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of sessions will be determined by the Council of the
Organization of American States.

7. To request the Secretary General of the Orga-
nization of American States to make available all
the technical and administrative services necessary
for the organization of the convoked meetings.

8. To request the Council of the Organization of
American States to consider and approve, in consul-
tation with the Uruguayan Government, the protocol
regulations for the Meeting of Chiefs of State.



» Bulletin of Sept. 5, 1966, p. 330.



' Guidelines for the Preparation of the Agenda
of the Meeting of Chiefs of State, adopted by the
Eleventh Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs
on Feb. 26.



MARCH 20, 1967



473



FINAL ACT OF THE THIRD SPECIAL
INTER-AMERICAN CONFERENCE

Introductory Section

The Third Special Inter- American Conference,
made up of delegations of the governments of Ar-
gentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua,
Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States of
America, Uruguay, and Venezuela, met in the city
of Buenos Aires from February 15 to 27, 1967.

The Second Special Inter-American Conference,
held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in November 1965,
approved the Act of Rio de Janeiro in which it was
decided, in paragraph 1 of the operative part of the
resolution, "To convoke, in accordance with articles
36 and 111 of the Charter of the Organization of
American States the Third Special Inter-American
Conference, to be held in the city of Buenos Aires.
The Council of the Organization, in agreement with
the host country, shall set a day in July 1966 for
the opening of the conference." ■*

The Conference could not be held at the time indi-
cated, and on December 19, 1966, the Council of
the Organization, in agreement with the government
of the host country, set February 15, 1967, as the
opening date.

The delegations accredited, in the order of prece-
dence established by lot at the preparatory session
in accordance with Article 23 of the Regulations of
the Conference, were the following:

Guatemala

Peru

Colombia

Brazil

Paraguay

Nicaragua

El Salvador

Venezuela

Ecuador

United States of America

Honduras

Dominican Republic

Panama

Bolivia

Costa Rica

Uruguay

Haiti

Mexico

Chile

Argentina

Dr. Jose A. Mora, Secretary General of the Or-
ganization of American States, and Mr. William



■* For background and text of the Act of Rio de
Janeiro, see Bulletin of Dec. 20, 1965, p. 985.



Sanders, Assistant Secretary General, also partici- '
pated in the Conference.

In accordance with Article 8 of the Regulations, '
the governments of Canada, Jamaica, Trinidad and
Tobago, Guyana, and Barbados were represented at
the Conference by observers.

The Conference was also attended by observers
representing the Inter- American Specialized Organi-
zations, the Secretary General and specialized agen-
cies of the United Nations, and representatives of
other official inter-American organizations and en-
tities, in accordance with Article 7 of the Regula-
tions of the Conference.

Non-American countries and other international
agencies were also represented at the Conference
and were granted facilities and courtesies so that
they could follow the course of its work in accord-
ance with Articles 9 and 10 of the Regfulations of the
Conference.

The Regulations and Agenda of the Third Special
Inter-American Conference were prepared by the
Council of the Organization of American States as
Draft Regulations and Draft Agenda, and on De-
cember 7, 1966, were submitted to the consideration
of the Member States, in accordance with Article
38 of the Charter of the Organization of American
States. They were approved by the Third Special
Inter-American Conference at the first plenary ses-
sion.

The Government of Argentina appointed His Ex-
cellency Nicanor Costa Mendez, Minister of Foreign
Affairs and Worship of the Argentine Republic, as
temporary President of the Conference pursuant to
Article 11 of the Regulations.

In accordance with Article 23 of the Regulations
of the Conference, the chaiiTnen of the delegations
held a preparatory session to deal with the mat-
ters indicated in that article.

His Excellency the President of Argentina, Gen-
eral Juan Carlos Ongania, foiTnally installed the
Conference at the inaugural session held at the
Teatro Municipal General San Martin, on February
15, 1967.

In accordance with an agreement reached during
the preparatory session, His Excellency Nicanor
Costa Mendez, Minister of Foreign Affairs and
Worship of the Argentine Republic, was elected
President of the Third Special Inter-American Con-
ference. In accordance with Article 13 of the Regu-
lations, the chainnen of delegations were ex-officio
Vice Presidents of the Conference in the order of
precedence established at the preparatory session.

