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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) online

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of State; Llewellyn Thompson, Acting Assistant
Secretary for European Affairs, and Ludwig

' I'.uLLETiN of Feb. 20, 1950, p. 297.

"For the detailed results of the renegotiations of the
six items, as well as changes in two sub-items, 127-C and
D, whicli were not negotiated and which are not in the
General Agreement, see Department of State press release
575 of May 31.



980



Department of State Bulletin



Kleinwaecliter, Austrian Minister to Washington.
In Austria, the speakers inchuUHl Chancellor Leo-
pold Figl and Vice-Chancellor Adolf Schaerf.

Subsequent programs will give average Austrian
citizens an opportunity to talk with average Amer-
icans. Questions asked by Austrian listeners
about the United States will be answered from
New York. Within tlie next few weeks, an Aus-
trian printer and an Austrian insurance man will
discuss questions of mutual interest with their
American counterparts.

In the initial broadcast, Mr. Webb described the
"Hands Across the Sea" program as "another
step along the road to better and fuller under-
standing between our two countries." He said
the program was an integral part "of our world-
wide program which is designed to establish,
maintain, and improve relations between the
American people and the people of other countries.



U.S. Delegation to ICAO

The Department of State announced on May
29 that the following delegation has been desig-
nated to represent the Government of the United
States at the fourth assembly of the International
Civil Aviation Organization (Icao) which will
convene at Montreal on May 30 :

Chairman and Delegate

Rnssell B. Adams, Member, Civil Aeronautics Board

Vice Chairman and Delegate

Livingston Satterthwaite, Deputy Director, OflBce of
British Commonwealtli and Northern European Af-
fairs, Department of State

Delegate

Paul A. Smith, United States Representative to the Coun-
cil of the International Civil Aviation Organization,
Montreal

Alternates

Thomas W. S. Davis, Assistant Secretary of Commerce,
Department of Commerce

David M. French, Specialist in International Organiza-
tion Affairs, Division of International Administra-
tion, Department of State

Frederick B. Lee, Deputy Administrator for Program
Planning, Civil Aeronautics Administration, Depart-
ment of Commerce

Robert J. G. McClurkin, Director, Bureau of Economic
Regulations, Civil Aeronautics Board

Emory T. Nunneley, Jr., General Counsel, Civil Aeronau-
tics Board

Harold C. Stuart, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force,
Department of Defense

Congressional Advisers

Lindley Beckworth, House of Representatives
Oren Harris, House of Representatives
Carl Hinshaw, House of Representatives
Charles A. Wolverton, House of Representatives



Advisers

Frank L, Barton, Spr-clul Assistant In the Office of the
Soort'tary, Depart nt of Commerce

KdwanI A. Bolster, Assistant Director ( IiitiTiiatioiial),
Bureau of Kconomic Regulation, Civil Aeronautics
Board

Col. Kicliard W. Bonnevalle, USAF, (Office, Directorate
of Plans and Operations), Department of Defense

G. Nalliaii Calkins, Jr., Cliief, International and Rules
Division, Bureau of Law, Civil Aeronautics Board

H. Allterta Colclaser, Aviation Policy Staff, Department
of State

Richard K. Elwell, General Counsel, Civil Aeronautics Ad-
ministration, Department of (Commerce

Alfred Hand, Assistant to Deputy Administrator for Pro-
gram I'lanning, Civil Aeronautics Administration,
Department of Commerce

Robert D. Hoyt, Chief, International Standards Division,
Bureau of Safety Regulation, Civil Aeronautics Board

Edmund H. Kellogg, Ollice of United Nations Economic
and Social Affairs, Department of State

P. D. McKeel, Acting Chief, Icao Office, Civil Aeronautics
Administration, Department of Commerce

Arthur E. Raymond, Vice President, Engineering, Douglas
Aircraft Co., Inc.

Noi-man P. Seagrave, Alternate United States Represen-
tative on the International Civil Aviation Organiza-
tion Council, Montreal

Claude H. Smith, Alternate United States Representative
on the International Civil Aviation Organization
Council, Montreal

Joan H. Stacy, Aviation Policy Staff, Department of
State

Stuart G. Tipton, Air Transport Association, Washing-
ton, D. C.

