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any one space. In some cases more fire
pumps will be required.

Many other details adopted by the As-
sembly will improve the fire safety of exist-
ing passenger vessels.

The effects of the amendments will vary
widely. Owners of the most modern and

JANUARY 30, 1967


safest ships will not have to do anything
very difficult or very expensive to conform
to the new rules. Owners of most older
ships will have to go to greater expense,
and in many cases major rebuilding will be
involved. A number of old ships doubtless
will have to be scrapped.

The job is not yet finished, even in a pro-
cedural sense. The amendments must now be
accepted by two-thirds of the contracting
governments to the SOLAS Convention and
will not come into force legally until 12
months later.

Recognizing the need for rapid action, the
IMCO Assembly approved, without dissent,
the Maritime Safety Committee's recom-
mendation that the amendments are so vital
to safety of life at sea that contracting gov-
ernments should not await formal entry
into force but should act immediately to put
the recommended measures into effect to the
maximum extent and as soon as possible.

For the United States, acceptance of the
amendments requires the advice and consent
of the Senate. There is reason to hope that
the Senate will act promptly, particularly
in the light of the great concern shown by
the Congress and the conformity of the pro-
posed standards to those incorporated in the
new U.S. law.

The Congress has shown serious concern
with the whole problem, not only in legisla-
tive action but also in close attention to the
action of the executive branch in the inter-
national forum. Members of the House Com-
mittee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
attended the sessions of the Maritime Safety
Committee in January and May and were
present at every session of the special
Assembly in November.

IMCO's work on improvements in stand-
ards for new ships also requires further
action. After several meetings, the IMCO
Subcommittee on Fire Protection agreed in
December on a series of recommendations

which are to be considered by the Maritime
Safety Committee in February. If all goes
well, these amendments to the convention
will be approved by the Assembly at its
regular session next October, and we can-
expect further improvements in the level
of fire safety in passenger ships newly built
around the world.

U.S., Japan Discuss Operations
in New U.S. Fisheries Zone

Press release 305 dated December 29

U.S. and Japanese fishery delegations be-
gan preliminary discussions in Washington
December 28 on the question of the continu-
ation of Japanese fishing operations in the
new U.S. fisheries zone established by the
enactment of Public Law 89-658 last October.

The new law extends United States juris-
diction over fisheries to 9 miles from the 3-
mile territorial sea, or a total of 12 miles
from the shoreline. It provides for continua-
tion of traditional foreign fishing in the new
zone as may be recognized by the United

The United States has notified govern-
ments likely to be concerned, including Japan,
of its willingness to consider such views as
those governments desire to advance regard-
ing the law and continuation of their fisheries
in the new zone. The current talks are ex-
ploratory in nature and are expected to be
followed by a second round of talks early in
the new year.i

The U.S. delegation is led by Donald L.
McKeman, Special Assistant for Fisheries
and Wildlife to the Secretary of State; the
Japanese delegation is led by Ryozo Sunobe,
Minister, Embassy of Japan.

' The exploratory talks concluded Jan. 3. Discus-
sions are expected to be resumed Feb. 6.




United Nations Force in Cyprus Extended Through June 1967

Statement by Arthur J. Goldberg

U.S. Representative in the Security Council ^

Mr. President, I should first like to express
my appreciation to our distingoiished Secre-
tary-General for his lucid and thorough
report on the United Nations Force in
Cyprus,^ on the basis of which report we have
again extended UNFICYP for a further
period of 6 months.

In thanking the Secretary-General and his
staff, I think it appropriate at this time to
recall that the Secretary-General has labored
long and hard in carrying out his far-
reaching responsibilities in this situation. His
report of December 8. together with its
addendum, continues to illustrate the close
and faithful execution of the Council's
mandate by the Secretary-General and the
Secretary-General's distinguished representa-
tive, our distinguished former colleague,
Ambassador Carlos Bemardes, and by the
men of the United Nations Force, commanded
by the very able General Ilmari Martola.

In pursuit of its efforts to restore normal
conditions, we note with satisfaction that
during the past 6 months UNFICYP has con-
cluded an arrangement with the Government
of Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriot leader-
ship which has restored postal services in the
Turkish sector of Nicosia and Lefka. And we
express appreciation to the Goveitmient of

• Made in the Security Council on Dec. 15 (U.S./
U.N. press release 5030).

