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Department of State bulletin (Volume v. 46, Jan- Mar 1962) online

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and cordial atmosphere, were embodied in a re-
port adopted by the Committee for submission to
the two Governments.

4. The next meetmg of the Committee will be
held in Washington, D.C. The date of this meet-
ing was tentatively set for May 21-23, 1962.

5. A summary of the report follows :

(1) Analysis and Review of the Present Status of
Scientific Cooperation between the United
States and Japan

Reports were exchanged and discussions con-
ducted on such problems as sharing of research
facilities, exchange of information and materials,
cooperative research projects, exchange of schol-
ars, and financial assistance. It was recognized
that there has already been a considerable degree
of cooperation between the two countries. This
cooperation has taken place on an individual basis
between investigators, learned societies and re-
search institutes.

In the discussion of obstacles to increased scien-
tific cooperation, it was noted, for example, that
there is a lack of adequate financial support for



66



Department of Sfofe Bulletin



the furtherance of joint research; tliere is room
for improvement of communication between the
institutions and scientists of the two countries;
questions of patent rights are still in need of clar-
ification ; and the language barrier imposes special
difficulties.

(2) Fields in Wliich Closer Collaboration Is Par-
ticularly Desirable

In the course of exchanging views, the Commit-
tee members raised a number of topics relating to
their respective field specialization. These topics
included those in which regional characteristics
are of special importance — such as scientific inves-
tigation of the Pacific Ocean, and animal and
plant geography and ecology. These fields also
included those which have undergone unique de-
velopment in the respective countries and in which
both countries would benefit from cooperation —
such as cancer research, air pollution studies, and
Antarctic research. Topics pertaining to other
fields where sharing of special, existing facilities
is desirable were also raised.

(3) Exchange of Scientists and Sharing of Re-
search Facilities

Wliile scientists have already been exchanged
between Japan and the United States, it was rec-
ognized that there was need to promote further ex-
change. The desire was expressed that more
American scholars be sent to Japan. The fact
that some Japanese scholars tend to stay in the
United States for prolonged periods of time was
recognized as a problem. The Committee ex-
pressed the hope that arrangements could be made
for increased sharing of research facilities by both
countries.

(4) Exchange of Scientific Information and Re-
search Materials

In order to promote cooperation in this field, the
following measures were recognized as desirable :
further exchange of documents and materials by
assembling basic information and establishing a
clearinghouse for the exchange of infonnation;
cooperation in translating documents, including
mechanical language translation; facilitation of
the exchange of research materials; and research
on the processing of information.

(5) Conclusions

The Committee has come to the following con-
clusions :



a. "While recognizing that there are many ways
to promote scientific cooperation between Japan
and the United States, the Committee has decided
to concentrate on the following points :

(a) The promotion of further exchange of
scholars.

(b) The encouragement of exchange of more
scientific information and materials.

(c) The encouragement and the pursuit of joint
research projects in certain specific scien-
tific areas.

b. Although important and appropriate sub-
jects of joint reseai-ch in various fields are nu-
merous, the Committee has selected the following
three fields as subjects of further study with the
goal of developing concrete forms of joint re-
search :

(a) Scientific investigation of the Pacific Ocean.

(b) Animal and plant biogeography and ecol-
ogy of the Pacific area.

(c) Cancer research.

These three significant fields were chosen be-
cause the results are expected to be mutually bene-
ficial, and they might become the model for future
projects in other fields.

c. Before the next Committee meeting the items
identified in paragraphs a. and b. will be studied
jointly through consultation with experts witliin
each nation and by communication between the
chairmen. Dr. Kaneshige and Dr. Kelly.

The questions of exchange of persons and study
of languages are extremely important in scientific
cooperation; at the same time they are subjects
that would also be of concern to the Japan-U.S.
Educational and Cultural Committee. Therefore,
it is higlily desirable to establish close liaison be-
tween the two Committees.

U.S. and Argentine Scientists Study
Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease

White House press release dated December 14

The President on December 14 announced that
a scientific mission would visit the Republic of
Argentina on January 8, 1962. The mission,
headed by J. George Harrar, president. Rocke-
feller Foundation, will hold a series of meetings
with Argentine scientists to discuss the teclinical
aspects of foot-and-mouth disease. This is the



January 8, 7962



67



most important disease affecting the world's popu-
lation of cattle and has been of concern to both the
United States and Argentina for many years.

