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48 to 7, with 3 abstentions.**^

Section C (Eritrea) passed by a vote of 47 to 5,
with 6 abstentions.^'' Section D (on administra-
tive matters relating to the councils and commis-
sions) was adopted by 44 to 5, with 4 abstentions.
Thereupon the entire, combined resolution A was
voted on by roll call. It received 48 votes in favor,
1 against, and 9 abstentions.*' Resolutions B and
C (on naming the Libyan commissioner and on the
question of boundary delimitation) were then
adopted by show-of-hands votes of 48 to 5, with
3 abstentions, and 32 to 13, with 6 abstentions, re-
spectively. After a brief discussion, the Assembly
decided that it need not vote on the Soviet propos-
als since a decision had already been made on the
entire (juestion. The General Assembly had de-
voted 7 weeks of intensive work to this difficult
issue.

It remained for the Assembly to choose an indi-
vidual as United Nations commissioner in Libya.
On December 10, 1949, the Assembly chose Adrian
Pelt for that position.

Department of State Bulletin



ANNEXES:

QUESTIONS OF THE DISPOSAL
OF THE FOR!^TER ITALIAN
COLONIES



I. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics:
Draft Resolution

U..\. doc. A/C.1/487
DiUwl Sept. 30. 1949

The General Assembly
Rccommoids:

1. Libya shall be granted Independence immediately.
All foreign foivos and military personnel must be with-
drawn from Libyan territory within three months, and
all military bases liquidated within the same period.

2. Eritrea shall be s:ranted indeiiendence after a period
of five years. During that period it sliall be administered
in accordaneo with a trusteeship asreenient by the United
Nations Trusteeship Council, which shall appoint an ad-
ministrator having full executive powers and responsible
to the Trusteeship Council. Ho shall be assisted by an
advisory committee comprising representatives of tlie
five permanent members of the Security Council and of
Italy and Ethiopia, together with one European and two
indigenous residents of Eritrea nominated by the afore-
said seven representatives.

Ethiopia shall be ceded a portion of the territory of
Eritrea providing her with an outlet to the sea through
the port of Assab.

3. For Italian Somaliland the same trusteeship ar-
rangement shall be made as for Eritrea.



II. Iraq: Draft Resolution

D.N. doc. A/C.t/489
Dated Oct. 3. 1949

The General Assembly

In accordance with Annex 11, para. 3 of the Treaty
of Peace with Italy and taking into consideration the
relevant provisions of the Charter,

CoNSiDERiKG that Libya has attained an adequate poli-
tical status for indeijendence, and that the wishes of the
inhabitants are unanimously to this effect,

Resolves:

That the United Nations proclaim hereby a united
sovereign state of Libya

That the present administering powers, the United
Kingdom and France, take immediate steps to hand over
sovereignty and all necessary powers of the state to a
duly constituted government in the territory within as
short a period as practicable.

That until such a transfer of soverelg:nty is effected, the
administering powers are requested to present to the
United Nations interim reports on the progress of the
tranfer of authority.



III. Liberia: Draft Resolution

U.N. doc. A/C.1/400
Dated Oct. 4, 1940

The General Assembly

In keeping witli Ainiex 11, paragriiph 3 of the Treaty
of I'eace witli Italy and with the relevant [irovisions of
the Cbaiter of tlie United Nations, and also with the re-
port of the Four Power Commission,

Recommends :

That Italian Somaliland be granted Independence after
a period of ten years. During that interval the said ter-
ritory shall be administered under a Trusteeship Agree-
ment by the United Nations Trusteeshii) Council.



IV. India: Draft Resolution, Libya

U.N. doc. A/C.1/491
Dated Oct. 4. 1949

The General Assembly

Noting tliat by virtue of the Treaty of Peace with Italy
and the events which have happened since, the matter
of the final disposal of the former Italian territorial pos-
sessions in Africa has been referred to the General As-
sembly of the United Nations for a recommendation
which the Powers concerned have agi-eed to aeceiit, and

CoNsinERiNG that under the said Treaty the final dis-
posal of these territories has to be made primarily in
the light of the wishes and welfare of their inhabitants.