=> U.N. doc. S/7611 and Corr. 1.

Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriots for this
cooperation. UNFICYP's efforts have also
led to an agreement covering the method for
processing and registering land transactions.
This is all good.

With regard to the efforts of the United
Nations Force to contribute to the mainte-
nance of law and order, we are, however,
disturbed at the increase in the number of
incidents, including what the Secretary-
General calls — and I quote him — "frequent
breaches of the cease-fire," many of which
are deliberate bomb explosions and other
terrorist actions, and the establishment of
new fortified positions, as described by the
Secretary-General's report, in a manner con-
trary to the accepted understanding that the
extension of existing positions is detrimental
to the interests of peace on the island. My
delegation believes that those responsible for
the conditions described in the Secretary-
General's report, which have caused deep con-
cern to the Force commander, should take all
necessary measures to assure that the situa-
tion rapidly changes for the better.

We are also concerned by the Secretary-
General's supplementary report which was
issued December 13.* The United Nations
Force, manned by excellent contingents from
Canada, Ireland, Austria, Finland, Sweden,

' U.N. doc. S/7611/Add. 1.

JANUARY 30, 1967


Denmark, United Kingdom, New Zealand,
and Australia, has done a remarkably fine
job of maintaining peace on the island in the
best tradition of the United Nations. We be-
lieve peace and order can only be achieved by
an even greater degree of cooperation with
UNFICYP. The importation of additional
arms in violation of the spirit and intent of
the Council's March 4, 1964, resolution ■* will
not achieve greater peace and security. On
the contrary, their very presence cannot be
other than a source of insecurity and strife.

We welcome the agreement of the Govern-
ment of Cyprus to allow UNFICYP to in-
spect those arms. But we would hope further
that these arms can be neutralized, and this
could occur if the Cypriot Government
agreed to place the arms which have already
arrived under the continuing custody of the
United Nations Force.

Mr. President, this Council has today met
for the third time this year on the question
of Cyprus.^ As others have noted, it has for
the 10th time since March 1964 extended the
mandate of UNFICYP. Given the conditions
on the island, my Government believes that
these actions have been necessary and that
the stated objectives of the Council's resolu-
tion merit our moral and material support.

But we must remind ourselves again of
what the Secretary-General has pointed out
to us, and what has been adverted to by
others, that the financial base for UNFICYP
is a narrow and uncertain one. His remarks
highlight the fact that this organization
cannot expect a peacekeeping operation such
as UNFICYP to succeed, however dedicated
and energetic its personnel, unless we col-
lectively provide the required support. This
is our obligation, not the Secretary-General's.

This Council owes its appreciation to those
countries, unfortunately too limited in num-
ber, which have continued to support
UNFICYP financially since its creation
nearly 3 years ago. These countries have

showm a high degree of responsibility for
carrying out this vital U.N. peacekeeping
function. My Government hopes that they
will find it possible to continue their volun-
tary contributions to sustain UNFICYP, de-
spite the long and at times discouraging
deadlock over the Cyprus issue. And we also
hope that members who have not yet con-
tributed will be able to do so on this

My Government, having voted for the reso-
lution, feels that it must match its vote by a
concrete demonstration of its support for
the resolution, and therefore I wrish to an-
nounce that the United States pledges $4
million toward the $9,675,000 cash budget for
UNFICYP for the 10th period, December
27, 1966, to June 26, 1967. And our ultimate
contribution against this pledge will, as in
the past, depend upon contributions of
other governments and continuation of
UNFICYP's cost estimates.

Our willingness to continue supporting
UNFICYP is based on the necessity for the
parties concerned to explore every conceiv-
able avenue which may lead toward accom-
modation. And we have heard with interest
wlvat our colleague. Ambassador [Alexis S.]
Liatis of Greece, has said, and we express
appreciation, too, for what we have heard of
the Turkish Government in this connection.
And likewise we invite and welcome the good
spirit of the Cypriot Government to the same
end. The responsibility to show progress to-
ward an agreed solution increases with the
passage of time. For this reason I believe, as
others have pointed out, that the final opera-
tive paragraph of the resolution is most
apposite to the situation and accurately ex-
presses our expectation as to the future
course of events.®

* For background, see Bulletin of Mar. 23, 1964,
p. 465.

