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Trade is not just commercial, but also po-
litical. It is a two-way street and one of the
channels of communications with these coun-
tries. Let me put it to you this way. Who
here would not sooner have people in Yugo-
slavia growing tobacco rather than produc-
ing munitions? Who among us would not
rather have Soviet workers making passen-
ger cars instead of missiles? Isn't it better
for us all for Poland to devote increased re-
sources to production of high-quality pork
and ham? Who does not think it useful that
Romanian resources be devoted to an auto-
mobile-tii'e industry rather than to produc-
tion of jet fuel?

In sum, we must be able to use our vast
power and our resources to shape the kind
of world we would want to see our children
live in. In his recent major speech on East-
West relations, the President called for a
"broader vision of peaceful engagement."
This was not a call for an immediate accom-
modation with the Soviet Union, nor was it
an effort to attain a settlement in Europe on
the basis of the status quo. It is rather a
commitment on the part of the United States
to continue seeking a new Europe in which
a more durable settlement can eventually be

As the President said, the present division
of Europe and of Germany will be ended
through a long process of change, which re-
quires the emergence of new conditions and
attitudes both in the East and in the West.
There are no rapid breakthroughs waiting
in the wings.

As we look to the future, we believe that
progress toward European unity and Atlan-
tic cooperation provides a foundation stone
for a stable East-West reconciliation. We'll
continue to build such a Europe, and we'll
continue to seek such a reconciliation.

Eventually, we hope to see emerge an East-
ern Europe of more independent states, with
governments more responsive to domestic
needs and pressures, participating more fully
in a larger structure of bilateral and multi-
lateral East-West cooperation in Europe — a
cooperation that includes also the United
States and the Soviet Union. In seeking such
East-West reconciliation, in the words of
Secretary of State Rusk,^

Ours is not an effort to subvert the Eastern
European governments nor to make those states
hostile to the Soviet Union or to each other. No
one would benefit from an Eastern Europe that is
again balkanized.

We approach this task in a spirit of self-
reliance and optimism. We know that we
have the means to repel aggression wher-
ever it occurs. We know that we have the
will to do so. Of this, let no one have any
doubt. But it is not enough simply to react
to Conununist challenges. If we are to win
this contest, we must remain on the "offen-
sive"; we must take positive and constructive
initiatives. We know that our citizens, intel-
ligently perceiving the realities of this age,
will support an East-West policy that uses to
the fullest the wealth and diversity of this
nation to shape an enduring peace.

' For text of Secretary Rusk's address at New
York, N.Y., on Aug. 22, 1966, see ibid., Sept. 12,
1966, p. 362.

JANUARY 2, 1967


President Johnson Visits Mexico To Inspect Amistad Dam

President Johnson and President Gustavo
Diaz Ordaz of Mexico on December 3 made
a joint inspection of the Amistad Dam con-
struction site near Del Rio, Tex., and Ciudad
Acuna, Mexico. Follmving are texts of Presi-
dent Johnson's statement of November 29,
his remarks at Ciudad Acuna on December 3,
and a joint statement issued by the two
Presidents at the close of the visit.

Statement of November 29

Whit« House press release (Austin. Tex.) dated November 29

President Diaz Ordaz of Mexico has asked
me to join him on Saturday [December 3]
for a joint inspection of the Amistad Dam
construction site on the Rio Grande.

I will be accompanied by Mrs. Johnson,
Secretary [of the Interior] Stewart Udall,
Assistant Secretary of State for Inter- Ameri-
can Affairs Lincoln Gordon, and Ambassador
Fulton Freeman.

Some of you may know that Amistad Dam
is the second major international storage
dam to be built by our two Governments on
the Rio Grande pursuant to the 1944 water

The dam will prevent floods originating in
rivers on both sides of the boundary from
causing loss of life and great property dam-
age such as occurred in the floods of 1954
and 1958. It will also assist in water conser-
vation and offer potential power generation.
It will enable the two Governments for the
first time to control the waters of the Rio
Grande throughout its international section.

