at no premium as holding out the
I)rospects of a substantial step forward in the
marketing of rubber, according to uniform tech-
nical specifications of maximum value of rubber
manufacturing industries, and it was agreed that
producing countries should supply specification
rubbei-s in sufficient quantity to enable manufac-
turers to report upon their value to them. The
cooperation of manufacturers has been assured in
the necessary interchange of technical informa-
tion under the aegis of the International Rubber
Research Board.

British colonial and dependent territories, Cey-
lon, France, Netherlands, United Kingdom,
United States, and the United States of Indonesia
were elected as members of the management com-
mittee.

The Group accepted the invitation of the Ital-
ian Government to hold its next meeting at Rome.
The date of the meeting will be decided by the
management committee in consultation with the
inviting government.

Table 1

Estimated natural rubber production in 1950

1,000
Territory ^"^9 '("i*

Malaya 685

Indonesia 620

Ceylon 95

Indochina 45

Thailand 92

British Borneo 64

Burma 10

Liberia 30

Other Countries 64

Total 1, 605

Table 2

Estimated natural and synthetic rubber consumption in
1950



Territory



Natural



Synthet-
ic'



Total



1,000 1,000 1,000
long tons long tons long tons

United States 600 425 1, 025

United Kingdom 195 3 198

Belgium 11 0) 11

Denmark 5 (') 5

France 92 8 100

Italy 37 3 40

Netherlands 13 (') 13

Australia 26 (2) 26

Canada 37 17 54

Other Countries 449 4 453

Total 1, 465 460 1, 925

' Excluding Russian produced synthetic rubber.
2 A small amount of synthetic rubber is expected to
be used.



World Cotton Advisory Group
Opens Meetings at Washington

[Released to the press Slay 11]

The ninth plenary meeting of the International
Cotton Advisory C()mmittee (Icac) will open in
Washington on May 22, according to a joint an-
nouncement today by the Committee and the
United States Department of State. The Com-
mittee accepted the invitation of the United States
to meet in Washington at its eighth plenary meet-
ing in Brussels, Belgium, in April 1949. Sessions
will be held in the conference rooms of the De-
partment of State at 1778 Pennsylvania Avenue,

mv.

The meeting will examine the current economic
position of cotton in the world, the trends of
recent and prospective developments, and means
of increasing cotton consumption. Representa-
tives of member governments will discuss the sit-
uations in their individual countries, and their
national policies and programs affecting the com-
modity. Reports also will be exchanged on prog-
ress in improving cotton statistical services, and
action will be taken on the program for 1950-51.

The International Cotton Advisory Committee
is an intergovernmental organization on which 22
countries, accounting for about 90 percent of world
cotton production and 85 percent of world cotton
consiunption, are represented. Members are
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Argentina, Australia,
Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Czecho-
slovakia, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Italy ^Leb-
anon, Mexico, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Peru,
Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United
States.

The Committee, designed to promote coopera-
tion in the solution of cotton problems which are
primarily international in scope and significance,
is the outgrowth of an International Cotton Meet-
ing of the governments of 12 of the principal
cotton-exporting countries held in Washington in
September 1939. Its functions, as defined at the
time of initial organization, are "to observe and
keep in close touch with the world cotton situa-
tion" and to suggest, as and when advisable,
measures considered suitable and practicable for
the solution through international cooperation of
world problems relating to cotton.

Acting on behalf of the Committee, the United
States Government has extended invitations to
participate in the forthcoming meeting to 78 coun-
tries and organizations.



The United States in the United Nations, a

weekly feature, does not appear in this issue, but
will be resumed in the issue of June 12.



May 29, J 950



875



United States Delegation to International Conferences



UNESCO

The Department of State announced on May 8
that the President has named, subject to confirma-
tion by the Senate, five representatives on the
United States delegation to the fifth session of
the General Conference of the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(Unesco) to be convened at Florence, Italy on
May 22. They are as follows :

Howland H. Sargeant, Chairman, Deputy Assistant Secre-
tary of State for Public Affairs

George D. Stoddard, Vice Chairman, President, Univer-
sity of Illinois, Chairman of the United States Na-
tional Commission for Unesco

Bernlce Baxter, Director of Education in Human Rela-
tions, Oakland Public Schools, Oakland, Calif.

I. I. Rabl, Professor of Physics, Columbia University,
New York

George F. Zook, President, the American Council on Edu-
cation, Washington, D.C.

Adviser and Member of the Executive Board of Unesco

Luther H. Evans, Librarian of Congress, Library of Con-
gress

Advisers

Herbert .T. Abraham, Unesco Relations Staff, Department

of State
Eugene V. Broven, Division of International Press and

Publications, Department of State
Esther C. Brunauer, Unesco Relations Staff, Department

of State
Arthur A. Compton, Assistant to Counselor of Embassy

for UNESCO Affairs, American Embassy, Paris
Cordelia Spivy Gross, Teacher, New York City High

Schools, New York
Pendleton Herring, President, Social Science Research

Council, Washington, D.C.
Monsignor Frederick G. Hochwalt, Secretary, National

Catholic Educational Association, Washington, D.C.
Kenneth Holland, Counselor of Embassy for Unesco Af-
fairs, American Embassy, Paris
Ernest Howell, Graduate Student, Harvard University,

Cambridge, Mass.
Carol C. Laise, Division of International Administration,

Department of State
Myrna Lov, Motion Picture Actress, Pacific Palisades,

Calif.
Otis Mulllken, Office of United Nations Economic and

Social Affairs, Department of State
Charles E. Odegaard, Executive Director, American

Council of Ijcarned Societies, Washington, D.C.
Alvin Roseman, United States Repre.sentative for Special-
ized Agency Affairs at Geneva
Helen Crocker Russell, Mu.seum of Art, San Francisco,

Calif.



Stanley Ruttenberg, Director, Education and Research,
Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington,
D.C.

Elvin C. Stakman, Chairman, Executive Committee,
American Association for the Advancement of Sci-
ence, Washington, D. C.

Charles A. Thomson, Unesco Relations Staff, Department
of State

Richard F. Walsh, International President, International
Alliance of Theatrical and Stage Employees and Mov-
ing Picture OiJerators of the United States and
Canada, American Federation of Labor, New York

Special Assistant to the Chairman

Alice T. Curran, Office of the Assistant Secretary for
Public Affairs, Department of State

Executive Secretary

Stephen V. C. Morris, Division of International Con-
ferences, Department of State

Technical Secretary

Wilbert H. Pearson, Unesco Relations Staff, Department
of State

Administrative Officer

Joseph S. Sagona, Division of International Conferences,
Department of State

Otlier members of the delegation were announced in
press release 472 Issued on May 8, 1950.

William Benton and Margaret Chase Smith,
both of the United States Senate, will serve as
Congressional advisers. Names of other members
of the delegation will be given later.

The General Conference, which meets annually,
is the governing body of Unesco. It determines
the policies and main lines of work of the organi-
zation ; initiates and approves projects in the fields
of education, science, and the arts; and advises the
United Nations on the educational, scientific, and
cultural aspects of matters which concern the lat-
ter. Each of the 54 member states of Unesco
has a vote in the General Conference and may ap-
point not more than five delegates to represent it.

Among the subjects for consideration at Flor-
ence are a comprehensive program on education
about human rights ; extension of the program of
fundamental echication; educational reconstruc-
tion of war-devastafed countries and aid to other
nations in need of educational facilities; the ex-
change of persons prograui and the elimination of



876



Department of Slate Bulletin



obstacles to tlie free movoiueiit of pci"S()iis ami
educational, scientific, and cultural materials and
equipment ; the linkin



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 72 of 116)