Secretary of the Delegation

William H. Dodderidge, Division of International Con-
ferences, Department of State

Administrative Officer

James T. McGloin, Division of International Conferences
Department of State

Problems significant to the future conduct of
international civil aviation, and upon which the
International Civil Aviation Organization re-
quires policy guidance, constitute the majority of
Items on the agenda for the forthcoming fourth
assembly of Icao. Subjects to be considered in
this connection are: questions regarding amend-
ment of the Convention on International Civil
Aviation ; the recognition, for the purpose of ex-
port and import, of certificates of airworthiness ;
the privileges and immunities of contracting states
with respect to accident investigations ; and com-
mercial air-transport rights. It is expected that
the fourth assembly will deal with these matters,
as well as administrative and financial questions
pertaining to the work of Icao, not only in plenary
meetings and meetings of its Executive Committee
but also in meetings of four commissions (ad-
ministrative, technical, economic, and legal) which
it is expected to e-stablish.

Concurrent with the fourth assembly, the Legal
Committee of Icao will hold its sixth session at
Montreal in order to consider questions relating
to several conventions and agreements affecting
international civil aviation.



June 12, 1950



981



PUBLICATIONS



Report on Science

and Foreign Relations Released

[Released to the press June 4]

The employment of high-ranking scientists in
a top-level policy post in the Department of State
and in key foreign posts highlights a series of
proposals outlined in a report on Science and For-
eign Relations, prepared by Dr. Lloyd V. Berkner,
Special Consultant to the Secretary of State, and
released today by the Department of State.

The report points out that, in organizing to
cope with the scientific aspects of foreign rela-
tions, the Department would be taking a neces-
sary first step to meet a critical need for an active
and positive policy in support of American in-
terest in scientific progress and cooperation
throughout the world. The report emphasizes
that that interest is directly related to the prosper-
ity, progress, and security of the free world and,
therefore, is important enough to require the
same kind of expert policy consideration tradi-
tionally given to the economic and political aspects
of foreign relations. The international science
policy of the United States, as spelled out in the
Berkner report, is designed to take its place as a
major instrument in the current drive for peace.

The job of the Department, according to the
report, is to apply this policy to the scientific and
technical aspects of the various programs and
activities with which it is concerned. These in-
clude Point 4 ; EGA ; military aid ; participation in
international conferences, in the United Nations,
its specialized agencies, and other international
organizations; information and educational ex-
change programs; and the traditional diplomatic
and consular responsibilities of the Department
and the Foreign Service, such as negotiation, rep-
resentation, foreign reporting, and travel control.

Key post in the Department's proposed organi-
zation for science, as outlined in Dr. Berkner's
report, is that of Science Adviser. The report
recommends that the Department fill this post
with one of the nation's front-rank men of science.
Appointed by the Secretary of State, the Science
Adviser would inject scientific considerations into
the policy councils of the Department. The
Science Adviser and a small science staff would
be in the Office of the Under Secretary. As pro-
posed by the report, his staff would consist of a
Deputy Science Adviser, three scientists repre-
senting the physical, life, and engineering
sciences respectively, and liaison officers from
within the Department and from various inter-
ested government agencies. The Berkner report



underscores the "advisory" character of the
projected science staff.

One of the important functions of the Science
Staff would be to support the operations of the
various ovei'seas science staffs, which the Berkner
report suggests should be set up initially in United
States missions in London, Johannesburg, Rio de
Janeiro, Sydney (or Canberra), Paris, Rome,
Bern, Stockholm, Ottawa, Frankfort, and Tokyo.
One such staff, in London, has been in operation
since 1947.

The report recommends that scientists on over-
seas science staffs should rank as attaches with full
diplomatic status and should be appointed as offi-
cers in the Foreign Service Reserve, generally for
2-year periods.

As outlined in the report, the chief duties of
the overseas science staff would be to keep their
missions and interested govermnent agencies in
the United States posted on scientific progress and
problems and to provide unclassified information
to help both American and foreign scientists to
maintain mutually beneficial relations with one
another.

To get an over-all view of scientific policy prob-
lems and to bring the greatest possible amount of
expert assistance to bear on their solution, the
Berkner report urges the Department to organize
closer and stronger working relations with various
interagency committees on science and technology,
the National Academy of Sciences, and the Na-
tional Research Council. The report also sug-
gests the employment of top-flight specialists for
short-term assignments to overseas science staffs
whenever desirable.

Application of the international science policy
recommended by the Berkner report would mean
fuller support of international scientific confer-
ences and organizations ; effective participation in
projects for international scientific cooperation
sponsored by the United Nations and its special-
ized agencies; active and iniceasing promotion of
the freest possible international flow of scientific
information ; and the utmost stimulation, encour-
agement, and support of privately sponsored
international scientific pi'ograms. Although ad-
vocating the freest possible exchange of scientific
information, the Berkner report stresses that this
must be done within the framework of national
security policy.