Remarks at the Civic Plaza, Ciudad Acuna,
IVIexico, December 3

Whit^ House press release (Austin. Tex.) dated December 3

Last April we met in your beautiful capital
city to pay homage to a hero of the past.^

Today we meet here on the frontier to in-
spect a monument to the future.

The work that we see going on around us
tells us the dramatic story of what two
peoples working together can accomplish:

— Here we see the decisions of President
Eisenhower and President [Adolfo] Lopez
Mateos to embark on this joint enterprise.^

— Here we will see the action of two Con-
gresses in voting the funds to build the dam.

^Here we see the Mexican and the United
States technicians and laborers working side
by side throwing up the earth embankments
and erecting the concrete structures.

— And looking into the future, Mr. Presi-
dent, we will see millions of farmers and
towTispeople on both sides of this great river
enjoying the protection which this great dam
will afford and the resources and recreation
which this great lake will provide.

What we are accomplishing along this
river, Mr. President, sets a pattern which I
hope will be increasingly repeated by neigh-
boring countries throughout this hemisphere.

The future of Latin America's progress de-
pends in considerable measure on the develop-
ment of multinational projects such as we
have here at the Amistad Dam:

' For background, see Bulletin of May 9, 1966,
p. 726.

' For backgiound, see ibid., Nov. 14, 1960, p. 742,
and Dec. 5, 1960, p. 851.



— There are river basins like the River
Plate system to be harnessed.

— There are roads like the Eastern Andean
Highway to be built.

— There are petroleum and gas pipelines
to be laid.

— There are satellite telecommunications
systems to be designed.

— There are electric power grids, as in
Central America, yet to be connected.

— There are basic industries like fertilizer,
paper, and petrochemicals that are to be de-

— And there are still inner frontiers in
both Central and South America yet to be ex-

We have other frontiers to cross together:
There are children to be educated, minds to
be developed, bodies to be healed, health to be
preserved. These, too, are worthy goals for
good neighbors who share a common dedica-
tion to human progress and to social justice.

At the forthcoming meeting of Presidents
of the American Republics there will be op-
portunity for all of us to give the multina-
tional project movement added impetus.

For only by working across frontiers and
pooling human and material resources, as we
have done here, can a strong and an inte-
grated Latin America be achieved.

Our common frontier, Mr. President,
stretches for almost 2,000 miles from the
Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean.

Amistad Dam is another link in the bridge
of mutual trust, friendship, and progress
which unite our two peoples.

Everyone here today in his own way has
contributed to the building of Amistad Dam.
You can be very proud of your contribution.

I am very happy and very grateful to my
good friend President Diaz Ordaz for the op-
portunity to share with him — and with you —
the pleasure of this moment of fellowship
and the excitement of the construction of a
great project like Amistad Dam.

Long live the friendship between the peo-
ple of the United States and the people of


White House press release (Austin, Tex.) dated December 3

The Presidents of the United States of
America and the United Mexican States have
come together here, because of the common
interest of their governments in the progress
of construction of the Amistad (Friendship)
Dam which is being constructed jointly by
the two governments on the Rio Grande near
Del Rio, Texas, and Ciudad Acuna, Coahuila,
under the Treaty of 1944.

The Presidents have expressed their pleas-
ure at the satisfactory progress of the con-
struction which will assure completion of the
Dam by the Spring of 1969, on schedule.

The International Dam is a multi-purpose
project: It will control the River's floods and
thereby prevent the loss of life and devastat-
ing property damage as have occurred in the
past on both sides of the River from Del Rio
and Ciudad Acuiia to Brownsville, Texas, and
Matamoros, Tamaulipas.

With Falcon Dam, it will conserve the
greatest quantity of annual flow of the river
in a way to insure the continuance of exist-
ing uses and development of the optimum
feasible future uses within the water allot-
ments to each countiy. It will enable develop-
ments of hydroelectric energy which will be
divided equally between the two countries. It
will enable development of a great inland
water recreational facility for the benefiit of
this region in the two countries.

