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United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Co.

Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

. (page 93 of 116)
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Greek aid program was launched under the ad-
ministration of Lincoln MacVeagh, then Ambassa-
dor to Greece and now Ambassador to Portugal,
and Dwight P. Griswold, former Governor of
Nebraska and first Chief of the American Mission
for Aid to Greece. The speed with which this
Mission set to work to meet an emergency situ-
ation is indicated by the fact that the first cargo
of American aid supplies reached Greece just 2
weeks after Mr. Griswold's arrival in that country.
Within the first 6 weeks of operations, 25,000 tons
of supplies valued at 16 million dollars were de-
livered. Since 1948, economic aid to Greece has
been extended through the EGA, and both the
economic and military programs have been carried
out under the supervision of Ambassador Henry
F. Grady, with Lt. Gen. James A. Van Fleet as
Chief of the Joint Military Mission. Mr. Porter,
a Foreign Service Officer, heads the ECA Greek
Mission. The program of military aid to Turkey
has been administered, successively, by Ambassa-
dors Edwin C. Wilson and George Wadsworth as
Chiefs of the American Mission for Aid to Turkey,
вЦ†with Maj. Gen. Horace L. McBride as Chief
of the Joint Military Mission. Chief of the ECA
Mission in Turkey is Russell Dorr.

Over a 3-year period, economic assistance to
Greece under the Greek aid and ECA programs
has involved expenditures of approximately 600
million dollars, while the Turkish program has
involved about 164 million dollars of direct and in-
direct ECA aid for economic purposes. Expend-
itures for military aid to both countries during
this same period have been in the neighborhood of
700 million dollars. By this investment, the
United States has manifested its solidarity with
two valiant peoples who are striving to maintain
their free way of life against the threat of com-
munism and has preserved and strengthened an
important bulwark of security in an area of criti-
cal strategic significance. The recent holding of
exemplary, free elections in Greece and Turkey
demonstrates the internal stability of both coini-
tries and testifies that they remain strong outposts
of democracy on the border of the totalitarian
Communist world.

On the completion of this third year of Greek-
Turkish aid, which saw the termination of the
Greek guerrilla warfare, the President has ad-
dressed letters to Ambassadors Grady and Mac-
Veagh, Lt. Gen. Van Fleet and Mr. Griswold,
commending them and their staifs on their efficient
handling of the especially complex situation in
Greece.



Opportunities for Teacliing
and Research in Near East

[Released to the press May 17]

Opportunities for 54 Americans to teach or
undertake advanced research in Egypt, India, or
Iran during the 1950-51 academic year, under the
terms of the Fulbright Act, were announced today
by the Department of State.

Application for these awards must be submitted
or mailed not later than June 15, 1950. Applica-
tions may be made after that date for awards for
the academic year 1951-52. Persons wishing to
apply should send their inquiries to the following
agencies : ""

For teaching in elementary, secondary, or normal
schools:

The United States OflSce of Education
Federal Security Agency
Washington 25, D.C.

For university lecturing or advanced research:

Conference Board of Associated Research Councils
2101 Constitution Avenue NW.
Washington 25, D.C.

Specific opportunities are listed below :



I



Egypt

Five teachers of English for public secondary
schools or in normal schools training future
teachers of English.

Seventeen awards are offered for visiting lec-
turers in the following specified subject at desig-
nated institutions of higher learning in Egypt:
sociology and library service at the American
University in Cairo; audiovisual education at
the Institute of Education for Men Teachers in
Mounira; community organization at the Cairo
School of Social Work; social group work at
the Higher Institute for Social Service, Alexan-
dria; geology, modern history, international law,
insect control, hydraulic power development, so-
ciology, economics, pathology, irrigation econom-
ics, desert reclamation, and physics at Fouad I
University in Cairo ; nuclear physics, ancient his-
tory, cancer research, electrical engineering, soil
science, business administration, maritime law and
insurance, embrj'ology, horticidtiire, and physical
oceanography at Farouk I University in Alex-
andria. Applications in subjects other than those
specified above will also be accepted and consid-
ered.

Nine awards are offered for independent re-
search at higher institutions of learning in Egypt
in the following subjects: (1) archeology at the
American Kesearch Center in Luxor; (2) bac-
teriology and taxonomy of molluscs. Six of the
nine awards are offered without designation as
to institution or subject.



976



Department of State Bulletin



India

Four teachers for secondary schools (fields
uiisi)ec'itied).

Eleven awards are offered for visiting lecturers
or research scholars in hijj:her institutions of learn-
ing in India. It is expected that inforniat ion will
be received at a later date indicating subjects in
which visiting lecturere would be especially wel-
come, but ajiplications will be accepted and con-
sidered in all fields.

Iran

Five teachers of English to work in Normal
sclieols, training future teachers of English.

Three teachers in the field of vocational teach-
ing training.

Two teachers in the field of agricultural teacher
training for the Teachers Training School in
Tehran.

Eleven awards are offered for visiting lecturers
or research scholars at the University of Tehran
in subjects including agriculture, animal hus-
bandry, medicine, library service, civil engineer-
ing, and rural education. Although the United
States Educational Conunission of Iran has ex-

{)ressed a preference for the inclusion of visiting
ecturers in the initial program for Iran, applica-
tions from research scholars will be considered.



Economic Aid Program for
Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia

[ReUased to the press May 25}
U.S. NOTE OF MAY 24, 1950

On Wednesdau, May 2'i. Chargd d' Affaires Edmund Gul-
lion delivered the following; letter to the Chiefs of State of
Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia or their representatives at
Saigon. Simultaneotislu, Ambassador Bruce delivered an
identical letter to the President of the French Union in
Paris.

I have the honor to inform you that the Govern-
ment of the United States has decided to initiate
a progi-am of economic aid to the States of Cam-
bodia, Laos, and Vietnam. My Government has
reached this decision in order to assist Cambodia,
Laos, and Vietnam to restore stability and pursue
tlieir peaceful and democratic development.

With these purposes in mind, the United States
Government is establishing, with headquarters in
Saigon and associated with the United States
Legation, a special economic mission to Cambodia,
Laos, and Vietnam. This mission will have the re-
sponsibility of working with the Governments of
Cambodia. Laos, and Vietnam aiul with the
French High Commissioner in developing and
carrying out a coordinated program of economic
aid designed to assist the three countries in restor-
in



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 93 of 116)