Under the terms of Article 15 of the Regulations,
the Government of Argentina appointed as Secre-
tary General of the Conference His Excellency Luis
Santiago Sanz.

In accordance with the provisions of the Agree-
ment concluded between the Government of Argen-
tina and the General Secretariat of the Organiza-



474



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN






tion of American States, the said Government ap-
pointed Mr. Guillermo de la Plaza as Assistant Sec-
retary General and the Secretary General of the
Organization appointed Mr. Santiago Ortiz as
Assistant Secretary General of the Conference.

The inaugural session, held on February 15, 1967,
was addressed by His Excellency Juan Carlos
Ongania, President of the Argentine Republic, and
His Excellency Juracy Magalhaes, Minister of For-
eign Affairs of Brazil, speaking on behalf of the
participating delegations.

In accordance with articles 26, 27, and 28 of the
Regulations, respectively, the Steering Committee
was made up of the chairmen of the delegations and
presided over by the President of the Conference;
the Committee on Credentials was composed of the
delegations of Honduras (Chairman), Argentina
(Rapporteur), Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic,
and Mexico; and the Style Committee was composed
of the Delegations of Colombia (Chairman), Brazil,
Haiti, and the United States of America.

The Conference also established working commit-
tees, listed below, that studied the various topics
included in the Conference Agenda, which consisted
of the amendment of the Charter of the Organiza-
tion of American States, taking into account the
Preliminary Draft Proposal on Amendments, pre-
pared by the Special Committee, that met in
Panama, together with the observations made by
the Council of the Organization.

The Agenda and Regulations were formally ap-
proved by the Conference at the first plenary ses-
sion, held on February 16, 1967.

Working Committees:

Committee A — This Committee was entrusted with
the study of Parts I and III of the Charter, which
included chapters I through IX and XXII through
XXV of the Preliminary Draft Proposal on Amend-
ments to the Charter of the OAS.

Committee B — This Committee was entnisted with
the study of Part II of the Charter, which included
chapters X through XXI of the Preliminary Draft
Proposal on Amendments to the Charter of the OAS.

I The Working Committees were installed by the
' President of the Conference on February 16, with
the following officers :

Working Committee A

Chairman: Mr. Fernando Ortuno Sobrado,

Delegate of Costa Rica.

Vice Chairman : Mr. Galo Leoro, Delegate of

Ecuador.

Rapporteur: Mr. Remberto Capriles R., Dele-

gate of Bolivia.

Working Committee B

Chairman: His Excellency Raul Sapena

Pastor, Minister of Foreign Af-
fairs of Paraguay.



Vice Chairman: His Excellency Ignacio Iribar-

ren Borges, Minister of Foreign
Affairs of Venezuela.

Rapporteur: Mr. Jorge Luis Zelaya Coro-

nado. Delegate of Guatemala.

In accordance with Article 26 of the Regulations,
at the first plenary session, held on Febniary 16,
1967, it was decided to establish a Subcommittee on
Coordination, working under the Steering Commit-
tee. The Subcommittee was entrusted with the work
of coordinating the texts approved by the working
committees and the preparation of the draft Pro-
tocol of Amendment to the Charter. The Subcom-
mittee was composed of the following: Chairman,
His Excellency Vicente Sanchez Gavito (Mexico) ;
Vice Chairman, His Excellency Armando Peiia Que-
zada (El Salvador) ; Rapporteur, Mr. Juan Miguel
Bakula Patino (Peru) ; and representatives of Co-
lombia, Brazil, the United States, Panama, Uruguay
and Haiti.

During the session held on February 26, 1967, the
Conference considered and approved the Draft Pro-
tocol of Amendment to the Charter of the Organiza-
tion of American States, which was signed by dele-
gates of the Member States, invested with powers
for that purpose, at the closing session held on
February 27, 1967.

At the same closing session this Final Act was
signed. The session was addressed by His Excellency
Emilio Arenales Catalan, Minister of Foreign Af-
fairs of Guatemala, who spoke on behalf of the
participating delegations, and by His Excellency
Nicanor Costa Mendez, Minister of Foreign Affairs
and Worship of the Argentine Republic and Presi-
dent of the Third Special Inter-American Confer-
ence.

