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preserved.

Your committee, impressed with the importance of the subject to this
State and the United States, and approving most cordially of the meas-
ures taken by the Governor, believe, from the past, that the State has
a well-founded assurance that its best interests will be protected, and its
constitutional rights preserved,

JOHN L. MEGQUIER,
REUEL WILLIAMS,
JOSHUA W. HATHAWAY,
JOHN G. DEANE,
HENRY W. FULLER,
WILLI AiM VANCE,
JOSHUA CARPENTER,
RUFUS BURNHAM.



STATE OF MAINE.

House of Representatives,

January 26, 1828.
All which, with the annexed resolve and documents, is respectfully
submitted, bv order the committee.

JOHN G. DEANE.



House of Representatives,

February 14, 1828.
This report was read, considered, and unanimously accepted.
Sent up for concurrence.

JOHN RUGGLES, Speaker.
Attest : James L. Chilos,

Clerk of the House of Representatives.



I.\ Senate, February 16, 1828.
This report was read, considered, and unanimously accepted, in con-
currence with the House of Representatives.

ROBERT P. DUNLAP, Prestrfcn/.
Attest: Ebenezer Hutchinson,

Secretary of the Senate.



STAl E OF MAINE.

A resolve relating to the northeastern boundary.

Resolved^ That the Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to trans-
mit a copy of the report of the committee to whom was referred so much



f Senate Doc. No l7l. ] 129

of his communication, made to the Lei;isl;iturc, as relates to the north-
eastern boundary of this State, to the President of the United States, to
the Governor of each State in the Union, and two copies to each of our
Senators and Representatives in Congress, and each of our foreign am-
bassadors ; and that one hundred and fifiy copies be at tlie disposal of the
Governor.

In the Mouse of REPRESENTA'rivKs,

February IG, 1828.
Read and passed.

JOHN RU(;GLES,.S>efT/fer.
Attest: James L. Chii.o, Clerk.

In Senate, February 18, 1828.
Read and passed.

ROBERT P. DUNLAP, President.
Attest : Ebenezer Hutchinson, Secretary.

February 18, 1828. — Approved:

ENOCH LINCOLN.



APPENDIX.



No. 1



An extract from the grant of James I. to Sir William Alexander, (af-
terwards Lord Sterling J passed September 10, 1G21.

We do bj these presents give, grant, and convey, to the said Sir Wil-
liam Alexander, his heirs and assigns, all and singula]- the lands upon the
continent, and the islands situate, lying, and being in America, v/ithin
the head or promontory commonly called Cape Sable, in the latitude of
forty-three degrees, nearly, or thereabouts, fioni that promontory along
the shore, stretching to the west to the bay commonly called St. Mary's
bay, thence to the north, by a direct line crossing the entrance or mouth
of the great bay, which extends eastward, between the countries of the
Siroquois and Etchemins, so commonly called, to the river commonly
called by the name of the Holy Cross, or the St. Croix, and to the fur-
iherest source or spring upon the wesiern branch of the same, which first
mingles its waters with those of the said river; thence, by an imagina-
jy direct line, to he drawn or run through the country, or over the land
to the north, to thehrst bay, river, or spring, em})tying itself into the great
river of Canada ; and from thence, running to the east, along the shores
of the said river of Canada, to the river, bay, or harbor, commonly called
and known by the name of Gachepe or Gaspee ; and from thence, south-
east, to the islands called Baccalaos or Cape Breton, leaving the s ime
islands upon the right, and the gulf of the said river or bay of Canada,
and Newfoundland, with the islands thereunto belonging, upon the left;
and from thence to the head or promontory of Cape Breton aforesaid,
lying near the latitude of forty-five degrees or thereal)outs, and from the
9