The Presidents recognize that the construc-
tion of the Amistad Dam stems from the good
understanding and frank and cordial spirit of
international cooperation which happily exist
between the United States and Mexico, and
that it constitutes an outstanding example of
how two neighbor countries can resolve their
common boundary problems with benefit to

The Presidents expressed pleasure that this
joint visit to the site of the Dam has afforded
them opportunity to strengthen even more
their personal friendship which will undoubt-
edly be reflected in greater understanding
between the two nations.

JANUARY 2, 1967


President Johnson Lights
the Nation's Christmas Tree

Remarks by President Johnson i

Tonight, with prayerful hope for the
future, we have come here to light the Na-
tion's Christmas tree.

Exactly 175 years ago today America sent
another light out into the world. That light —
and that promise — was America's Bill of
Rights. Few documents in all the history of
freedom have ever so illuminated the paths
of men. Today, the light of that great charter
guides us yet.

I know, as you know, that we face an un-
certain future. Grave problems threaten us
all. As your President, I struggle with these
problems every waking moment of every day.

Here at home, in our own land, more than
20 million Negroes still yearn for the rights
and the dignity that the rest of us take for

Abroad, half of the world's people struggle
daily against hunger, disease, and poverty.

And tonight, even as we speak, American
men are fighting in a strange land, a half a
world away.

And yet, at this time of Christmas, there
are signs of hope.

In the United States, we have made more
progress in human rights in the past 6 years
than we have made in all of the previous 100
years. And, if the goal of true equality is still
far down the road, the barriers before that
goal are falling every day.

Throughout the world old quarrels are be-
ing forgotten, and nation is joining nation in
a common effort to try to improve the lot of

And finally, in Viet-Nam, the tide of battle
has turned. No one can say just how long
that war will last. But we can say that ag-
gression has been blunted and that peace,
with honor, will surely follow.

The months ahead will not be easy ones.
They will require great sacrifice, patience,
understanding, and tolerance from each of

' Made at Washington, D.C., on Dec. 15 (White
House press release) .

us. But let us here tonight dedicate this
Christmas tree with hope and great confi-
dence. And let us rededicate ourselves to the
principles of our Bill of Rights "to give light
to them that sit in darkness and in the
shadow of death, to guide our feet into the
way of peace."

U.S. Pleased at Reappointment
of U.N. Secretary-General

On December 2 the U.N. General Assenv-
bly unanimously approved the reappoint-
ment of U Thant to another term of office
as Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Follo^ving is the text of a letter from Presi^
dent Johnson to Secretary-General U Thant,
together ivith a statement by Arthur J.
Goldberg, U.S. Representative to the United


U.S./U.N. press release 6001 dated December 4

December 3, 1966

My dear Mr. Secretary General: The
American people join me in warmest con-
gratulations on your reappointment for an
additional five-year term. Your selfless deci-
sion to continue to serve the organization
will, I am sure, inspire the membership to
strengthen the United Nations in discharging
the great purposes of the Charter.

In these troubled times, the devotion of the
best talents, energies and efforts of men of
good will to the cause of world peace is more
indispensable than ever before. We are
therefore especially pleased that you have re-
dedicated yourself to this great task.

You may depend on my continuing closest
personal attention to the problems confront-
ing the organization in its search for peace.

In the years ahead, it is my greatest hope
that your rededicated faith and skills will
charge the United Nations with new
strength, and the human family vdth new
hope, and so give new substance to the



promise of the Charter. As you enter on your
new teiTn of office, you carry with you my
best personal wishes.

Lyndon B. Johnson
statement by ambassador goldberg

U.S./ U.N. press release 5000 dated December 2

The United States is immensely gratified
at the decision of the Secretary-General to
accept another full term in this most im-
portant oflSce.

His high sense of duty led him to accede
to the unanimous wishes of the Security
Council, in spite of his personal desire to re-
turn to private life. The United Nations
sorely needs his experience, integrity, and
the trust he commands from the entire mem-
bership of the organization. By accepting
another term he brings new strength, pur-
pose, and confidence to the United Nations
and to the high office of the Secretary-Gen-
eral itself.