The report highlights the importance of vigor-
ously helping and promoting privately sponsored
projects, pointing out that this would lead to a
maximum expansion of international scientific co-
operation at a minimum cost. Also, the inter-
national contacts and relations which scientists can
establish through private programs are more direct
and therefore, according to the report, more
effective.

Publication of the report caps a survey begun
officially on October 4, 1949, when Secretary
Acheson appointed Dr. Berkner as Special Con-



982



Department of State Bulletin



sultant and directed him to study and report on the
following matters:

"1. The continuing responsibility and functions
of the Department of State in connection with the
national scientific policy of the United States and
the programs designed to carry out that policy.

"2. The appropriate assignment within the De-
partment of these responsibilities and functions.

"3. The type and size of staff required within
the Department to perform these functions.

"4. Relationships between the Department of
State and other agencies of the Government, par-
ticularly scientific and intelligence agencies in
carrying out these functions.

"5. Relationships with private scientists and
scientific establishments and agencies.

''6. The functions relating to these responsibili-
ties which should be performed in our missions
abroad, the kind and size of staff which should be
provided in the missions and the basic operating
methods recommended for use in the missions in
canying out their functions."'

Estimating that moi-e than a thousand persons
were consulted in its preparation, the Berkner re-
port asserts that a real effort was made "to achieve
an effective sampling of the scientific and cultural
thought of the nation."

A special "i-man survey group, drawn from the
Navy Department and the Research and Develop-
ment Board, as well as from the Department of
State, and under the direction of Dr. J. W. Joyce
of the Xaval Bureau of Aeronautics, was set up
to spearhead the survey and the preparation of
the report. Other survey group members were:
David Z. Beckler, Research and Development
Board; Gerhard J. Drechsler, Department of
State: Charles A. Livengood, Foreign Service of
the United States; and Walter M. Rudolph, De-
partment of State.

Valuable expert assistance was given to the
survey group during the course of the study by
specialists from various public and private agen-
cies who served as liaison members. The roster
of liaison members includes: Joseph Chase,
Richard Cook, Rowena Rommel, and Philip G.
Strong of the Department of State; Ralph Clark
of CIA : Lee Anna Embrey and Peregrine White
of the Research and Development Board ; Thomas
J. Killian of the Office of Naval Research ; Eugene
Scott of the Interdepartmental Committee on Re-
search and Development ; Douglas Whitaker and
Raymund L. Zwemer of the National Research
Council.

Advising the survey group on general policy
was a specially organized Departmental Steering
Committee, consisting of high-ranking oflScers of
the Department of State.

The National Academy of Sciences, in response
to a request of the Secretary of State, created an
Advisory Committee on International Science



Policy to bring the advice and assistance of repre-
sentative American scientists to bear upon the
shaping of the report. Many of the Advisory
Connnittee's recommendations are reflected in the
report. Members of the Advisory Committee
were: Dr. Roger Adams, head of the Illinois Uni-
versity Chemistry Department, Chairman; Van-
ncvar Bush, president of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington; Dr. Isidor I. Rabi, Columbia Uni-
versitj' jjhysicist; Ale.xander Wetmore of the
Smithsonian Institution; Robert E. Wilson,
chemist and director and chairman of the Board
of the Standard Oil Company of Indiana; Alfred
N. Richards, retiring president of the National
Academy; and Detlev W. Bronk, president-elect
of the National Academy.

Special inquiries for the survey group were
conducted by the National Research Council, the
Interdepartmental Committee on Research and
Development, the Research and Development
Board, the Office of Naval Research, and the Li-
brary of Congress . The survey group also re-
ceived reports from the various interested offices
within the Department of State.



THE FOREIGN SERVICE



Deadline Set for Foreign Service
Examinations Applications

June 30, 1950, has been set by the Board of Ex-
aminere. United States Foreign Service, as the
deadline for application to take the Foreign Serv-
ice examinations.

The examination will be held at American diplo-
matic posts and consulates and at the following
17 Civil Service Examination centers: Atlanta,
Boston, Chicago, Cincimiati. Dallas. Denver,
Honolulu, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York,
Philadelphia, St. Louis, St. Paul, San Francisco,
San Juan, Puerto Rico, Seattle, and Washington.

Application blanks may be obtained from the
Board of Examiners for the Foreign Service, De-
partment of State, Washington 25, D. C. Appli-
cants must be at least 21 and under 31 years of age
as of July 1, 1950, and must have been citizens
of the United States for at least 10 years before
July 1, 1950. If married, they must be married to
American citizens.

