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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

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cide upon the form of their future union and government,
whether unitary, federal or other."

(3) Page 17: in paragraph 10 (a), delete the words
"a duly constituted independent government," and insert
the words "the appropriate organs of government to be
constituted in accordance with this resolution."

(4) In paragraph 10 (b), delete the words "in the estab-
lishment of Libyan unity and independence," and insert
the words "the people of Libya in achieving independence
and the form of union and government they desire,".



XXIII. Liberia: Amendments to the First Draft
Resolution Recommended by Sub-Committee
17 (A/C.1/522)

U.N. doc. A/C.1/527
Dated Nov. 5, 1949

Section C:

1. Page 18: delete paragraph 1, and insert the fol-
lowing :

"1. That a Commission consisting of not more than

five Member States as follows

be established to ascertain more fully the wishes, and the
best means of promoting the welfare of the inhabitants
of Eritrea, and Somaliland, to examine the question of
the disposal of Eritrea and Somaliland, and to prepare a
report for the General Assembly together with such pro-



* This corrigendum issued in English and Spanish only,
supersedes document A/C.l/.j26 dated 4 November 1949.
The French and Russian versions remain unchanged.

903



posal, or proposals as it may deem appropriate for tlie
solution of the problem of Eritrea and Somaliland."

2. Delete paragraph 2 (a), and insert the following:
"(a) The wishes and welfare of the inhabitants of

Eritrea and Somaliland including the views of the various
racial, religious, and political groups of the provinces of
the territories, and the capacities of the people for self-
government."

3. Delete paragraph 3, and insert the following:

"3. In considering its proposals, the Commission shall
take into account the various suggestions for the disposal
of Eritrea and Somaliland and submitted during the
Fourth Session of the General Assembly."

Page 19 :

4. add after the words in paragraph 4, "It shall travel
to Eritrea," the additional words : "and Somaliland "

XXIV. Poland: Amendments to the First Draft
Resolution Recommended by Sub-Committee 17
(A/C.1/522)

n.N. doc. A/C. 1/529
Dated Nov. 7, 1949

With respect to Libya:

1. Page 16 — Section A : Replace the words in para-
graph 2 of the recommendations "1 January 1952" by the
following : "1 January 1951."

2. Page 17 — Section A : Replace in sub-paragraph (a)
of paragraph 6 the words "France, United Kingdom and
United States of America" by the following: "Czechoslo-
vakia, Mexico, Sweden."

With respect to Somaliland:

3. Page 17 — Section B: Replace paragraph 2 by the
following: "2. That its independence shall become effective
at the end of 3 years from the date of the approval of the
Trusteeship Agreements by the General Assembly."

4. Page 17 — Section B : Replace paragraph 3 by the
following : "3. That during the period mentioned in para-
graph 2, Somaliland shall be placed under the Trusteeship
of the United Nations."

5. Page IS — Section B : Replace paragraph 4 by the
following: "4. That the Trusteeship Council will prepare
the conditions and terms of the United Nations Trustee-
ship over Somaliland for submittion to the General Assem-
bly, if possible during the present session and in any case
not later than at the Fifth Regular Session."

With respect to Eritrea:

6. Pages 18 and 19: — Replace Section C by the
following :

"With respect to Eritrea:

1. That Eritrea shall be an independent sovereign
State.

2. That this independence shall become effective at
the end of three years from the date of the approval of
the Trusteeship Agreements by the General Assembly.

3. That during the period mentioned in paragraph 2,
Eritrea shall be placed under the Trusteeship of the
United Nations.

4. That the Trusteeship CJouncil will prepare the
terms and conditions of the United Nations Trusteeship
over Eritrea for submission to the General Assembly if



possible during the present session and in any case not
later than the Fifth Regular Session.

5. That the Trusteeship Agreements shall include
an Annex containing a declaration of constitutional prin-
ciples guaranteeing the rights of inhabitants of Eritrea,
providing for institutions designed to ensure the inaugu-
ration, development and subsequent establishment of full
self-government.

6. That in the drafting of this declaration, the text
propsed by the Indian Delegation will be taken into
account.

7. That Ethiopia shall be ceded a portion of the Jl
territory of Eritrea necessary to provide her with an ill
outlet to the sea through the port of Assab."



XXV. India: Amendment to the First Draft
Resolution Recommended by Sub-Committee 17
CA/C.1/522)

D.N. doc. A/C.1/537
Dated Nov. 10, 1949

With respect to Italian Somaliland:
Page 18 — Section B, paragraph 6 for the words "take
into account" substitute "be guided by."



k



XXVI. Report of the First Committee

U.N. doc. A/1089
Dated Nov. 15, 1949

Rapporteur: Mr. M. de Diego {Panama)

1. The question of the disposal of the former Italian
colonies was inconclusively examined during the second
part of the third regular session. The General Assembly,
at its 219th plenary meeting held on 18 May 1949 adopted,
by 51 votes to none with 6 abstentions, a resolution pre-
sented by the representative of Poland to postpone further
consideration of the question until the fourth regular ses-
sion (resolution 287 (III)).

