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gation is headed by Commissioner James J.
Wadsworth of the Federal Communications
Commission, assisted by officials of the De-
partment of State and the Federal Communi-
cations Commission.

The negotiating sessions in Mexico City are
expected to continue for about 2 weeks. The
first formal negotiation was held in Washing-
ton September 6-13, 1966, and with sub-
sequent informal exchanges formed the
basis for these negotiations in Mexico City.

In the United States an industry advisory
group has been formed to assist the U.S.
delegation in its negotiations. Representatives
of the group will accompany the delegation
to Mexico City and will be continuously iiT-
formed on the status of the negotiations.



•Current Actions



MULTILATERAL

Conservation

Convention on nature protection and wildlife pres-
ervation in the Western Hemisphere, with annex.
Done at the Pan American Union October 12,
1940. Entered into force April 30, 1942. TS 981.
Ratification deposited: Costa Rica, January 12,
1967.

Cotton

Articles of agreement of International Cotton Insti-
tute. Open for signature at Washington January
17 through February 28, 1966. Entered into force



' Bulletin of Feb. 6, 1967, p. 224.



February 23, 1966. TIAS 5964.

Ratification deposited: India, February 3, 1967.

Judicial Procedures

Convention on the service abroad of judicial and
extrajudicial documents in civil or commercial
matters. Opened for signature at The Hague
November 15, 1965.>
Signature : France, January 12, 1967.

Load Lines

International convention on load lines, 1966. Done
at London April 5, 1966.'
Acceptances deposited: France, November 30,

1966; Peru, January 18, 1967; South Africa,

December 14, 1966.

Oil Pollution

International convention for the prevention of pol-
lution of the sea by oil, with annexes. Done at
London May 12, 1954. Entered into force for the
United States December 8, 1961. TIAS 4900.
Withdrawal of reservation: Israel, November 9,
1966.

Postal Matters

Constitution of the Universal Postal Union with
final protocol, general regulations with final
protocol, and convention with final protocol and
regulations of execution. Done at Vienna July 10,
1964. Entered into force January 1, 1966. TIAS
5881.

Ratifications deposited: India, November 8, 1966;
New Zealand (including the Cook Islands, Niue,
and the Tokelau Islands), October 21, 1966.

Property

Convention of Union of Paris of March 20, 1883, as
revised, for the protection of industrial property.
Done at Lisbon October 31, 1958. Entered into
force January 4, 1962. TIAS 4931.
Notification of accession: Argentina, January 10,
- 1967.

Racial Discrimination

International convention on the elimination of all
forms of racial discrimination. Adopted by the
United Nations General Assembly December 21,
1965.'

Signatures: Algeria, December 9, 1966;
Cameroon, December 12, 1966; Cyprus, Decem-
ber 12, 1966; Mauritania, December 21, 1966;
Panama, December 8, 1966.

Safety at Sea

International regulations for preventing collisions
at sea. Approved by the International Conference
on Safety of Life at Sea, London, May 17^une
17, 1960. Entered into force September 1, 1965.
TIAS 5813.

Acceptance deposited: Republic of China, Novem-
ber 21, 1966.

Space

Treaty on principles governing the activities of
states in the exploration and use of outer space,
including the moon and other celestial bodies.

' Not in force.



FEBRUARY 27, 1967



353



Opened for signature at Washington, London, and

Moscow, January 27, 1967.'

Signature: Netherlands, February 10, 1967.

Trade

Protocol for the accession of Switzerland to the
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Done
at Geneva April 1, 1966. Entered into force
August 1, 1966. TIAS 6065.

Acceptances: Netherlands, December 22, 1966;
Spain, January 4, 1967.

Protocol for the accession of Yugoslavia to the
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Done
at Geneva July 20, 1966. Entered into force
August 25, 1966.

Acceptances: Chad, December 19, 1966; Nether-
lands, December 22, 1966.



BILATERAL

Mexico

Agreement relating to the establishment of a geo-
detic satellite observation station at Isla Socorro.
Effected by exchange of notes at Mexico and ,
Tlatelolco January 27 and 28, 1967. Entered into
force January 28, 1967.