130 [ Seiiate Doc. No. 17I.J

said promontory of Cape Breton, lo llic soiillnvaid ;iml uestuard to Cape
Salile alort'said, the place ot" beirinninu;, including and tompiehending
uilhin the said coasts and shores ol the sea, and tlie ciicumlercnces
theieul, iVoui sea to sea, all the lands U|)on the continent, with the livers,
Jorrenis, bays, shores, islar)(ls,or seas, lying near to or within six leagues
iVoni any part theieol', on the western, northern, or eastern parts of ine
said coasts and precincts of the same, and to the southeast where Cape
Breton lies, and to the southward theieof where Cape Sable lies, all tlie
sea^ and islands, to the south, within forty leagues of the said sliores,
including the great island commonly called the Jsle of Sable or Sablon,
lying southeast in the ocean, about thiity leagues from Cape Breton,
afoiesaid, and being in the latitude of loity-four degrees, or thereabouts.
All which lands aforesaid shall at all times hereafter be called and
known by the name of Nova Scotia, or Is'ew Scotland, in America. And
if any questions or doubts shall heieafter arise upon tlie interpretation or
const! uction of any clause in the present letteis patent contained, they
shall all be taken and interpreted in the most extensive sense, and in
favor ol the said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and assigns aforesaid.
Moreover, we, of our certain knowledge, our own proper motion, legal
authoiity, and royal power, have made, united, annexed, erected,,
created, and incorporated, and we do, by these our letters patent, make^
unite, annex, erect, create, and incorporate, the whole and entire Piovince
and lands of Nova Scotia aforesaid, with all the limits thereof, seas, &c.,
otfjcers and jurisdictions, and all other things generally and specially
above mentioned, into or.e entire and free dominion and barony, to be
called at all times hereafter hv the aforesaid name of Nova Scotia.



No. 2.



Extract from the grant of Charles the 2d, to James, Duke of York,
dated Munh 12, 1663.

Know ye, that we, for divers good causes, &c., have, &c., and by these
presents, &,c., do give and grant unto our dearest brother, .lames, Duke of
York, his heirs and assigns, all that j)ai t of the main land of New England,
heginniiig at a ceitain j)lace, called or known by the name of St. Croix,
next adjoining to New Scotland, in America; and fiom tlience extend-
ing along the sea coast unto a certain place called Pemaquie or Pemaquid,
and so up the river thereof to the farthest head of the same, as it tendeth
northvvaid ; and extending from thence to the river Kimbequin, and so
upwaidy, by the shortest course, to the river of Canada, northward. And
also all that island or i.-^iands commonly called by the se^■e^al name or
names of Matowiicks or Long Island, situated, lying, and being, towards
the webt of Cajjc C'od and the nairow Iligansots, abutting uj)on the
main land between the two rivers, there called or known by the several
names of Connecticut and Hudson's river ; together, also, with the said
river, called Hudson's river, and all the lands from the west side of Con-
necticut river to the east sidcol Dcdawarc bay. And also all those several
islands called or known by the names of Martin's Vineyard, and Nan-
(uk(;?, 0/ olhei wise Nantucket.



[ Senate ])oc. No. 17I. ] 131

No. 3.

Exlrad from the Charter of the Province of the. MassachxiscUs Bay, in
New England, dated 1th of October, IGOl, M William and Mary.

William and Mary, by (he grace of God, King and (iucen of England,
vScotland, France, and Ireland, defenders of tlie iaith, isic, to all to
whom these presents siiall come, greeting:

We do by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, will
and ordain, that the territories and colonics, commonly called ot
known by the names of the colony of the Massachusetts Bay and
colony of Now Plymouth, the Province of Maine, and the territory
called Acadie, or Nova Scotia, and all that tract of land, lying be-
tween the said territories of Nova Scotia and the said Province of
Maine, be erected, united, and incorporated ; and we do, by these
presents, unite, erect, and incorporate the same into one real Prov-
ince, by the name of our Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New
England; and of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere mo-
tion, we have given and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs,
and successors, do give and grant, unto our good subjects, the inhabit-
ants of our said Province or Territory of Massachusetts Bay, and their _
successors, all that part of New England in America, lying and extend;,
ing from the great river, commonly called Monoraack, alias Merrimack,
on the north part, and from three miles northward of the said river to
the Atlantic, or western sea or ocean, on the south part, and all the lands
and hereditaments whatever, lying within the limits aforesaid, and ex-
tending as far as the outermost points or promontories of land called
Cape Cod and Cape Malabar, north and south, and in latitude, breadth,
and in length and longitude, of and within all the breadth and compass
aforesaid, throughout the main land there, from the said Atlantic o?
western sea and ocean, on the east part, towaids the south Sfta, or \yGst-
ward, as far as our colonies of Rhode Island, Connecticut, and t!)e Nara-
gansett country; and, also, all that part and portion of main land, begin- '
ning at the entrance of Piscataqua harbor, and so to pass up the same
into the river of Newichwannock, and through the same into the farthest
head thereof, and from thence northwestward, till one hundred and
twenty miles be tinished, and from Piscataqua harbor mouth aforesaid,
northeastward, along the sea coast to Sagadchock,* and from the period
of one hundred and twenty miles aforesaid, to cross over land from Pis-
cataqua harbor, through Newichwannock river; and also the north hall
of the Isles of Shoals, together with the Isles of Capawack and Nan-
tucket, near Cape Cod aforesaid ; and also the lands and hereditaments
lying and being in the country or territory commonly called Acadie, or
Nova Scotia ; and all those lands and hereditaments lying and extending
between the said country or territory of Nova Scotia, and the said river
of Sagadehock, or any part theieof.