2. On the recommendation of the General Committee
(A/989) , the General Assembly, at the 224th plenary meet-
ing held on 22 September 1949, referred this item to the
First Committee for consideration and report.

3. Consideration of the question by the First Committee
was begun at the 278th meeting held on 30 September
1949. At that meeting the Committee adopted a proposal
by the Chairman to invite the Government of Italy, In
accordance with its request ( A/C.l/478/Rev. 1), to ap-
point a representative to sit, without vote, during the con-
sideration of the question by the Committee.

4. At its 279th meeting on 1 October 1949, the Commit-
tee unanimously approved a draft resolution suggested by
the Chairman. The resolution (A/C.1/488) provided that
"the requests of representatives of political parties or
organizations in the territories concerned, presented not
later than 10 October 1949, shall be referred to a Sub-Com-
mittee composed of Brazil, Egypt, France, Haiti, India,
New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, United Kingdom and the United States of
America, who shall report to the Committee on the extent

to which these parties or organizations represent sub- J
stantial sections of opinion in the territory in question. "



904



Department of Stale Bulletin



For such purpose the Sub-Committee shall study and take
Into account the statements In the reports of the Com-
mittee of Enquiry on the organizations seeking to be
beard and on similar local organizations. It shall make
recommendations on whether, and if so how, they should
be heard by the Committee. The Sub-Committee should
consider : 1. Requests emanating from political organiza-
tions or parties on which a report to the Committee was
not made by Sub-Conimlttee 14 during the second part of
the third regular session ; and 2. Requests on which the
above Sub-Committee has already reported. If new ma-
terial has been submitted by the organizations or parties
in question."

5. The Sub-Committee (Sub-Committee IG) held four
meetings. At its first meeting, the Sub-Committee con-
stituted a Working Group, composed of the representa-
tives of Norway, Brazil and Haiti, to examine and report
on the credentials of the representatives of parties or
organizations, as well as to verify the extent to which
the organizations or parties, not previously reported upon,
represented substantial sections of opinion in the respec-
tive territories, and to inquire whether tlie organizations
or parties to which a hearing had already been given
during the second part of the third regular session had
any new relevant information to submit to the First Com-
mittee. The Sub-Committee presented three reports to
the First Committee (A/C.1/494, A/C.1/495 and A/C.l/
496) concerning the various requests received and the
preliminary information obtained.

6. Following the recommendations of Sub-Committee 16,
the First Committee heard the representatives of the
following parties or organizations :

For Libya : The National Congress of Cyrenaica, The
National Congress of Tripolitania, The Independence
Party of Tripolitania, The Jewish Community of Triiwli-
tania.

For Eritrea : The Eritrean Bloc for Independence,
The Unionist Party of Eritrea, The Independent Moslem
League, The Representative Committee of the Italians in
Eritrea.

For Italian Somaliland : The Somali Youth League,
and Hamar Youth Club, The Somalia Conference.

7. On 7 October, the First Committee, by 37 votes to
with 3 abstentions, adopted an Iraqi proposal to give
a second hearing to those representatives of parties or
organizations who so requested. A second hearing was
given to the representatives of the National Congress of
Cyrenaica, the National Congress of Tripolitania, the
Independence Party of Tripolitania, the Jewish Com-
munity of Tripolitania, the Eritrean Bloc for Independ-
ence, the Somali Youth League and the Somalia
Conference.

8. On 9 November, following a request by the repre-
sentative of the Somali Youth League for a further hear-
ing in order to express his views on the recommendations
of Sub-Committee 17, (see paragraph 17), the Committee,
by 25 votes to 19 with 2 abstentions, adopted a proposal
by the representative of Argentina that all parties and
organizations which had previously been heard by the
Committee should be invited to submit, in writing, any
observations they wished to make on the report of
Sub-Committee 17.



9. The general discussion In the Committee was opened
at the 278th meeting on 30 September and was concluded
at the 291st meeting on 11 October 1949.

