United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Co.

Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

. (page 82 of 116)
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doctrination of personnel; corresponding to the
deputies for political affairs [formerly Kommis-
sars] in the Soviet Army ) . The calibre of the offi-
cer candidates appears to be little higher than that
of enlisted personnel in the Bereitschaften. Their
morale is low, and, undoubtedly, a high degree
of attrition is expected.

Training at the officers' schools appears to par-
allel that of the Alert Units but, presumably, is
carried out on a higher level and requires higher
standards of proficiency. Armament is also sim-
ilar to that of the Bereitschaften, with small arms
for all personnel and heavier equipment generally
in short supply, although there are indications
that certain schools receive priority in the allo-
cation of armored vehicles and medium artillery.
It should be noted that the student strength is con-
siderably in excess of that required by the present
Bereitschaften organization. This may be ex-
plained by a planned expansion of the number
and/or sti'ength of the Bereitschaften, by the al-
lowance for an extremely high rate of attrition in
the schools, or a combination of both.

The development of a service-type communica-
tions network appears to be proceeding slowly but
methodically. In the fall of 1949 a courier se^^^ce
was established connecting HQ with the Bereit-
schaften and the officers' schools. A special direct
telephone net, separate from the regular system,
has been noted. There is also teletype and/or
radio equipment connecting various units and
schools, much of it in inoperative condition. The
establishment of Bereitschaften signal units may
indicate plans for further expansion of communi-
cations facilities.

Key personnel of the organization consist
largely of the following overlapping groups: (i)
Personnel who served with Zaisser (then known as
General Gomez) in the Spanish Ci^dl War; (ii)
old-line German Communists who spent various
periods in voluntary exile in the U.S.S.R. from
1933 to 1945; and (iii) ex-German Army officers
who graduated from Soviet prisoner-of-war
camps and Antifa Schools. On the lower eche-
lons, political reliability decreases, reaching its
lowest point with the "Polizeischuler" (recruits).
On all levels, "political immaturity" is being at-
tacked through the usual Communist mechanisms
of extensive programs of political indoctrination,
party apparatus and control, the system of Polit-
Kultur officers, compulsory off-duty political
studies, and the continual use of the normal prop-
aganda media. Despite these techniques, political
reliability on the lower levels is poor.

Complete control of the Hauptverwaltung Fuer
Ausbildung is maintained by the Soviets. The
chain of command from Generalmajor Petra-
kovsky of the Soviet Control Commission to
Zaisser, Chief of the HVA, was mentioned above.
This policy control is reinforced by the assign-
ment of a Soviet field grade officer to each school
and Bereitschaften. These officers, called "Soviet-
niks" by the German personnel, wear the standard
German police uniforms when on duty and, theo-
retically, function as advisers to their German
counterpart commanders. It is of interest that
relations between the German commanders and
the "Sovietniks" appear to be extremely cordial.


Department of State Bulletin

Rumanian^Staff Reduce and
Travel Restricted

[Released to the press May ^C]

States and the Rumanian employees of that Mis-
sion, as well us their dependents, may not triivel
outside of a dosif^nated area excei)t by sjx^cial |)er-
mission. The limits of the area under reference
are fixed at a distance of thirty-five miles from
tiu' boundaries of the District of Columbia.

Permission to

Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 82 of 116)