United Kingdom

Agreement concerning the establishment and opera-
tion of a space vehicle tracking and communica-
tions station on Antigua. Effected by exchange of
notes at Washington January 17 and 23, 1967.
Entered into force January 23, 1967.

' Not in force.



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN VOL. LVI, NO. 1444 PUBLICATION 8204 FEBRUARY 27, 1967



The Department of State Bulletin, a
weekly publication issued by the OflSce of
Media Services, Bureau of Public Affairs,
provides the public and interested agencies
of the Government with information on
developments in the field of foreign rela^
tions and on the work of the Department
of State and the ForeiBn Service. The
Bulletin includes selected press releases on
foreign policy, issued by the White House
and the Department, and statements and
addresses made by the President and by
the Secretary of State and other officers of



the Department, as well aa special articles
on various phases of international affairs
and the functions of the Department. In-
formation is included concerning treaties
and international a^eements to which the
United States is or may become a party
and treaties of genera] international inter-
est.

Publications of the Department, United
Nations documents, and legislative material
in the field of international relations are
listed currently.

The Bulletin is for sale by the Super-



intendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Price: 62 issues, domestic $10, foreign $16
single copy 30 cents.

Use of funds for printing of this publi-
cation approved by the Director of the
Bureau of the Budget (January 11, 1966),

NOTE: Contents of this publication art
not copyrighted and items contained herein
may be reprinted. Citation of the Depart-
ment of State Bulletin as the source wil
be appreciated. The Bulletin is indexed ir
the Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature



354



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN



Index February 27, 1967 Vol. LVI, No. lAU



Lsia. East Asia Today (Bundy) 323

hina. Secretary Rusk's News Conference of
1| February 9 317

ongress

Concessional Documents Relating to Foreign
Policy 350

ntemational Economic Policies (excerpts from
the President's Economic Report and the An-
nual Report of the Council of Economic
Advisers) 333

j)conoinic Affairs

Dast Asia Today (Bundy) 323

ntemational Economic Policies (excerpts from
the President's Economic Report and the An-
nual Report of the Council of Economic
Advisers) 333

J.S. and U.S.S.R. Conclude Talks on Fishery
Problems 331

Educational and Cultural Affairs. United States
and Morocco Sign Cultural Agreement (text
of agreement) 351

Jermany. Secretary Rusk's News Conference
of February 9 317

Walta. Letters of Credence (Pardo) .... 327

Wexico. U.S. and Mexico Resume Talks on
Radio Broadcasting Agreement 352

Morocco

Sing Hassan II of Morocco Visits the United
States (King Hassan II, Johnson) .... 328

United States and Morocco Sign Cultural
Agreement (text of agreement) 351

Presidential Documents

[ntemational Economic Policies . . . . . . 333

King Hassan II of Morocco Visits the United

States 328

President Reaffirms U.S. Desire for Peace

in Viet-Nam 319

Public Affairs. Department Holds Conferences
for Educators in California 322

Telecommunications. U.S. and Mexico Resume
Talks on Radio Broadcasting Agreement . . 352

Trade. International Economic Policies (ex-
cerpts from the President's Economic Report
and the Annual Report of the Council of
Economic Advisers) 333

Treaty Information

Current Actions 353

U.S. and Mexico Resume Talks on Radio
Broadcasting Agreement 352

United States and Morocco Sign Cultural
Agreement (text of agreement) 351

U.S. and U.S.S.R. Conclude Talks on Fishery
Problems 331



U.S.S.R.

Secretary Rusk's News Conference of Febru-
ary 9 317

U.S. and U.S.S.R. Conclude Talks on Fishery
Problems 331

Viet-Nam

East Asia Today (Bundy) 323

President Reaffirms U.S. Desire for Peace in
Viet-Nam (message to Pope Paul VI) . . . 319

Secretary Rusk's News Conference of Febru-
ary 9 317

United States Peace Aims in Viet-Nam (Gold-
berg) 310

Yemen. Letters of Credence (Futaih) .... 327

Name Index

Bundy, William P 323

Futaih, Abdul Aziz 327

Goldberg, Arthur J 310

King Hassan II 328

Johnson, President 319, 328, 333

Pardo, Arvid 327

Rusk, Secretary 317



Check List of Department of State
Press Releases: February 6-12

Press releases may be obtained from the
Office of News, Department of State, Wash-
ington, D.C., 20520.