10. On 30 September 1949, the representative of the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics submitted a draft
resolution (A/C.1/487), relating to the three territories
and proposing the grant of Independence to all of them,
but at varying periods of time — immediately in the case
of Libya, and after live years In the ca.se of Eritrea and
Italian Somaliland. The proposal of the U.S.S.R. further
provided for the withdrawal from Libya of all foreign
forces and military personnel as well as for the liquida-
tion of all military bases within three months. With
respect to Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, the U.S.S.B.
proposal envisaged an identical arrangement for the five-
year period prior to their independence, namely, that the
two territories should be placed under a direct United
Nations trusteeship with administrators having full ex-
ecutive powers, appointed by and responsible to the
Trusteeship Council, and assisted by advisory committees
comprising representatives of the five permanent mem-
bers of the Security Council and of Italy and Ethiopia,
together with one European and two indigenous residents
of the territory nominated by the above-mentioned seven
representatives. Lastly, a cession of Eritrean territory
would be made in favour of Ethiopia in order to provide
the latter with an outlet to the sea through the port of
Assab.

11. On 3 October 1949, the representative of Iraq pre-
sented a draft resolution (A/C.1/489) relating only to
Libya. The Iraqi proposal recommended the immediate
proclamation by the United Nations of a united sovereign
State of Libya. It further provided that the present
administering Powers in Libya should take immediate
steps to hand over sovereignty and all the necessary
powers of the State to a duly constituted government in
the territory within as short a period as practicable.

12. On 4 October 1949, the representative of Liberia
presented a draft resolution (A/C.1/490) relating only to
Italian Somaliland. The Liberian proposal recommended
that Italian Somaliland should be granted independence
after five years, and that during the period prior to its
independence the territory should be placed under a di-
rect United Nations trusteeship.

13. On 4 October 1949, the representative of India pre-
sented a draft resolution (A/C.1/491) relating only to
Libya. The Indian proposal provided for the unification
of the three regions of Libya into one single united in-
dependent group with a constitution to be drawn up
within a maximum period of two years by a constituent
assembly representative of the inhabitants of the entire
group. The Indian proposal further envisaged the es-
tablishment (if a United Nations commission, to consist
of not less than three and not more than five experts,
which should lay down a practicable basis for a truly
representative constituent assembly and approve the con-
stitution of Libya.

14. On 10 October 1949, the representative of the United
States of America presented a draft resolution (A/C.l/
497) relating to the three territories and recommending
the following plan :



June 5, 1950



905



(i) For Libya, independence after three years. Dur-
ing the interim period the present administering Powers
should (a) administer the three regions of Cyrenaica,
Trlpolitania and the Fezzan, and co-ordinate their activi-
ties for the purpose of assisting in the establishment of
Libyan independence; (b) co-operate in the formation of
governmental institutions; and (c) arrange for repre-
sentatives of the inhabitants of the three regions to meet
and consult together to determine the future form of
government. An advisory council of seven members, con-
sisting of representatives of Egypt, France, Italy, United
Kingdom and the United States of America and two rep-
resentatives of the local population, one from Cyrenaica
and one from Trlpolitania, should be established to ad-
vise the administering Powers on the assistance which
might be given to the inhabitants with regard to the for-
mation of a government for an independent Libya, and
such related problems as common services.

(ii) For Eritrea, re-unlon with Ethiopia of all the
territory, with the exclu.sion of the Western Province, with
appropriate muncipal charters for the cities of Asmara
and Massawa ; the Western Province to be united with the
Sudan.

(ill) For Italian Somaliland, Italian trusteeship. The
General Assembly and the Trusteeship Council were to
review the progress of the territory from time to time to
determine whether it was ready for independence. A
Commission of three members would fix the international
boundaries of the territory.

15. On 11 October 1949, the representative of Pakistan
presented a draft resolution (A/C.1/499) relating to the
three territories and recommending the following plan :

(i) For Libya, independence after three years. Dur-
ing the interim period the pre.sent administering Powers
should (a) administer the three regions of Libya and co-
ordinate their activities for the purpose of a.ssiting in
the establishment of Libyan unity and independence; (b)
co-operate in the formation of governmental institutions ;
and (c) arrange for representatives of the three regions
to meet and consult together to determine the future form
of government. An advisory council of nine members,
consisting of representatives of Egypt, France, Italy, Pak-
istan, United Kingdom and United States of America, and
three representatives of the local population, one from
Cyrenaica, one from Tripolitania and one from the Fezzan,
should be established to advise the administering Powers
on the fimctions set out in (a), (b) and (c) above, as well
as on the assistance which might be given to the inhabi-
tants with regard to the formation of a government for
an independent Libya.

(ii) For Eritrea, that Ethiopia should be provided
with an outlet to the sea through Assab, and that the rest
of Eritrea should become independent after three years.
During the interim i)eriod the administering Power would
have identical functions as in the case of Libya. An ad-
visory council of ten members, consisting of representa-
tives of Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Italy, Pakistan, United
Kingdom and the United States of America, and three
representatives of the local population would be estab-
lished with functions similar to those determined for the
advisory council in Libya.

