United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Co.

Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 46, Jan- Mar 1962) online

. (page 10 of 101)
Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 46, Jan- Mar 1962) → online text (page 10 of 101)
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on resale by some State monopolies, whether in countries
with centrally-planned economies or in others, involve an
implicit heavy taxation of imports. Countries operating

January h 7962

state import monopolies or purchasing agencies, should
endeavour to improve access to their markets for products
of less-developed countries by decisions to import larger
quantities of the products concerned and, if necessary,
by reductions in the difference between import and sales

(e) Preferences. Some less-developed countries benefit
neither from the preferential tariff systems which were
in operation when the GATT came into being nor from
the preferential treatment being established in the new
customs unions or free-trade areas. The Contracting
Parties appreciate the concern of these less-developed
countries whose export trade in certain products may be
placed at a competitive disadvantage by the preferred
treatment given to certain less-developed suppliers. They
note, however, that the benefits afforded participating
less-developed countries may include not only tariff pref-
erences but other forms of assurances in the marketing
of the products concerned. While it was important that
these various advantages .should not operate to the detri-
ment of other less-developed countries, it was also neces-
sary that action to deal with this problem should be on
a basis that meets the marketing needs of supplying
countries now enjoying preferred access to markets.

(f) Suhsidies. The subsidization of either the pro-
duction or export of primary products may restrict the
market opportunities of less-developed countries. Where
this is so, the governments concerned should seek to limit
the use of the subsidies in question, with a view to avoid-
ing injury to the export earnings of less-developed

(g) Disposal of commnditij surpluses. Governments
disposing of commodity surpluses should bear in mind
that the products concerned are generally important in
the export trade of one or more less-developed countries,
and tiat this is an added reason for careful observance of
the principles and guidelines regarding .such disposals
accepted in the GATT Resolutions of 4 March 19.5.5 on the
Disposal of Commodity Surpluses and on the Liquidation
of Strategic Stocks and in the FAO's Principles of Sur-
plus Disposal.

5. In negotiations for reductions in barriers to the ex-
ports of less-developed countries, contracting parties
should adopt a .sympathetic attitude on the question of
reciprocity, keeping in mind the needs of these countries
for a more flexible use of tariff protection. In making
arrangements to bring about a general reduction of tariffs,
account should also be taken of the special needs of less-
developed countries.

fi. An important contribution to the expansion of export
earnings can also be made by intensified efforts to impr()ve
the production and marketing methods of the less-
developed countries. The efforts of the less-develope

Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 46, Jan- Mar 1962) → online text (page 10 of 101)