As a result of its deliberations, the Conference
adopted the following declarations, resolutions, and
recommendations :

Resolution I

Ratification of the Protocol op Amendment to
THE Charter and Measures To Be Taken Until
it Enters into Force

Whereas :

As the Second Special Inter-American Conference
pointed out in its Resolution I, "it is essential to
forge a new dynamism for the inter-American sys-
tem and to avoid duplication of efforts and con-
flicts of jurisdiction among its organs, in order to
facilitate cooperation between the American states
and obtain a more rational utilization of the re-
sources of the Organization" ;

In accordance with Article 33 of the Charter now
in force, the Inter-American Conference is the su-
preme organ of the Organization of American States
and, as such, it is expressly authorized by that arti-



MARCH 20, 1967



475



cle to decide the general action and policy of the
Organization and determine the structure and func-
tions of its organs ; and

It is desirable, during the period preceding the
entry into force of the Protocol of Amendment to
the Charter of the Organization of American States,^
that the functioning of the Councils be adapted to
the spirit of the aforesaid Protocol, insofar as the
Charter of the Organization permits.

The Third Special Inter-American Conference

Resolves:

1. To urge the Member States to ratify the Pro-
tocol of Amendment to the Charter of the Organi-
zation of American States as soon as possible, in
accordance with their constitutional procedures.

2. To the extent that it is consistent with the
Charter now in force and, during the interval be-
tween the signing of the Protocol of Amendment and
its entry into force, the Inter-American Economic
and Social Council and the Inter-American Cul-
tural Council, as well as the Inter-American Com-
mittee on the Alliance for Progress and the Com-
mittee for Cultural Action, shall adapt their func-
tioning to the spirit of the Protocol of Amendment,
especially in regard to the holding of annual meet-
ings at the ministerial level, as well as to their
capacity to evaluate the regional development proc-
ess and the development of the Member States.

3. In preparing the proposed program-budget of
the Organization, the General Secretariat shall take
into account the recommendations made by the Inter-
American Economic and Social Council and the
Inter-American Cultural Council, during their meet-
ings, within their respective spheres of competence.
The chairmen of the Inter-American Committee on
the Alliance for Progress and the Committee for
Cultural Action, or their representatives, may par-
ticipate, without vote, in the deliberations of the
Program and Budget Committee of the Council of
the Organization of American States.



U.S. DELEGATIONS

The Department of State announced on
February 11 (press release 31 dated Febru-
ary 10) that Secretary Rusk would head the
U.S. delegations to the Third Special Inter-
American Conference and the Eleventh Meet-
ing of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign
Affairs.

Other U.S. delegates to the Inter- American
Conference were Edwin Martin, Ambassador



to Argentina; Sol M. Linowitz, U.S. Repre-
sentative to the Organization of American
States; and Lincoln Gordon, Assistant Secre-
tary of State for Inter-American Affairs.
They also served as principal advisers to Sec-
retary Rusk at the Meeting of Foreign Minis-
ters.

Congressional advisers to both meetings
were Senator George A. Smathers, Senator
Bourke B. Hickenlooper, Representative
Armistead I. Selden, Jr., and Representative
William S. Mailliard.«



I



THE CONGRESS



Kennedy Round Enters
Decisive Phase

statement by William M. Roth i

The Kennedy Round of trade negotiations
is fast approaching its decisive moment. Be-
tween now and the end of March the out-
come of this long effort will be determined.
These negotiations, involving some 50 na-
tions, represent the most ambitious multi-
lateral attempt to lower trade barriers in
this century. In his recent economic message
to the Congress, President Johnson said: ^

I emphasize once more how important this g^reat
attempt to liberalize world trade is for all the
developed and developing nations of the free world.

After more than 4 years of discussion, it is es-
sential that the participants now resolve the many



" The protocol will enter into force upon ratifica-
tion by two-thirds of the OAS member states.



° For names of other members of the U.S. delega-
tions to the two meetings, see press release 31.

' Made before the Subcommittee on Foreign Eco-
nomic Policy of the House Committee on Foreign
Affairs on Feb 15. Mr. Roth was then Acting
Special Representative for Trade Negotiations; his
nomination to be Special Representative for Trade
Negotiations was confirmed by the Senate on Feb.
28.

» Bulletin of Feb. 27, 1967, p. 333.



476



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN



complex problems that still remain. . . . Never be-
fore has there been such a splendid opportunity to
ncrease world trade. It must not be lost.