* The follasvi!i!:,r wonU, viz : "Anci ii[) tlic nver itier. ol m tlie Knybecky river, and llirouKii
the same 10 the iiead tliereof, aivl under the land nortinvesi ward, until one hundred aiid
twenty miles he ended, heiiig accounted fium ihe riunth of Sagadchock," us inserted m
George's ijriints (iVoin which tlu- descriptive part of the honiularies of Maine, in this charter,
is taken,) appeiir tohave been inadvcrLnlly oni.tteil, bcin^ nc cessar) to render those hound-
aries intelligible; and should fallow the word Sajarlcliocl:, to which the asterisk is affixed.



132 [ Senate Doe. No. l7L |

That it shall and may be lawful for the said Governor and General
Asseniblv to niaUe or pass any grant of lands lying within the boiimls of
the colonies, formerly called the colonies ot the Massachusetts Bay, and
New Plymouth, and Province ot Maine, in such manner as heietofore
they might iiave done by virtue of any former charter or letters j^alent;
which grants of lands, within t'he bounds aforesaid, we do hereby will
and ordain to he and continue forever of full force and effect, without
our further approbation or consent. And so as nevertheless, and it is
our royal will and pleasure, that no grant or grants of any lands lying or
cxtentling from the river ol Sagadehock to the gulf of St. Lawrence and
Canada riveis, and to the main sea northward and eastward, to be made
or passed by the Governor and General Assembly of our said Province, be
of any force, validity, or efieet, until we, our heirs, or successors, shall
have signified our approbation of the same.



No. 4.



Copy of Colonel Phillipps's Commission /or the Government of Nova

Scotia, 1719.

George, by the grace of God, &c. — To our trusty and well beloved
Richard Phillipps, Esquire, greeting :

Know ye, that we, reposing especial trust and confidence in the pru-
dence, courage, and loyalty of you, the said Richard Phillipps, out of our
especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have thought fit to
constitute and appoint, and by these presents do constitute and appoint
you, the said Richaid Phillipps, to be our Governor of Placentia, in New-
foundland; and our Captain-general and Governor-in-chief in and over
our Province of Nova Scotia, or Acadie, in Ameiica: and we do hereby
require and command you to do and execute all things in due manner,
that shall belong unto your said command, and the trust we have reposed
in you, according to the several jjowers and diiections granted or ap-
pointed you by this i)resent commission, and the instructions herewith
given you, or by such further powers, instructions, or authorities, as shall
at any time hereafter be granted or appointed you, under our signet and
sign manual, or by our order in our privy council, and according to such
reasonable laws and statutes liS shall herealter be made and assented to
by you, with the advice and consent ol our Council and Assembly of our
said Province, hereafter to be apfjointcd.

And lor the better administration ol" justice and management of the
public aiiairs of our Province, we hereby give and grant unto you, the
said Richard Phillipps, lull power and authority to choose, nominate,
and appoint, such fitlir.'g and discreet persons as you shall either find
there or carry along with you, not exceeding the number of twelve, to
be of our Council in our s.iid Provit)ce, till our lurther pleasure be known,
and five whereof we do luicby appoint to be a (juorum.



[ Senate Doc. No. 17 h ] 133

No. 5.

Draught of a Coimnission for the honorable Colonel Cornwallis, to be
Governor of Nova Scotia, April 29, 1749.

Georj;;c the Second, by tlie grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and
Ireland, Kina;, del'endcr of the faith, &c. To our trusty and well be-
loved, the honorable Edward Cornwallis, Esquire, greeting:

Whereas, we did by our letters patent, under our great seal of Great
Britain, bearing date at Westminster, the 11th day of September, in the
second year of our reign, constitute and appoint Richard Phillipps, Es-
quire, our Captain-general and Govcrnor-in-chicf, in and over our Prov-
ince of Nova Scotia, or Acadie, in America, with all the rights, members,
and appurtenances, whatever, thereunto belonging, for, and during our
will and pleasure, as by the said recited letters patent, relation being
thereunto had, n^ay more fully and at large aj)pear : Now, know you,
that we have revoked and determined, and, by these presents, do revoke
and determine, the said recited letters patent, and every clause, article,
and thing, therein contained ; and further know you, that we, reposing
especial trust and confidence in the prudence, courage, and loyalty, of
you, the said Edward Cornwallis, of our especial grace, certain knowl-
edge, and mere motion, have thought fit to constitute and appoint, and
by these presents do constitute and appoint, you, the said Edward Corn-
wallis, to be our Captain-general and Governor-in-chief, in and over the
Province of Nova Scoti^i, or Acadie, in America, with all the rights,
members, and appurtenances, whatever, thereunto belonging.