Makes the foUowiiig recommendation in respect of the
disposal of the territories of Libya :

(1) The territories of Libya shall form a single united
independent group, with a constitution to be drawn up
by a Constituent Assembly representative of the inhabi-
tants of the entire group and to be approved by a Com-
mission appointed by the General Assembly of the United
Nations,

(2) The Commission shall consists of not less than
three and not more than five iiersons to be chosen by the
General Assembly from a panel of experts

(3) The Commission shall study local conditions and
lay down a practicable basis for a truly representative
Constituent Assembly for the purpose of drawing up a
constitution for the said territories,

(4) The Constituent Assembly shall after drawing up
the constitution submit it for the approval of the
Commission,

(5) When the Commission has approved of the draft
constitution, it shall report the fact of the approval and
send a copy of the draft constitution to the Secretary-
General who shall thereupon communicate the same to
the present administering Powers (namely, the United
Kingdom and France),

(6) The present administering Powers shall upon re-
ceipt of the said communication take appropriate steps
for giving elTect to the constitution as api)roved by the
Commission,

(7) All the steps prescribed above shall be completed
within a period not exceeding two years from the ap-
pointment of the Commission.



June 5, 1950



895



V. United States of America: Draft Resolution

D.N. doc. A/C.1/497
Dated Oct. 10, 1949

The General Assembly

In accordance with Annex XI, paragraph 3 of the Treaty
of Peace with Italy,

Having studied the question of the disposal of the
former Italian Colonies,

Having taken note in particular of the Report of the
Four Power Commission of Investigation, and having
heard spokesmen of organizations representing sub-
stantial sections of opinion in the territories concerned.

Recommends

A. With respect to Libya, where conditions already
exist for the creation of an independent state,

1. That Libya become independent three years from
the date of the adoption of this resolution. During the
period prior to independence

(a) The powers now administering the territories
of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and the Fezzan, shall ad-
minister them for the purpose of assisting in the establish-
ment of Libyan independence, and shall co-ordinate their
activities to this end;

(b) The administering authorities shall co-operate
in the formation of governmental institutions and, at a
suitable time at least one year prior to the date of in-
dependence, shall arrange for representatives of the in-
habitants of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and the Fezzan to
meet and consult together to determine the form of gov-
ernment which they desire to establish upon the attain-
ment of independence ;

(c) The present administering authorities shall
make an annual report to the Secretary-General, for the
information of the Members of the United Nations, on
steps they have taken to implement sub-paragraphs (a)
and (b) above;

(d) There shall be established an Advisory Coun-
cil consisting of representatives of Eg.vpt, France, Italy,
the United Kingdom, the United States and two repre-
sentatives of the local population, one from Cyrenaica
and one from Tripolitania. The Council shall advise the
administering authorities as to how assistance might be
given to the inhabitants with regard to formation of a
government for an independent Libya, and such related
problems as common services. The Council shall estab-
lish its seat outside of Libya at a place to be determined
after consultation vrith the Secretary-General, and shall
be empowered to visit the territory and to obtain, with
the co-operation of the administering authorities, such
Information as it deems necessary to enable it to dis-
charge its functions. The Council shall make an annual
report to the Secretary-General, for the information of
the Members of tlie United Nations, on the carrying out
of its task.

B. With respect to Eritrea, having regard for the homo-
geneity of the eastern provinces of that territory with
Ethiopia and for the homogeneity of the Western Pro-
vince of that territory with the adjacent Sudan,

1. That Eritrea, except for the Western Province,
be reunited with Ethiopia on condition that the Gov-
ernment of Ethiopia undertake to apply in those areas,
the provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 4 of Article 19



of the Treaty of Peace with Italy, and that, without
prejudice to the sovereignty of Ethiopia, appropriate
municipal charters be provided for the cities of Asmara
and Massawa.

2. That the economic and financial provisions of
the Treaty of Peace with Italy which apply to ceded
territories within the meaning of the Treaty shall apply
to the territory ceded to Ethiopia.

3. That the Governments of Ethiopia, Italy and the
United Kingdom report to the Sixth Regular Session of
the General Assembly on the measures taken pursuant to
the foregoing provisions on Eritrea.

4. That the Western Province of Eritrea be united
with the adjacent Sudan.

5. Tliat the Governments of the United Kingdom,
Egypt, and Ethiopia report to the Sixth Regular Session
of the General Assembly on the measures taken in this
regard, including the progress made in demarcating the
permanent boundary between Ethiopia and the Western
Province after union with the adjacent Sudan.

