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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

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he can properly defend Mr. Service.

Tjie Facts: The Department has categorically
denied this. Mr. Service has been furnished copies
of documents which he himself had prepared for
the Department in the course of his duties as a
Foreign Service officer.

Relevant excerpts from a letter of May 4, 1950,
by Gen. Conrad E. Snow, chairman of the Depart-
ment's Loyalty Security Board, to Whitelaw Keid,
editor of the New York Uerald Tribune, follow on
page 970.

8. SENATOR McCARTHY SAID : First take the case of
Philip Jessup, the State Department's Ambassador-at-
Large. Now, here was really a great joiner, esiiecially
Communist-front organizations . . . organizations which
the President's own Attorney General and Congressional
committee have labeled as agents of the Communist Party.

The Facts : In view of Senator McCarthy's re-
peated assertion, the Department wrote to Mr.
Morgan, Counsel of the Subcommittee on the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee, investigating
Senator McCarthy's charges, to see if Senator
McCarthy had supplied them with any informa-
tion to back up these charges. Mr. Morgan replied
that Senator McCarthy has not supplied any such
material. The only documentary material sup-
plied to the Committee concerning the organiza-
tional affiliations or associations of Ambassador
Jessup was provided by Senator Hickenlooper, a
photostat of one letterhead of the American Law
Students Association listing Prof. Philip Jessup
of Columbia University on the Association "Fac-
ulty Advisory Board." The American Law Stu-
dents Association is not listed by the Attorney
General and does not appear on the list of "Cita-
tions by Official Government Agencies" issued m
1948 by the House Committee on Un-American

The correspondence with Mr. Morgan follows on
p. 971.

On April 6, 1950, the Utica Post #229 passed
a resolution condemning Senator McCarthy's at-
tack upon their past commander, Philip C. Jessup.
It will be noted that a copy of it was sent to Sena-
tor McCarthy with the admonition that "his reck-
less and despicable conduct in this instance cannot
be condoned by any right-thinking ^Vmerican and
should never be repeated if he hopes to retain a
shred of public respect."

A copy of the resolution follows on page 971.

9. SENATOR McCAUTHY SAID : Jessup . . . was largely
in charge of a publication known as the Far Eastern
Survey, the publication of the American Council of the
Institute of Pacific Relations ; that he was in charge while
it was spewing forth the perfumed Communist Party line
sewage . . .

June 12, 7950


The Facts: Senator McCarthy grossly exag-
gerated Dr. Jessup's relationship with Far Eastern
Survey based on the single fact that in 1944 Dr.
Jessup served on the Kesearch Ad\'isory Commit-
tee of the American Council of the Institute of
Pacific Relations.

Senator McCarthy's allegation that Far Eastern
Survey followed the Communist Party originates
in discredited contentions made by one Alfred
Kohlberg in 1944. The American Council of the
Institute of Pacific Relations investigated Kohl-
berg's charges. In a docimient circulated to its
members, it was demonstrated that Kohlberg had
ignored the overwhelming number of facts that
did not support his contention. The document
showed, among other things, that Kohlberg had
quoted, in connection with Far Eastern Survey,
and other publications, from less than 2 percent
of the articles published and from less than .002
percent of the books published. In April 1947,
the membership of the Anierican Council of the
Institute of Pacific Relations in a vote of 1163 to
66 overwhelmingly repudiated Kohlberg's charges
as "inaccurate and irresponsible."


The Department of State on May 15 'made public' the
following analysis of some of the factual inaccuracies in
the speech delivered iy Senator Joseph R. McCarthy at
Atlantic City, May 15, 1950, to the Sons of the American

1. SENATOR McCarthy said: ". . . The skeleton
flies which the President has given to the Tydings Com-
mittee . . . were inadequate . . . many of them had been
completely rifled . . . [and] there is no way of knowing
whether or not any file was complete." He also said that
"in order to get at the truth, they must get not only the
skeleton State Department loyalty files, but the Civil
Service and the FBI files."

The Facts : A charge of tampering with records
is a very serious charge. It has been described by
the courts in this country as "highly improper."
(State ex rel Department of Agriculture, Peti-
tioner V. McCarthy, Circuit Judge, Respondent 238
Wisconsin 258, 270, 299 NW. 58, 65—1941.) The
files which have been made available to the Sub-
committee by the President are complete. They
contain the material collected by the Federal Bu-
reau of Investigation and transmitted to the State
Department through the Civil Service Commis-
sion. These files were reviewed by a represent-
ative of the Department of Justice before they were
turned over to the Subcommittee. A represent-
ative of the Department of Justice has also at-
tended the meetings of the Subcommittee at which
the files were discussed. If Senator McCarthy
believes any material has been deleted, it is his
duty to bring to the attention of the Subcommittee

' Department of State press release 501.

and the FBI any evidence he has to back up his

described that portion of Owen Lattimore's memorandum
on Far Eastern policy which dealt with South Korea and
then said : "That is Lattimore's plan for South Korea.
That is now the plan of the Lattimore-Acheson axis for
the entire Far East." ■

The Facts : Mr. Lattimore's relationship with \
the Department of State from 1933 to date and
the circumstances under which he and 30 other
people supplied memoranda containing their
views on Far Eastern policy have been described
many times. These facts of public record are not
reflected in Senator McCarthy's statement.

The facts concerning Mr. Acheson's position on
South Korea are also a matter of well kiiown
public record. On January 20, 1950, Mr. Acheson
wrote a letter describing the adverse effects the
defeat of the Korean Aid bill, by a vote of 193 to
191, would have on our foreign policy. This let-
ter, which was the basis of a successful attempt
to obtain aid for Korea, follows on page 972. It

speaks for itself.

* * *

The Department of State on May 25 made public* the
folloioing additional analysis of the factual inaccuracies
in the speech delivered by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy at
Atlantic City.

1. SENATOR McCarthy said : [as to] the skeleton
files which the President has given to the Tydings Com-
mittee ... I have made photostats of a report [of House
investigators] . . . based partly on FBI investigations
of the files . . . they set forth in some detail that . . .
some of them have been completely rifled . . . that prac-
tically every one in the Division had complete and free
access . . . (Emphasis supplied.)

The Facts : This charge has already been dem-
onstrated to be false. It was previously made by
Senator ilcCarthy at Chicago on May 6, 1950, and
the Department commented thereon in its press
release of May 20. It was there pointed out that
the files transmitted to the Subconmiittee were
complete files; that Senator McCarthy was re-
ferring to a report submitted by investigators of
the House Appropriations Committee, in 1948, and
that the Senator had misquoted the language of
the report by substituting "the State Department"
for "the Division of Security." It is noted that
the Senator at Atlantic City repaired his quota-
tions by using "the Division" in place of "the
Department of State."

At Atlantic City, Senator McCarthy added one
new element. He refers to an "FBI investigation
of the files." The "FBI investigation" he refers
to was a survey of the Security Division made for
the Department by the FBI at the Department's
request. In the language of the House investi-
gators, who conducted their investigation in the
fall of 1947 :

* Department of State press release 549.

Department of State Btiiletin

In April 1047, tlu> Federal Bureau of Investifiation, at
the request of tlie State Departiueiit, made a survey of
the Security and Investigations Division. . . .

There was no siipjiestion, either expressed or
implied in eitlier tlie FBI or the House report, that
the condition of tlie files, in 1!)47, was purposeful
or suspicious. Senator McCarthy's use of the word
"ritied" in speaking of the files was entirely with-
out substantiation. The constructive criticism
and su

Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 91 of 116)