As a result of a request to President Kennedy
by President [Arturo] Frondizi during his visit
to the United States last September,^ Jerome B.
Wiesner, the President's Science Adviser, con-
vened a panel of experts to review^ the scientific
and technical history of foot-and-mouth disease
and the attempts to control it. The Argentine
Government has invited the panel to discuss all
of the complex problems including diagnosis, vac-
cination, and the processing of meat. The purpose
of the mission is to evaluate the latest information
and, based on modern scientific methods, plan a
constructive research and development program
which might provide a marketable product free
of the disease. Such an accomplishment would
benefit not only other Latin American countries
but most of the major meat-producing countries
of the world.

This cooperative effort between the Govern-
ments of Argentina and the United States ad-
vances the Alliance for Progress program and is
in keeping with the traditionally close relations
between the two countries.



Human Rights Week, 1961

A PROCLAMATION"

Whebeas December 15, 1961, marks the one hundred
and seventieth anniversary of the adoption of the first
ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States,
which are known as the Bill of Rights ; and

Whebeas December 10, 19C1, marks the thirteenth anni-
versary of the adoption by tie United Nations General
Assembly of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
as a common standard of achievement for all nations and
all peoples ; and

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
gives fresh voice to the equal dignity and worth of every
human being proclaimed in our own Declaration of In-
dependence and in the Constitution of the United States ;
and

Whebeas the strongest guarantee of liberty is the
cooperation of independent nations in defense of peace
and jiLstice, each in support of its own freedom and the
rights of its own citizens :

Now, thebefobe, I, John F. Kennedy, President of the
United States of America, do hereby proclaim the period
of December 10 to December 17, 1961, as Human Rights
Week, and I call upon the citizens of the United States



to liouor our heritage by study of these great documents
and thereby gain new strength for the long struggle
against the forces of terror that threaten the freedoms
which give meaning to human existence — the right to
speak without fear and to seek the truth regardless of
frontiers ; the right to worship in accord with conscience
and to share the strength and glory of religion with our
children ; the right to determine our own institutions of
government and to vote in secret for tlie candidate of our
choice ; the right to justice under law and to protection
against arbitrary arrest ; the right to labor and to join
in efforts to improve conditions of work ; the right to
unite with our fellows, without distinction as to race,
creed, or color, in tearing down the walls of prejudice,
ignorance, and poverty wherever they may be, and to
build ever firmer the foundations of liberty and equality
for all.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand
and caused the Seal of the United States of America to
be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington this ninth day of

December in the year of our Lord nineteen hun-
[seal] dred and sixty-one, and of the Independence of

the United States of America the one hundred
and eighty-sixth.




' Buu-ETIN of Oct. 30, 19C1, p. 719.
* No. 3442 ; 26 Fed. Reg. 12023.



By the President :
Dean Rdsk,
Secretary of State.



Congressional Documents
Relating to Foreign Policy

87th Congress, 1st Session

Cuban Aftermath — Red Seeds Blow South : Implications
for the United States of the Latin American Conference
for National Sovereignty and Economic Emancipation
and Peace. Hearing before the Subcommittee To In-
vestigate the Administration of the Internal Security
Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Senate
Judiciary Committee. Testimony of Dr. Joseph F.
Thorning. March 16, 1961. 62 pp.

World Refugee Problems. Hearings before the Subcom-
mittee To Investigate Problems Connected With
Refugees and Escapees of the Senate Judiciary Com-
mittee. July 12-14, 1961. 159 pp.

The Task for 1962: A Free World Community. Pre-
pared by Henry S. Reuss for the Subcommittee on
Foreign Economic Policy of the Joint Economic Com-
mittee. November 1, 1961. 8 pp. [Joint Committee
print]

A New Look at Trade Policy Toward the Communist
Bloc : The Elements of a Common Strategy for the
West. Materials prepared by Sanniol Pisar for the
Subcommittee on J''oreign Economic Policy of the Joint
Economic Committee. November 10, 1961. 103 pp.
I Joint Committee print]

.lapan in Uuite



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 46, Jan- Mar 1962) → online text (page 20 of 101)