My Government pledges him its full sup-
port in this role which is so vital to the cause
of world peace and security.

International Conference
on Education

Folloiving is the text of a letter from.
President Johnson to Dr. James Perkins,
"president of Cornell University, regarding
preparations for the International Confer-
ence on Education to be held in 1967.

White House press release (Austin. Tex.) dated November 24

November 24, 1966
Dear Dr. Perkins : As you know, we are
deeply concerned about the role of education
in fostering social and economic development
throughout the world. That concern underlies
the new International Education Act of
1966. It is the reason for the Center for
Educational Cooperation which we are plan-
ning to establish in the Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare.

I believe it is highly important to stimu-
late deeper mutual understanding among na-
tions of the major education problems facing
the world. For this reason, I have asked you
and Secretary Gardner to serve as hosts to an
International Conference on Education to be
held in 1967. It should provide a forum for
lively discussion of future goals of educa-
tional policy in the participating countries.

Prior to this conference, I hope you will
bring together the most knowledgeable edu-
cators and administrators from the United
States and from other nations to develop a
meaningful agenda.

I am grateful to you for undertaking this
important project.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Group To Study Educational TV
for Use in Aid Program

Following is the text of a memorandum
from President Johnson to the Secretary of
State, the Secretary of Health, Education,
and Welfare, the Director of the United
States Information Agency, the Director of
the Agency for International Development,
and the Director of the Peace Corps.

White House press release (Austin, Tex.) dated November 26

November 26, 1966
During my recent trip to the Far East,
I visited the educational television station in
Pago Pago, American Samoa, and saw how
television is being used to improve the level
of learning in elementary and secondary

I believe that educational television can
play a vital role in assisting less-developed
countries in their educational effort. These
stations can be used for adult education and
information programs during evening hours.
Community leaders can use these channels
for discussion of important public issues.

For these reasons, I am appointing a task
force with the following assignment:

JANUARY 2, 1967


1. Assess the value of educational televi-
sion broadcasting for primary and secondary
schools in less-developed countries.

2. Report on plans being made for educa-
tional television outside the United States
and how the United States may participate
most effectively in this effort.

3. Advise whether AID education pro-
grams and other foreign assistance can be
better concentrated on this effort within their
present limits.

Representatives of the Agency for Inter-
national Development, the Department of
State, U. S. Information Agency, Depart-
ment of Health, Education, and Welfare, and
the Peace Corps are designated as members
of the task force. Leonard H. Marks, Direc-
tor of the U. S. Information Agency, is to
act as Chairman of the task force and Doug-
lass Cater of my staff as liaison with the
various departments or governmental agen-
cies involved.

This task force should commence its work
immediately and submit a preliminary report
within 90 days and a final report on or be-
fore July 1, 1967.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Letters of Credence


The first Ambassador of the Republic of
Botswana, Zachariah K. Matthews, pre-
sented his credentials to President Johnson
on December 14. For text of the Ambassa-
dor's remarks and the President's reply, see
Department of State press release dated De-
cember 14.


The newly appointed Ambassador of the
People's Republic of Bulgaria, Luben Nikolov
Guerassimov, presented his credentials to
President Johnson on December 14. For text
of the Ambassador's remarks and the Presi-
dent's reply, see Department of State press
release dated December 14.

Ivory Coast

The newly appointed Ambassador of the
Republic of Ivory Coast, Timonthee N'Guetta
Ahoua, presented his credentials to President
Johnson on December 14. For text of the
Ambassador's remarks and the President's
reply, see Department of State press release
dated December 14.


The first Ambassador of the Kingdom of
Lesotho, Albert S. Mohale, presented his cre-
dentials to President Johnson on December
14. For text of the Ambassador's remarks
and the President's reply, see Department of
State press release dated December 14.

Policy Planning Council, European
Affairs Bureau Advisers Named


The Department of State announced on
December 9 (press release 288) the forma-
tion of two panels of advisers for the Policy
Planning Council. The establishment of these
panels is part of a general effort, made public
on October 18, ^ to seek the advice of private
American citizens interested in foreign rela-

One panel will advise the Council on long-
term problems of growth in less developed
areas, with particular emphasis on the prob-
lem of food resources in relation to popula-
tion growth.