No. Date Subject

23 2/6 U.S.-U.S.S.R. fishery talks con-
cluded.

*24 2/7 King sworn in as Ambassador
to the Malagasy Republic (bio-
graphic details).

*25 2/7 Program for visit of King Has-
san II of Morocco.

*26 2/9 Payton sworn in as Ambassador
to Cameroon (biographic de-
tails).

27 2/9 Rusk: news conference of Feb-

ruary 9.

28 2/10 Negotiations on U.S.-Mexico ra-

dio broadcasting agreement.

29 2/10 Foreign policy conference for

educators, San Jose, Calif, (re-
write).

30 2/10 Foreign policy conference for

educators, Los Angeles, Calif,
(rewrite).

t31 2/10 3d Special Inter-American Con-
ference and 11th Meeting of
Consultation of Ministers of
Foreign Aflfairs (U.S. delega-
tion).

*32 2/10 Program for visit of Emperor
Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia.
33 2/10 U.S.-Morocco cultural agreement.

* Not printed.

t Held for a later issue of the Bulletin.



•Ci U.S. Government Printing Office: 1967—251-933/34



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THE OFFICIAL WEEKLY RECORD OF UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY



THE

DEPARTMENT

OF

STATE

BULLETIN




FOREIGN AID
President Johnson's Message to Congress 378

SECRETARY RUSK DISCUSSES EUROPEAN AFFAIRS AND VIET-NAM
IN INTERVIEW FOR GERMAN TELEVISION 358



SOUTHERN RHODESIA AND THE UNITED NATIONS: THE U.S. POSITION

A Special Background Paper 366



For index see inside back cover



Secretary Rusk Discusses European Affairs and Viet-Nam
in Interview for German Television



Follorving is the transcript of an interview
tvith Secretary Rusk videotaped in Washing-
ton on February 10 for broadcast over the
national television network in the Federal
Republic of Germany on February 12.

Peter Pechel, editor in chief, Sender Freies
Berlin (moderator): Good evening, ladies and
gentlemen. This televised intervietv originates
today in Washington. It was scheduled for the
day folloiving the visit of Foreign Minister
Willy Brandt. This first German-American
meeting at the ministerial level since the con-
stitution of the new Federal Government is
the reason why we have asked you to be with
us; and we thank you, sir, for, in spite of your
many occupations, you are ready to answer
our questions for the benefit of the German —

Secretary Rusk: Thank you. I am delighted
to be here with these distinguished repre-
sentatives of the German press and through
you to visit with my friends in the Federal
Republic of Germany. I am delighted to be
here.

Mr. Pechel: May I now in the first place
present my colleagues: Herbert von Borch,
correspondent of the Sueddeutsche Zeitung in
your Capital; Gerd Ruge, Washington cor-
respondent of the German television; Jan
Reifenberg, correspondent of the Frankfurter
Allgemeine Zeitung in Paris — we have asked
him to be with us today so as to make it pos-
sible to take into account the French point of
vieiv in these questions and ansiuers; and
Rolf Menzel, representative of a number of
German television chains in Washington.

And now my first question:



Mr. Secretary, you once said that this
world power, the United States, is wedded to
tivo world oceans, the Atlantic and the Pacific.
In other words, you are living in a state of
bigamy. Many Europeans have today the
impression that Washington prefers today its
Pacific wife rather than its Atlantic wife —
in other words, that Europe, because of Viet-
Nam, has lost interest for the American
Government and is being neglected. Is this
impression correct ?

A. Well, Mr. Willy Brandt said that he was
not coming here as a young lady who would
ask her boy friend, "Do you still love me?"

Actually, we do spend a good deal of
thought these days on the problem of peace in
Viet-Nam. This is a problem which could
affect the peace of the world. We are very
much interested in peace in the Pacific, just
as we are in peace in the Atlantic.