The written examination consists of four gen-
eral examinations and three special examinations.
One special examination is an examination in
modern languages. The candidate may select any
one or two of the following languages: French,
German, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.



June 12, 1950



983



wyn^^eo^lA'



General Policy

National Committee Launches Crusade for

Free Europe 962

Analysis of Senator McCarthy's Pubhc State-
ments 963

Czechoslovak Demand To Cut U.S. Staff

Follows Isolation Pattern 974

Future of Goa Dependent Upon India-Por-
tugal Negotiations 978

Department's View on Constitutional Gov-
ernment for Puerto Rico. Statement by
Edward G. Miller, Jr 980

United Nations and
Specialized Agencies

Proposed Human Rights Covenant — Revised
at 1950 Session of Commission on Human
Rights:

Article by James Simsarian 945

Text of the Covenant 949

The United States in the United Nations . . 954
U.S. Views on Control of Conventional Ar-
maments. By Frank Nash 957

Economic Affairs

The Habana Charter for an International
Trade Organization:
General Provisions, Chapter IX .... 959

Consultations on Eliminating Custom Duties
on Educational and Scientific Ma-
terials 979

U.S.-Switzerland Confer on Avoiding Double

Taxation 979

Hearings Set on Trade Concessions for

Watches and Watch Parts 979

U.S. and Cuba Conclude Renegotiations of

Tariff Items 980

Technical Assistance

Truman Doctrine's Third Anniversary Shows

Greek-Turkish Progress 975

Economic Aid Program for Vietnam, Laos,
Cambodia:

U.S. Note of May 24, 1950 977

Statement by Secretary Acheson 977

National Security

Balanced Collective Forces Urged for Defense
of North Atlantic Community. Address

by Secretary Acheson 931

Continued Military Assistance: A Protection
Against Enslavement:
President's Message to Congress .... 938
Statement by Secretary Acheson .... 940



International Information and
Cultural Affairs

Visit of Uruguayan Labor Leaders .... 973

U.S. Economist To Visit Brazil 973

Opportunities for Teaching and Research in

Near East 976

Norwegian Editor, Educator, Visit the U.S . 978

U.S. Professors To Teach in Korea .... 978

Visit of Vietnamese Public Health Official . 978

Visit of Salvadoran Journahst 980

Two-Way International Broadcast Inaugu-
rated by VOA 980

International Organizations
and Conferences

U.S. Delegation to Icao 981

Treaty Information

Proposed Human Rights Covenant — Revised
at 1950 Session of Commission on Human
Rights:

Article by James Simsarian 945

Text of the Covenant 949

The Habana Charter for an International
Trade Organization:

General Provisions, Chapter IX 959

Consultations on Eliminating Custom Duties

on Educational and Scientific Materials. 979
Hearings Set on Trade Concessions for

Watches and Watch Parts 979

U.S. and Cuba Conclude Renegotiations of

Tariff Items 980

The Congress

Continued Military Assistance: A Protection
Against Enslavement:
President's Message to Congress .... 938
Statement by Secretary Acheson .... 940

Legislation 944

The Department

Analysis of Senator McCarthy's Public State-
ments 963

Publications

Recent Releases 958

Report on Science and Foreign Relations Re-
leased 982

The Foreign Service

Deadline Set for Foreign Service Examina-
tions Applications 983



%ont7m4A/m^



James Simsarian, author of the article on the proposed human right.s
covenant, is assistant officer in charge. United Nations Cultural and
Human Rights Affairs, Office of United Nations Economic and Social
Affairs, Department of State. Mr. Simsarian is adviser to the United
States representative on the Commission on Human Rights.

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTINC OFFICE: 1910



tJ/ie' ^ehciT^tmeTi^ xw tytaC&





f. . THE OBJECTIVE OF OUR EFFORTS I« VV^^v

NOT CONFLICT." • hy President Truman . 996

THE OIL niPORT SITUATION • By Assistant Set^relary

Thorp .... 1004

L.\H1:,U MAlt-S I.MLIILSIS UN Al' UiCA • ByAssistant

Secretary McChee 999

U.S. INFORMATIONAL AIMS IN THE COLD WAR • By

Assistant Secretary Barret I 992

PROPAGANDA AS AN INSTRUMENT OF FOREIGN

POT Try # i~f;,i^ i,v ft-,if,h ftiui- 987



Vol. XXII, No. r,7

Junr "\ '"'II



For complete contents see back covrr




^■^l




•»*»« o' '



Me Qje/iwr^e^



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 22, Apr- Jun 1950) → online text (page 94 of 116)