(iii) For Italian Somaliland, independence after ten



years with a view to its ultimate incorporation into a
united independent Somaliland. During the interim
period, the territory would be placed under the Interna-
tional Trusteeship System with an administrator, ap-
pointed by and responsible to the Trusteeship Council.
The General Assembly and the Trusteeship Council would
review the progress of the territory from time to time to
determine whether satisfactory progress was being made
towards preparing it for independence.

(iv) That Boundaries Commissions should be estab-
lished for each territory to fix their international
boundaries.

16. The representative of Argentina presented on 5
October 1949 a draft resolution (A/C.1/492) proposing to
appoint a sub-committee of fifteen members to study all
drafts and suggestions and to present to the First Com-
mittee a draft resolution on the question of the disposal of
the former Italian colonies. The draft resolution was dis-
cussed by the Committee at its 290th and 291st meetings
on 10 and 11 October 1949, when oral amendments and
suggestions were submitted by various delegations. On 11
October the Committee adopted, by 40 votes to none with
11 abstentions, an amendment submitted by the repre-
sentative of Iraq setting 1.5 October as the time limit for
the sub-committee's report to the Committee and determin-
ing that the First Committee would suspend its meetings
in the meantime. Subsequently, the Committee adopted,
by 54 votes to with one abstention, the amended
Argentinian draft resolution.

17. The resolution (A/C.1/49S) established a Sub-Com-
mittee consisting of representatives of Argentina, Aus-
tralia, Brazil, Chile, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,
Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Guatemala, India, Iraq, Liberia,
Mexico, Pakistan, Poland, Union of South Africa, Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom and the
United States of America "for the purpose of studying all
drafts and suggestions which have been submitted to tlie
Committee or which may be submitted to the Sub-Com-
mittee and to propose a draft resolution or resolutions
to settle the question of the disposal of the former Italian
colonies in Africa. The Sub-Committee will submit its
report to the Pir.st Committee not later than 15 October
1949." The Committee subsequently extended that time-
limit in order to allow the Sub-Committee to complete its
task.

18. The Sub-Committee (Sub-Committee 17) held 29
meetings between 11 October and 1 November 1949 and
presented a report (A/C.1/522), containing two draft
resolutions.

19. The first draft resolution, relating to the three terri-
tories, recommended as follows :

A. Libya

(a) That Libya be established as a single inde-
pendent and sovereign State not later than 1 January
1952;

(b) That a constitution for Libya be determined
by representatives of Cyrenaica, TriiK)litaiiia and the
Fezzan meeting in a national assembly ;

(c) That, for the purpose of assisting the Libyan
people in the formulation of the constitution and the
establislnnent of an independent government, there should
be a United Nations commissioner and a council to aid
and advise him ;



906



Department of State Bulletin



(d) That the council should consist of ten mem-
bers, namely, the representatives of Kfiypt, France, Italy,
I'akistan, I'nited Kingdom, the United States of America,
one representative of each of the three regions of Libya
and one representative of the minorities in Libya;

(e) That the administering Powers initiate Im-
mediately all necessary stei>s for the transfer of power
to a duly constituted independent govenunent, administer
the territories for the purpose of assisting in the estah-
lishment of Liliyan unity and indei)en(lence, co-oinrate
In the formation of governmental institutions and co-
ordinate their activities to that end;

(f ) That, upon its establishment as an independent
State. Libya be admitted to the United Nations.

I?. Italian Somalilanil

(a) That Italian Somaliland be an independent
sovereign State;

(b) That the independence of the territory should
become effective ten years after the approval of the
trusteeship agreement by the General Assembly, unless
at that time the General Assembly decided otherwise;

(c) That, during the above-mentioned period,
Italian Somaliland be placed under the trusteeship of
Italy ;

(d) That the Trusteeship Agreement should in-
clude an annex containing a declaration of constitutional
principles based on a text proposed by the Indian delega-
tion.

C. Eritrea
That a commission, consisting of representatives of not
more than five Member States, be established to ascertain
more fully the wishes and welfare of the inhabitants of
Eritrea, examine the question of the disposal of Eritrea
and submit a rejiort with proposals to the Secretary-
General not later than 15 June 19,^0. The Interim Com-
mittee of the General Assembly should consider the Com-
mission's report and proposals and, in its turn, report
with conclusions to the fifth regular session.

20. The second draft resolution recommended that a
committee composed of the President of the General As-
sembly, two of the Vice-Presidents of the General Assembly
(Brazil and Pakistan) and the Chairmen of the First and
of the Ad Hoc Political Committees should nominate one
candidate or, if no agreement should be reached, three
candidates for the post of United Nations commissioner
in Libya, for submission to the General Assembly.

21. After th



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 78 of 116)