March 18, 1752. The commission given to Peregrine Thomas Hop-
son, as Governor of the Province of Nova Scotia, is the same, mutatis
mutandis, as that given to Edward Cornwallis, Esquire.



No. 6.



Extract from the Proclamation of the King of Great Britain, of the lih
of October, 17G3, establishing four Governments.

BY THE KING : A PROCLAMATIOX.
George R.

Whereas, we have taken into our royal consideration the extensive
and valuable acquisitions in America, secured to our Crown by the
late definitive treaty of peace, concluded at Paris the 10th day of Feb-
ruary last ; and being desirous that all our loving subjects, as well ot our
kingdoms as of our "colonies in America, may avail themselves, with all
convenient speed, of the great benefits and advantages which must ac-
crue therefrom to their commerce, manufactures, and navigation; we
have thought fit, with the advice of our privy council, to issue this our
royal proclamation, hereby to publish and declare to all our loving sub-
jects, that we have, with the advice of our said privy council, gt anted
our letters patent, under our great seal of Great Britain, to erect within



134 [ Senate Doc. No. 171. J

the cciundies and islands, ceded and confirmed to us by the said tieaty,
four distinct and separate Ciovernments, styled and called by the Jiames
of Quebec, East Florida, West Florida, and Grenada, and limited and
bonnilcd as follows, viz:

Fiist, (lie Government of (^uohec, bounded on the Labrador coast by
the river St. John, and fiom ihence, by a line drawn from the head of
that river, through the Lake St. John, to the south end of the Lake Nipis-
sim ; fiom thence the said line crossing the liver St. Lawrence and the
Lake Champlain in forty-five degrees of north latitude, passes along the
highlands which divide the rivers that empty themselves into the said
St. Lawrence from those which fall into the sea ; and also along the north
coast of the baye des Clialeurs, and the coast of the gulf of St. Law-
rence to Cape Rosieres, and fiom thence, crossing the mouth of the river
St. Lawience, by the west end of the island of Anticosti, terminates at
the afoi-esaid river St. John.

Rqrresentation to his Majesty, with the drought of a commission for
Charles Lawrence, Esq., to be Governor of Nova Scotia.

To the King's most excellent Majesty.

3/fl7/ it please your Majesty :

In obedience to your Majesty's Order in Council, dated the ISth in-
stant, we have prepared the draught of a commission for Charles Law-
rence, Esq. to be Captain -general and Governor-in-chief of your Ma-
jesty's I'rovince of Nova Scotia, in Amciica, which being in the usual
form, we herewith humbly lay it before your Majesty, and shall prepare
the necessary instructions for him with all possible despatch.

Which is most humbly submitted.

DUNK HALIFAX,
J. PITT,



JAMES OSWALD,
ANDREW STONE.



WniTKHALr-, December 18, 1755.



No. 7.

Governor Ellis''s Commission, Ajnil 1, 17GI.

George the Third, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and
Itelnnd, King, defender of the faith, cic. To our trusty and well be-
loved llcnry Ellis, greeting:

Whereas our late royal grandfather, of blessed memory, did, by his let-
ters |)atent, under the great seal of (iieat Britain, bearing date at West-
Jiiinster, the day of , in the year of his reign, con-
stitute and appoint Charles Lawrence, Es(j., Captain-general and Govern
or-in-chicf in and over our I-'io\ince of Nova Scotia, or Acadio, in Amer-
ica, with all the i ights, members, and ap|)iirtenances, whatever, thereunto
belonging, foi- and during his lati; Miijosty's \\\\\ ■,\v\i\ pleasure^, as by the
said recited letters patent, relation being ihcreunlo hud, may more fully



[ Sennto Doc. No. 17(. J 135

and at larp;c appear : Now know you, that wo have revoked and deter-
mined, and by these presents do revoke and determine, the said recited
letters patent, and every chxuse, article, and thini;, therein contained : and
further know you, that we, reposing especial trust and confidence in the
prudence, courage, and loyalty, of you, the said Henry Ellis, Esq., oi our
especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have thought fit to
constitute and appoint, and by these presents do constitute and appoint,
you, the said Henry Ellis, to be our Captain-general and Governor-in-
chief in and over our Province of Nova Scotia, or Acadie, in America,
with all the rights, members, and appurtenances, whatever, thereunto be-
longing.