The other will advise on long-term prob-
lems relating to the developed nations, with
particular attention to (a) relations among
the developed non-Communist nations; (b)
East-West relations, involving both Com-
munist and non-Communist nations; (c)
North-South relations, between developed
and developing countries.

Of the 22 members of the panels, 15 are
currently associated with universities and 7

Bulletin of Nov. 7, 1966, p. 721.



are affiliated with research, public service,
and business organizations.

The panels will meet several times a year,
and the Department may be in touch with
individual members at other times on specific

The members of the two advisory panels
to the Policy Planning Council are:

Panel A — Economic Development, Food,
and Population Problems

Thomas K. Burch, director, demographic division.
Center for Population Research, Georgetown
University, Washington, D.C.

Paul G. Clark, chairman. Center for Development
Economics, Williams College, Williamstown, Mass.

Jonathan Garst, agricultural consultant and author,
Berkeley, Calif.

Everett E. Hagen, professor of economics, Mas-
sachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,

Earl O. Heady, professor of agricultural economics,
Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

D. Gayle Johnson, profes.sor of economics, Univer-
sity of Chicago, Chicago, 111.

Bruce F. Johnston, professor. Food Research Insti-
tute, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.

Carl Kaysen, president. Institute for Advanced
Study, Princeton, N.J.

Dudley Kirk, president, Population Council, New
York, N.Y.

Gustav F. Papanek, Center for International Af-
fairs, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

Hugh T. Patrick, acting associate director, Economic
Growth Center, Yale University, New Haven,

Panel B — Developed Countries

Abram Bergson, director, Russian Research Center,

Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Harold Van Buren Cleveland, vice president. First

National City Bank, New York, N.Y.
William E. Griffith, professor of political science,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,

Stanley H. Hoffmann, professor of political science.

Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Charles P. Kindelberger, professor of economics,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,

Paul F. Langer, Rand Corporation, Santa Monica,

Leon Lindberg, professor of political science, Uni-
versity of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
John Newhouse, associate, Twentieth Century Fund,

New York, N.Y.
Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., assistant professor of

political science, University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, Pa.

Richard E. Pipes, professor of history. Harvard
University, Cambridge, Mass.

Henry S. Rowen, president-designate, Rand Corpo-
ration, Santa Monica, Calif.


The Department of State announced on
December 15 (press release 293) the forma-
tion of a panel of advisers for the Bureau of
European AflFairs.

This is the sixth panel of advisers an-
nounced by the Department in accordance
with the general plan made public on October
18 for the creation of several panels of civil-
ian specialists from outside government to
serve as advisers to the Department on a
broad range of foreign policy matters. Ad-
visory panels for the Bureaus of Interna-
tional Organization Affairs ^ and East Asian
and Pacific Affairs,^ including a separate
panel on China,^ and two advisory panels for
the Policy Planning Council were announced

The 22 members of the European panel
have been drawn chiefly from the academic
community, private foundations, and re-
search institutions. Other advisers may be
added as required.

Panel members will meet with the Assist-
ant Secretary for European Affairs, John
Leddy, individually or in small groups to dis-
cuss specific aspects of policy. Mr. Leddy has
told the panel members that he will look for-
ward to receiving their thoughts at any time
regarding existing policies and possibilities
for new initiatives. This procedure began ear-
lier this month when Mr. Leddy met with a
small group from the panel.

The members of the advisory panel to the
Bureau of European Affairs are:

Frank Altschul, vice president. Council on Foreig^n

Relations, New York, N. Y.
John A. Armstrong, professor of political science,

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.

« Ibid., p. 722.

' Ibid., Dec. 5, 1966, p. 868.

* Ibid., Dec. 26, 1966, p. 966.

JANUARY 2, 1967


Cyril E. Black, professor of history, Princeton Uni-
versity, Princeton, N. J.

John C. Campbell, senior research fellow. Council

Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 56, Jan- Mar 1967) → online text (page 10 of 90)