6. That the Government of Ethiopia shall consult
with the Interim Committee of the General Assembly in
preparing municipal charters for Asmara and Massawa,
and that these charters shall be submitted for approval
by the Fifth Regular Session of the General Assembly.

C. With respect to Italian Somaliland, which requires
a substantial period of guidance toward self government
for which the international trusteeship system is particu-
larly suitable,

1. That Italian Somaliland he placed under tlie inter-
national trusteeship system with Italy as the Administer-
ing Authority. The General Assembly and the Trustee-
sliip Council shall review the progress and development
of this territory from time to time with a view to deter-
mining whether it is ready for independence.

2. That the Government of Italy negotiate the terms
of trusteeship with the Trusteeship Council and that such
terms he submitted for the approval of the General As-
sembly at its Fifth Regular Session.

8. That in respect to the delimitation of the inter-
national boundaries of Italian Somaliland, a commission
consisting of representatives of Ethiopia and Italy and a
third Member to be appointed by the Secretary-General
of the United Nations be established to fix such boun-
daries.

VI. Pakistan: Draft Resolution

U.N. doc. A/C. 1/499
Dated Oct. 11, 1949

The General Assembly

In accordance with Annex XI, paragraph 3 of the Treaty
of Peace with Italy,

Having studied the question of the disposal of the
former Italian Colonies,

Having taken note in particular of the Report of the
Four Power Commission of Investigation, having heard
spokesmen of organizations representing substantial sec-
tions of opinion in the territories concerned, and having
taken into account the wishes of the inhabitants of those
territories and factors bearing upon their welfare, as also
the interests of peace and security and the views of the
interested governments,



896



Department of State Bulletin



Recommends

A. With respect to Libya, whore conditions already
exist for the creation of an Independent state :

1. That Libya become Independent three years from
the date of the adoption of this resolution. During the
period prior to Independence:

(a) The Powers now administering the territories
of Cyrenalca, Tripolitania and the Fezzan, shall adminis-
ter them for the purpose of assisting in the establishment
of Libyan unity and independence, and shall co-ordinate
their activities to this end ;

(b) The administering authorities shall co-operate
in the formation of governmental institutions and, at a
suitable time at least one year prior to the date of in-
dependence, shall arrange for representatives of the In-
habitants of Cyrenalca, Tripolitania and the Fezzan to
meet and consult together to determine the form of gov-
ernment which they desire to establish upon the attain-
ment of independence ;

(c) The present administering authorities shall
make an annual report to the Secretary-General, for the
information of the Members of the United Nations, on
steps they have taken to Implement sub-paragraphs (a)
and (b) above;

(d) There shall be established an advisory coun-
cil consisting of representatives of Egypt, France, Italy,
Pakistan, United Kingdom, the United States and three
representatives of the local population, one from
Cyrenalca, one from Tripolitania and one from the Fezzan.
The council shall advise the administering authorities
on sul)-paragraphs (a) and (b) above and as to how as-
sistance might be given to the inhabitants with regard
to formation of a government for an independent Libya.
The council shall be empowered to visit the territory of
Libya and to obtain, with the co-operation of the ad-
ministering authorities, such information as it deems
necessary to enable it to discharge its functions. The
council shall make an annual report to the Secretary-
General, for the information of the Members of the
United Nations, on the carrying out of its task ;

(e) That In respect to the delimitations of the in-
ternational boundaries for Libya, a commission consisting
of representatives of Egypt, the United Kingdom and a
third member to be nominated by the president of the
General Assembly of the United Nations be established
to fix such boundaries.

B. With respect to Eritrea, having regard to the desire
of the majority of the inhabitants of Eritrea for im-
mediate Independence for Eritrea and the desirability of
providing access for Ethiopia to the Red Sea :

1. Ethiopia shall be provided with an outlet to the
Red Sea through the port of Assab.

2. The rest of Eritrea shall become independent three
years from the date of the adoption of this resolution.
During the period prior to independence :

(a) the administering authority In Eritrea shall
administer it for the purpose of assisting in the establish-
ment of Eritrean independence ;

(b) the administering authority shall, at a suitable
time at least one year prior to the date of independence,
arrange for representatives of the inhabitants of Eritrea
to meet and consult together to determine the form of



government which they desire established upon the attain-
ment of Independence.

