United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Co.

Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

. (page 90 of 116)
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paper Editors, you undoubtedly heard or read
Senator Joseph McCarthy's speech before the
ASNE convention in Washin^on on April 20.

Wliile the Secretary dealt with the same general
subject in his subsequent speech, he of course did
not undertake to deal witli the specific allegations
made by Senator McCarthy.

I am therefore attaching an analysis, point by

goint, of some of the inaccuracies contained in the
enator's speech.

1. SENATOR McCarthy said: "First, as to the
figure 205." He then went on to assert that he had made
it clear that he never claimed to have the names of 205
known Communists allegedly working in the State

The Facts: In a radio address at Wheeling,
West Virginia, on February 9, 1950, Senator Mc-
Carthy stated : "And, ladies and gentlemen, while
I cannot take the time to name all the men in the
State Department who have been named as active
members of the Communist Party and members of
a spy ring, I have here in my hand a list of 205 . . .
a list of names that were made known to the Secre-
tary of State as being members of the Communist
Party and who nevertheless are still working and
shaping policj- in the State Department." He was
quoted to this effect by the Associated Press, and
subsequently two officials of the radio station over
which he spoke signed affidavits saying that they
followed Senator SlcCarthy's speech and that this
was what he said.

2. SENATOR MCCARTHY SAID : Two hundred and five
persons "were named as bad security risks" and were
"listed by the President's own security board and the fore-
runner of the present Loyalty Board as dangerous to our
Government." He also stated that this "President's own
security board" was "gotten rid of by Acheson in favor of
a weaker board."

' Department of State press release 491.
June 72, 1950

The Facts : In 1945, approximately 3,000 em-
ployees were transferred to the Department of
State from other agencies. An ad hoc committee
responsible to Assistant Secretary of State Russell,
under Secretary of State Byrnes, was set up to
carry out preliminary screening of these 3,000
people. On July 15, 1946, this committee filed a
report listing 285 tentative disapprovals in cate-
gories ranging all the way from automatic disap-
proval of aliens to disapprovals on the basis of
derogatory information.

The report specifically stated, however, that :

Any disapproval of the 285 may be reversed and subse-
quently approved if the further investigation resolves the
investigation in favor of the employee. This is reported
in order that the total disapproval basis may be thoroughly
understood and does not mean on the surface that there
are or were 285 people in the Department against whom
charges would eventually be preferred.

Today all of these transferees into the State De-
partment originally screened for further consid-
eration or action are either no longer in the State
Department or have been thoroughly investigated
and cleared for employment. Those still on the
roll number 46. Those 46 have, of course, been
checked under the President's Loyalty Program
by the FBI.

This departmental screening group, which Sena-
tor McCarthy referred to as the "President's own
security board," was not abolished by Secretary
Acheson. It automatically went out of existence
in the fall of 1946 upon the completion of its screen-
ing job, at which time Mr. Byrnes was Secretary
of State. The present Loyalty Board was estab-
lished by Secretary Marshall in the summer of

3. SENATOR MCCARTHY SAID : What is wrong with
the misnamed Loyalty Board? Perhaps the case of George
Wheeler, whom you will recall as having recently sought
asylum from democracy behind the Iron Curtain, may
explain why Communists, bad security, and bad policy
risks are retained on the Government payroll. Wheeler
was first unanimously rejected by the Loyalty Board . . .
Later . . . the Loyalty Board reversed itself and passed
him and sent him a letter of apology.

The Facts : At no time has the case of George
Wlieeler ever been considered by a security or loy-


alty board of the Department of State. Mr.
Wheeler was one of a group of former FEA em-
ployees in Germany wlio, in September 1945. were
transferred temporarily to the rolls of the State
Department. In February 1946, that whole group
was transferred to the War Department, and. in
fact, Mr. Wheeler's transfer to the War Depart-
ment was even earlier — in December 1945. Dur-
ing his brief time on the State Department pay-
roll, Mr. Wheeler's case was under the jurisdiction
of the Civil Service Commission. All these facts
were set out in a departmental press release a week
before Senator McCarthy made his misstatements.

4. SENATOR MCCARTHY SAID : There are COO clerks
in the United States who have access to those [loyalty]
files daily . . . yet live Senators cannot crack a file cover.

The Facts: Access to loyalty files is normally
limit^^d strictly to FBI and other Government
officials and their resjwnsible subordinates when,
and only when, particular files are needed in the
projjer execution of their duties.

5. SENATOR MCCARTHY SAID: First, let's look at
that perennial joiner, Dr. Philip Jessup, our Amba.ssador-
at-Large . . . Why does he always join Communist fronts?
Why not anti-Communist organizations?

The Facts : Dr. Jessuj) testified, before the Sub-
conunittee, that he had joined no Communist-front
organizations, whereas the organizations to which
he did belong included the Ainerican Legion (He
is a former commander of Utica Post #229.), the
American Philosophical Society, the ForeiOTi Pol-
icy Association, and the American Bar Assix;ia-

6. SENATOR McCARTHY SAID : ... Dr. Jessup had
control of the magazine, Far Eastern f^un^rp, when the
Communist campaign in 1043 was initiated therein to
smear Chiang Kai-shek and deify all tlie Communists.
... I pfiinted out that he was head of the Research Ad-
visory Board having complete control of the magazine
during the height of the CommunLst Party line campaign
. . . Mr. Jessup's aide-de-camp was a Mr. T. A. Bisson,
another expert on Far Eastern Affairs. He has spent
considerable time in the State Department.

The FAcrrs : Dr. Jessuj) was not chairman of the
Eesearch Advisory Committee of the American
Council of the Institute of Pacific Relations in
1943. He was merely one of 50 trustees of the
American Council. T. A. Bisson never was an em-
ployee of the Department of State.

7. SEN.\TOR McCarthy said: ... I am going to
leave here on the table a number of photostats of cheeks
representing C^)nmiTuiist money — thousands of dollars —
which w.'is paid to his organization . . . The Communists
knew whiit those thousands of dnllars were being paid
for. As documentation, Senator .MeCarlhy iirovided photo-
stats of two checks signed by Fn^iierick Variderblll Field
totaling 3,.'-)00 dollar.s.

The Facts: At tliiit time. Dr. Roliert Gordon
Sjjronl, president of the University of Califdriiia,
was chainnan of the American Council of (he In-

stitute of Pacific Relations; Francis Harmon, vice
president of the Motion Picture Export Associa-
tion, was treasurer; and William R. Herod, now
l)resident of the International General Electric
Company, was chairman of the Finance Commit-

Juan Trippe, president of Pan American Air-
ways, and Henry Luce, of Time and Life, were
sponsors of a drive during that period for funds
on behalf of the American Council of the Insti-
tute of Pacific Relations. Mr. Field's contribu-
tions, according to Senator McCarthy's own fig-
ures, totaled only 3,500 dollars, as compared with
a total expense for the 2-year period of approxi-
mately 200,000 dollars. About half of the amount
was met by contributions from the Rockefeller
Foundation and Carnegie Corporation. Generous
donatioiLS by large industrial concerns made up a
large portion of the remainder.

As Ambassador Jessup stated on April 3, 1950,
"Surely these gentlemen would never have ac-
cepted payment from Mr. Field or anyone else for
selling the Communist Party line."'

S. SENATOR McCarthy said: Now, let's briefly
discuss the architect of our Far Eastern p

Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 90 of 116)