° For U.S. statements, see ibid., May 2, 1966, p.
718, and July 11, 1966, p. 63.

•In a resolution (S/RES/231 (1966)) adopted
unanimously on Dec. 15, the Security Council ex-
tended "the stationing in Cyprus of the United Na-
tions Peace-keeping Force . . . for a further period
of six months ending 26 June 1967, in the expectation
that sufficient progress toward a solution by then
will make possible a withdrawal or substantial re-
duction of the Force."



I have adverted to the talks between the
Governments of Turkey and Greece, and the
Secretary-General has noted them. We share
his hope that these talks will be one of the
means by which a peaceful solution can be
found. The fact that these talks have con-
tinued in secrecy for 6 months shows how
seriously the two Governments take their re-
sponsibilities in attempting to settle this most
difficult problem. This problem has seriously
affected their relations for more than a
decade. Its settlement, we know, is not easy.
We know the settlement needs time and it
above all needs peace on the island. This can
best be achieved if UNFICYP receives, as I
have said earlier, the fullest cooperation of
all parties concerned, and in particular the
Government of Cyprus, which has such a
vital stake in this area.

Current U.N. Documents:
A Selected Bibliography

Mimeographed or processed documents (such as
those listed below) may be consulted at depository
libraries in the United States. U.N. printed publi-
cations may be purchased from the Sales Section
of the United Nations, United Nations Plaza, N.Y.

Security Council

Letters dated December 14 from the Deputy Secre-
tary General of the Organization of African Unity
transmitting text of resolutions adopted by the
Assembly of Heads of State and Government
of the OAU held at Addis Ababa November
5-9: resolution respecting the policies of apartheid
and racial discrimination of the Republic of South
Africa, S/7637, December 15, 1966, 3 pp.; resolu-
tion respecting the territories under Portuguese
administration, S/7638, December 15, 1966, 2 pp.;
resolution respecting South West Africa, S/7639,
December 15, 1966, 2 pp.

General Assembly

The Policies of Apartheid of the Government of the

Republic of South Africa. Report of the Special

Political Committee. A/6579. December 13, 1966.

10 pp.
Report of the United Nations High Commissioner

for Refugees. Report of the Third Committee.

A/6586. December 13, 1966. 9 pp.
World Campaign for Universal Literacy. Report of

the Second Committee. A/6592. December 14, 1966.

5 pp.
Progressive Development of the Law of International

Trade. Report of the Sixth Committee. A/6594.

December 15, 1966. 23 pp.


Ratifications Exchanged With
Togo on Commercial Treaty

Press release 1 dated January 5

Instruments of ratification of the treaty of
amity and economic relations between the
United States and Togo, signed at Lome on
February 8, 1966, were exchanged on Jan-
uary 5 in Washington. The exchange was
made by Secretary Rusk and the Togolese
Ambassador, Robert Ajavon, in a brief for-
mal ceremony at the Department of State.
This action completes the procedures re-
quired for bringing the treaty into force. By
its terms, the treaty will enter into force on
February 5, 1967, 1 month after the exchange
of ratifications.

The treaty contains provisions covering
such subjects as entry and sojourn, personal
freedoms, access to courts, just compensation
in the event of expropriation, rights with re-
spect to carrying on business activities, prop-
erty rights, taxation, exchange controls,
treatment of imports and exports, treatment
of shipping, and other matters affecting the
status and activities of citizens of one coun-
try within the territories of the other.

U.S.-Honduras income Tax
Convention Terminated

Department Statement

Press release 298 dated December 22

The convention of June 25, 1956, between
the United States and Honduras for the
avoidance of double taxation and the pre-
vention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes
on income will cease to be in force with
respect to taxable years beginning on or
after January 1, 1967.

JANUARY 30, 1967


In accordance with the terms of the con-
vention, the Government of Honduras has
given notice of intention to terminate the
convention at the end of 1966.

Discussions from time to time between
United States and Honduran officials with a
view to effecting amendments in the con-
vention have not resulted in agreement on
such amendments. It is expected that there
will be further discussions with a view to
the conclusion, as soon as practicable, of a
new income tax convention.