No. 8.

Draught of a Commission for Montague Wilmot, Esq., to be Governor
of Nova Scotia, dated October, 1763.

Cieorge the Third, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and
Ireland, King, defender of the faith, &c. To our trusty and well be-
loved Montague Wilmot, E.sq., greeting.

Whereas we did, by our letters patent, under the great seal of Great

Britain, dated at Westminster, the day of , in the first

year of our leign, constitute and appoint Henry Ellis, Esq., Captain-
general and Governor-in-chief in and over our Province of Nova Sco-
tia, or Acadie, in America, with all the rights, members, and appurten-
ances, thereunto belonging, for and during our will and pleasure, as by
the said recited letters patent, relation being thereunto had, may more
fully and at large appear : Nov/ know you, that we have revoked and
determined, and by these presents do revoke and determine, the said
recited letters patent, and every clause, article, and thing, therein con-
tained.

And further know you, that we, reposing especial trust and confi-
dence in the prudence, courage, and loyalty, of you, the said Montague
Wilmot, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have
thought fit to constitute and appoint, and by these presents we do con-
stitute and appoint, you, the said Montague Wilmot, to be our Captain-
general and Governor-in-chicf in and over our Province of Nova Sco-
tia, bounded on the westward by a line drawn from Cape Sable across
the entrance of the bay of Fundy, to the mouth of the river St. Croix,
by the said river to its source, and by a line drawn due north from
thence to the southern boundary of our Province of Quebec, to the
northward by the same boundary, as far as the western extremity ol the
baye des Chaleurs. To the eastward, by the said bay and the gulf of
St. Lav.rence, to the cape or promontory called Cape Breton, in the
island of the same name, including that island, the island of St. John, and
all other islands within sis. leagues of the coast, and to the southward by
the Atlantic ocean, from said'cape to Cape Sable aforesaid, including
the island of that name, and all other islands within forty leagues of the
coast, with all the rights, members, and appurtenances, whatsoever, llicre-
unto belonging.



136 [Senate Doc. No. 171.]

No. 9.

Governor Leg/^c'S Commission.

George the 'riiiid, by the giaco of God, ol Great Britain, France, and
Ireland, King, defenilor ot" the faith, &:c. 'I'o our trusty and well be-
loved Francis Legge, Esq., greeting:

Whereas we did, by our letters patent, under our great seal of Great
Britain, bearing date at Westminster, the eleventh day of August, in the
sixth year of our reign, constitute and appoint William Campbell, Es(j.,
commonly called Lord William Campbell, Captain-general and Govern-
or-in-chief in and over our Province of Nova Scotia, in America,
bounded on the westward by a line drawn from Cape Sable across the
entrance of the bay of Fundy, to the mouth of the river St. Croix, by-
said river to its source, and by a line drawn due north from thence to
the southern boundary of our colony of Quebec ; to the northward, by the
said boundary, as far as the western extremity of the baye des Chaleurs;
to the eastward by the said bay, and the gulf of St. Lawrence, to the
cape or promontory called Cape Breton, in the island of that name, in-
cludir.g that island, the it-land of St. John, and all other islands within
six leagues of the coast; and to the southward by the Atlantic ocean,
from the said cape to Cape S;iblc aforesaid, including the island of that
name, and all othei- islands within forty leagues ol" the coast, with all the
rights, mend)ers, and ap})urtenances, whatsoever, thereunto belonging,
for and during our will and pleasure, as by the said recited letters pat-
ent, relation being thereunto had, may more fully and at large appear.
Now, know you, that we have revoked and determined, and by these
presents do revoke and determine, the Sidd recited letteis patent, and
every clause, article, and thing, therein contained ; and further know
you, that we, reposing especial confidence and trust in the prudence,
courage, and loyalty, of you, the said Francis Legge, of our especial
grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have thought fit to con-
stitute and appoint you, the said Francis Legge, to be our (Japtaingene-
ral and Governor-in-chief of our said Province of Nova Scotia, bounded
on the westwaril by a line drawn from Cape Sable across the cntiance
of the bay of Fundy, to the mouth of the river St. Croix, by the said
rivei to its source, and by a line drawn due north from thence to the
southern boundary of our colony of Quebec ; to the northward, by the
said boundary, as far as the western extremity of the baye des Chaleurs ;
to the eastward by the said bay, and the gulf of St. Lawrence, to the
cape or promontory called Cape l^reton, in the island of that nan)e, in-



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