(c) the administering authority shall make an an-
nual report to the Secretary-General for the informa-
tion of the Memliers of tlie United Nations on steps it has
taken to implement sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above;

(d) there shall be established an advisory council,
consisting of representatives of Egypt, Ethiopia, France,
Italy, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, the United States
and three representatives of the local population. The
council shall advise the administering authority on sub-
paragraphs (a) and (b) above as to how assistance might
be given to the inhabitants with regard to formation of
a government for an independent Eritrea. The council
shall be empowered to visit the territory of Eritrea and
to obtain, witti the co-operation of the administering au-
thority, such information as it deems necessary to enable
it to discharge Its functions. The council shall make an
annual report to the Secretary-General for the informa-
tion of the Members of the United Nations, on the carry-
ing out of its task.

3. That in respect to the delimitation of the inter-
national boundaries for Eritrea, a commission consist-
ing of representatives of Ethiopia, the United Kingdom
and a third member to be nominated by the president of
the General Assembly of the United Nations be established
to fix such boundaries.

C. With respect to Italian Somaliland which requires a
period of guidance towards independence for which the
international trusteeship system is particularly suitable :

1. That Italian Somaliland shall become inde-
pendent ten years from the date of the adoption of this
resolution with a view to its ultimate incorporation into
a united independent Somaliland.

2. That Italian Somaliland be placed under the
international trusteeship system of the United Nations to
be administered by an administrator to be appointed by
and responsible to the Trusteeship Council. The Gen-
eral Assembly and the Trusteeship Council shall review
the progress and development of this territory from time
to time with a view to determining whether satisfactory
progress is being made towards preparing the territory
for independence.

3. That in respect to the delimitation of the inter-
national boundaries for Somaliland, a commission consist-
ing of representatives of Ethiopia, the United Kingdom
and a third member to be nominated by the president of
the General Assembly of the United Nations be estal>-
lished to fix such boundaries.



VII. Argentina: Draft Resolution

U.N. doc. A/C.1/SC.17/L.5
Dated Oct. 14, 1949

B. With respect to Somaliland:

1. Until Somaliland is constituted as an independent
sovereign State, it shall be administered under the inter-
national trusteeship system. Italy shall be the adminis-
tering power.

2. There shall be annexed to the Trusteeship Agree-
ment a declaration of constitutional principles guarantee-
ing the rights of the inhabitants of Somaliland and es-



June 5, 1950

888755 — 50 3



897



tablishing institutions designed to ensure the inaugura-
tion, development and subsequent establishment of self-
government.

3. To the end that this trusteeship system be in-
stituted as soon as possible, the Trusteeship Council is
authorized in this instance to approve the trusteeship
agreement.

4. Upon approval of the trusteeship agreement the
present administering power shall transfer the adminis-
tration to the new administering power.

Vlil. India: Draft Resolution
Italian Somaliland

U.N. doc. A/C.1/SC.17/L.6
Dated Oct. 17, 1949

The draft resolution to be proposed to the First Com-
mittee by the Sub-Committee shall contain recommen-
dations to the following effect :

1. The territory known as Italian Somaliland shall be
placed under the International Trusteeship System pro-
vided for in Chapter XII of the Charter of the United
Nations.

2. In order that the basic objectives of the Trustee-
ship System declared in Article 76 of the Charter may be
fulfilled, the trusteeship agreement for the territory shall
include, as a special term, an article providing that the
Administering Authority and its agents shall exercise
their functions in accordance with the constitution set out
in the "Annexure," which constitution shall form part
of the trusteeship agreement.

[The annexure, attached to this document, was incor-
porated in A/10S9, see p. 914.]

IX. Iraq: Draft Resolution

UN. doc. A/C.1/SC.17/L7
Dated Oct. 17, 1949

B. With respect to Italian Somaliland:

1. The Somaliland shall be an independent state. Its
independence shall be effected within as short a period
as possible, in any case not to exceed ten years.

2. To achieve this independence the Somaliland shall
be administered under the International Trusteeship Sys-
tem with Egypt, Italy, and Canada as joint trustees.

3. There shall be annexed to the Trusteeship Agreement
a declaration of constitutional principles guaranteeing the
rights of the inhabitants of Somaliland and establishing
institutions designed to ensure inauguration, development
and subsequent establishment of self-government (Ar-
gentine Draft Resolution).