Current Actions


Atomic Energ^y

Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency,
as amended. Done at New York October 26, 1956.
Entered into force July 29, 1957. TIAS 3873, 5284.
Acceptance deposited: Singapore, January 5, 1967.


Convention on the settlement of investment disputes
between states and nationals of other states. Done
at Washington March 18, 1965. Entered into force
October 14, 1966. TIAS 6090.

Ratifications deposited: Cameroon, Kenya, and
Trinidad and Tobago, January 3, 1967.


Protocol for the further extension of the Interna-
tional Wheat Agreement, 1962 (TIAS 5115). Open
for signature at Washington April 4 through 29,
1966. Entered into force July 16, 1966, for part I

and parts III to VII; August 1, 1966, for part II.
Approval deposited: Ecuador, January 4, 1967.



Agreement relating to the establishment of a Peace
Corps program in Antigua. Effected by exchange
of notes at Bridgetown and Antigua December
19 and 28, 1966. Entered into force December 28,


Agreement amending the agricultural commodities
agreement of September 30, 1964, as amended
(TIAS 5669, 5729, 5793, 5846, 5875, 5895, 5913,
5965, 6032, 6113, 6146). Effected by an exchange
of notes at New Delhi December 23, 1966. En-
tered into force December 23, 1966.

Agreement extending the agreement of April 15,
1964, as amended and extended (TIAS 5559,
5664, 6151), concerning trade in cotton textiles.
Effected by exchange of notes at New Delhi De-
cember 30, 1966. Entered into force December 30,
.1966; effective October 1, 1966.


Protocol amending the agreement of January 29,
1957 (TIAS 4777), concerning radio broadcasting
in the standard broadcast band. Signed at Mexico
April 13, 1966.

Ratifications exchanged : January 12, 1967.
Entered into force: January 12, 1967.


Agreement amending the agricultural commodities
agreement of May 26, 1966, as amended (TIAS
6052, 6074). Effected by an exchange of notes at
Rawalpindi and Islamabad December 28, 1966.
Entered into force December 28, 1966.


Treaty of amity and economic relations. Sigfned at
Lome February 8, 1966. Enters into force Febru-
ary 5, 1967.
Proclaimed by the President: January 11, 1967.


The Department of State Bulletin, a
weekly publication issued by the Office of
Media Services. Bureau of Public Affairs,
provides the public and interested agencies
of the Government with information on
developments in the field of foreign rela-
tions and on the work of the Department
of State and the Foreign Service. The
Bulletin includes selected press releases on
foreign policy, issued by the White House
and the Department, and statements and
addresses made by the President and by
the Secretary of State and other officers of

the Department, as well as special articles
on various phases of international affairs
and the functions of the Department. In-
formation is included concerning treaties
and international agreements to which the
United States is or may become a party
and treaties of general international inter-

Publications of the Department, United
Nations documents, and legislative material
in the field of international relations are
listed currently.

The Bulletin is for sale by the Super-

intendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Price; 52 issues, domestic $10, foreign $15:
single copy 30 cents.

Use of funds for printing of this publi-
cation approved by the Director of the
Bureau of the Budget (January 11, 1966).

Note: Contents of this publication are
not copyrighted and items contained herein
may be reprinted. Citation of the Depart-
ment of State Bulletin as the sotlrce will
be appreciated. The Bulletin is indexed in
the Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature.



INDEX January 30, 1967 Vol. LVI, No. lUO

Africa. The State of the Union (excerpts from
President Johnson's address) 158


Secretary Rusk Interviewed on "Today" Pro-
grram 168

The State of the Union (excerpts from Presi-
dent Johnson's address) 158


Secretary Rusk Interviewed on "Today" Pro-
gram 168

The State of the Union (excerpts from Presi-
dent Johnson's address) 158

Colombia. Letters of Credence (Echavarria) . . 172

Congress. New International Rules for Passen-
ger-Ship Safety (Miller) 173

Cyprus. United Nations Force in Cyprus Ex-
tended Through June 1967 (Goldberg) ... 179

Developing Countries. The Technological Revo-
lution and the World of the 1970's (Hum-
phrey) 164