When I first became Secretary of State in
1961, 1962, there were many people in other
parts of the world who thought that I was
thinking only of Berlin, because at that time
it was Berlin that threatened the peace of the
world.

Now, it is very important that we look
upon the problem of organizing a permanent
peace as a worldwide problem. And I am
quite sure that our friends in Europe under-
stand that it is not possible for us to be loyal
to our alliances in the Atlantic and disloyal
to our alliances in the Pacific.

But this does not mean that we are neglect-
ing our relations with Europe or the prob-
lems of the North Atlantic. We are very
active in NATO, along with your Govern-



358



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN






ment; as a member of the Fourteen. We are
taking a full pai't in the Kennedy Round
negotiations, which we hope will come to a
very early conclusion. We are in the Commit-
tee of Ten on liquidity problems. We are very
active in the OECD [Organization for Eco-
nomic Cooperation and Development]. And
we are taking our part in East- West relations
these days.

And beyond that, we are trying to play a
constructive role in very important areas that
are within 30 minutes' flying time of Western
Europe where there are some troubles. I am
thinking of the Middle East, and I am think-
ing of Africa.

So our problems with Viet-Nam are those
that you in your country must surely wish
that we would pay attention to, because if we
do not this problem could well affect the gen-
eral peace.

But we are also spending a lot of thought
and effort and attention on matters in the
North Atlantic.

Basic Interests of U.S. and West Germany

Q. You know that the Foreign Minister has
undertaken a number of initiatives which
seem to indicate a new independence on the
part of the German policy. Are you happy
with this fact, or do you consider it bother-
some ?

A. We have no problem on that at all. We
don't want the Federal Republic to be a satel-
lite of the United States, and we do not wish
the United States to be a satellite of the
Federal Republic.

The problem is not that of one of us giving
undue attention to the attitude of the other.

I think that if you in the Federal Republic
were to sit down and think like Germans —
what kind of world do you want to see, what
kind of Europe do you want to see, what do
you think about the problems of peace, how
do you think world trade ought to be orga-
nized, what do you think about the processes
of peaceful settlement of disputes? — I think
that if you were to determine what is in your
own national interest as the Federal Republic



of Germany and we were to do the same thing
as Americans and determine what is in our
interest as the United States of America,
when we put these together, we would find, I
am sure, that your and our basic interests
are very much in common, and that we would
find ourselves moving together on almost all
of the important questions that are in front
of the world today.

Cessation of Bombing of North Viet-Nam

Q. You said on Thursday ^ that the United
States expects counte7'measures on the part
of North Viet-Nam. What do you intend hy
that — do you speak of diminution of infiltra-
tion, or is it something more that you expect ?

A. Mr. Ruge, if you will forgive a remark
which is not intended to be personal to you,
this is a matter which we are prepared to dis-
cuss with Hanoi. If I were to negotiate that
with you, you could not stop the shooting.

What we are saying to the other side is:
We will talk with you about the political
settlement, or if you are thinking about mili-
tary action we will take corresponding mili-
tary action to reduce the violence. We will
talk about how one stops the bombing and
how one stops the military action in order to
move this matter toward peace. Or if they
prefer to do so, we will talk about the shape
of an eventual political solution.

But what we cannot do is to stop the bomb-
ing on our side and have them continue the
invasion on the other.

You see, if we were to say on our side that
we will not talk unless all of the violence in
South Viet-Nam stops while we continue the
bombing of North Viet-Nam, everyone would
say, "But that is ridiculous, that is absurd."
But that is what Hanoi is asking from us at
the present time. They are saying the war
will continue, the infiltration will continue,
"Perhaps if you stop the bombing there could
be talks."

Well, we need to know more about it than
that. There are diplomatic means available to



' For Secretary Rusk's news conference of Feb. 9,
see Bulletin of Feb. 27, 1967, p. 317.



MARCH 6, 1967



359



find out what the results would be if we
stopped the bombing'.

We have said many times that we could
stop the bombing as a step toward peace.
Now, surely it could be understood that we
are interested in knowing whether stopping
the bombing would in fact be a step toward
peace.