X. Argentina: Draft Resolution

U.N. doc. A/C.1/SC.17/L.15
Dated Oct. 19, 1949

1. That Eritrea be established as an independent and
sovereign State. This independence shall become effec-
tive as soon as possible and in any case not later than
1 January 1952.

2. That representatives of the inliabitants of Eritrea,
meeting in a National Assembly, shall establish a consti-
tution for Eritrea, including the form of government
they wish to adopt.

898



3. That for the purpose of assisting the people of Eri-
trea in the establishment of the constitution and of an
independent government, there shall be established a com-
mission consisting of representatives of Egypt, Ethiopia,
Italy, Pakistan, the United Kingdom and tlie United States
of America, and three representatives of the inhabitants,
selected in the manner previously provided with respect
to Libya.

4. That the occupying power :

(a) initiate immediately all necessary steps for the
transfer of the administration to the new government
when duly established ;

(b) administer the territory for the purpose of as-
sisting in the establishment of Eritrean independence and
co-operate in the formation of governmental institutions
to this end.

5. That the Commission to which paragraph 3 refers co-
operate so that the National Assembly of Eritrea :

(a) may conclude treaties of peace, perpetual friend-
ship and commerce with Ethiopia so that the latter shall
have free access to the Red Sea by means of the road
and railway connecting Addis Ababa with the port of
Massawa ;

(b) may agree with Ethiopia on the territory to be
ceded to the latter in order to provide it with access to
the Red Sea through the port of Assab.

XI. Iraq: Draft Resolution

U.N. doc.A/C.l.SC.17/L.16
Dated Oct. 28, 1949

C. With regard to Eritrea:

1. Eritrea shall be an autonomous state at the end of
three years.

2. The United Nations shall appoint a Commissioner
with an advisory council to co-operate with the people in
setting up their autonomous government.

3. Recognizing Ethiopia's special interests in Eritrea
and the fact that a considerable section of the population
wish to unite with Ethiopia, a referendum shall be held
in the third year to determine whether the majority of
the population prefer unity with Ethiopia, a federation
with Ethiopia under the crown of His Majesty the Em-
peror, or failing that, an economic union with Ethiopia
shall lie arranged granting Ethiopia a passage to the sea
and a port thereon.

XII. India: Draft Resolution

U.N. doc. A/C.1/SC.17/L.17
Dated Oct. 19, 1949

The draft resolution proposed to be submitted to the
First Committee by the Sub-Committee shall contain
recommendations to the following effect :

1. With effect from a date not later than 1 January
1952, Eritrea shall be a free and independent sovereign
State united with Ethiopia by certain common services
and ports ensuring to Ethiopia adequate access to the sea.

2. The north-western province of Eritrea shall have
a right to secede from the State at any time.

3. Tending tlie establishment of Eritrea as an in-
dependent sovereign State an interim arrangement similar
to that for Libya shall be made.

Departmenf of State Bulletin



XIII. Guatemala: Proposal

U.N. doc. A/C.1/SC.17/L.18
Dated Oct. 10, 1949

Resolves

1. To establish a Special Commission, consisting of

reiiioseutiitives of , to examine the

position and iK)ssil»ilities, immediate or otherwise, of
Eritrea witli reiiard to self-fioveriiiiuMit and tlie aspira-
tions of Ethiopia to part of this territory.

2. The Special Commission shall liave the fullest
powers to ascertain the facts and to investi!,'ate any
question related to the problem of Eritrea and shall ex-
amine the evidence of tlie Administering Power and of
the other countries directly concerned, of representatives
of the inhabitants and of minorities, and of any or-
ganizations or persons whose evidence it may deem aii-
proprlate.

3. The Spwial Commission sliall adopt its own rules
of procedure, shall prepare a report for the General As-
sembly and shall submit such proposals as it may deem
appropriate for the solution of the problem of Eritrea.
The rei>ort and the proposals shall be communicated to
the Secretary-General not later than I'l Ans.'ust 1050 so
that they may be distribnteil to Members of the United
Nations in sufficient time to be examined durinfi the fifth
regular session of the General Assembly.

4. To invite the Secretary-General to take the I'e-



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 76 of 116)