Disarmament. Secretary Rusk Interviewed on
"Today" Program 168

Economic Affairs

New International Rules for Passenger-Ship
Safety (Miller) 173

Ratifications Exchanged With Togo on Com-
mercial Treaty 181

The State of the Union (excerpts from Presi-
dent Johnson's address) 158

U.S.-Honduras Income Tax Convention Termi-
nated 181

U.S., Japan Discuss Operations in New U.S.
Fisheries Zone 178

Educational and Cultural Affairs. The Techno-
logical Revolution and the World of the
1970's (Humphrey) 164


The State of the Union (excerpts from Presi-
dent Johnson's address) 158

The Technological Revolution and the World
of the 1970's (Humphrey) 164

Haiti. Letters of Credence (Bonhomme) . . . 172

Honduras. U.S.-Honduras Income Tax Conven-
tion Terminated 181

Indonesia. Letters of Credence (Suwito) . . . 172

International Organizations and Conferences.

New International Rules for Passenger-Ship
Safety (Miller) 173

Japan. U.S., Japan Discuss Operations in New
U.S. Fisheries Zone 178

Latin America. The State of the Union (ex-
cerpts from President Johnson's address) . . 158

Middle East. The State of the Union (excerpts
from President Johnson's address) .... 158

Presidential Documents. The State of the Union 158

Science. The Technological Revolution and the
World of the 1970's (Humphrey) 164

Toga Ratifications Exchanged With Togo on
Commercial Treaty 181

Treaty Information

Current Actions 182

Ratifications Exchanged With Togo on Com-
mercial Treaty 181

U.S.-Honduras Income Tax Convention Termi-
nated 181

Turkey. Letters of Credence (Esenbel) ... 172

U.S.S.R. The State of the Union (excerpts from
President Johnson's address) 158

United Nations

Current U.N. Documents 181

United Nations Force in Cyprus Extended
Through June 1967 (Goldberg) 179


Secretary Rusk Interviewed on "Today" Pro-
gram 168

The State of the Union (excerpts from Presi-
dent Johnson's address) 158

Name Index

Bonhomme, Arthur 172

Echavarria Olozaga, Heman 172

Esenbel, Rxelih 172

Goldberg, Arthur J 179

Humphrey, Vice President 164

Johnson, President 158

Miller, William K 173

Rusk, Secretary 168

Suwito Kusumowidagdo 172

Check List of Department of State
Press Releases: January 9-15

Press releases may be obtained from the
Office of News, Department of State, Wash-
ington, D.C. 20520.

Releases issued prior to January 9 which
appear in this issue of the Bulletin are Nos.
298 of December 22, 305 of December 29, and
1 of January 5.

No. Date fetbjett

t3 1/12 Exchange of ratifications of proto-
col to U.S.-Mexican standard-
band broadcasting agreement.

*4 1/12 Program for visit of President
Frei of Chile.

t5 1/12 National policy statement on in-
ternational book and library ac-
tivities (rewrite).

* Not printed.

t Held for a later issue of the Bulletin.

■CrU.S. Government Printing Office: 1967—251-932/30

Superintendent of documents
U.S. government printing office




Viet-Nam in Brief

What peace initiatives have the United States and other governments taken to bring the
:onflict in Viet-Nam to an early and honorable end? What is being achieved in the "other war"
in Viet-Nam? Who fights in Viet-Nam? Why is the United States there? These and other pertinent
juestions affecting every American's stake in a secure future are answered in this 21-page



ro: Supt. of Dotniments
Govt. Prlntins 0£Be«

Washinitton, D.C, 20402

Enclosed find $_


(cash, check, or money order). Please send

copies of Viet-Nam in Brief.



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Street Address

City, State, and ZIP Code







Vol. LVI, No. lUl

February 6, 1967

by General Earle G. Wheeler, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff 186

by Ambassador Graham Martin 193



Text of Report 200



Special Article by James N. Cortada and A. Guy Hope 218

For index see inside back cover

The U.S. Achievements in Viet-Nam

by General Earle G. Wheeler
Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff '

Five days ago, I returned from Viet-Nam.

Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 56, Jan- Mar 1967) → online text (page 36 of 90)