I must acknowledge that the briefness of
the remaining time, when considered against
the magnitude of the unresolved problems,
challenges optimism. An extraordinary effort
will be required to achieve success. The con-
sequences of failure, however, are recog-
nized by the major participants. A trip to
Europe last week reassured me that none
of our trading partners wants to risk fail-
ure in Geneva.

The principal purpose of my European
meetings was to impress on the other Geneva
negotiators the urgent need to agree on a
schedule of conclusive negotiations on the
remaining issues that divide us. Although we
have repeatedly stressed that our negotiat-
ing authority expires on June 30 of this
year, the implications of this fact have not
been fully recognized in Geneva. We must
substantially conclude our bargaining by
Easter if we are to have a fully delineated
multilateral trade agreement to sign by the
end of June.

We believe that 3 months is the minimum
time required, first, to translate the results
of the bargaining into legal documentation;
second, to permit thorough analysis of this
documentation by all interested Government
agencies; and, third, to secure Presidential
approval of the results. Other governments
must follow similar procedures.

If the United States is to enter into any
trade agreement involving the use of the
tariff cutting authority of the Trade Expan-
sion Act of 1962 (TEA), it must do so no
later than June 30, 1967. That is to say, a
document which spells out all the conces-
sions to which the parties commit themselves
must be signed by that date.

Before the President authorizes signature
of the final Kennedy Round agreement, he
must satisfy himself that the agreement is
in the national interest and that the TEA
requirement of reciprocity is met.

It will therefore be necessary to present
the President with a detailed analysis of the



concessions to be exchanged and a judgment
of their significance in terms of United
States exports and imports. He will expect
to be advised of the views of all the inter-
ested agencies of the United States Govern-
ment.

Both the technicians of the participating
countries and the Secretariat of the GATT
[General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade]
will need adequate time to translate the re-
sult of the bargaining into a fully annotated
multilateral agreement, authenticated in
both English and French. In the case of
those countries which have been negotiat-
ing on the basis of exceptions to a 50 percent
linear cut, this means the application of the
cut to every tariff item in their schedules
not explicitly excepted.

Where negotiations have involved other
than tariff cuts — an international cereals
agreement, an antidumping code, changes in
customs valuation procedures, elimination or
reduction of specific nontariff barriers, for
example — details of proposed agreements
will have to be elaborated and confirmed in
legal terms.

Some of these agreements, if reached, will
require action by Congress before they can
be honored by the United States. We are
insisting that any agreement that is contin-
gent on implementing legislation must be set
aside from the overall Kennedy Round set-
tlement and must, therefore, contain its own
balance of concessions. No such agreement
will be used as hostage to the signing of the
main Kennedy Round result, or vice versa.

The demand for intensive effort in the
next 6 weeks is obvious, then. While we are
alarmed by the size and scope of the tasks
before us and our negotiating partners, we
are not altogether surprised to find the Ken-
nedy Round in this critical state. It is in
the nature of a major negotiation such as
this that the toughest decisions cannot be
taken until the final bargaining phase be-
gins. The preceding months and years have
clarified the vast detail of offers and pro-
posals. Nothing, however, has been definitely
decided, nor will there be any binding deci-



MARCH 20, 1967



477



sions until all the elements are assembled in
a final balanced package to which all par-
ticipants can agree.

On the industrial side of the negotiations,
serious imbalances exist. The United States
and other participants have indicated their
intention to withdraw some of their offers
unless improvements are made in the offers
of some other major participants. The offers
of the European Economic Community
[EEC] on products of particular importance
to EEC-EFTA trade fall short of justifying
those of the European Free Trade Associa-
tion [EFTA] countries. The EEC Commis-
sion is under obvious pressure to rectify
this imbalance to forestall extensive with-
drawals of EFTA offers.

Steel, aluminum, and pulp and paper pose
particularly knotty problems in the talks
EEC Commission negotiators are opening
with representatives of the various EFTA
countries.

The United States has, of course, a vital
concern with the outcome of these talks be-
cause we are important suppliers to Europe
of many of the products involved. The de-
gree to which we can maintain our own
offers, particularly to the EEC, is at stake.