Nonproliferation Treaty Safeguards

Q. Mr. Secretary, if — should the nonpro-
liferation treaty be controlled by EURATOM,
or by the international agency in Vienna? In
February 1966 you said before a Senate com-
mittee that both systems are equivalent and
effective.^ Is that still your opinion?

A. Well, this is a troublesome question, be-
cause if a nonproliferation treaty becomes
general throughout the world, there may be a
good many who would sign that treaty who
would not be completely happy about relying
upon the safeguards which EURATOM has
adopted internally. Further than that, there
could be other groupings in other parts of the
world who might wish to put together a little
family group which would inspect itself and
deny outside inspection on the grounds that
it is up to each regional group to provide its
own inspection.

Now, this suggests to some of us that the
IAEA in Vienna might be able to work out
arrangements with national governments as
well as groups so that there could be general
assurances to all of those who signed the
treaty that the activities are in fact peaceful
and that weapons are not being made within
those limitations.

I have no doubt at all that the safeguards
in EURATOM insure that the activities of
EURATOM will not be abused. I have no
problem about that myself.

The problem is. How do you persuade 120
other nations that that is the case? We have
not found an answer to this question yet.

Q. The Minister for All German Affairs,
Mr. Herbert Wehner, has suggested that a



'■ Ibid., Mar. 14, 1966, p. 406.



four-power conference could discuss the rela-
tions between the parts of Germany. Do you
consider this a possibility?

A. Well, I believe that other ministers have
also commented on that particular problem.
There is now no active proposal before the
four governments that there be a four-power
conference.

I think that one would want to consider
what a conference would accomplish, whether
there was a reasonable chance that it could
succeed, and whether there might not be
certain dangers in calling a four-power con-
ference which could not agree.

We are perfectly prepared to examine this
question, but it is not my impression that we
are moving very rapidly toward a four-power
conference at the moment.

East-West Relations

Q. Mr. Brandt has asked us to explain to
the Soviet diplomacy about the peaceful char-
acter of the German Eastern policy and has
asked you to help him. Could you ansiver that
request ?

A. Oh, yes, I think so. As a matter of fact,
for the past 6 years we ourselves have made
it clear that we have confidence in the demo-
cratic character of the Federal Republic and
in its attitudes toward peace and toward
peaceful solutions of outstanding questions.

We have been very much interested in the
general movement throughout NATO,
throughout the North Atlantic, to search for
possibilities for improving relations with
Eastern Europe. And we have tried to partici-
pate in that ourselves with the conclusion of
a civil air agreement, a consular agreement
with the Soviet Union, a space treaty, and
we have made proposals to our Congress hav-
ing to do with possibilities of trade between
the United States and Eastern Europe.

And we have noticed with interest the
steps which the Federal Republic has taken in
this direction.

We had before us at the last NATO meeting
a list of the contacts, the bilateral contacts
between the members of NATO and the vari-
ous countries of Eastern Europe, say in the



360



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN



last 6 to 8 months. And there were some 180
of such contacts on that list.

So there is a good deal of movement, a good
deal of motion. And you can be sure in the
Federal Republic that if you find there are
points where agreements can be reached,
there will be no problem here in the United
States. We would like to do the same thing.

We do believe that we must be prudent
and that we should not take too much for
granted, that we must maintain the solidarity
and the unity and the prudent strength of
the NATO countries in order to encourage
the continuation of a certain prudence in
Eastern Europe.

Q. The Kennedy Round about tariff reduc-
tions on both sides of the Atlantic is now in
a critical state. How do you consider this
matter ?

A. Well, we still have some very hard
bargaining in front of us, and we would hope
that all of those participating would be in a
position whereby through flexible positions
in bargaining we could come to an important
agreement.

We are concerned because we have a special
problem with time. Our Trade Expansion Act,
which is our legislative authority for partici-
pating in the Kennedy Round, expires at the
end of June of this year. And we are very
much concerned that if there is not substan-
tial progress in the Kennedy Round very
shortly, in the next 2 months, that it might
become very difficult for us to obtain from
our Congress the additional authorization
that we might need. So for us there is a
certain urgency here. And we would hope that
all, including the Common Market group,
could step up intensive effort in this field and



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 56, Jan- Mar 1967) → online text (page 63 of 90)