Discussions on chemicals continue to cen-
ter on the question of whether or not the
United States will negotiate on the elimina-
tion of the American Selling Price system
of customs valuation which is applied to cer-
tain classes of chemical products. The United
States has made it clear that any conversion
of ASP to the normal valuation system would
require special counterconcessions and that
Congress would have to approve such a con-
version.

Regarding cotton textiles, we believe that
a decision to extend in its present form the
Long-Term Arrangement, which governs
cotton textile trade, is overdue. To this end,
we are hopeful that the EEC will rapidly
conclude the arrangements it must make
with its suppliers.

Finally, the prospects appear reasonably
good that negotiations are entering the con-
clusive stage on the writing of a code which



will establish uniform national practices to
control injurious dumping.

The United States continues its adamant
insistence on the inclusion in the Kennedy
Round agreement of provisions for the im-
provement of the conditions of agricultural
trade. There appears to be a distinct possi-
bility that we will succeed in negotiating
an international grains agreement. Prices
that are fair for producers and consumers,
measures to curb uneconomic overproduc-
tion, improvement of access to markets, and
provisions for sharing food aid responsibility
are the central objectives of such an agree-
ment.

On other agricultural products, the picture
and prospects appear mixed. Particularly
with the EEC, substantial differences of ap-
proach prevail. EEC offers are, in general,
veiy inadequate and, in some cases, actually
retrogressive. Useful possibilities do exist in
our agricultural negotiations with other
countries, however.

While the battles being waged at the bar-
gaining tables appear largely to involve the
principal trading nations, much of impor-
tance in terms of trading opportunities is at
stake for the developing countries. Their own
offers, so far, have not reflected full realiza-
tion of the benefit they can derive from
a successful I'ound of trade barrier reduc-
tions.

The confidential nature of the negotiations
prevents me from giving more than this
superficial account of the state of the Ken-
nedy Round. From what I have said, it will
be evident that Herculean efforts are needed
to bring the negotiations to a fruitful conclu-
sion.

In a number of critical areas, the Euro-
pean Economic Community has not in the
past shown the capacity for negotiating flexi-
bility and rapid decisionmaking that will be
absolutely necessaiy from now on. We are
fully cognizant of the internal complexities
of the Community. However, the urgency of
overcoming the final hurdles in the brief few
weeks ahead requires extraordinary efforts
on the part of all participants.



478



DEPARTMENT OF STATE BULLETIN



TREATY INFORMATION



I.S., Romania Complete 1967-68
Cultural Exchange Arrangement

■^ress release 37 dated February 18

3EPARTIVIENT ANNOUNCEMENT

J Richard H. Davis, American Ambassador
■n Bucharest, and Vasile Gliga, Deputy
'Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Socialist
Republic of Romania, representing their
Gl^overnments, on February 18 in Bucharest
exchanged diplomatic notes which provide a
framework for arranging visits and ex-
changes between the two countries for the
calendar years 1967 and 1968. Letters set-
ting forth a concrete program for 1967 ^
were exchanged at the same time.

This marks the fourth consecutive renewal
of the exchanges arrangement established in
1960.2

On the occasion of the exchange of docu-
ments. Ambassador Davis expressed the
belief that the continued expansion in the
exchanges program serves to facilitate a
freer flow of information between the two
countries and thereby contributes to a bet-
ter understanding between the American and
Romanian peoples.

The notes provide for exchanges in the
fields of education, science, technology, pub-
lic health, performing and creative arts,
exhibits, films, radio and television, books
and publications, sports, and tourism.



TEXT OF U.S. NOTE

Bucharest, February IS, 1967
Excellency: I have the honor to refer to the re-
cent discussions in Bucharest between representa-
tives of the Government of the United States of
America and the Government of the Socialist Re-
public of Romania regarding the program of ex-
changes in cultural, educational, scientific and other
fields for the calendar years 1967 and 1968.



In this connection, I wish to inform you that the
Government of the United States of America ap-
proves the following provisions which were agreed
upon in the discussions:

1. Education Exchanges

a. The Parties will provide for the exchange of
graduate students, young instructors, and research
scholars for the purposes of advanced study and
specialization in United States and Romanian uni-
versities and other institutions of higher learning,



Online LibraryUnited States. Dept. of State. Office of Public CoDepartment of State bulletin (Volume v. 56, Jan- Mar 1967) → online text (page 81 of 90)